The purpose of this study is to find the relationship between hightech architecture and digital one through the discussion on Karl B tticher's view on tectonic in 19th century. The discussion of tectonics which has not been brought up until recently. Since there are no studies regarding contemporary architecture relating to Karl B tticher's view on tectonic, so it is fairly significant to study Karl B tticher's conception, discussion and relationship of contemporary architecture. To study the essence and meaning of Karl B tticher's view on tectonic in 19th century, we will analyze each examples of hightech architecture and digital architecture through Karl B tticher's dual form. B tticher insist that dualistic relationship is united and produced simultaneously. Because they have so closed relationship each other, it's impossible to apply only decoration without structure. Therefore they have mutual assistant relationship. A relationship can be found between hightech architecture's technology and structural symbol that Karl B tticher tried to find in steel which is new material ornament. Digital architecture can be confirmed as images which are made of maximum expose through consistent dynamics of structure. Karl Btticher try to find structural symbolism between new meterail, iron, and decoration. In modern architecture it has the closed relationship with high-tech technology.
As the world becomes more globalized thanks to the fast development of the Internet, a national identity becomes more important than ever before. Based on this, the study searches for the identity of modern American architecture through exploring the influence of modem American fine arts on the contemporary architecture. It was found that the concepts and the attributes of modern American fine arts obviously transferred into the contemporary architecture. The main concept was elimination of any kind of illusion for maximization of reality, and it was rooted Into American culture, the way of life and thinking. With the concept, the attributes were divided into two extreme poles: materiality and morphology: the former was evolved from Abstract Expressionism and Post-Minimalism and transferred into Los Angeles Avant-Garde architecture; the latter was from Pop Art and transferred into Postmodern architecture and Pop Architecture.
This study is focused on the concept and spatial organization of bifurcation. After discussing the concept of bifurcation used in Borges' literature and Deleuze's Fold philosophy, case examples in contemporary architecture are analysed to comparatively investigate the relationship between the concept and space. In Deleuze's philosophy, bifurcation as well as pleats, inflection are used to form the world of fold that goes to infinity while, in Borges' literature, the structure of bifurcation is the key method to create the labyrinth of time. There are various projects in contemporary architecture based on the Deleuzian concept of bifurcation. Rem Koolhaas's Two Libraries for Jussieu University and UN Studio's Arnhem Central are selected and researched for further comparison study. In Jussieu project, the bifurcating spatial organization is 'intentionally' used to construct the indeterminant space whereas in Arnhem Central, bifurcation can be found in both the ever-bifurcating design process as well as the final spatial organization'unintentionally'generated from the process. This study is concluded with the comparative analysis between the representation and actualization of a concept that are crucially different.
The theme of modern architecture was various expression of dynamism and the flow of space. It was because that the space become the main theme of architecture since the late 19th century, and the space was changed from the 3rd dimension into the 4th dimensional space-time continuum. Though many avant-garde artists in the early 20th century did not understand the theory of relativity, they became conscious of the concept of space-time continuum, and tried to express the movement as the duration in time which Bergson defined. Many architects in the first machine age conceived the movement of architecture, and understand it as the dynamism of the mass and in the space. But especially, Sant'Elia and Hilberseimer expressed it as the flow of various force and vector In the metropolis as entire system. And Some architects conceived it as real movement of the building and expressed it as the rotary motion of building, movable partition and furniture, mobile prefabricated building. This study analyzed the expression of movement in architecture in the first machine age.
Currently, the space design has been expressed the space in kinetic design by digital technology. To look into the concept of digital design, there is the tendency to pursue the harmony of the nature. The digital space designer, Greg Lynn who has been paid attention by international researchers. To compared with the reputation of his works, the information about him has been limited to us. The purpose of this study was to investigate the Greg Lynn's digital design matrix toward the design process in his representative 11 works in his website; www.glform.com. The contents analyses methods were used in this study. Greg Lynn's internet website survey was carried out in the respects of thinking method, space formative language and animate form. The major results of this study are as follows: \circled1 Lynn's design concept and digital methodology were affected by Paolo Soleri and Peter Eisenman: natural architectural concept and digital animate form \circled2 Lynn's space formative languages were 10 items; blob, blob, fold, strand, shred, flower, skin, teeth, branch and lattice \circled3 Lynn's digital design matrix was divided into 3 types; MS(Mass + Structure), PC(Path + Circulation) and FD(Form + Detail) \circled4 According to the analysis of longitudinal, his works have been changed from the MS and PC to FD. This research will be a basic reference to understand digital space design.
The progress made by scientific development achieved the goal for making human environment convenient and functional. However, it also caused excessive expanse of artificial environment, which in turn produced undesirable segregation between human and nature. Recently we frequently see ecological space designs which try to be synchronized with nature not only in technological terms, but also in psychological terms. This paper examines various viewpoints for ecological space design. First, it studies philosophical backgrounds of ecological space design through comparative analysis between eastern and western ideas of nature. Then it classifies the types of viewpoints for ecological space design with supporting explanations from scientific proofs. Finally, it provides case analyses for each of these views. This research aims at proving the value of ecological space design so that it can guide future direction of space design toward reestablishing the organic relationship between human and nature.
This study aims to understand the ornamental space in Art-Nouveau style which was made up the ornamental aspect and spatial aspect. So that It is needed to classify the ornamental space into three categories according to the way of construction; pictorial composition, non-objective composition and organic construction. To find the meaning of these ornamental spaces, works of Art-Nouveau are analyzed into ornament and space, in result we know that process of integration, relativity of ornament as a part and forms of expression in ornamental space have some regulation; use of natural motive, repetition of image and organic combination. Whereas the ornamental space in Art-Nouveau style has comprehensive capacity between antagonistic relations just like tradition and new mechanism, the space could receive a lot of different ideas and express these ideas as ornaments. Although the ornamental space also had weak points which were the lack of transformation and the difficulties of the application of other design due to the perfection itself, we could create new space which meets the requirements of the times, if we develop and make up for the weak points in the ornamental space under the principles of dialectic.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the flexible system in a typological way that develops and promotes the various methods of flexible system. The main method of this study was literature review and content analysis on various flexible systems and a case study of flexible housing. The flexible system in this typological analysis was classified into two categories: 'Elements of Flexibility' and 'Variation'. The category of Flexibility Elements was categorized into 'Primary Elements'(e.g., walls, floors, and ceilings),'Secondary Elements'(e.g., doors, windows, and furniture), and 'Tertiary Elements'(e.g., lighting, hues and finishing materials). Variation Effect was classified into 'Visual Variation', 'AppBicative Variation', and 'Layout Variation'. Also, Variation could be classified into 'Finish-centered', 'Application-centered', and 'Layout-centered' The flexible system developed in this study is a basis for further concrete flexible methods.
Open Housing System ideas were developed in Korea in the 1980s to satisfy the demand for variety indwelling spaces. This domestic attempt to apply open building principles was highly restricted and was applied only in support of middle-large size apartments rather than small size apartments. One of the problems was the conventional design of building structures. It was difficult to effectively satisfy the various lifestyles and transformation of dwellings because existing apartments were designed using a concrete wall structure approach, in which room sizes and arrangements were fixed by the placement of structural concrete walls. This was the result not only of structural analysis (other structural designs were possible) but also the result of the idea that the standard plan was suitable for a stable society and was easier to implement, and that change in social standards and technical upgrading was not going to happen. This study presents an apartment concept in which open building design methods were applied to satisfy the problem of various lifestyles and household sizes and preferences for small apartments. This concept also helps to create a more effective and long lasting building which decreases construction waste, saves resources and protects the environment by enabling the building to accommodate combining, increasing / decreasing, changing location or changing usage of rooms.
This study was intended to suggest the design guidelines of digital home on the basis of digital-related human behavior. In order to achieve this, what and how often internet was used in the home, how living pattern and space usage was changing according to digitalization were examined and lastly, the design guidelines of digital home based on these findings were suggested. The subjects were 400 housewives who lived In 85m'-sized housing unit of the new apartment complex in Busan. They were average age of 38 and their eldest children were in the stage of elementary schooling or preschooling. Many of them had relatively high educational level and middle income level. The results of the study were as follows; 1) The respondents used internet more frequently for information searching, children's education, and Internet shopping. Therefore, it would be desirable to divide zoning of housing unit into space for routine activities, space for working, and for cultural activities. 2) Digitalization changed human living pattern like follows; it reduced time of shopping, information searching, banking, and going out. Also, it increased time of spending alone, watching movie, and playing game. Therefore, digital home should be designed to facilitate social Interaction between family members, cultural and recreational activities, and indoor or outdoor exercise within each housing unit or in apartment complex.
The chief aim of this study is to prepare the rational alternative plan of the environmental friendly intoner design which can improve sick house syndrome of an apartment house and clarify future-development and the method proposal of use activation and point out the present problem depended to investigate development and the use actual condition of domestic environmental friendly interior materials related in-and-outside-the-country example on a foundation about the various precedence researches on environmental friendly interior materials. The study was witten at first the concept of the environmental interior design which leads environmental friendly charactenstics of material, a interior design, and construction, at the first in the conceptual definition of sick house syndrome. and then it was introduced the present condition of domestic environmental interior materials, interior design and construction and an environmental regulation and standard of in-and-outside-the-country In Conclusion, it may try to present comprehensive analysis and an expansive alternative plan.
If remodeling is defined as activities that restore the overall function of a building up to the standards currently demanded rather than as a simple replacement or repair of old facilities and equipment, the main task of remodeling should be the reduction in differences between areas, establishment of a functional linkage between departments and setup of a smooth circulation system. Therefore, this study is an analysis of remodeling strategies and construction processes to resolve major tasks of remodeling. Through this research we acquire concluding remarks. 1) The remodeling strategies of equipment-intensive areas can be divided into two measures: utilizing the existing buildings (the main buildings) the most, and of concentrated relocation in the new buildings. The former method is advantageous in that the main building serves as a center in hospital layouts because concentrated placement of the diagnosis/ treatment area and the supply area benefit the overall operation in terms of functions. However, the measure has limits in that it is difficult to install the facilities and equipment of the new demands due to the low ceilings, which serve as a potential challenge in future growth and changes. 2) The latter measure is the one in which equipment-intensive areas and the areas that are absolutely short of space are first placed in the new buildings while other areas (the outpatient area, the administration area and the miscellaneous areas) are in the existing building (main building). Given the possibility of development In the future, concentrated placement in the new buildings can be said to be more effective order to actively address future growth and changes.
The women's roles In 21s1 century in Korea is increasing as the industry, economy is growing and changing rapidly; thus raising the necessity and importance of early learning. Naturally the importance and needs of children's day-care center is increasing both in quantitative and quality matters, there needs for much improvements. This study selected 8 workshop day-care centers in Seoul area, where most day-care centers are located, and analyzed interior spaces; thus presenting the appropriate model of interior space in child day-care center. Starting with, examining theologically, this study focused on the history of child day-care center and the 8 selected day-care centers in Seoul. By analyzing the operation status, blue prints, and picture, this study focused on improving the interior spaces in day-care centers. The presented improvement in spaces are the fellowing, First, half of day-care centers in workshops had independent buildings and most were multi-storey building. Second, running status vary. The open hours and number of teachers were fine but the budgets ratio of the employer and the worker ratio needed improvements. Third, there is need for detailed more improvement In managing area, educational area, and service area. It recommendable for spaces of day-care centers in workshops to be a single-storey building with managing and service space placed In center with educational rooms on each sides, with single hall way.
A leisure culture in the modern society is the measure of a value in one's life and has a symbolic meaning which reflects the aspect of a society where an individual belongs to. Therefore, the leisure is not a simple pleasure but has an critical meaning of expressing the culture of a country. In particular, the theme park leads the public amusement in the modern society using the cutting-edge equipments on a large scale in the postmodernism society being lead by the public. Nonetheless, Korea imports the theme parks of the same type as the Disney land of the Western Europe so that Korea depends on the foreign country in the leisure field. Therefore, in this study, the basic property of the theme park is investigated and the issues of Korean theme park will be revealed through the comparison of Korean theme park to foreign theme parks. In order to solve these issues, it points out that the concept of Korean traditional leisure space has inclusive and upgraded characteristics with many meanings, compared with the concept of the leisure space of foreign countries. . Based on this, the new concept of Korean theme park's space will be proposed. Specially, it is empathized that Korean own originality and credit should be preserved and Korean traditions should be succeeded.
Chair design in recent international furniture exhibitions showed that chair products were varied with several elements in simple and basic shapes. Likewise, the project supposedly referred to a group that could be classified as a design with a concept of ranges, and if the design were aimed at mass production, those group concept could be even stronger in the fields of design. Based on many modern and contemporary examples of mass-produced chairs from three Scandinavian countries namely Denmark, Sweden, and Finland, this study was aimed at discovering new points of view, characteristics, and chair design concerning dominant products. The six companies and three artists were selected as this research's samples. The companies have to have more than four kinds of ranges, and they were Fritz Hansen, Bl Station, K llemo, Lammhults, Artek, and Vivero. We have chosen the 3 artists such as Hans J. Wegner, Bruno Mathsson, and Alvar Aalto who have repeatedly used their own motives to reflect their national identities in various works. The method of the research was the analysis of the current situations of chair designs' ranges. The results of the analysis on the product group for each of the six selected companies show the following variables: 1)Formative characteristics 2)Structural characteristics 3)Emotional characteristics. The artists' groups have symbolically expressed personal identities, and consequently, national identities. Finally, the variation in the simple elements of chair design made the identification of product groups ultimately easier, as the expressions and applications of their identities were used within the scope of mass products in various designs.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, one of the influential modernist architects in early 20th century, had an great effort to found the modern architecture through various kinds of works. Conceptually he tried to develop the trans-temporal architecture language by involving a reintegration of countermanding principles in both ideas and practices for designing buildings. The model for his striving to find such a synthesis or a dynamic form was the neo-classicism of K. F Schinkel, inasmuch as Schinkel endeavored to combine the classical rationalistic order with the creative act of construction and to make these two melt into his age. In the same horizon with that Mies van der Rohe attempted to express the industrialized civilization of his time as a given fact, though this phenomenal substance was the only authentic form that has been conceivable to the people. For him the modern technology was regarded as the manifestation of rationalistic transcendency, which can be interpreted always consequentially. Here In this context this study is purposed to consider through the analysis of the ground ideas of architecture and the designed chairs, how commensurable the tectonic value (in the architecture) that is constantly evident in his works and the various autonomous drives toward deformalization (in the furniture design) that is concerned with his interest for cultural situation and materiality of form are with each other. And then it will be tried to prove, that on the ground of the trans-temporal achitecture language the furniture design of Mies van der Rohe, which emphasizes curves as individual forms, could correspond to his architecture that lays priority to space and construction
This study is arranged the principles of the preservation and restoration in pre-modern architecture, presented guideline of the Intoner restoration in there, and attempted relative-analysis by cases of Japan in curtain of Saporo Houheikan. The method of Original- restorations and Repairs must be preserved In materials and technologies in order to hand over the future generations. The process and method of restorations are the important Cultural Properties as Architecture's itself. And Restorations of industrial manufactures hold the the important position in restoration of pre-modern Architectures. Because industrial technologies are developed and forgotten in rapid. Specially, because industrial materials as curtains were apt to recognize as consumption goods, historicity in that are contained the history of fabric, industrial technologies, and relations of traditional technologies. Conclusionaly, restorations of interior materials in our country are required of \circled1the construction of workframe in search and restoration for original preservation, \circled2the conception of refaires and establishment of investigation, \circled3the stocking of restoration-technologies of pre-modern cultural properties of architectures, \circled4the recognitions of record-preservation, \circled5the improvement of organization, upbring of technicians, establishment of theorical systems.
The atmosphere of a caf is one of the most important elements for cafe interior design since it is linked directly with profit. As human sensibility ergonomics which is recently signified In various fields is an attempt to quantitatively analyze factors of human sensibility and apply it to design operation, it can be apt for analyzing caf atmosphere. Employing human sensibility ergonomics this study examined issues to be considered for preferred caf interior design. The outcome of this study indicated that the most significant caf design factors are "'style', 'artificiality' and 'enjoyment'. It also suggested a design guideline by evaluating features of each factor. Constructing a successful interior design can be achieved by applying this design guideline.
The paper raises a question in argument about the method of creating space depending on accidental creation by computer as the method of describing movement pattern, and emphasizes the role of the mathematics which may change the shape into the image or reflection, that is, data which human may understand and expect. If the mathematics could be the method of describing movement pattern, it may play a important role on the analysis of architectural space based on the idea of post-constructionism, which is likely to consider the modern architectural space recognized as the sequential frames containing movement, as the suspended state of the moving object. And then, this infinite series, 'the sum' of the suspended state, is not studied mathematically and scientifically, but is able to be shaped by reviewing the validity in mathematics about the nonlinear space. This is, therefore, the fundamental research in order to define the role of the mathematics in formation of space of contemporary architecture.
As the pluralistic value in which various cultures and trends exist develops the world at large, development of interior design is required to examine consumers by group. This requirement purports to set up a strategic model of operating interior design organizations under cross-cultural (past and present) enviroment, not to express new researches of interior design following the direction of the developed media service. Based on the educational and complex cultural approach to design matters - the key issue in solving the cross-cultural design matters, this paper has suggested the structure of semi-centralized design process and the system for finding out consumers' trends under the new media-based cultural design environment. This study presents some expected effects. First, it will be able to enhance the consumer-oriented design mind by providing the information on the interior design system and design trend. Through analyzing the lifestyle in the 21st century and providing the relevant information, it will lead irrlprovement in living environment. And further, by using the program of searching consumers' new preference, the system of grasping consumers' propensity and making decisions will be materialized. Secondly, based on the background database of forecasted consumers' trends, marketing strategies can be established. Thirdly, through the better technology of designing living environment, efficiency will be increased and the economic foundations through use of new database will be constructed. Fourth, systematic interior design can be developed. Strategic correspondence to consumers' desires and reinforcement of competitiveness will become possible with development of database. By encouraging consumers' participation under digital environment, their trends can be forecasted, and by efficiently using information and new technology, resources can be saved and further, additional costs for promotion and sales will be reduced.
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