The lastest art is being characterised by an ever active exchange between different genre. This is a study on the installation aspect in deconstruction architectured and interior design. The progressive and aggressive nature of installatation art embodies uncatagorized genre, the freedom of material application, introduction of the notion of time in space, the reversion of subject and object, the union of art and every experience, understanding of object through deconstruction, enlargement of concept of space, collage-style composition and layer technique. I can conclude that the installation aspect in Tshumi's Parc de la Villette is its call upon the audience to actively participate, the introduction of a coincidental conjunction, its challenge on the conventional idea of park and its flexibility caused by human activity and time. In Hadid's Hong Kong Peak Club the installation aspect is the application of layer technique using four enormous beams horizontally laid out on a man-made moutain. Furthermore, Libeskind's pursuit of the mental in Berlin Museum Extension through the penetration of an invisible line into a void creates a new interpretation of the role of a museum and thus relates itself to installation art. The installation aspect in Himmelblau's Vienna Roof Renovation is the literal deconstruction of the roof of an old building in the old section of Wien and the expression of time and space through the interrelationship between interior and exterior environment by the use of juxtaposition technique. Finally, I note that the installation aspect in Gehry's Santa Monica Residence is the reorganization of cheap material as a form of 'object', that creates spon-taneity, movement as well as flow of time in space and ex-hibit the double-sidedness of the visible world.
The purpose of this study is to design a new self-governing body's civil service office ahead the period of provincial autonomy. The present civil service office has a linear and contrary structure and conglomates a single unit. But a new civil service office must have a comfortable structure, dividing a minimum unit per department, equpping a ordinary entrance, a creative image, a warm environment and a curved and orthogonal form.
The fast growth of the elderly population and nuclear families have been creating substantial needs for residential facilities of aged people in Korea. In this study, reviews on housing preference and physical constraints have been performed based on previous researches. In this study, the results of the analyses propose developmental strategies for the elderly housing in Korea as follows: 1)Housing preference and other psychological trends of Korean elderly are rooted in changeable condition of the emotion and lack of knowledge. Therefore, the housing preference of the Korean elderly should not be considered a fixed reflection ; rather, it should be regarded as a continuously adjusted trends according to later experience and emotional status after residing in the elderly care facilities. 2)Design of elderly housing should be guided within two principles of easy access and high usability. The principles also require maximazation of social interactions among frail elderly residents on age-segregated structure. 3) The experiment among 201 frail elderly shows that each shower stall should accommodate 5-by-5 feet square for wheelchair u-turn, and 48 inch height for kitchen topsink. Finally, the experiment shows that ramp slope of the ederly housing should be within 1/16 and 1/20.
The educational system of Korean elementary schools switches eventually from that of cramming to open study emphasizing student's autonomy and attaching importance to their individuality. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to establish renovational course for conventional classes to practise open education proper to Korean situations at a minimum of expense and time. And the consequence of this study can be summarized as follows : 1) To prepare for various learning activities, a multipurpose space that can be shared by three or four classes is required. 2) Partitions that have divided the existing spaces of unit study must be removed and substituted to a movable partition to make the class variable according to the form of study.
What's the direction of INTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN in 21 Century High Tech\ulcorner The purpose of this research is to show not only practical use of Computer Graphic(CG) as simple tool function, but offering conversation with computer and other ways of method. When we consider poor CG market, investment on the research of VR(Virtual Reality) is the most urgent. The investment on VR will solve various problems. Firstly. It will solve the problems drived from Interior design process by making spatial images like reality. Secondly, It will solve high wages and financial difficulties caused by raise cost funds. Thirdly, It prevents in a road from foreign company that will bring enormous program, caused by opening the domestic market. Also, It help interior designer check in advance the problems in constructure through showing him a supposed imagination including the system and location of equipments. But it is reality that even ordinary American can't offer VR(Virtual Reality) System. We should have noted that it is normal to spend 10 billion won for such presentation as Model House in the large corporation. We must acknowledge that it is such a waist of money nationally. Therefore, investment on CG & VR System is essential in order to save cost more effective presentation & interior design. We will see great result within a year. As we can see, there is huge area we have make develop. One of them is specific technical plan on VR System and study of flow chart. We close with simple methodological way to use VR System and will study Computer System. Which is fitting to CG that we have to solve the link of hardware and software on VR System\ulcorner We know from the cases in other countries that continuous research on this subject has great value for Interior Architectural Design and its effective use. When we try hard not only for methodological use but practical use, the purpose of CG and VR System will be a factor to contribute on this subject for better Interior design & presentation.
In the past thirty years, apartment house has been greatly developed and the housing supply has improved some degree. However, the fact is that interior space planning of apartment house still has a lot of problems. The purpose of this study is to research the change of interior room. The 160 examples of unit floor plan(40-85m2 i.e. 12.1py-25.7py) were selected and classified according to master bedroom type and living room area when was constructed by the city of Seoul and KNHC from 1970 to 1990. And then, the change of each area, size and ratio were analyzed and researched. The result of this research can be summarized as follows: 1. Size of unit floor plan was on the increase from 16.02py to 17.86py. 2. 2 bedroom type, master bedroom showed a rise of size and occupancy ratio. Living room grew larger than 1982-1991 for size and occupancy ratio. 3. 3 bedroom type, master bedroom was increased in size and occupancy ratio was reduced to 19.99%. Size of living room became broader than master bedroom and occupancy ratio(1972-1981) increased over 1982-1991. Through this analysis and research, this study is to provide the basic data for actural design process and to suggest future trend of apartment house.
This study was carried out to find out some similarities and differences of the ornamental technique and motifs in folk furniture between Denmark and Korea which had quite different background of development of folk furniture as one of a cross-cultural study. Furniture made and used in the 18th and 19th century was investigated in order to eliminate the influence of internationalism in the design area in the 20th century. This study was fulfilled by many study trips all over the districts in Denmark to identify Danish folk furniture as well as literature study. Study trips to folk museums. Insa-dong, Janghanpyung furniture market were done for Korean folk furniture. Characteristics of ornament in Danish folk furniture were as followings; Main materials of the Danish folk furniture were conifers, especially pine tree, as pine was very common and easy to get from their surroundings. The most popular and unique types of decoration in Danish folk furniture was painting. Colors used in painted furniture were very bright and vivid. This might be a reaction to the long and dark winter of Scandinavian countries. Motifs used in Danish folk furniture had been chosen to reflect their surroundings. Flowers, six-angular stars, animals, human figures and Biblical motifs were popular sources of decoration for Danish folk furniture. Characteristics of Korean folk furniture were as followings; Main materials of Korean folk furniture were broad-leaved trees as well as conifers, because of their beautiful wood grain. The Korean ways of decoration were different from Danish ones. The method of painting with bright from Danish ones. The method of painting with bright colors was hardly ever used in Korea, except only in lacquering. The most popular decoration method for Korean folk furniture was revealing the natural wood grain with transparent vegetable oil finish, instead of painting. Metal ornament was unique to Korean folk furniture. therefore a lot of metal ornaments were attached on the furniture. Motifs used in Korean folk furniture were more like symbolic than Danish ones. Korean people tried to express their longings and norms through the motifs, such as longevity, prosperity, good luck, and many sons, etc. Therefore, it was natural for Korean motifs to have special symbolic meanings.
Preservation space is a functionally$\ulcorner$core$\lrcorner$in a museum. Gernerally, it is a common view that collections are exhibited within 5% of total stored collections. So that, part of collections are cycled exhibition space centering around preservation space, and that is a important mechanism of collections circulation in a museum. It is the best way that collections should be $\ulcorner$conserve$\lrcorner$ in a stable condition, but inevitably collections are exposed as stable condition, but inevitably collections are exposed as called $\ulcorner$exhibition$\lrcorner$. For that reason the function of $\ulcorner$exhibition$\lrcorner$. For that reason the function of $\ulcorner$exhibition$\lrcorner$for 'showing' and the function of $\ulcorner$preservation$\lrcorner$for 'conserve'are contrary to each other's concept, so it is principle of scheme that these concepts should be functionally connected with and planned$\ulcorner$match$\lrcorner$. In addition, various studies (for example, comparative analysis of collections, examination of collections for conserved condition or special exhibition, and classification of new item, etc.) are worked in preservation space. Therefore, preservation space should not be considered as a warehouse, should be composed not only$\ulcorner$comfortable place to rest of collections$\lrcorner$but also $\ulcorner$part of study room$\lrcorner$in a museum. So that, environment of museum should be established by plan to preservation and management. The point of plan to museum is that minimize dangerous element for collections, and then develop an essencial element of space for$\ulcorner$conservation$\lrcorner$and$\ulcorner$exhibition$\lrcorner$. The reason why with a few exceptions (buildings which have being exposed or extremely minor part of collections) most of collections have been lasting its life during over hundreds of years with adapting itself to natural features, so scheme of preservation facilities should be made up with understanding and analysis generic character of collections, and then establish proper temperature and humidity environment.
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between personality and interior environmental disposition, such as disposition toward traditional/modern, feminine/ masculine and simple/complex characteristics. Korean Testing Center's standardized test which measures activity, emotional stability, dominance, reflectiveness, sociability, autonomy, and achievement was used to measure personality. The three key disposition variables were measured using a visual instrument which was developed in this study. To create images, 3$\times$2$\times$2 factorial composition producing 12 types of images was used. Four set of images were developed to measure each categories of each dispositional characteristic controlling other systematic variables and extraneous variables effects. Thereby total 48 visual images were simulated. The subjects were 107 students. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, chi-square. test and pearson's correlation coefficients. Major findings were as follows; 1)Disposition toward oriental tradition were more likely appeared in higher emotional stability personality 2) Disposition toward tradition were more likely to be dominated than one toward modern in case of higher autonomy personality.
Interior design, evolved from interior decoration of the 20th century, is one of environmental designs which contribute to the overall well-being of human life-physically, psychologi-cally, and emotionally. Moreover, it is also a complex and multi-faceted profession that requires a strong understanding of not only human behaviors and the impact of the designed environment on them, but also of changing technologies and their potential effects. Furthermore, design is a participatory process which requires the application of research, and theoretical knowledge to resolve issues addressing the society. Indeed, there has been various kinds of researches in the interior design field that came about. Through scrutinization of master's theses and doctoral dissertations, this study intends us to grasp the current trend of interior design researches. Theses and dissertations related to interior design and architecture were and sources for this study. The subject of the analysis for this study was limited to the 560 titles of such like these, published from 1970 to 1996 by gradute schools related to interior design or architecture. The results were as follows : Since the '80s, there had been active researches on the interior design field. The subject space had extensively been expanded in its area, especially in the case of commercial environment. The content of those researches had focused on space design with the intention of applying the results to hypothetical one.
Alvar Aalto has pursued National Romanticism, cultural art movement in scandinavian peninsula, organic concepts of growth and suitability, comprehensive view of nature including a possibility of coexistance of human-being and the nature well harmonized. For instance, his design expressed local features of the nature, human emotions instead of geometical arts and mathematical principles. It is noteworthy today that he built up the identity with satrical architecture vocabularies, different from modern arch-itechtural idiology. The characte-ristics of his design related to interior architecture are collectively as follows; The first, Space discontinuity of the interior and exterior, gradual process by joints which are inclined to collage with many shapes in plan and section of the space and such joints are adjusted by sensual ways and stressed with inner collectivity in his works. The second, He pursued the architectural orderfor modern irreqularity, various changes and sensual harmonies. As result, free curved line, fan shape and irregular modeling were individually expressed by technics of natural features and national characteristics of Finland. The third, Organic synthesis. A harmony through med-ums in its space, materials and space effectiveness relations are made and expressed for mixed design especially harmonized of all the materials he planned, entire harmony with total design, itemized details, materials and furnitures in entire space. The fourth, The interest of the nature based on his sense harmonized with nature made him mainly use native materials, lumbers and red bricks masonry and showed and arranged various interior sky light and grazed in to let natural light in, harmony with garden to sensually cohere to the nature and courtyard, etcetera. His major subject are to direct architectural developments through the nature and human-being in his works. At this point, it is considered that his direction of the locality and independence as a human-being made the concepts of organic space structure possible.
A human body can be called the scale of all things and the most perfect and sensual presentation of form. Its beautiful proportion has been used as the most important measure of all the natural organic beings. The attitude of research based on the human scale is so traditional both in East and West, and especially in the field of architecture. It has been the ground of most standards in various buildings and cities from the ancient times. This study aims to examine the way the human body has been investigated in history and to find out how it is applied and expressed as the scale in architecture or interior spaces. It takes a step forward from mere research of proportion by studying even the emotional and psychological relations between space and human beings. It may contribute to the creation of the space for human beings.
The purpose of this study is about theoretical approach to scrutinize contents of spatial information and its communi-cating mechanism for revealing the interrelationship of architectural spaces and design factors in design process. It can be resulted that in architectural problem solving for adequate systemization of architectural spaces in specific conditions, intercommunication between social, psychologi-cal, perceptional aspects is important not so much as creati-ve design.
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