• Title, Summary, Keyword: Psychosocial aspects

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Psychosocial aspects of childhood cancer survivors

  • Seo, Jong-Jin
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.471-476
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    • 2010
  • The majority of childhood cancer survivors and their families will be psychologically healthy, but may desire and benefit from preventive care. A significant portion of the survivor population will be psychosocially distressed in various aspects by their harsh experience of long cancer treatment, and may warrant professional intervention and treatment. Pediatricians should be aware of the late psychological effects that can occur a year or 2 after treatment, possibly in many aspects of a survivor's life. Not only the cancer diagnosis, but also treatments such as chemotherapy, irradiation, and surgical intervention may exert different long-term effects on the psychosocial outcomes of survivors. Pediatricians need to be more concerned with maintaining and improving the psychological health of this growing number of childhood cancer survivors through long-term follow-up clinics, community support, or self-help groups. Research on all of the psychosocial aspects of childhood cancer survivors is important to recognize the reality and problems they face in Korea.

A Study on The Effects of Hospice Care for the Quality of Life of the Terminally -Ill Patients (호스피스 간호가 말기 암환자의 삶의 질에 미치는 효과에 관한 연구)

  • 소외숙;조결자
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.418-435
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    • 1991
  • The purposes of this study were to find out the effects of hospice care for the quality of life of the terminally - ill patients and to analyze the relationship between the effect of hospice care and the general characteristics of subjects. The subjects of the study were 32 terminally - ill patients hospitalized in the two general hospitals in Seoul, which have the hospice care unit. The data were collected using the questionnaire with interviews. They were done from Sept.28, 1989 to March 20, 1991. The tools used for the research were 17-item questionnaire regarding general characteristics, 42-item questionnaire about the quality of life (11- item for physical, 16 for psychosocial, and 15 for spiritual). The questionnaires were to measure the duality of life by means of the measure instruments of Betty R. Farewell(1989), Stein Kaasa(1988), Palm Pamela(1987), and Hwa-sook Choi(1987). 42 items were used after pre-test. In accordance with each purpose in this study, frequency and percentage were used on the general characteristics of subjects. ANOVA, t-test, and Pearson correlation were employed to evaluate the general characteristics of subjects and different level of quality of life before-and-after hospice care. The results of the study may be summarized as follws : 1. The effects of hospice care. Main Hypothesis : “The quality of life of the terminally - ill patients will be different from before-and-after hospice care” was supported(t=6.82, df=31, p= .000). Sub Hypothesis 1 : “The quality of life of the terminally - ill patients in the physical aspects will be different from before - and -after hospice care” was not supported(t=0.07, df=31, p= .946). Sub Hypothesis 2 : “The quality of life of the terminally - ill patients in the psychosocial aspects will be different from before-and-after hospice care” was supported (t=4.69, df=31, p= .000). Sub Hypothesis 3 : “The quality of life of the terminally - ill patients in the spiritual aspects will be different from before-and-after hospice care” was supported(t=6.64, df=31, p= .000). 2. Relationship between the general characteristics of subjects and the effects of hospice care. (1) The more the number of family, the higher the quality of life in the psychosocial aspects. (2) The higher the age of the patient, the lower the quality of life in the psychosocial aspects. (3) The high educational level of patients enjoy the high quality of life in general. (4) The high religious level of petients enjoy the higy Quality of life in the spiritual aspects. As a results of analysis above : 1. The most effective aspects of the hospice care to the terminally- ill patients was spiritual aspects. The next effective aspects was psychosocial area. 2. The least effective aspcets of the hospice care to the terminally- ill patients was physical aspects. Further study is needed to improve the quality of life in the physical aspects.

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Psychosocial Aspects of Menopause Syndrome (폐경기 증후군의 사회심리적 측면)

  • Kim, Hyun-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.120-123
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    • 1996
  • Regarding menopause as a turning point in woman's lift, the author reviewed the psychosocial aspects of menopause. Seeing menstruation as the symbolic meaning of female sexuality, psychoanalysts argue that menopause, the loss of symbolic meaning of female sexuality, may bring a mourning reaction to woman. It is reported that the high ratio of depression does not have a serious relationship with the menopause syndrome, and that depression cannot be viewed as a different symptoms. It is also proved that most women successfully recover themselves from temporary menopause symptom. Research data shows that some women have a negative thought on the meaning of menopause. Others, however, have a positive concept on the meaning of menopause because of the feeling of release and freedom. In sum, the author suggests that psychosocial consideration is very important as much as bilogical consideration in considering the meaning of menopausal syndrome.

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A Systematic Review of Interventions for Workers with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Using an Ecological Model (근로자의 뇌심혈관계 질환 예방을 위한 중재 연구의 분석적 고찰: 생태학적 모델을 기반으로)

  • Hwang, Won Ju;Park, Yunhee;Kim, Jin Ah
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.41-54
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to review the research trends and to identify developmental direction of studies on community interventions according to the ecological model for workers with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors. Methods: Electronic databases including PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library and the reference lists of articles were searched. All articles were assessed in relation to inclusion and exclusion criteria, resulting in 29 researches being reviewed. Each review was critically appraised by two authors using a guideline of PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses). Results: Nowadays, interventions in organizational level, integrated and web-based interventions are increasing to prevent CVD risk factors for workers. Even though the importance of psychosocial aspects to prevent CVD, the only 2 studies included psychosocial factors in the outcome variables. Also, 14% among 29 researches were based on theories. Conclusion: Psychosocial factors such as job stress, depression, and emotional labor could be CVD risk factors. Therefore, interventions including psychosocial aspects are needed to prevent workers' CVD risks more effectively. Theory-based interventions are needed to support interventions' effects and to develop the nursing science.

Psychosocial Adjustment, Marital Intimacy and Family Support of Post-mastectomy Patients (유방암 환자의 수술 후 심리사회적 적응, 부부친밀도 및 가족지지)

  • Cho, Ok-Hee;Yoo, Yang-Sook
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.129-135
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was to explore the psychosocial adjustment, marital intimacy and family support of post-mastectomy patients. Methods: The subjects were 90 post-mastectomy patients (stage I or II) who were eligible and agreed to participate in the study. The data collection period was from March to May, 2008. Subjects completed a survey including demographics, psychosocial adjustment scale by Lee (a 4-point Likert scale), marital intimacy scale by Kim (a 4-point Likert scale), and family support by Shim (a 5-point Likert scale). Data were analyzed using SAS (ver 9.0) program and frequency, mean (SD), t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficients were used. Results: The mean scores of the psychosocial adjustment and marital intimacy were 2.8 (${\pm}0.4$) and 2.5 (${\pm}0.5$). Also, the mean score of the family support was 3.6 (${\pm}0.7$). Regarding the correlation between the psychosocial adjustment, marital intimacy and family support, there was a positive correlation. Conclusion: These results showed that subjects who had higher marital intimacy and family support showed better in psychosocial adjustment. To improve psychosocial adjustment of post-mastectomy patients for breast cancer more effectively, there is an necessity to provide various strategic supports and intervention for effective communication with spouse and family.

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The Risk Factors Associated with Foot Re-Ulceration in Diabetes: A Retrospective Study Including Psychosocial Risk Factors (당뇨병성 족부궤양의 재발과 연관된 위험인자: 심리사회적 위험인자를 포함한 후향적 연구)

  • Jeon, Suk-Ha;Sun, Mao-Yuan;Bae, Su-Young
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.108-115
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: To evaluate several risk factors related to re-ulceration of diabetic foot including psychosocial aspects such as familial support and degree of independence of patients' activity. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records and performed telephone interview with eighty-five patients who had a history of hospitalization in our hospital due to diabetic foot ulceration from year 2002 to 2010. Based on the collected data, we analyzed several factors such as age, gender, prevalence duration, accompanying diseases, HbA1c level, degree of independence and familial support. Results: The mean age was 61.4 years and most common in the 4th decade. There were 57 cases (67%) of recurrence, predominance of male. Eleven patients with recurrent diabetic foot ulceration had undergone major amputations. Psychosocial problems such as depression, insufficient familial support and mortality were more frequently observed in recurrent group. Conclusion: This study shows that psychosocial factor such as familial support for patient with diabetic foot could be important to reduce the recurrence rate of diabetic foot ulceration. Therefore, we should pay attention to strategic plans for prevention, screening, treatment, and aftercare through the prospective studies including psychosocial risk factor in diabetic foot ulceration.

Understanding Stress : Psychosocial Aspect (스트레스의 사회 심리적 이해)

  • Chung, Sang-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.66-80
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    • 2001
  • Most people experience stress during his or her life. The types of psychosocial stressors are variable. Also, the stress appraisal, coping, and responses in stress process are variable. These varieties reflect individual differences due to ongoing social situation, personal dispositions such as personal resources and vulnerability factors, etc. The stress process results in psychosocial growth or no substantial change in functioning or health, or adverse change in functioning(illness) or health to person. Therefore, the preventive management and treatment of stress need to be tailored to individual characteristics. All physicians managing the stress-related patients have to understand the multidimensional aspects of stress. To understand stress better in psychosocial aspect, I comprehensively reviewed the literature on stress.

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The Psychosocial Aspects of the Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B (만성 B형 간질환 환자의 정신사회적 측면)

  • Kim, Jin-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : The author wanted to summarize the psychiatric and social aspects of the patients with hepatitis B virus infection. Methods : The author reviewed all pertinent citations in the Medline database from 1966 to 1999. Results : Psychiatric problems in this population include delirium, psychotic disorder due to general medical condition(especially mania), anxiety, depression, adjustment disorder, alcohol abuse/dependence, and drug abuse/dependence. Social aspects of the patients with hepatitis B viral infection relate to the stigma of being a carrier, guilty feeling about infection, guilty feeling about increased family burden, impacts of having hepatitis on interpersonal relations, sexual difficulties, and job loss with increased financial burden, and health care worker's refusal. Conclusions : Appropriate early educational counseling interventions regarding the expected course and psychosocial intervention should be tailored to the sociocultural needs of special populations. Those interventions will increase compliance of treatment and prevent progression to hepatocellalar carcinoma from hepatitis.

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Review of Rehabilitation Programs for Cancer survivors (암생존자의 재활을 위한 국내 프로그램 고찰)

  • Han, Jong Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.307-315
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    • 2016
  • With advances in health care, the cancer survival rate has significantly increased. Even though cancer treatment has finished, cancer survivors may continuously suffer from physical and psychosocial problems. In order to investigate the problems cancer survivors have experienced, a comprehensive rehabilitation program must be developed. This study sought to determine the content and structure of rehabilitation programs for cancer survivors, analyze the effectiveness of such programs, and develop a basis for future comprehensive rehabilitation program development. Through this review, thirteen programs were selected and classified according to exercise, psychosocial, and integrated or comprehensive aspects. Exercise programs improve physical function, fatigue, and hormone-related cancer effects. Psychosocial programs improve quality of life, mood changes such as depression, anxiety, and post traumatic factors. Comprehensive programs improve both physical and psychosocial aspects.