• Title, Summary, Keyword: spatial planning

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Problems of Environmental Conservation Planning and its Improvement in Aspects of Spatial Environmental Planning (공간환경계획 측면에서의 환경보전계획의 문제점 및 개선방안)

  • Choi, Hee-Sun;Sung, Hyun-Chan;Eum, Jeong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2010
  • Environmental conservation planning as set forth in the "Framework Act for Environmental Policy" is a representative planning that demands linkages with spatial development planning like urban master plan. However, despite the intentions and efforts of government (including revision of relevant guidelines etc.), controversy still continues regarding the efficacy of environmental conservation planning in respect of its linkages to spatial development planning. Accordingly, this study was devised to examine existing issues and produce proposals for improvement in ensuring the efficacy of environmental conservation planning by local governments. This study focused in particular on the establishment of spatial environmental plans as suggested in the guidelines of the Ministry of Environment for the purposes of strengthening the efficacy of environmental conservation planning. Based of questionnaires for relevant officials of local governments, the study found that although local governments with established current spatial environmental plans are not numerous, the need for establishment of spatial environmental plans were high in terms of the applicability of environmental conservation and spatial plans. Furthermore, this study also confirmed through analysis of questionnaires data, archival research and case study research that there were a number of salient issues including an overly access and program centered planning method based on individual pollution sources and individual post factor measures in the planning aspect, a lack of usable spatial information in the application of spatial environmental information, and inadequate connections with spatial development planning in respect of linkages with other plans. Under these circumstances, various proposals for improvement were presented including the establishment of contents in environmental conservation planning for each urban master planning item from the standpoint of planning, strengthening of basic environmental surveys for spatial planning and preparation of applicable proposals from the perspective of leveraging of spatial environmental information, and systematic improvements that can enable mutual consideration through feedback between environmental conservation planning and urban master planning from the perspective of connections with spatial planning.

Linking and Utilizing Urban, Environmental, Disaster Prevention Spatial Data for a Climate Change Adaptation Spatial Planning (기후변화 적응 공간계획을 위한 도시, 환경, 방재 간 공간정보 연계·활용방안)

  • Kim, Tae-Hyun
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.85-112
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    • 2015
  • This paper aims to propose a policy for linking and utilizing spatial data for resilient spatial planning against disaster due to climate change by analyzing the current status of spatial data in the fields of urban planning, environmental planning and disaster prevention. To do so, spatial planning guidelines and the current status of utilizing spatial data in each field were identified by conducting a literature review and phone/face-to-face interviews with professionals and representatives of relevant institutions. As a result, the lists of spatial data were drawn up which can be utilized or linked with each other for developing an official spatial plan at a local government level. On the basis of these results, policy plans were proposed to link and utilize spatial data among urban planning, environmental planning and disaster prevention fields for climate change adaptation spatial planning.

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Deriving of Critical Factors for Construction Planning in Large Span Roof Construction (대공간 지붕 철골공사의 시공계획 중점관리항목 도출)

  • Lee, Myungdo
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2018
  • Steel roof construction is on the most important and critical factors in the large spatial construction and necessary to be prepared under a radical planning. Therefore, the major management factors of steel roofing structure assembly must be critically reviewed during planning. Through the review process, it is necessary to reduce the construction cost, to prevent delays in the construction schedule, and to minimize construction errors. However, domestically due to the lack experience in large spatial constructions, a planning of roof construction is limited to have a radical planning. Especially due to unclear organization of the management factors in hierarchy, using them in reality for construction planning is difficult and reliability is low. Therefore, in this study, the goal is to conduct the major management factors in the large spatial construction. To achieve this, we have reviewed and analyzed the numbers of construction plans and construction reports and conducted a total 68 of the management factors. Based on the conducted factors, we have interviewed 16 experts with experience in large spatial construction. From the interview result, we have deduced the factors scored above 4.20 of 10 for critical factors. The results of this study will be used as a guidance for planning steel roofing structure assembly in large spatial construction. The critical factors will be provided to the site mangers for the quality management of large spatial constructions in practice.

Critical Reviews on Concept of Spatial Planning - From the Perspective of ESDP and PCPA in 2004 in the UK - (공간계획의 개념에 관한 검토 - 유럽의 ESDP와 영국의 PCPA 2004를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Tae-Hoon;Kwon, Hyuk-Jin;Lee, Cheon-Jae
    • Journal of Cadastre & Land InformatiX
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.99-122
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    • 2015
  • Spatial planning, is required to be conceptualized corresponding to the shifts in planning paradigm through logical and systematic approaches. The concept of planning, thus, should be considered in terms of not only the planning discipline but also the planning activities or practices. This study aims to review and examine the concept of spatial planning based on the different approaches of planning and analyze the difference between land use planning, then review a meaning of spatial planning in terms of its dimensions. The research range will be limited to only the concept of spatial planning and survey was carried on through collecting the secondary research data by literature reviews and both descriptive and comparative approaches will be applied concurrently. The key findings of the study can be found as follows: Firstly, spatial planning has been reviewed with regard to theoretical, practical and integrated approaches. Secondly, the concept of spatial planning has been examined in terms of definitions, dimensions and analysis criteria and then analyzed conceptual differences compared with traditional land use planning. Finally, a meaning of spatial planning has been highlighted based on the dimensions of spatial planning, such as future visions, policy toolbox, sustainable development and inclusivity.

Analysis of Population Depending on Spatial Unit for Setting Suitable Spatial Unit to Rural Planning (농촌계획 수립에 적합한 공간단위 설정을 위한 공간 단위에 따른 인구 비교 분석)

  • Lee, Jimin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2019
  • Population is important as a fundamental element of local industry and economy, and census data is essential to regional planning and policy making. Although there have been many researches on population and regional planning, there are few studies on population considering spatial unit. In this study, the population of three spatial scales were compared in order to establish the spatial unit suitable for the rural planning. The study area is Gangwon, Chungcheong-Nam, Chungcheong-Buk, Jeolla-Nam, Jeolla-Buk, Gyeonsang-Nam, Gyeonsang-Buk and Jeju province. Population were compared using statistical data analysis, GIS visualization, and spatial statistics. The mean, maximum, minimum, and variance of population were calculated and the coefficient of variation according to spatial unit was compared. The mean, maximum, minimum, and variance of population were calculated and the coefficient of variation according to spatial unit was compared. As the results, the census output area unit is difficult to interpret spatial analysis results. Administrative district unit has the limit that includes areas where the population does not live. The grid unit is well suited to the geographical characteristics but has many disadvantages of the grid with small population. Therefore, It is necessary to complement the limits of the Eup and Myeon-dong administrative district through the grid unit data.

A Study on the Institutional Aspects of Rural Spatial Planning System (농촌지역 공간계획체계의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 이상문
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 1995
  • The drastic change of spatial structure in rural area and the recent rural development policies(related to settlement reorganization and plot rearrangement) make the rural space planning more important than ever. So this paper tries to evaluate the institutional aspects of rural spatial planning system focused on planning area. land use classification and hierachical order between existing plans. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. First, the rural planning areas are classified into 4-tiers(e.g., Gun, Myon, District, Village). Second, the rural land use planning has 3-tiers(e.g., macro, mediate and micro zoning) from the viewpoint of land use classification system, but it doesn't have mediate-micro zoning system. Third, the spatial plans in rural area, positioned in local planning, were categorized into regional planning system and land use planning system. However there's no linkage between both sides of each hierachial planning order.

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Dynamic Combination of Land Use Planning and Water Planning using GIS, VE and LCC (GIS, 가치공학, 그리고 생애주기비용에 의한 토지이용계획과 상수도계획의 동적인 연계)

  • Kim, Hyeong-Bok
    • 한국공간정보시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.93-105
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    • 2000
  • GIS is a powerful toolbox in managing spatial data associated with attribute data. However GIS is short of spatial analysis function and graphic user interface(GUI) function in dealing with dynamic planning problems. Decision Support Systems(DSS) make up for the shortage of GIS by providing GUI function, modeling function and database function. Spatial Decision Support Systems(SDSS), a new kind of DSS, incorporate display function, basic spatial analysis function and manipulation function of spatial data and attribute data of GIS and GUI function, modeling function and database function of DSS in dealing with spatial planning problems. Planning Support Systems(PSS) add more advanced spatial analysis function and intertemporal function to the functions of SDSS. This study focuses on the modeling of a PSS for capacity expansion of water-distribution network depending upon land use planning by using GIS, value engineering(VE) and life cycle costing(LCC). The PSS shows a guideline about the investment of water-distribution networks related to urban growth management through generating certain numbers of dynamic alternatives to supply the amount of water caused by land use planning.

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Spatial Delineation of Planning Unit for Rural Village Improvement (농촌 생활환경 정비구역의 설정)

  • 조영국;김성진
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of the study is to identify a basic spatial unit for rural village redevelopment plan. An ideal spatial unit need to satisfy three basic premises: to be homogeneous as rural community, to be appropriate to implement the project, and to be compatible with regional planning systems. A spatial unit could, empirically, be defined based on the homogeneity at first, and then appropriateness and compatibility could be used to adjust its boundary. Mitan-Myun(13 villages), Pyungchang County, Dochuck-Myun(15 villages), Kwangju County, and Chuksan-Myun(28 villages), Kimje City in Korea were selected as case study areas. The degree of interrelationship between all possible pairs in each Myun was measured using spatial, socio-cultural, and economic indicators. Multidimensional Scaling(MDS) was used to identify a homogeneous spatial unit, and then indicators representing appropriateness and compatibility were used to adjust the identified boundary. New districts which have two or three villages were suggested as a reasonable spatial unit for rural village redevelopment, and its boundary roughly overlaps with Bup-Jeong-Ri(法定里: a legally defined village).

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A Study on the Spatial Planning of Community in Urban Underground Space for Sustainable Urban Regeneration (지속가능한 도시재생을 위한 도심 지하공간의 커뮤니티 공간 계획에 관한 연구)

  • Ha, Mi-Kyoung;Kim, A-Hyun;Lee, Hyo-Chang
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.205-216
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    • 2013
  • Korean cities need sustainable urban regeneration based on the effective application of space and resource. Especially a sustainable urban regeneration needs the activation of community in the urban underground space as urban development center. The purpose of this study is to propose elements and factors of spatial planning of community in urban underground space for sustainable urban regeneration and to propose the characteristics of spatial planning of community in urban underground space according to strategies of sustainable urban regeneration. The research methods of this study used to conduct research include precedent study reviews and survey. The conclusions of this study are as following; The application of various factors related to spatial planning aspect of communication, supportive cultural facilities, accessibility and nature is needed for creating a sustainable urban regeneration. Especially, in urban underground space, the application of spatial planning for community activation considered strategies of sustainable urban regeneration should be necessary. And introduction of cultural facilities, multi-dimensional pedestrian network for accessibility and natural elements for activating community in urban underground space are needed for making sustainable urban regeneration.

A Study on Spatial Structure Analysis for Comprehensive Rural Clustered Villages Development Area using the Space Syntax Method Technique (Space Syntax를 이용한 농촌마을종합개발사업 권역의 공간구조분석에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Haeng-Wook;Kim, Young-Joo;Choi, Soo-Myung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2004
  • In order to revitalize rural areas fundamentally through multifunctional utilization of their resources, it should be necessary to prepare the rational development plan to the areal characteristics and conditions, and the first priority of its planning works should be given to spatial planning. The space syntax method, a powerful objective and quantitative analysis tool on the relationship between social and spatial characteristics, was introduced in this study. Five Comprehensive Rural Clustered Villages Development Areas in the Jeonnam-province were selected as case study areas, of which total area's and included villages' spatial variables were measured and analyzed. Rural villages analyzed in this study have the spatial structure badly systematized and much complicated, which results from low integration and deep spatial depth of them. And, by virtue of relatively many axial lines, there should be few differences between villages in terms of local integration, connectivity and control, while being significant difference in terms of global integration showing the whole areal characteristics. Intelligibility, the correlation coefficient between connectivity(local variable) and integration(global one) is low, which means that the spatial structure of the study areas is difficult for visitors to understand the area or village well. Spatial configuration analysis results in the case study areas showed that each development area has a unique spatial structure and is differentiated in terms of not only local spatial variables but also global spatial variables. Therefore, global and local characteristics should be considered in spatial analysis of development areas.