In recent years when the importance of public communication is more emphasized, it has to be noticed that we are now living in the public-initiated age of rhetoric resulted from rapid development of broadcast media. Therefore, the purpose of this treatise is to examine the structural characteristics in the fusion design in order to anaylize the rhetorical expressions as symbols of communication. One of those is intertextuality that expresses metaphorically by bleding and borrowing codes and another is hypertextual space where various texts twines around each other making brand-new and diverse organizations, as the combined allegory with a number of hidden expression. The fusion design may be understood as the Intention to attract gaze to visual messages and as the rhetorical expressions based on compounding aesthetic codes by producing new cultural meanings. If fusion, a phenomenon which represents the 21st century, not a passing fad of cultural mixture, is ready to take the initiative, the design has to be groped for that creates a synergy effect.
The purpose of this study is to desirable curriculum for interior design major in vocational high school in order to enhance their competitiveness. The study has been carried out by surveying the cognition and requirement among the people who are working in interior design field. The major findings from the survey research are summarized as follows : 1) Hiring vocational high school graduate is positively responded over sixty percentage. The main reason to hire interior design major in vocational school is because of firm believing their capabilities and their own specialties rather than academic degree. 2) It is believed that new vocational high school graduate is lacking behind in most area at the beginning comparing with new college graduate. However it is believed that high school graduate will become equal to the college graduate after a few years and they are more specialized in certain area that college graduate. 3) The most recommendable area for the vocational high school graduate are CAD and Interior Construction Work. 4) The appropriate text book content of (:AD and interior construction work based on the requirement from the industry are as follows ; Regarding to CAD, a specialized textbook for CAD should be written. It is desirable to) educate how to express plan, elevation, perspective drawing and how to develop the presentation skills. Regarding to the Interior Construction Work desirable to develop a specialized textbook and include on the job training program. On the job training is expected to give a practical knowledge and experience by monitoring and drawing by himself every steps from the architectural area to the material selection.
The aim of this study is to forecast characteristics of dynamic expression in the architecture design by analyzing characteristics and trends in dynamic expressions of the architecture classified by period. The various architectural trends, even in the transition of new paradigm after collapse of the CIAM, consistently expresses dynamics of architecture. In this study, it regards the inherent characteristics of the architecture design as expression of space organization and modelling and it views dynamic expression is important element of the architecture design. The case study shows that the architecture of passed 50 years, the key element of the dynamic expressions are expression of new technology and expression of one's experience. Also, it shows that the dynamic expressions of architecture in 1990's are expression of new technology which consists of lightness, fragmentation, and symbolism that reflects the trend of arts in 1990's.
The concept of homogeneous space which was made in during the modern architecture was criticize for making our circumstances uniformly. The difference of place disappeared. The concept of place, however, has been watching in Contemporary Architecture. A basis for the concept of place is 'movement in space'through the sense of the body. Thus, architectural methods for experiencing place are composing the sequence through the continuous time. It is important that the composition of sequences in place makes the spatial experiences with harmonies of architecture and environments in exterior space for people who enter the building. Tadao Ando makes place in terms of experiencing body. Compositions of sequence in his works are expressed very well at the approaching stages in the process of exterior space. This stud is to survey the compositions of approaching sequence in Tadao Ando's Works.
As a part of Avant-Garde movement centered in Russia before and after the Revolution in 1917, Russian Constructivism was born as most experimental and avant-garde modernity artistic movement. Russian Constructivism played a significant part in relative to Avant-Garde in the beginning of twentieth century and has contributed to a series of artistic movement, it deserves a status befitting its contribution to modem abstract art. Noticing the fact that Constructivist approaches are being attempted in modern architecture with the new rise of Constructivist design theory and increased interest in Constructivism, this thesis explores the design elements characterizing Constructivism in art and architecture To be specific, it suggests the relation of Plastic paradigm in formalistic, elemental and technical aspects and categories into Plastic characteristics. Thereby, the thesis aims to categorize the elements in terms of contradicting two trends of pure plastic and scientific expressions, and to analyze comparatively the related Plastic trends represented in modern space design. The thesis recolonizes that attempts to break out from stereotypes of Constructivism to reinvent itself constantly have contributed to an unconventional forms and new aesthetic standards and have a great impact on idealistic forms in many genres.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the modern meanings and attitudes of the motives shown in the traditional houses. Research methods to achieve this purpose are review of literature and the Questionnaire survey. The major results of this study are as follows; First, The interpretation of the modern meanings of the traditional motives were mainly affected by 'the forms and shapes of the motives rather than 'the meanings and symbols of the motives'. Second, many people felt friendly, preferable to use the motives in modern design, decorative and good-meaningful about the motives. Through this results related to the attitudes of the motives, each motive should be developed by new design and needed the modification.; Especially, 'flower-shape', '亞-shape', '正-shape', '喜-shape'were good motives to use in modem exterior and interior design.
This study examines the space composition and character of 16th Renaissance Theater base on the theory of typology and interpreter in the european traditional classic theater. Baroque theater and early modern theater is considered as a symbolic representation of the renaissance theater's organization. In the historical theory, theater Teatro Olimpico and Teatro Farnese was a common tool and best systeme in reflecting renaissance type and perspective system. This role of type as life cycle and new style of theater permanent design has get its value with the population increase. This study attempts to revaluate the need of space typology in modern society through a critical review of theater and its use as a visual space. Content analysis was used to discuss the topics of this study including the historical background of the theater, the relationship between amphitheater and modern theater design, and the role of scenery, auditorium and its impact on Proscenium scenery. The scope of the study is limited to the comparison of 16th european theater and contemporary theater space use program from the space critic and sociologist. Today the concept of theatrical space is altered with the typology of classic and interpreter space. This study provides insights for the future implications of theatrical space in developing space for its a new definition as cultural representation.
Traditional housing must be conserved simultaneous1y with not only the building itself, but the circumstances of the surroundings. Hence, traditional housing should be developed as a product of a culture environment. However, most cultural properties have recently been treated as only a piece of property by irresponsible maintenance practices and damage placed on private traditional housing. Apparently, it has not always been a result of dweller's negligence. Thus, various policies must be needed to effectively preserve traditional housing. To do so, this study will indicate a new direction for the circumstance of preservation through cultural employment of traditional high-class housing as well as reduce maintenance and damage for dweller's convenience. Furthermore, this study will propose a renovation for popularization of Korean cultural assets through the gradual implementation of both economic vague and public worth.
This Study is about the tradition of Organic Medievalism expressed in Modern Architecture. The concept of Medievalism is an attitude to revive the social and physical settings on the Middle Ages. The Organic Medievalism in Modern Architecture was to be explained as the two tendencies; one was toward the rational structural logic of the medieval architecture being re-interpreted into the Modern Architecture and the other was toward the organic and fantastic shape of the Modern Architecture, closely connected with nature-friendly and organic shape of medieval city and buildings. The structural logic of the medieval architecture became systematized by the French architects, Viollet-le-Duc and Auguste Choisy. The principle has been applied to the design of the Art Nouveau, Louis Kahn and so-called the High-Tech Architecture creating the aesthetics of its own by exposing the building structure. The other was used as the elements to represent the characteristics of the Art Nouveau architects, and then served as the background of the creation of the avant-garde architecture of Germany. The ideal has been serving as the great idealistic fundamentals by the so-called Archigram and Deconstruction at the late half of the 20th century.
The change of society causes the change of art necessarily. The experiments of plastic art which as been done by avant-garde movements at early 20th century have pursued ″Object drama″ consistently as trials of more or less abstract drama. As these plastic arts have used genre or media like circuses, sports, variate, films, screen play, newspapers and a quick method which had not been considered suitable for conventional aesthetic plastic arts, these arts looked provocative and, these provocative plastic arts have ignored universality shown in conventional arts and have caused extreme ″sensation″ accordingly. As a result, abstract art based on style which is against aestheticism and naturalism has been generalized. This style does not deny customary laws of art wholly but it requires new concept. Having ignored traditional styles, a new compositive and responsive way of composition which does not deviate from tradition has been pursued. A new and general understanding of arts which do not deny all conventionally-effective standards extremely has been developed. In this regard, this study analyzes characteristics of Bauhaus Theater which has tried to apply new technology engineering to plastic art as an integrated concept of art and technology amongst the directions of development of provocation, innovation and revolution in case of the plastic art of stage painting, and analyzes how this influences on modern painting in terms of avant-garde arts reviewing the meaning of this theory.
This study presents about the method of alternatives selection by considering wall performance and interior design. Wall is selected fur the object and 3 items of cost, performance, and design as the objective function for optimizing are determined. Thus the wall performance selected problems, which are improvement of insulation performance, sweaty prevention, sound insulation performance and design selected problems, which is satisfactory Improvement of users about Interior design. It is important to select alternatives that can satisfy the performance and design on the capital given as much as possible. But quantitative problem such as performance or expanses and qualitative problem such as design are not in the same dimension. Therefore this problem is a multi-criteria optimization problem and also has used AHP method as the method to solve these. Moreover GA is used to solve a problem of the alternatives occurrence, which is the characteristic of multi-criteria problem. This study presents the solution method on multi-criteria problem that has been mix loaded of quantitative problem and qualitative problem by using AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) and GA(Genetic Algorithm).
The urban land is incapacitated to grow and correspond to demand the space in urban area. And recently, rapid increasing of population and complex of urban function on pushed to develop the underground space. In Korea, the underground space development in inefficient in aspect. because development of underground space have not consistent and systematic planning method in underground environment inclounding interion design, extererior design. Therefore this study is suggested the design element for comfortable underground living environment and assortment on utilization of underground space. The results of this study on utilization are security of space through land use efficiency, conservation of historical place, building and natural environment, and technological characteristics, mental image. Accordingly, this study is proposed design element that make comfortable underground space as aspect from stimulation and diversity, sapciousness and feeling of warmth and dryness to compensate improper image of underground space, spacial orientation and way finding.
The ideal housing in the 21st century means that it can provide people with the balanced life between nature and human life, while is possible through the systematic harmony of nature, environment, and human. As our society increasingly pays attention to the importance of environment, environment friendly houses and ecological dwellings are being built. If we add our own cultural environment attribute and historical identity to the ecological housing, we can create the most unique Korean ecological architecture. This study examines ecological interior expression methods from the traditional housing architecture which started out of nature, in order to find out an ecological approach in the interior design of the dwelling space. Based upon this examination, it mainly focuses on how these methods can be applied to a modern housing architecture. From an ecological perspective, the traditional house interior has two distinct characteristics; nature friendly and human friendly, because it considered nature and human harmoniously. The interior of the traditional housing can be divided into three types; nature friendly, health friendly, and human friendly. Finally, this study investigates the ecological value of the three types and application of them to modern housing. It will help to find out the harmonious way of building a house harmonizing both nature and human. Especially, considering that the nature is being destructed and the health of human is deteriorating due to the destruction of the nature, this study will show a feasible alternative to build the most Korean style of environmental architecture.
In general, the definition of criticism is making a constructive analysis between good & evil, right & wrong, and beauty & ugliness. Just as the literature, art, music, and architecture welcomes productive criticism in order for further advancement in each professional field, constructive criticism in the field of interior architecture must be activated stance it would be as useful as in other fields to upgrade the level of design quality If the constructive criticism were to be taken properly in the benefit of further advancement in particular design, then the criticism must hale a proper criteria in order to examine and review the design work objectively However, as the design symbolizes cultural interpretation and reaction towards better creativity, we expect design to be mutated in many different directions. As the limit of Interior architecture shares limitless possibilities in today's society, it seems that we need to set up a guidelines of design criticism in order to support the further development of the area of interior architecture.
The study aims at finding out the spatial configuration of a small art museums through the analysis of visual Perception in spatial layouts. In so doing to analyze the characteristics of spatial perception in visual layouts and identity of space to evaluate the spatial construction with relation to the role of small art museums. Purpose of this study is to offer basic data to contribute effectiveness of the architectural planning of a small art museums by understanding of visual element of design and ultimately to make efficient use of space.
This study investigated the use of participatory design kit as a tool for the design of individual units within an apartment tools through the literatures. Simulation was the method used for conducting the study. The results show that: 1) In general, design tools must be composed of a package of techniques, demand flexibility in its framework which adapts to a variety of situation, and the approach for project work must be comprehensive and systematic. 2) Design kits that are created to involve future residents in making decisions about the layout of their apartments, Improve the ability of those people to make various design. 3) Specifically, design kits that are developed as a means for making the user participation easy in an apartment housing complex, show the tool useful to an nonexpert.
The purpose of this study was to suggest the design guidelines for healthcare facilities for the elderly. D healthcare facility for the elderly in Busan was case studied. Subjects were 34 elderly patients, 35 families, and 36 nurses who were in this facility. The elderly Patients and their families were interviewed and the nurses were answered through self-administered questionnaires. Generally, the users of this facility were positively responded to the building and interior design of this facility. Also, the elderly patients and the families were mere satisfied with the design of this healthcare facility than the nurses. All users responded the functional aspects and the whole interior design of this healthcare facility positively and the environmental psychological aspects negatively Also, the nurses responded this facility's ambient environments negatively and the patients and the families positively. The elderly patients and their families wanted to share the inpatient room with 3-6 persons because of their economical conditions and social contacts. Almost half of them preferred to sit down on the floor Also, they tended to prefer to light interior color, wall papers, and the familiar and home-like environments.
Open education, which has been introduced spontaneous1y to many countries, has been giving some strong influence to the primary education in Korea and has been widely used in Korea itself. This report deals with the ineffectiveness of the learning space which has been divided into common classroom and particular classroom. The division of the learning space sets the problem of defining which is the particular of common subject, and the problem of a child to move around for different subject. For the architectural design of school, it is essential for learning space to be suitable for the characteristics of each subjects. The space needed for individual subjects requires tole learning space that is different to the space needed for basic academic subjects. The introduction of different corners in the classroom can be the solution. Individual corners can be divided into the necessary coner, the standard corner, the elective corner and the corner fur facilities.
This study suggests the basic data required in setting up the standard for the architectural planning of Korean senior center by analyzing the standard and current situation of a senior center in Japan that has the welfare facility system similar to that of Korea and understanding its architectural characteristics. 1) Basic spaces that constitute the senior center in Japan are meeting room, lecture room, library, multipurpose meeting room, conference room, game-recreation room, kitchen, lounge, locker room and office. ADL, kitchen, relaxing room, private bathroom, and special bathroom are needed for adult day care as establishments as an annex and work room is also required for Job training. 2) The area of a senior center is calculated in consideration of its space organization that are required as basic. For the type "A", minimum area of 1,256.42 $m^2$2 and maximum area of 2,050.56$m^2$ and for the type "B", minimum area of 812000$m^2$ and maximum area of 1,604.14$m^2$ are suggested as optimum areas. 3) The circulation planning is presented by the connected between the space organization as well as the circulation system in day care center.
An office is understood as a system consisted of three subsystem : office work, technology and organization. In the age of information, an office is a complicated device in an organization to create, process, modify and deliver various information for organizational goals. The purpose of this study is to provide design guidelines on office workstations based on the analysis of employees' preference and work-style responding to current changes of an organization and work process. Through a literature survey, the study briefly reviewed characteristics of interior design to find changing factors and directions of office interior. Work characteristics in an office are analyzed based on information, activity and communication characteristics while office environment is analyzed based on physical and technological factors. Finally, questionnaire items are derived from a critical comparison between work characteristics and workstation organization(furniture etc) factor. workplace strategies by preference are suggested to increase office productivity, employee satisfaction and to reduce space costs.
The present time this country is faced with general hospital building remodeling time from the constructing age. In architecture, one of the reconstruction of consciousness, remodeling significance Is restoration of capacity a generally structure. Through this research we acquire concluding remarks. 1) In hospital extension and reconstruction works set a different counterplot proportionately with part that are the ward areas, the outpatient areas, the diagnosis/treatment areas, the supply areas, the administration areas, the education/research areas, the miscellaneous areas etc. According to department's character and use various purposes take proper measures. Then it estimation that remodeling study shall be need. 2) It is advisable the way of connection the existing facilities if it extended case. The case of K hospital has been extended outskirts the main building. As this an enlargement of a outhouse has an advantage that secure construction area at a stretch and no exert Influence on both nature lighting and construction matter. On the contrary caused [defect that is repeatedly occur a faculty relocation and the inner part alteration because of it\`s post transfer.
The art museum plays a role as a cultural space that can solve the cultural desire of people and see a good art works. It is in exhibition space that they personally exchange the feeling between an art work and a viewer in art museum. The types and works - a fiber, a photo, an establishment that needs many places, devices, a video art, and an action art called "performance", cultural art - are shown in small art museum. Moreover, exhibition spaces are modified into the space of another art activities like dancing, music concerts in small art museum because it has no profit space for diverse art activities. And the exhibition the characters of the exhibition space in small art museum. So, it needs to change the characters of the exhibition space in small art museum. Under these background, this stud\ulcorner surveys and analyzes the exhibits, the organization methods, the modified conditions, and the scale of the existing exhibitional space in small art museum. Therefore, the goal of this study is to suggest the composition of the exhibition space unit considering the function and the multifunction in minimum art museum and small art museum.
Increasing the user's need in the building facilities, the architects, engineers, and building managers must consider the user's opinion when they plan and construct the buildings. When planning and managing of the buildings, accepting the user's opinion is desirable and indispensible to solve the Problems about the architectural facilities between suppliers and users. To supply the efficient working environments, use the check listing tools and operate the post occupancy evaluation. The real estate and development company is selected for the evaluation. It is renovated in 2000 to fit in its working environment. The process of the evaluation is proceeded both private and group working spaces and facility and management of the buildings with 10 categories. Following the result of Post occupancy evaluation, the users of the building are mostly satisfied with their working environments after the renovation. However, the categories in thermal environment and indoor air and supply for office work need to be improved in advance.
The stage facilities in the western culture originates in the scientifically planned Open Air Theater built in BC 3C and magnificent theaters built in the era of Rome. These buildings are the remains that reveal popularization of the play. Furthermore, the facilities continued to flourish in the medieval to the Industrial Revolution as stage art actualizing designers' imagination. Diverse systems developed in industrial technology have been transferred to the stage, and the balance between industrial and cultural art has been endeavored to be achieved. The conversion methods of the stage has been developing in various forms. Domestic stage setting arrangement techniques and material exploitation have also been developing. Therefore, in reality, it is very difficult to grasp the definite trend. Additionally, as for the stage system in Korea, plays are dependently directed by directors and stage artists. It is concluded that the current state should be understood based on actual examples to meet solve these problems. The purpose of the study is to provide basic data for stage facilities planning. To do this, how the stage system of large performance halls can be used in accordance with performance condition of the grounds in Korea and frequent scene changes is given a special attention. With this background, the surroundings of the stage and conversion system are examined.
Major companies have launched into the film industry since 1990s, which resulted in competition in facilities. In addition, restriction for the number of the prints was removed. Under these circumstances, the cinema has been transformed and developed from the established one-hall cinema into multiplex cinema with large-scaled halls. Contrary to the established cinema, modern cinema are a cultural place within easy access. They accommodate diverse social and cultural needs and their functions have been extending gradually. The waiting areas should not function only as the waiting space for the audience but also the places to attract the audience and provide them with various cultural and art information, and temporary restful break. For this study, the inter-relationship between the structure of the area and the audience are identified objectively by analyzing audience distribution and their routes within the area. The purpose of the study is to provide basic data about the design of the waiting area based on the findings above.
Dematerialization of consumption is in a rapid process, in relation to the flood of information. Consumers do not want to buy a material goods any more, in the condition of excessive supply. In the past industrial society with massive production and consumption, only the unified consumers were produced. In informational society, goods are not regarded as a simple material, but as an Intelligence Merchandise. Specialty shops for life articles should reflect these consumer's trend and should keep the value of brand and goods. Visual Merchandising strategy which connect the expectation of consumers and company images, should be considered as a communication tools, and be presented in diverse and specified ways.
Display and art have different purposes. But they share a common mean, so-called artistic experience. These two formative business that seeks the profit as a commercial design, it has some relationship with art in the aspect of socialization of pursuit of aesthetics. Although the historical status and directivity of display have not been established systemiically yet, and aesthetic expansion of displace is uncertain it would be effective that the present and future of display art is connected with art history in the view of dynamic state of art history. In this thesis, the issues such as what is the relationship between display and art history or whether display can be mentioned as a formative art were analyzed by matching them with the trends in art history like naturalism, high tech, minimalists and so on. Modern display is a commercial design that can be developed in various ways and that is related to the as development of art history.
The environment is very important to the human being, most of all, infant is sensitive to the environment because infant is on the way to the brought-up. The Furniture in living space is a medium to connect a house and dweller, and is intimately relate to the living environment. Therefore we have to consider the infant various behavior for the plan of infant furniture. But studies on the infant seems not to have concern of infant environment as a living. Specialty, the demands of the adults for space is up to express in living space, but that of infant is latent. Also the demands of infant is difficult for the adults to be understood. So the studies on the infant furniture through the Infant playing behavior have to be achieved for the proper infant cultural environment.
Today, display is rapid changing with the rapid expansion of industrial society, the rapid changing of distribution structure, various world fairs and living environmental improvement. The extreme effect, visibility and imphasis are necessary for the efficient exhibition to show the invention Idea and products. Exhibition space's functions is to possess accumulative results and can communicate with visitors. The display in exhibition spare connect space, human and objects. This study is to systematize the display composition methods by the characteristics of arrangement and installation in display.
Even though the Korean intoner architecture market has constantly developed in the past on the basis of the economic and social growth, it has had a tough time for varied reasons since 1998. Restructuring in the construction industry is required due largely to both the lack of market demand which resulted from the foreign exchange crisis and managerial trouble which is getting worse as time goes by. In actual, as the social necessity for remodeling in skyrocketing, the remodeling is getting more acclaim. That is because old architecture generates a great amount of architectural trash, and it is necessary to look for ways to saute the energy. In the wake of these situations, the remodeling industry is drawing attention as an alternative to the marketable limitations of the existing construction industry. However, it is true that the remodeling market has yet to be activated decisively. Accordingly, the purpose of this paper is to provide a basis for entering into and activating the remodeling market of the interior architecture industry by analyzing the scale and recent conditions of the remodeling sector.
The Purpose of this study is to Provide a basic data for Projects of residential bathroom remodeling according to contemporary life style. The subjects of this investigation are collected through questionnaire from adult resident who live in Seoul Korea. Four hundred ten cases are collected, and frequencies, percentile, crosstabs, and factor analysis and varianc analysis using Spss-win program analyze adequate cases in necessary condition. In this study, residents demographic informations, bathroom preferences, types, sizes, cost construction period, instruments needs, behaviors and facilities seperation are included. By statistics treatment, the significance of the data is analyzed.
To propose the construction of architectural interior design and communication using graphic, web3D, it was studied the kind and character of various representation methods that can be embodied in an architectural interior design on the web, and looks into whether these ways can be adapted to an architectural interior design process. Especially, the use of the current techniques on graphic and CAD data give the most suitable effect by using the integrated data such as vector animation, an interaction of object VR(Virtual Reality), a high quality of panorama VR, and data treatment and its interaction of drawing of cad data. As a result, the single data format shows not only one image representation but also a stream of continuous operation through a change into another format. But this desired study expects that another next studies will go on interaction and integration of digital format with increase of transmission speed expected in the future, and a digital model and its practical methods.
The perceptual presentation of interior design is to represent an interior space planned by a designer as if people see it in reality. The perceptual presentation methods that have developed are perspectives, full-scathe models, small-scale models, photography of models, video taping of models, computer images, computer animation, and virtual reality. The purpose of this study is to investigate limits of those perceptual presentation methods according to their characteristics. The methods have characteristics that are either static or dynamic and either monoscopic or stereoscopic. In terms of representing interior spaces and perceiving interior spaces, the dynamic characteristic is more helpful than the static characteristic because the dynamic characteristic provides consecutively changing views of interior spaces when people walk around within the spaces. The stereoscopic characteristic is more helpful than the monoscopic characteristic because the stereoscopic characteristic provides the binocular depth perception. Full-scale models, small-scale models, virtual reality that have dynamic and stereoscopic characteristics, are most effective. The next effective methods are video taping of models and computer animation that have dynamic and monoscopic characteristics. The last effective methods are perspectives and photography each of models that haute static and monoscopic characteristics. But the most effective methods can nut be said that those are perfect because each of them still has limits. Designers have to consider the limits of each perceptual presentation method to find a way that shows their designs most effectively. To develop the perceptual presentation methods of interior design, researchers should focus on the helpful characteristics that are dynamic and stereoscopic.
In architecture, each project participant must maintain organic relationship with others. However, current practices are rather procedural and discrete than organic, which result in considerable inefficiencies. The cool-downs of Korean construction market also force the architects to be familiar with the new construction methods and systems. This research mainly focuses on the pre-development stage of such systems, analysing relationships between the information of architectural design and other parts of construction information like structure, construction, environment, and so forth. The result of analysis can be organized into attributes of members in a physical building, which can be modeled in a 3D system. The resulting model can be used for automated generation of drawing, Bill of Materials, finite element meshes for structural analysis and energy analysis, etc. by extracting meaningful information from it. Hence, the purpose of this research is to analysis the relationship among domain-specific information (e.g. structural engineering, construction detail, energy evaluation) that are represented in drawings, and to represent the attributes of the information relevantly so that they can be applied to each unit task that forms the whole project. Therefore, an object oriented methodology is introduced to compose design informations in three dimension, and expressing properties of building factors and materials, and to construct a database for computers to recognize architecture informations.
It shows 21st century as a networking society that is moving up the concept of global town and being industrialized with regional and personal connections. Individual's original idea and variety of 21th century may be respected by such environmental change, and age (Literary, human axis, technology axis, nature axis, kaining farming axis are central keyword) of culture that cultural capacity of individual becomes important fetters that create added value is forecasted to become. The moaning for space that is unemployment enemy by change of conceptional environment about cultural life and agreeable quality of life by development of Information-Communication technology may be required newly. As it does interaction along with development of science technique and Information-Communication technology, the future environment of various that complex! Is predicted to form network environment (existence space, cyberspace) newly. Human central interest is risen in technology balance hereupon, and these characteristic escaped in physical system that do with functional special quality and require human central and sensitive interaction. First, if examine about phenomenon by Digitize and chance aspect that is risen in 21th century, Digitize is time that action occurs fusion Tuesday that is various and Blur phenomenon of city·space, and the period to collapse the border between several individual. Second, importance more than man-centered and sensitive aspect of functional physical system is risen by digital age with development of technology medium, and as the five digital senses showed up, it suggests a sensual of the times and therefore the interest and direction get set up for the sensual sides of consumers. Third, special quality is, medium enemy by that digital space connotes meaning disk floret, variability, transparency, space red of extensity etc.. to burn and is digitalised, can be risen by symbolic, original individualities and emotional communication's the importance is required sensitivity enemy who is sympathy horn by fusion anger of individual. Technology of new media may open direction of new communication through interface that did not enjoy so far is going to supply new means that can express own to human
Changing demographics, changing lifestyles. An international group of architects designs the homes of the future in places diverse as USA, Japan, South America and Europe. These architecture are also challenging the traditional structure of the private house, as we know it. Many of these architects are reinterpreting the private house, challenging traditional notions of what makes house. Here, the interior and exterior surfaces are transformed into 'smart skins', which blur the distinction between the digital and the real and become a part of the daily life of the occupants. The smart house will make possible amazing things we though existed only in science fiction, guarding or welfare, guessing our moods and catering to our demands in music, movies, temperature and ambience. And new materials will further transform our living areas.
The study is Intended to clarify the ideologies and principles applied to the formative expression of church architecture which is contained both the God and human. After modern times, from the result of study of modern architectural movement, all of architectural ideology have not been developed with the church architecture. Some of architectural concept have been the foundation of modern church architecture. Among them, focusing the area which is developed the form of the church architecture wish the regional architectural expression -America, Northern Europe and Latin America - the expressional characteristics have derived that the church architecture have specific characteristics by the analysis of the characteristics from the influence of the regionalism. After all, regionalism-church architecture which describes recognized and behavioral organism and recognize the kind of the regional tradition and show regionalized formation shows the expressional characteristics of modern church architecture.
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