Friendship Quality of Aggressive Children and Their Best Friends

공격적 아동과 가장 친한 친구의 친구관계 질

  • Shin, Yoo-Lim (Dept. of Child & Family Studies, The Catholic Univ. of Korea)
  • Received : 2011.03.10
  • Accepted : 2011.06.20
  • Published : 2011.06.30


The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations among physical, relational aggression and friendship quality and the similarity of perceptions of friendship quality between friends. Moreover, APIM was applied to examine the actor and partner effects of aggression on friendship quality. The subjects were 339 5th grade children recruited from 2 public primary schools located in Gyeonggi province. The results demonstrated that there were significant correlations between friendship quality and both types of aggression. The perceptions of help, intimacy, emotional stability, and conflict between friends were significantly similar. Finally, there were significant self-effects of physical aggression on friendship conflict. Moreover, there were self-and partner-effects of relational aggression on friendship conflict.



Supported by : 가톨릭대학교


  1. 이은해(1999). 아동의 친구관계에 관한 연구. 아동학회지, 20(3), 77-95.
  2. 이은해․고윤주(1999). 학령기 아동을 위한 친구관계의 질 척도 개발에 관한 연구. 아동학회지, 20(2), 225-242.
  3. 최미경(2005). 학령기 아동의 친구관계 질과 사회적 행동의 관련성. 가톨릭대학교 대학원 석사학위청구논문.
  4. Berndt, T. J.(1996). Exploring the effects of friendship quality on social development. W. M. Bukowski, A. F. Newcomb, & W. W. Hartup(Eds.), The company they keep: Friendship in children and adolescence. Cambridge University Press.
  5. Berndt, T. J., & Perry, T. B.(1986). Children's perceptions of friendships as supportive relationships. Developmental Psychology, 22(5), 640-648.
  6. Brendgen, M., Little, T. D., & Krappmann, L.(2000). Rejected children and their friends: A shared evaluation of friendship quality? Merrill-Plamer Quality, 46(1), 45-70.
  7. Bowker, J. C., Rubin, K. H., Rose-Krasnor, L., & Booth- LaForce, C.(2007). Good friendship, bad friends: Friendship factors as moderators of the relation between aggression and social information procession. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 4(1), 1-20.
  8. Buhrmester, D.(1990). Intimacy of friendship, interpersonal competence, and adjustment during preadolescence and adolescence. Child Development, 61(5), 1101-1111.
  9. Bukowski, W. M., & Hoza, B.(1989). Popularity and friendship: Issues in theory, measurement, and outcome. In T. J. Berndt & G. W. Ladd (Eds.), Peer relationship in child development. N.Y.: Wiley.
  10. Bukowski, W. M., Hoza, B., & Boivin, M.(1994). Measuring friendship quality during pre- and early adolescence. Journal of Social and Personality Relationships, 11(3), 471-484.
  11. Cairns, R. B., Cairns, B. D., Neckerman, H. J., Gest, S. D., & Gariepy, J. L.(1988). Social networks and aggressive behavior: Peer support or peer rejection? Developmental Psychology, 24(6), 815-823.
  12. Connolly, J., Pepler, D., Craig, W., & Taradash, A.(2000). Dating experiencers of bullies in early adolescence. Child Development, 5, 299-310.
  13. Cook, W. L., & Kenny, D. A.(2005). The actor-partner interdependence model: A model of bidirectional effects in developmental studies. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 29(2), 101-109.
  14. Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K.(1996). Relational aggression, gender, and social-psychological adjustment. Child Development, 66(6), 710-722.
  15. Diaz, R. M., & Berndt, T. J.(1982). Children's knowledge of a best friend: Fact or fancy? Developmental Psychology, 18(6), 787-794.
  16. Grotpeter, J. K., & Crick, N. R.(1996). Relational aggression, overt aggression, and friendship. Child Development, 67, 2328-2338.
  17. Hartup, W. W., & Stevens, N.(1997). Friendships and adaptation in the life course. Psychological Bulletin, 121(2), 355-370.
  18. Murry-Close, D., Ostrove, J. M., & Crick, N. R.(2007). A short-term longitudinal study of growth of relational aggression during middle childhood. Development and Psychopathology, 19(1), 187-203.
  19. Newcomb, A. F., & Bagwell, C. L.(1995). Children's friendship relations: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 117(2), 306-347.
  20. Rose, A., & Asher, S.(1999). Children's goals and strategies in response to conflicts within a friendship. Developmental Psychology, 35(1), 69-79.
  21. Schwartz, D., Farver, J., Chang, L., & Lee-Shin, Y.(2002). Victimization in south Korean children's peer groups. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30(2), 113-125.
  22. Simpkins, S. D., Parke, R. D., Flyr, M. L., & Wild, M. N.(2006). Similarities in children's and early adolescents; perceptions of friendship quality across development, gender, and friendship quality. Journal of Early Adolescence, 26(4), 491-508.