• Title, Summary, Keyword: sufficiency

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Context and Pattern of Self-Sufficiency Program Based on the Experiences of Self-Sufficiency Program Practitioners: focusing on local self-sufficiency center workers and related public officers (자활사업 실무자들이 경험한 자활사업의 맥락과 패턴: 지역자활센터 실무자들과 관련 공무원들을 중심으로)

  • Kwon, Ji-Sung;Jo, Joon-Yong;Jung, Sun Wook;Jang, Yeon Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.232-250
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the context and pattern of Korea's self-sufficiency program based on the experiences of self-sufficiency program practitioner. To this end, this study applied the context-pattern analysis method, which was known as one of the qualitative research approaches, to provide proper and effective evaluations of self-sufficiency program. The analysis shows that the context of the self-sufficiency program consists of such sub-contextual components as 'market economy', 'social service system', 'self-sufficiency system', 'self-sufficiency program', 'self-sufficiency program participant', 'procedural experiences of the program', 'outcomes of self-sufficiency program', and 'meaning of the self-sufficiency program'. Furthermore, such patterns as 'decreased vitality of self-sufficiency system', 'service flow', 'journey to the self-sufficiency', and 'sequences to small success', were also presented. Based on these findings, this study suggests policy and practice implications, and subsequent related research topics.

Effects of the Self-Sufficiency Case Management on the Emotional Self-Sufficiency: Focusing on the Perceptions of Self-Sufficiency Program Participants (자활사례관리가 정서적 자활에 미치는 영향: 자활사례관리 수행에 대한 자활참여자의 인식을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Eunji;Jo, Joon-Yong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 2019
  • This is an empirical study that examines the effect of the self-sufficiency case management, on the emotional self-sufficiency of the self-sufficiency program participants. To this end, it created self-sufficiency case management evaluation scale utilizing confirmatory factor analysis. Then a face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted for 142 self-sufficiency program participants in Chuncheon local self-sufficiency center. The results show that the self-sufficiency case management, more specifically, the social support network components significantly affect the emotional self-sufficiency. The findings of this study not only provide empirical evidence of the effectiveness of self-sufficiency case management but raises the need for the expansion of social network type of self-sufficiency case management.

Effect of Variables Affecting the Self-Sufficiency Perceived by Multicultural Famly in Rural Korea (농촌 다문화가족의 자립에 영향을 미치는 변인 연구)

  • Yang, Soon-Mi
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.55-67
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    • 2015
  • This study aimed at identifying theirs relative importance and the factors affecting self-sufficiency in rural multicultural families. The major findings that were drawn from this study were as follows : Frist, the difference in the self-sufficiency level of their family perceived between husband and married immigrant women was not significant. But, in the level of self-sufficiency will, the level perceived by the husband was higher than it of the women significantly. Second, the hierarchical regression analysis showed that the age of the women(${\ss}=.31$) affected most significantly the self-sufficiency in rural multicultural families, followed by the labour morale of the women(${\ss}=.25$), labour morale of the husband(${\ss}=.20$), academic background of the husband(${\ss}=.19$), academic background of the women(${\ss}=.12$), spouse support level of the women toward the husband(${\ss}=.12$). Third, as a result of a hierarchical regression analysis, the self-sufficiency will variables had more explanatory power on it than social-demographic and/or social support variables. In conclusion, based on results of this study, several plans improving self-sufficiency of the rural multicultural family were suggested. Findings of this study may be used as a basic material to establish the policy supporting self-sufficiency in rural multicultural families.

The Self-Sufficiency Experience of Korean-American Single Mothers with the History of Domestic Violence in Poverty (미국 한인 가정폭력피해 한부모 빈곤여성들의 자활 경험)

  • Chong, Hyesuk
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.65 no.4
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    • pp.245-269
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    • 2013
  • Self-sufficiency has been recognized as one of the most important welfare goals for women in the domestic violence field since the welfare reform in the U.S. A qualitative research design was conducted to explore the self-sufficiency experience of Korean-American single mothers with the history of domestic violence in poverty. The meaning of 'self-sufficiency' to participants is that a continuing task or process in life to move toward being independent mentally as well as economically. Their challenges toward self-sufficiency include the period of restoration of their potentials for self-sufficiency destroyed by domestic violence victimization and divorce, and the period of developing their sustainability for self-sufficiency. Their needs for 'help and support similar to care from the woman's parents' home', 'welfare service of select and concentration', 'mature dependency and self-sufficiency', and 'self-sufficiency from survival to dream come true' to cope with the challenges formentioned are reported. Concrete strategies for the development of self-sufficiency polices and services sensitive to immigrant single mothers with the history of domestic violence are suggested.

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Alcohol Problems, Length of Program Participation, and Willingness for Self Sufficiency among Self Sufficiency Program Participants (자활사업 참여자의 음주문제, 참여기간, 자활의지 간 관계)

  • Kim, Yongseok;Lee, Jaewan;Han, Myoungmi;Kim, Myojung;Jeong, Hansaem;Choi, Hyunjung;Lee, Sokho
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.67 no.1
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    • pp.143-163
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    • 2015
  • Although self-sufficiency program participants' alcohol problem is widely recognized among social workers in the field, it has not been received much attention. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between alcohol problem and self sufficiency among the participants. A total of 281 participants were participated in this study. Significant relationships between alcohol problem and self sufficiency were not found in bivariate analysis. However, the moderating effect of alcohol problem on the relationship between the length of participation and willingness for self sufficiency was statistically significant. Among the participants with alcohol problem, the length of participation was positively related to willingness for self sufficiency. The result on the moderating effect of alcohol problem on the relationship between the length of participation and willingness for self sufficiency has been never mentioned in previous studies.

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Developing a Scale for Self-Sufficiency Process of the Female Victims of Prostitution (성매매피해여성의 자활 과정 척도 개발)

  • Kim, In-Sook;Lee, Eun-Young;Ha, Ji-Seoun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.62 no.1
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    • pp.55-81
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    • 2010
  • Self-sufficiency of the female victims of prostitution has been understood as a 'result' at a particular moment focusing on an economic self-sufficiency. Overcoming such limitation, this study originates from a problem posing that evaluating self-sufficiency of the female victims of prostitution should be approached as a series of 'processes' in which experiences of the victims are integrated. The methodology of the study included a questionnaire survey with questions designed based on the self-sufficiency experiences which were analyzed through an in-depth interview with 34 female victims of prostitution. The questionnaire survey was conducted with 243 female victims of prostitution, and construct validity and reliability were verified. As a result of an exploratory factor analysis, a validity of scale in four factors and 24 questions was verified. A reliability of each factor was high ranging from .823 to .871. It could be achieved to make a relatively invisible process of self-sufficiency visible by developing the scale. Subsequently it complements the existing concept of self-sufficiency and overcomes limitations of measuring its results, hence reflecting the reality of the self-sufficiency practices.

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A Study on the Influence of Organizational Devotion and Moderating Effect of Economic Stress on Emotional Self-Sufficiency among the Participants of Self-Sufficiency Program (자활사업 참여자의 조직헌신이 정서적 자활에 미치는 영향 및 경제적 스트레스의 조절효과에 관한 연구)

  • Um, Taeyoung;Lim, Jinseop
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.9-34
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    • 2013
  • This study explores the moderating effects of economic stress in the relationship between organizational devotion and emotional self-sufficiency of the self-sufficient program participants. 698 persons who lived in Taegu participated in this study. Multiple regression analysis was adopted. Results indicate that higher level of organizational devotion is positively related to the higher self-sufficiency. In addition, economic stress moderated the effect of organizational devotion on emotional self-sufficiency. Practical implications of this study are two folds; One is that in order to increase emotional self-sufficiency, sense of community should be put into consideration; The other is that approach for decreasing economic stress should be included in the program for self-sufficiency. Overall, this study lays a groundwork for the self-sufficiency of the participants in the self-sufficient program.

Development and validation of Korean employment hope scale(K-EHS) as a evaluation tool for self-sufficiency programs (정서적 자활 성과 지표 도입 연구 : 한국형 고용 희망 척도(Korean Employment Hope Scale: K-EHS) 개발과 타당도 검증)

  • Choi, Sangmi
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.97-119
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    • 2017
  • The current study aims to validate Employment Hope Scale (EHS), a dimension of Psychological Self-Sufficiency (PSS) scale, among self-sufficiency program participants in South Korea. Self-sufficiency has been understood primarily from an economic perspective in both policies and studies, with which the process participants changes has been ignored and neglected. This study suggests psychological approach to self-sufficiency programs for the paradigm shift to 'client-centered' practice. In this regard, this study tests the validity of EHS using exploratory factor analsysi (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in South Korea, developed from a bottom-up client-centered approach and found a 4-factor 17-item structure as Korean EHS(K-EHS). The study results indicate that the K-EHS can be used as a valid supplementary process evaluation tool for self-sufficiency programs.

A Study of the participation experiences of the Self-Sufficiency Program : Focusing on participants in Self-Sufficiency Program (자활사업 참여경험에 관한 연구 : 자활사업 참여자를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jaok;Yoo, Taekyun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.39-64
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to understand how participants' experiences of participating in self-sufficiency projects were. To do this, we analyzed phenomenological methods using in-depth interview data of 48 participants from the Central Self-Sufficiency Foundation, which is qualitative data of the "Project for Strengthening Self-Support for the Working Poor". The study revealed 214 meaningful statements and general re-statements, 24 themes, 9 themes cluster, and 5 categories. Participants' experience was found to be forced work, felt alienated from the self-sufficiency business, and could not receive a clear vision for the future. At the same time, the experience of participating is an opportunity for motivation for change in one's own life, and the essence of becoming a stepping stone to move forward for self-reliance has been derived. Based on the results of this study, we proposed a practical policy task to create a positive expectation effect.