• Title/Summary/Keyword: 컴퓨팅 사고력

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The Design of Method for Evaluating Computational Thinking (컴퓨팅 사고력 평가 방안 설계)

  • Choi, Jeong-Won;Lee, Young-Jun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.177-178
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    • 2014
  • 컴퓨팅 사고력은 복잡한 문제를 빠르고 정확하게 해결하기 위하여 컴퓨터 과학의 개념과 원리 혹은 컴퓨팅 시스템을 활용하는 절차적인 사고 능력을 의미한다. 컴퓨팅 사고력의 중요성이 강조되고 있는 가운데 컴퓨팅 사고력 향상 방안에 대한 많은 연구들이 이루어지고 있으나 실질적으로 학습자들의 사고력 향상을 평가는 상대적으로 소홀한 편이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 컴퓨팅 사고력 평가 기준으로 컴퓨팅 사고력 문제 해결 요소 10가지를 제시하고 이를 기준으로 어떻게 평가할 것인가에 대한 방안을 제시하였다.

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Domestic Research Trend Analysis of Computing Thinking (컴퓨팅사고력에 관한 국내 연구동향 분석)

  • Lee, Aehwa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.214-223
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    • 2019
  • This study was to review the research trends in domestic computing thinking and to suggest future research direction by analyzing 138 papers related to computing thinking published in domestic academic journals from 2015 to 2018. As a result, domestic research on computing thinking has been steadily increasing since 2015, and quantitative research, development research and experimental research were mainly used. Most research were conducted for elementary school students and university students. Research topics are oriented to the curriculum and program as well as the relationship among the variables related with computational thinking. It is necessary to explore empirical studies such as teaching methods, teaching tools, media utilization, and evaluation methods in order to promote learner's computing thinking. Also, it is needed to explore various variables related to enhance computing thinking and the relationship among the variables.

A Study on Path Analysis Between Elementary School Students' Computational Thinking Components (초등학생의 컴퓨팅 사고력 구성요소 간의 경로 분석 연구)

  • Lee, Jaeho;Jang, Junhyung
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2020
  • There is a hot debate about what the core competencies of future generations, who have to live an uncertain future, should cultivate. The future society is expected to become a Software-oriented Society driven by software. Under these circumstances, interest in software education is exploding around the world, and interest in cultivating computational thinking through software education is also increasing. Also, discussions about what computational thinking is and what competence factors are made up are in progress. However, the research on the relationship between the competence factors of computational thinking is relatively insufficient. In order to solve this problem, this study proceeded as follows. First, five competence factors of computational thinking were selected. Second, we defined a path model to analyze the relationships among the competence factors of computational thinking. Third, we chose a test tool to test computational thinking. Fourth, the computational thinking tests were conducted for 801 students in grades 3 through 6 of elementary school. Fifth, implications were derived by analyzing various viewpoints based on the results of the computational thinking test.

Convergence Organization Strategies of the Computational Thinking in Informatics Curriculums (정보과 교육과정에서 융합형 컴퓨팅사고력 구성 전략)

  • Shin, Soo-Bum;Kim, Chul;Park, Namje;Kim, Kap-Su;Sung, Young-Hoon;Jeong, Young-Sik
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.607-616
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    • 2016
  • Computational thinking is complexity and independent subject matter being capable to learn concept of computer science and providing methodology of problem solving. Also many experts have said that computational thinking will be grow essential tool in the further developing information society. Thus our country has been trying to introduce it in the K12 informatics subject matter education. Therefore we proposed a introducing method of computational thinking being appropriated of a character of it in the informatics curriculum. To do this, we analyzed character and worthy of it, advanced model cases introducing it into the curriculum. And we proposed that introduced case of it into curriculum is divided 3 cases archiving computational thinking itself, being connected aim of general subject matter with it and computer science education. According to this advanced cases, this study selected permeative style of computational thinking with the informatics subject matted curriculum. This method is divided achievement criterion into contents and means. also we proposed that contents area of informatics subject matter achievement criterion is composed Computing System, Information Life, Software and means area can be filled with subset of computational thinking. This introducing method can make informatics subject matter education settle subject matter helping problem solving through computer system beyond character of technology oriented subject matter.

A Study on the Direction of Elementary School 3D Modeling Education for Improving Computational Thinking (컴퓨팅 사고력 신장을 위한 초등 3D 모델링 교육의 방향 고찰)

  • Yi, SoYul;Lee, Youngjun
    • Proceedings of The KACE
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    • pp.11-13
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    • 2017
  • 컴퓨팅 사고력은 제 4차 산업혁명 시대에 접어든 우리 사회에서 필요로 하는 미래 역량으로 꼽히고 있으며, 우리나라에서도 2015 개정 문이과 통합형 교육과정을 통해 컴퓨팅 사고력 신장을 위한 SW교육을 강조하고 있다. 3D 모델링 교육은 컴퓨팅 사고력과 직접적인 관련이 있다. 3D 모델링을 위하여 실제의 구체물을 단순화 하거나, 모델링을 위하여 필요 없는 부분을 삭제하거나 추가하는 것이 컴퓨팅 사고력의 추상화에 해당된다. 그리고 모델링 프로그램을 사용하는 것은 일종의 자동화에 해당된다. 본 연구에서는 컴퓨팅 사고력 신장을 위한 3D 모델링 교육에서 권장할만한 3D 모델링 프로그램을 틴커캐드(TinkerCad)로 제시하였으며, 컴퓨팅 사고력 신장을 위한 틴커캐드 활용 초등 3D 모델링 교육 방법을 제시하였다.

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Evaluation of Computational Thinking through Code Analysis of Elementary School Students' Scratch Projects (초등학생의 스크래치 프로젝트 코드 분석을 통한 컴퓨팅 사고력 평가)

  • Park, Juyeon
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.207-217
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    • 2019
  • In order to improve computational thinking, elementary schools have been using 'Scratch' to provide basic programming education. However, the study on evaluation of computational thinking is at an early stage. Therefore, this study evaluated the conceptual level of computational thinking using the scratch code analyzing. For this, Dr. Scratch was used to analyze 179 scratch projects. The results showed that the conceptual level of computational thinking of most elementary students was at the developing level, and that it varied according to gender and production style, showed the lowest level of logic and abstraction, and improved computational thinking during programming. This study is meaningful in that it provides implications for the improvement of teaching methods and self-directed evaluation in learning.

A Study on Teaching-learning for Enhancing Computational Thinking Skill in terms of Problem Solving (문제해결의 관점에서 컴퓨팅 사고력 증진을 위한 교수학습에 대한 연구)

  • Choi, Sook Young
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to suggest an instructional design to improve CT(Computational Thinking) skills in terms of problem solving. CT can be defined as a thought processes for computer-based problem solving. Examining the related CT concepts in the general problem solving process can be helpful for learners to understand CT. For this, this study selects the key elements of CT through literature review, describes how the elements are related to each phrase of the problem solving process, and explores cognitive aspects of the CT elements. In addition, this study describes learning activities and learning assessments of the CT elements according to each phrase of problem solving process and suggests a basic instructional design framework for CT in view of problem solving.

Study on the Development of a General-Purpose Computational Thinking Scale for Programming Education on Problem Solving (문제해결 프로그래밍 교육을 위한 범용 컴퓨팅 사고력 척도 개발 연구)

  • Lee, Min-Woo;Kim, Seong-Sik
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.67-77
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a general-purpose evaluation tool and to analyze their applicability in problem solving programming education for college students of teacher training college. For this purpose, we have redefined the area of computational thinking and detail elements from the viewpoint of problem solving programming, and developed general-purpose computational thinking scale to evaluate them. The reliability and validity were analyzed by applying the evaluation tool developed for the actual college students of teacher training college. Through this study, it was confirmed that the a general-purpose evaluation tool developed in this study can be used as a tool to computational thinking assessment and can be generalized.

Review of Domestic Literature Based on System Mapping for Computational Thinking Assessment (컴퓨팅 사고력 평가에 관한 시스템 매핑 기반 국내 문헌 고찰)

  • Choi, Sook-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.19-34
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    • 2019
  • With the advent of the 4th Industrial Revolution, the importance of solving problems through computing has been emphasized, and software education to improve computational thinking as a core competency has been designated as an essential subject. In order for education for computational thinking to be effective, appropriate tools for evaluating computational thinking must be supported. While studies on computational thinking have been conducted in the meantime, there have been no systematic studies on such evaluation-related studies. This study analyzed the related studies on the computational thinking assessment conducted in Korea and analyzed the previous research of the evaluation tools, evaluation criteria, and evaluation methods. Based on this, the implications for the study of computational thinking evaluation method were suggested.

Analytic Study on the Effectiveness of Computational Thinking based STEAM Program (컴퓨팅 사고력 기반 융합인재교육 프로그램의 효과성 분석 연구)

  • Kim, Soon-Hwa;Ham, Seong-Jin;Song, Ki-Sang
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.105-114
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    • 2015
  • A SW competency based on computational thinking is considered as one of the core competencies in the future society. However, the concept of computational thinking is difficult to be introduced to the class because of the lack of appropriate educational program and the shortage of proper understandings of students and teachers. Thus, we have applied computational thinking based STEAM program and analyzed its effectiveness to explore the educational possibilities of computational thinking. The 49 samples were selected, 23 for the experimental group, and 26 for the control group. Pre-post tests for integrated thinking abilities and computational thinking were done to explore the CT-STEAM program's effectiveness. As a result, the components of integrated thinking abilities, science preference and self-directed learning abilities were enhanced after CT-STEAM instruction. In addition, computational thinking assessment score was statistically significant. We expect new STEAM programs using various computing tools to be developed in the future.