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Critical Reviews on Concept of Spatial Planning - From the Perspective of ESDP and PCPA in 2004 in the UK -

공간계획의 개념에 관한 검토 - 유럽의 ESDP와 영국의 PCPA 2004를 중심으로 -

  • 김태훈 (한국국토정보공사) ;
  • 권혁진 (한국국토정보공사 국토정보교육원) ;
  • 이천재 (버밍엄대학교 도시지역계획학)
  • Received : 2015.04.10
  • Accepted : 2015.05.20
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

Spatial planning, is required to be conceptualized corresponding to the shifts in planning paradigm through logical and systematic approaches. The concept of planning, thus, should be considered in terms of not only the planning discipline but also the planning activities or practices. This study aims to review and examine the concept of spatial planning based on the different approaches of planning and analyze the difference between land use planning, then review a meaning of spatial planning in terms of its dimensions. The research range will be limited to only the concept of spatial planning and survey was carried on through collecting the secondary research data by literature reviews and both descriptive and comparative approaches will be applied concurrently. The key findings of the study can be found as follows: Firstly, spatial planning has been reviewed with regard to theoretical, practical and integrated approaches. Secondly, the concept of spatial planning has been examined in terms of definitions, dimensions and analysis criteria and then analyzed conceptual differences compared with traditional land use planning. Finally, a meaning of spatial planning has been highlighted based on the dimensions of spatial planning, such as future visions, policy toolbox, sustainable development and inclusivity.

공간계획은 논리적 체계적 접근을 통하여 계획의 패러다임 변화에 상응하는 개념화가 요구되고 있으며, 또한 이러한 공간계획의 개념은 계획 이론과 실제를 고려한 접근이 필요하다. 따라서 본 연구의 목적은 공간계획에 대한 이론적 실제적 통합적 접근방법을 통하여 및 그 개념을 파악하고, 전통적인 개념인 토지이용계획과의 차이점을 분석하여 공간계획의 의의를 재조명하고자 하는 것이다. 이러한 연구목적을 달성하기 위하여 연구범위는 공간계획의 개념으로 한정하고, 조사방법은 문헌조사를 통하여 2차 자료를 수집하였으며, 접근방법은 서술적 접근방법과 비교론적 접근방법을 병용하였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같은 관점에서 도출하고자 하였다. 첫째, 공간계획에 대한 접근은 계획이론의 이론적 실제적 통합적 차원에서 접근하였다. 둘째, 공간계획의 개념은 공간계획의 정의, 차원, 그리고 평가의 측면에서 검토하고, 토지이용계획과의 개념적 차이를 비교 분석하였다. 마지막으로 공간계획의 의의는 미래상, 정책도구, 지속가능한 발전 그리고 개방성 차원에서 파악하고자 하였다.

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