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The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Communication and Friendship Quality on Adolescent Happiness

부-자녀 및 모-자녀 의사소통과 친구관계의 질이 중·고등학생의 행복감에 미치는 영향

  • Yun, Kibong (Child & Family Research Institute, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Doh, Hyun-Sim (Department of Child Development & Intervention, Ewha Womans University)
  • 윤기봉 (이화여자대학교 아동가족연구소) ;
  • 도현심 (이화여자대학교 아동학과)
  • Received : 2017.02.28
  • Accepted : 2017.04.17
  • Published : 2017.04.30

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine the direct effects of parent-adolescent communication and its indirect effects through adolescent friendship quality on happiness among both middle and high school students. Methods: Participants in this study were 1,126 adolescents (667 middle school students and 459 high school students) in Seoul and Gyoung-gi Do. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires for adolescents, which included measures of parent-adolescent communication, friendship quality and happiness. Data were analyzed by t-tests, correlations, and SEM using SPSS 22.0 and Mplus 6.0. Results: For middle school students, father-adolescent communication had direct and indirect effects on happiness. However, mother-adolescent communication did not directly or indirectly affect adolescent happiness. Specifically, only father-adolescent communication had an significant indirect effect through friendship quality on adolescent happiness. For high school students, father-adolescent communication had direct effects on happiness, while mother-adolescent communication had significant indirect effects on adolescent happiness via friendship quality. Conclusion: This study underscores the importance of parent-adolescent communication and friendship quality in predicting adolescent happiness with differences in direct and indirect paths between middle and high school students. These findings emphasize the role of parent-adolescent communication and friendship quality in developing programs to improve the happiness of adolescents.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea

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