• Title/Summary/Keyword: friendship quality

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The Impact of Family Strengths Perceived by Children and Self-Esteem on Friendship Quality (아동이 지각한 가족건강성과 자아존중감이 친구관계의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, A-Ra;Hyun, On-Kang
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.135-148
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the impacts of family strengths perceived by children and self-esteem on friendship quality. The subjects of this study were 747 students in the 5th and 6th grade who are from 10 elementary schools in Incheon and Gyeonggi Province. The results are as follows: First, positive factor of the friendship quality had significant difference depending upon gender of child. That is, female have higher friendship quality than male. Also, general self-esteem, social-peer self-esteem and positive factor of friendship quality had significant difference depending upon father's educational level. Second, gender of child, self-esteem, family strengths what kind of effect should have gone mad to friendship quality, it examined. The variable of social-peer self-esteem is the most influence positive factor in friendship. The variable of school academic self-esteem is the most influence conflict in friendship. Most important factors that affected competition in friendship were family values. And most important factors that affected satisfaction in friendship were general self-esteem. In conclusion, variables effecting friendship quality include gender of child, self-esteem and family strengths. Therefore, family strengths and self-esteem are very important in order to improve the positive friendship quality of children.

Attachment to Fathers and Mothers and Self-Perceived Competence about Friendship Quality in Elementary School Children (친구관계의 질에 영향을 주는 부/모애착과 자기역량지각)

  • Hong, Sung-Hui;Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.225-242
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    • 2005
  • This study investigated the relations between children's self-perceived competence and friendship quality by grade, sex and father/mother attachment, and the relative importance of father/mother attachment and self-perceived competence on quality of children's friendships. There was a mean difference in self-perceived competence by grade and father/mother attachment. While both 3rd graders and 5th graders showed high levels of father/mother attachment and self-perceived competence, 5th graders showed higher self-perceived competence than 3rd graders. There was a mean difference in friendship quality by grade, sex and father/mother attachment : 5th graders showed higher friendship quality than the 3rd graders, and girls showed higher friendship quality then boys. In conclusion, children's friendship quality was influenced by father/mother attachment and social acceptance.

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The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Communication and Friendship Quality on Adolescent Happiness (부-자녀 및 모-자녀 의사소통과 친구관계의 질이 중·고등학생의 행복감에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun, Kibong;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.149-164
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine the direct effects of parent-adolescent communication and its indirect effects through adolescent friendship quality on happiness among both middle and high school students. Methods: Participants in this study were 1,126 adolescents (667 middle school students and 459 high school students) in Seoul and Gyoung-gi Do. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires for adolescents, which included measures of parent-adolescent communication, friendship quality and happiness. Data were analyzed by t-tests, correlations, and SEM using SPSS 22.0 and Mplus 6.0. Results: For middle school students, father-adolescent communication had direct and indirect effects on happiness. However, mother-adolescent communication did not directly or indirectly affect adolescent happiness. Specifically, only father-adolescent communication had an significant indirect effect through friendship quality on adolescent happiness. For high school students, father-adolescent communication had direct effects on happiness, while mother-adolescent communication had significant indirect effects on adolescent happiness via friendship quality. Conclusion: This study underscores the importance of parent-adolescent communication and friendship quality in predicting adolescent happiness with differences in direct and indirect paths between middle and high school students. These findings emphasize the role of parent-adolescent communication and friendship quality in developing programs to improve the happiness of adolescents.

Friendship Quality of Aggressive Children and Their Best Friends (공격적 아동과 가장 친한 친구의 친구관계 질)

  • Shin, Yoo-Lim
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.133-141
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations among physical, relational aggression and friendship quality and the similarity of perceptions of friendship quality between friends. Moreover, APIM was applied to examine the actor and partner effects of aggression on friendship quality. The subjects were 339 5th grade children recruited from 2 public primary schools located in Gyeonggi province. The results demonstrated that there were significant correlations between friendship quality and both types of aggression. The perceptions of help, intimacy, emotional stability, and conflict between friends were significantly similar. Finally, there were significant self-effects of physical aggression on friendship conflict. Moreover, there were self-and partner-effects of relational aggression on friendship conflict.

The Relationship with Parents and Personality Traits as Related to College Students' Friendships Quality : Moderation Role of Personality Traits (남녀 대학생의 부.모와의 관계 및 성격특성이 친구관계에 미치는 영향 : 성격특성의 중재역할)

  • Yoon, Mi-Sun;Park, Seong-Yeon;Lee, Eun-Gyoung
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.101-111
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of study was to examine the associations between relationship with parents, personality traits and friendship quality among college students. A total of 373 college students (mean age=20.45, 53.6% girls) responded to questionnaires IPPA-R(Raja, McGee & Stanton, 1992) and IPIP(Goldberg, 1999). Pearson Correlation and regression analysis were used for data analysis 1) Both male and female students who have positive experiences with parents positive experiences with their friends. 2) For male college students, extroversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness were positively correlated with friendship quality. However, for female students, only extroversion and agreeableness were positively associated with friendship quality whereas neuroticism was negatively associated with friendship quality. 3) A good relationships with significantly interacted with conscientiousness of personality traits in predicting male students' friendship quality. For female college students, the moderating effect of extroversion was found in the link between relationship with mother and friendship quality.

The relationship between adolescents peer victimization and friendship quality (청소년의 또래 괴롭힘과 우정의 질과의 관계)

  • 배재현;최보가
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.159-171
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between adolescents peer victimization and friendship quality. The 679 subjects were selected from the fifth and sixth graders of elementary schools and the first and second graders of middle schools. The instruments of measurement were peer victimization scale, friendship quality scale, friendship nominations measure. The main findings of this study were as follows : 1) The type of peer victimization has significant difference according to gender and grade. There was no significant grade difference in prosocial behavior. 2) The type of friendship quality has significant difference according to gender and grade. There were no significant grade difference in positive friendship and negative friendship. 3) There was significant correlation between adolescents peer victimization and friendship quality.

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The Interactive Effects of Friend Social Behaviors and Friendship Quality on Peer Rejection (또래 거부에 대한 친구의 사회적 행동과 친구관계 질의 상호적 영향)

  • Shin, Yoo-Lim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.46 no.9
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    • pp.61-69
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate similarities in behavioral characteristics between children and their friends. Aggression and withdrawal behaviors, in conjunction with the effects of friendship quality and characteristics on peer rejection were analyzed. The participants were 414 fifth and sixth grade primary school children recruited from public schools in Bucheon city. Firstly, the peer nomination index was used to assess aggression, withdrawal, and peer rejection. Secondly, children reported on the quality of their friendships using the Friendship Quality Scale. The results indicates similarities in aggression and withdrawal between children and friends. Friends' aggression and withdrawal characteristics predicted children's peer rejection, which was more pronounced with higher friendship quality.

The Relationship between Attachment and Children's Friendship Network and Friendship Quality: Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Empathy (아동기 부모애착이 친구관계망과 친구관계 질에 미치는 영향: 공감능력의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Pyeong Hwa;Shin, Yoolim
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.123-131
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    • 2018
  • This study investigated associations between attachment and friendship. This study also examined the mediating effects of empathy on the association between two variables. Participants consisted of $4^{th}$ to $6^{th}$ grade elementary school children including 173 boys and 141 girls. Two elementary schools were located in Seoul and Bucheon. Children participated in a peer nomination interview. They nominated their three most liked peers. Children's responses to the best friend of the peer nomination identified the children's best friends. A Friendship Quality Scale measured children's positive friendship quality and friendship satisfaction. Children completed the Inventory of the Parent and Peer Attachment Scale that assessed maternal and paternal attachment. In addition, they completed a children's version of the Empathy Quotient that measured empathy. Pearson's correlation and Structural Equation Modeling were used to analyse the data. The results indicated that attachment had a direct influence on friendship network. Children who had the high levels of attachment security had large friendship network. However, attachment did not have a significant effect on friendship quality. Moreover, empathy had mediating effects on the association between attachment and friendship quality as well as the friendship network. The results of this research highlight the importance of attachment and empathy on children's friendship.

Friendship Characteristics of Rejected Children in Middle Childhood (학령기 거부집단 아동의 친구관계 특성)

  • Shin, Yoolim
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.307-314
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated children's friendship factors such as number of friends, friendship quality, and friends' characteristics as a function of children's sociometric status. The concordance between children's and their friends'perceptions of friendship quality was examined. Subjects were fifth grade students recruited from two public schools. The peer nomination index assessed peer rejection and acceptance. Positive and negative nominations as well as social preference identified children into rejected and popular groups. Children who nominated each other on their list of friends were considered mutual friends. Children reported the quality of their friendships using the friendship quality scale. The results showed that rejected children had fewer mutual friends compared to popular children. Rejected children as well as their friends perceived their friendships less positively. Moreover, rejected children's perception showed lower correlations with their friends'perceptions than popular children's perceptions. Furthermore, rejected children were similar with friends in respect to peer rejection level. It was concluded that rejected children's problems in their peer group and dyadic friendships may mutually influence each other. The findings from this study highlight the need for future research on friendship quality and psychosocial adjustment for rejected children.

Marital Conflict, Maternal Parenting Behavior, and a Child's Friendship Quality as a Function of Bully/Victim Groups (또래괴롭힘 집단의 유형에 따른 부부갈등, 어머니의 양육행동 및 아동의 친구관계의 질)

  • Hwang, Eun-Young;Doh, Hyun-Sim;Shin, Jung-Hee
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.419-432
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine that marital conflict, maternal parenting behavior, and a child's friendship quality varied as a function of bully/victim groups. A sample of 227 elementary school children and their mothers participated in the study. Children answered questionnaires regarding maternal parenting behavior, friendship quality, and bullying/victimization and mothers rated their marital conflict. The data were analyzed by frequencies, factor analysis, one-way ANOVAs, and Duncan's post-hoc analyses. The bully/victim distribution was 8.4% bullies, 7.9% victims, 4.4% bully-victims, and 79.3% normative contrasts when reported by children themselves and 9.3% bullies, 4.8% victims, 5.3% bully-victims, and 80.6% normative contrasts when reported by peers. Bullies and bully-victims experienced higher marital conflict than normative contrasts. Bully-victims perceived higher maternal warmth than bullies and both bullies and victims perceived higher maternal rejection/punishment than normative contrasts. Victims perceived their mothers to be more permissive/neglected than normative contrasts, and bully-victims perceived them to be more overprotective than both bullies and normative contrasts. Both bullies and bully-victims showed higher negative function of friendship quality than victims.