• Title, Summary, Keyword: employment intention

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Intention of overseas employment in Korean dental hygienists (치과위생사의 해외취업의사에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Yoo, Ja-Hea;Kim, Young-Jin;Noh, Hie-Jin
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.933-939
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between general characteristics and the intention of overseas employment and job satisfaction by Korean dental hygienists. Methods : We conducted a survey of 562 dental hygienists working in dental clinics nationwide. Collected data were analyzed by using the SAS(Version 9.2, SAS Institute, Cary, N.C.) package. $x^2$ test was used to determine the general characteristics of the subjects including job satisfaction level and intention to work abroad. Results : Old aged dental hygienists tended to work in the country rather than abroad(p<0.05). Higher job satisfaction was closely related to working hours, monthly income, social status, and stability of employment(p<0.05). Job satisfaction was concerned with intention to overseas employment. The main purpose of overseas employment included economic benefits(35.99%), self realization(26.75%), and improvement of working condition(21.66%) in the group of overseas employment(p<0.05). The obstacles to overseas employment were mastery of language proficiency(60.94%) and related information(21.89%) in those who want to work abroad. Conclusions : In order to increase the number of Korean dental hygienists for overseas employment, it is necessary to improve working competence and job satisfaction.

Predictors of Employment Intention for Mentally Disabled Persons (정신장애인의 취업의지 예측 요인)

  • Han, Sang-Sook;Han, Jeong-Hye;Yun, Eun-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.541-549
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the predictors of employment intention for mentally disabled persons. Methods: Mentally disabled persons who had participated in rehabilitation programs in one of 16 mental health centers and 9 community rehabilitation centers located in Seoul and Kyunggi province were recruited for this study. A random sampling method was used and 414 respondents were used for final analysis. Data was analyzed by Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression using the SPSS Win 14.0. Results: The predictors influencing employment intention of the mentally disabled person were observed as employment desire (${\beta}=.48$), guardian's expectation (${\beta}=.26$), professional's support (${\beta}=.23$), financial management (${\beta}=.10$), eating habits (${\beta}=.07$), and quality of life (${\beta}=-.01$). Six factors explained 61.1% of employment intention of mentally disabled persons. Conclusion: The employment intention of a mentally disabled person was influenced by employment desire, diet self-efficacy, guardian's expectation, professional's support, quality of life, financial management and eating habits.

New Nurse Turnover Intention and Influencing Factors (신규간호사의 이직의도와 영향요인)

  • Han, Sang-Sook;Sohn, In-Soon;Kim, Nam-Eun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.878-887
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The study was done to identify turnover intention in new nurses according to characteristics of the nurses and other factors affecting turnover and to provide data to set up a strategy to reduce the turnover. Methods: Data were collected from 1,077 new nurses who had less than 12 months employment experience and worked in one of 188 hospitals. Eight research instruments were used. Data analysis was done using SPSS WIN 15.0 program. Results: Several factors influence new nurse turnover intention. The average score for turnover intention was 2.12. The scores for subscales were self efficacy, 3.76, nursing performance, 3.90, job satisfaction, 2.09, organization commitment, 1.28, stress, 1.32, burnout, 2.82 and nursing organizational culture, 3.29. Turnover intention was related to self efficacy, nursing performance, job satisfaction, organization commitment, stress, burnout, nursing organizational culture, duration of in-class training, duration of on the job training, number of hospital beds, length of employment and duration of employment in current workplace. The predicting factors for turnover intention were burnout, stress, duration of employment in the current workplace, self efficacy and nursing performance. Those factors explained 51.6% of turnover intention. Conclusion: New nurse turnover intention can be reduced by mitigating the factors affecting this intention.

The Effect of Informal Learning of University Students on Employment Competency and Entrepreneurial Intention: Focusing on the Satisfaction Level of Team-based Learning (대학생의 무형식학습이 구직능력 및 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 팀 학습 만족도의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Ka, Hye Young;Jeon, Hye Jin
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.121-132
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    • 2020
  • University Students go through the development process of expertise in a single field based on theoretical knowledge they have learned in the university. Their plans to develop their careers could lead to a shift in business as they choose to find jobs and start businesses throughout their lives. The attitude of career decision making process has been changed from learning in the form of receiving and memorizing existing knowledge to learning in a more proactive and autonomous manner, and there is a growing need for informal learning. In this study, the informal learning is investigated to clarify the impact on the employment competency and entrepreneurial intention. New implications are deduced by the introduction of start-up business to the traditional approach based on the employment ability. In addition, the importance of team-work has been increased in the field of eduction and business. The impact on the employment competency and entrepreneurial intention is studied based on the satisfaction level of team-based learning. Survey was conducted on 163 university students in North Chungcheong Province from March to June 2019 and the results of the study were summarized as follows. First, it has been confirmed that the informal learning of university students has a significant impact on their employment competency, but not on their entrepreneurial intention. Second, the employment competencies have perfect mediating effect on the informal learning and the entrepreneurial intention. Third, the satisfaction on the team-based learning did not have a significant impact on the employment competency of university students by informal learning, but it had a positive effect on the dependency between employment competency and entrepreneurial intention. In these days, start-up education at universities has been strengthened. Throughout this research, the need for informal learning is confirmed to enhance the employment competency and entrepreneurial intention of the university education program. In addition, team-based learning is introduced actively to utilize a variety of information from the university students.

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Effect of Satisfaction with the Marriage Support Policy on Marriage Intention among Unmarried Employed Men and Women - Focusing on Unmarried Employed Men and Women of Marriageable Age Residing in the Seoul City and Metropolitan Area - (취업미혼남녀의 결혼지원정책 만족도가 결혼의향에 미치는 영향 - 서울시 및 수도권 결혼적령기 취업 미혼남녀를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Ju-Hee
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of satisfaction with the marriage support policy on marriage intention among unmarried employed men and women. The study subjects included 300 unmarried working men and women aged over 30 years residing in the Seoul metropolitan area. First, according to the analysis of the subjects' overall tendency towards satisfaction with the marriage support policy and towards marriage intention, the marriage support policy gained the highest level of support in relation to housing for newlywed couples, which scored 3.29 (sd=.93), followed by improvements in corporate and family culture for the purposes of work-family compatibility at 3.24 (sd=.95), wedding loans at 3.18 (sd=1.01), and the paid leave system for marriage preparation at 3.12 (sd=.88). These variables scored slightly higher than the median 3 points. Conversely, satisfaction with the availability of marriage-related information and the provision of opportunities for dating scored 2.65 (sd=.88) and 2.78 (sd=.80), respectively, both of which were slightly lower than the median of 3. The overall mean score for satisfaction with the marriage support policy was 3.03 (sd=.95), which was slightly higher than the median of 3. In regards to marriage intention, the score was 3.32 (sd=1.15) points out of a perfect score of 5, which was slightly higher than the median. This indicated a slightly higher level in terms of the subjects' intention to marry. Second, a hierarchical regression analysis was performed to identify the effect of satisfaction with the marriage support policy on marriage intention among unmarried employed adults. Sociodemographic variables were entered as control variables in the regression at the first stage, and variables relating to satisfaction in a family-friendly social environment were entered at the second stage. When gender, age, educational level, monthly income, period of employment, working hours, and type of employment were inserted in the first stage of regression as control variables, gender, monthly income, period of employment, and type of employment were found to have a significant effect on marriage intention. Marriage intention was found to be greater in unmarried men with higher monthly incomes and longer periods spent working, and in unmarried working men and women engaged in tenured employment work. When variables relating to satisfaction with the marriage support policy were inserted in the second stage of regression, gender, monthly income, type of employment, and satisfaction with direct marriage support had significant effects on marriage intention. It was found that marriage intention was greater in unmarried men whose monthly income was higher, whose employment type was tenured work, and who showed greater satisfaction with direct marriage support.

The Effect of Foodservice Franchise Restaurant Employees' Group Cohesiveness on Organizational Commitment and Turnover Intention - A Moderating Effect of Full-time and Part-time Employment - (외식 프랜차이즈 레스토랑 종사자의 집단응집성이 조직몰입 및 이직의도에 미치는 영향 - 풀타임과 파트타임의 조절효과 -)

  • Jeong, Ho-Kyun;Jeong, Sun-Ja;Jang, Jun-Ho
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.205-217
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the formation of turnover intention of restaurant employees by considering their group cohesiveness, organizational commitment, and employment status(full-time vs part-time). Also, following Baron and Kenny's(1986) guidelines, it examined a mediating effect of organizational commitment on turnover intention. The results of an empirical analysis showed that group cohesiveness had a significant effect on organizational commitment, and organizational commitment was negatively associated with turnover intention. Also, group cohesiveness was negatively associated with turnover intention. That is, the higher the group cohesiveness and the organizational commitment, the lower the turnover intention. In addition, the results of mediation tests revealed that organizational commitment was a partial mediator in the relationship between group cohesiveness and turnover intention. Finally, employment status did not moderate the relationship between group cohesiveness and organizational commitment, organizational commitment and turnover intention, or group cohesiveness and turnover intention. Implications and suggestions for future research were discussed.

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The Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intention for being E-commerce Trade (전자상거래 무역상 창업의도 결정요인)

  • Ha, Nguyen Thi Viet;PARK, Hyun-Chae
    • THE INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE & LAW REVIEW
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    • v.76
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    • pp.147-166
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    • 2017
  • There is a growing interest on entrepreneurship for undergraduate students to enhance their employment ratio because they have big difficulty in getting a job in Korea as well as Vietnam. Currently, on-line business is booming because customers feel convenience in approaching on-line store. Therefore, this study has explored identifying the factors to affect entrepreneurial intention of being e-commerce trader for the undergraduates in Korean universities as well as Vietnam universities. In addition to this, the study has also investigated the difference of the results between Korea and Vietnam. The results of the study are as follows ; First, entrepreneurial knowledge affects positively on entrepreneurial intention for being e-commerce trader. Second, employment barrier also affects positively on entrepreneurial intention for being e-commerce trader. Third, social perception on entrepreneurship mediates the relationship between employment barrier and entrepreneurial intention for being e-commerce trader. Lastly, the level of entrepreneurial intention for vietnam undergraduate students shows higher than that of Korean undergraduate students. Since there was lack of recognition as to the importance for entrepreneurial intention of being e-commerce trader in Korea, Korean government can refer to the results of this survey and implement the related policies to enhance related entrepreneurial intention. This indicates that when it comes to the establishment of new ventures in Korea, entrepreneurial education has been the focus of interest such as making business plan, setting up strategy, marketing the products etc. In this regard, this research is expected to be used for the development for the future policies to boost youth entrepreneurship in Korea.

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Development of scale of long-term employment intention for dental hygienist (치과위생사의 근속의사에 관한 측정도구 개발)

  • Yang, Jeong-A;Lim, Soon-Ryun;Cho, Young-Sik
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1025-1035
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to develop a survey instrument to assess intention to stay for dental hygienists based on validity and reliability. Methods: A survey was conducted targeting 317 dental hygienists in dental clinics. The data was used for the analysis of the study, using PASW Statistics 20.0 and IBM SPSS AMOS 18.0. Results: The preliminary instrument includes 44 item. 22 items were excluded by variable analysis. 17 final items was selected by exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was composed of four elements, 'organization fit', 'interpersonal relationship', 'identity', and 'job connectivity'. Conclusions: The validity and reliability of measurement tool for dental hygienist's intention to stay was proved. It could be used to help dental hygienist's long-term employment.

Middle-Age' Entrepreneurship & Re-Employment Education Influences Re-Employment Anxiety, Re-Employment Stress, Entrepreneurial Intention (창업 및 재취업 교육이 재취업불안, 재취업스트레스, 창업의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Seo-ho;Byun, Sang hae
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 2016
  • Sothe Korea that entered in to aging society in year 2000 according to the entrance in 2017 as in log-term the young work focrce decrease and skilled elder populatin decrease became important issue of national entrepreneurship & re-employment of middle-age' has become the topic of social problems. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a entrepreneurship & re-employment education to job-seeking anxiety, job-seeking stress and entrepreneurial intention in an effort to prove the effectiveness of entrepreneurship & re-employment education. The subjects in this study were 67 believer who were of G church in the city of K. A entrepreneurship & re-employment education was conducted in fourteen sessions, once a week. The major findings of the study were as follows: First, the experimental group who participated in the entrepreneurship & re-employment education felt less job-seeking anxiety. Second, the experimental group who participated in the entrepreneurship & re-employment education felt less job-seeking stress. Third, the experimental group who participated in the entrepreneurship & re-employment education showed improvement in entrepreneurial intention.

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Contribution of Emotional Labor and Organizational Commitment to Turnover Intention and Customer Orientation of School Foodservice Dietitian in the Busan Area (부산지역 학교급식 영양(교)사의 감정노동과 조직몰입이 이직의도 및 고객지향성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kyung-A;Lyu, Eun-Soon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.104-112
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the contribution of emotional labor (surface acting, deep acting) and organizational commitment (affective commitment, continuance commitment) to turnover intention and customer orientation of school foodservice dietitian. Methods: Our survey was administered to 393 school foodservice dietitian in the Busan area on February 11, 2014. Results: For verification of mean differences, the mean scores for surface acting, deep acting, affective commitment, and continuance commitment were found to be 2.53/5.00, 3.71, 2.88, and 3.57, respectively. The mean surface acting score was significantly different according to age (p<0.001), total length of career as a dietitian (p<0.01), school type (p<0.001), and employment status (p<0.05). The mean deep acting and turnover intention scores were significantly different according to age (p<0.001), total length of career as a dietitian (p<0.001), school type (p<0.001), employment status (p<0.001), and no. of meals served (p<0.001). The mean customer orientation score was significantly different according to age (p<0.05), employment status (p<0.01), and number of work hour (p<0.05). There was a positive correlation (p<0.01) between turnover intention and surface acting and continuance commitment, but a negative correlation (p<0.01) with deep acting and affective commitment. Also, there was a positive correlation (p<0.01) between customer orientation and deep acting, affective commitment, but a negative correlation (p<0.01) with surface acting. Affective commitment had a negative influence on turnover intention (${\beta}=-0.444$, p<0.001), but surface acting had a positive influence on turnover intention (${\beta}=0.110$, p<0.05). Conclusion: These results suggest that management of affective commitment is essential for decreasing turnover intention. Therefore, emotional labor and organizational commitment of school foodservice dietitians should be managed from the school foodservice organizational viewpoint of The Ministry of Education.