• Title/Summary/Keyword: bone growth

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Effects of Calcium, Vitamin D and Egg Yolk Peptide Treatment on the Retardation of Longitudinal Bone Growth Induced by Low-Calcium Diets (저칼슘 식이로 유발한 성장 저하 흰쥐에 대한 칼슘, 비타민 D 및 난황 펩타이드의 투여가 장골 길이 성장에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myung-Gyou;Kim, Hye Kyung;Leem, Kang-Hyun
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : Egg yolk is composed of various important chemical substances for human health. A calcium shortage causes the growth retardation on the body growth. In this study, we examined the therapeutic effects of calcium, vitamin D and egg yolk peptide (EYP) treatment on the retardation of the longitudinal bone growth induced by low-calcium diet in adolescent rats. Methods : Low calcium diets were administrated for 15 days. During the last five days, calcium and/or vitamin D and/or EYP were administrated. The body weights, longitudinal bone growth rates, the heights of growth plates, and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 expressions were measured using histochemical analysis. Results : Low calcium diets caused the significant reduction in body weight gains and the longitudinal bone growth. The heights of growth plates and the expressions of BMP-2 and IGF-1 showed the impairment of body growth as well. Calcium and/or vitamin D administration could not significantly increase the longitudinal bone growth. However, calcium, vitamin D, and EYP administration significantly increased the bone growth, the growth plate height, and BMP-2 and IGF-1 expressions. Conclusions : These results suggest that EYP enhances the longitudinal bone growth in the calcium and/or vitamin D deficiency and it could be a promising agent for the treatment of children suffering from malnutrition.

Effects of Cervi Pantotrichum Cornu and Cervi Cornu on Longitudinal Bone Growth in Adolescent Male Rats (녹용(鹿茸)과 녹각(鹿角)의 성장기 흰쥐 장골 길이성장에 대한 효과)

  • Kim, Ki-Tae;Kim, Myung-Gyou;Leem, Kang-Hyun
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the effects of Cervi Pantotrichum Cornu and Cervi Cornu on the growth of longitudinal bone in the adolescent male rats. Methods : Longitudinal bone growth was measured by fluorescence microscopy. To examine the effects on the growth plate metabolism, the heights of growth plate and the induction of local bone morphogenetic protein-2 were measured. Results : Treatment of Cervi Pantotrichum Cornu significantly enhanced longitudinal bone growth compared with control group. However, Cervi Cornu did not show the significant effects. Conclusion : Cervi Pantotrichum Cornu enhanced longitudinal bone growth and promoted the induction of local bone morphogenetic protein-2 of growth plate in adolescence male rats.

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Effects of Angelica sinensis Root on Longitudinal Bone Growth Rate in Adolescent Female Rats

  • Lee, Donghun;Kim, Hocheol
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.69-74
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : This study aimed to investigate the effects of Angelicae sinensis Radix on longitudinal bone growth rate in rats. We have screened traditional medicinal herbs to develop the longitudinal bone growth stimulator by well-established rat model. A. sinensis was identified as one of the effective herbs in the screening process. Methods : Adolescent female rats were administered A. sinensis at doses of 30 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg for 10 consecutive days. To observe the rate of longitudinal bone growth, tetracycline was injected intraperitoneally on day 8 to stain a fluorescent band on the anew formed bone. To elucidate the mode of action, we observed insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) expression after A. sinensis administration in growth plate. Results : In the 300 mg/kg A. sinensis group, the length between the proximal endpoint of the tetracycline label and the division line between growth plate and bone was significantly increased compared with vehicle-treated control group. Height of the proximal tibial growth plate was higher in the A. sinensis group compared with control group. A. sinensis also upregulated the expressions of IGF-1 and BMP-2 in the proliferative zone and hypertrophic zone of the proximal tibial growth plate. Conclusions : A. sinensis increases longitudinal bone growth rate in rats. According to immunohistochemistry, A. sinensis increases local IGF-1 and BMP-2 expressions in the growth plate which can be considered as direct stimulation of GH on the local growth plate.

Effects of Bojungikgitang-gagambang on Longitudinal Bone Growth in Adolescent Rats

  • Lee, Min-Su;Kim, Ji-Young;Kim, Mi-Yeon;Chang, Gyu-Tae;Kim, Ho-Cheol
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of Bojungikgitang-gagambang (BJIG) on longitudinal bone growth in rats. Methods: The BJIG treated group (300 mg/kg) and the control group (vehicle) were administered orally twice daily for 4 days. To investigate the effects of BJIG we measured body weight gain. The bone growth effect was analyzed by measuring between fluorescent lines marked with tetracycline, which plays the role of fluorescent dye on the surface of the tibia. Tetracycline was intraperitoneally injected. The height of growth plates in the epiphyseal plate was measured. The expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and insuline-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) was investigated by immunohistochemistry. Results: BJIG caused a significant acceleration of longitudinal bone growth of $349.7{\pm}15.9{\mu}m/day$ compared to control ($319.8{\pm}21.4{\mu}m/day$). The height of overall growth plate was not significantly more compared to the control, but the size of cells in the proliferative zone and hypertrophic zone were. In the immunohistochemistry, BMP-2 and IGF-1 were expressed markedly in the proliferative or hypertrophic zone, respectively. Conclusions: BJIG stimulated the chondrocyte hypertrophy and chondrogenesis in the growth plate and directly increased the longitudinal tibia length of rats.

Effects of Cheunggyeongsamul-tang Extract on Longitudinal Bone Growth in Adolescent Female Rats (청경사물탕(淸經四物湯) 추출물의 성장기 흰쥐 장골길이 성장에 대한 효과)

  • Lee, Jung-Hun;Lee, Se-Na;Son, Jae-Bong;Keum, So-Hyun;Leem, Kang-Hyun
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the effects of Cheunggyeongsamul-tang extract on the growth of longitudinal bone in adolescent female rats. Methods : Longitudinal bone growth was measured by fluorescent microscopy. To examine the effects on the growth plate metabolism, the total height of growth plate, the induction of local insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), IGF-1 receptor, bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), BMPR-1A, indian hedgehog (IHH), and parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH-rP) were measured. Results : Cheunggyeongsamul-tang extract enhanced longitudinal bone growth and total height of the growth plate. Also, it promoted the induction of local IGF-1, BMP-2, IHH and PTH-rP of the growth plate. Conclusions : This study shows that the Cheunggyeongsamul-tang extract effects longitudinal bone growth in adolescent rats and might be used for both stunted adolescents and inherent growth failure patients.

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A Case of Atypical Bone Growth after Femur Neck Fracture in the Paraplegic Patient with Trochanteric Sore (대전자부 압박궤양을 가지고 있는 하지마비 환자에서 대퇴골 골절부위에 발생한 비정상적 골증식의 치험례)

  • Yang, Jeong Yeol;Cheon, Ji Seon
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.92-95
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Heterotopic ossification in pressure sore patients is reported to rarely develop, but once it occurs, it frequently causes joint stiffness and mobilization restriction. The aim of this article is to report our experience of atypical bone growing at femur neck fracture site with chronic, extensive pressure sore in patient with paraplegia secondary to spinal injury. Methods: A 28-year-old male patient presented with atypical bone growth at femur neck fracture site with pressure sore. He had undergone atypical growth bone removal and separation of united iliac bone and femur, and then pressure sore was covered by advanced rotation flap. Results: The patient mobilized hip joint and rode in a wheelchair. Complications such as dehiscence, infection, hematoma and flap necrosis did not occur. Conclusion: We experienced successful correction of atypical bone growth removal and recovery of pressure sore. We report our experience of atypical bone growth of fracture site and the related literature was reviewed.

A Simulation Method for Bone Growth Using Design Space Optimization (설계공간 최적화를 이용한 뼈 성장 모사)

  • Jang In-Gwun;Kwak Byung-Man
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.722-727
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    • 2006
  • Bone fracture healing is one of the important topics in biomechanics, demanding computation simulations due to the difficulty of obtaining experimental or clinical results. In this study, we adopt the design space optimization method which was established by the authors as a tool for the simulation of bone growth using its evolutionary characteristics. As the mechanical stimulus, strain energy density is used. We assume that bone tissues over a threshold strain energy density will be differentiated and bone tissues below another threshold will be resorbed. Under compression and torsion as loadings, the filling process of the defect is well illustrated following the given mechanical criterion. It is shown that the design space optimization is an excellent tool for simulating the evolutionary process of bone growth, which has not been possible otherwise.

New Multi-herb Mixture, HT005, Induces Longitudinal Bone Growth in Male Rats (신한약복합물 HT005의 성장기 흰쥐 장골길이 성장에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Mi-Yeon;Ramirez, Marcus J.;Lee, Dong-Hun;Lim, Dong-Wook;Choi, Ho-Young;Kim, Ho-Cheol
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : It was investigated new herbal prescription HT005 supported by traditional Korean medicine has a activity on the longitudinal bone growth of rats. HT005 were consisted of the root of Angelica sinensis, the fruit of Alpinia oxyphylla, the root of Astragalus membranaceus, the stem of Eleutherococcus senticosus, and the root of Dioscorea japonica, and Poria cocos. Method : To investigate the effect on longitudinal bone growth in adolescent male Sprague-Dawley rats, the longitudinal length of growth plate was measured directly by the tetracycline fluorescent labeling method and chondrocyte staining method. HT005 administered orally for four days, and the tetracycline was injected twice on the growth plate of the animals for fluorescent dying. The rate of longitudinal bone growth was measured the length between the tetracycline bands which fixed on the 3rd day and 5th day after injection. Cresyl violet was also used to stain the chondrocytes in the growth plate. The length of growth plate after administration was compared. Expression of IGF-1 and BMP-2 in the growth plate was investigated by immunohistochemistry. Results : HT005 showed a significant longitudinal bone growth which was $301.0{\pm}6.1\;{\mu}m/day$ at the dose of 100 mg/kg and $283.8{\pm}1.25\;{\mu}m/day$ (p < 0.001)at the dose of 10 mg/kg of HT005, compared to control group by the tetracycline fluorescent labeling method. HT005 showed a significant chondrocyte length on growth plate which was measured $797.19{\pm}3.31\;{\mu}m$ (p < 0.001) at the dose of 100 mg/kg and $720.14{\pm}2.19$ (p < 0.001) ${\mu}m$ at the dose of 10 mg/kg compared to the control group by cresyl-violet staining method. Both the number and intensity of BMP-2 and IGF-1 positive cells were increased in the hypertrophic zone of growth plate. There was a significant correlation between BMP-2 and IGF-1 expression and heights of chondrocytes in growth plate. Conclusions : Treatment of HT005 on Sprague-Dawley rats markedly increased the longitudinal bone growth. Therefore, HT005 may be an alternative herbal source to growth hormone as it promotes bone growth in children afflicted by growth retardation.

Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulators Efficacy for Noninvasive Bone Growth in Spine Surgery

  • Fiani, Brian;Kondilis, Athanasios;Runnels, Juliana;Rippe, Preston;Davati, Cyrus
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.64 no.4
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    • pp.486-494
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    • 2021
  • The growth of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy and its progress over the years for use in post-operative bone growth has been revolutionary in its effect on bone tissue proliferation and vascular flow. However, further progress in PEMF therapy has been difficult due to lack of more evidence-based understanding of its mechanism of action. Our objective was to review the current understanding of bone growth physiology, the mechanism of PEMF therapy action along with its application in spinal surgery and associated outcomes. The authors of this review examined multiple controlled, comparative, and cohort studies to compare fusion rates of patients undergoing PEMF stimulation. Examining spinal fusion rates, a rounded comparison of post-fusion outcomes with and without bone stimulator was performed. Results showed that postoperative spinal surgery PEMF stimulation had higher rates of fusion than control groups. Though PEMF therapy was proven more effective, multiple factors contributed to difficulty in patient compliance for use. Extended timeframe of treatment and cost of treatment were the main obstacles to full compliance. This review showed that PEMF therapy presented an increased rate of recovery in patients, supporting the use of these devices as an effective post-surgical aid. Given the recent advances in the development of PEMF devices, affordability and access will be much easier suited to the patient population, allowing for more readily available treatment options.

Effects of Herbal Composition and Fermented Cervi Pantotrichum Cornu on Longitudinal Bone Growth in Adolescent Male Rats (한약혼합제제(韓藥混合製劑)와 녹용발효추출물(鹿茸醱酵抽出物)의 성장기(成長期) 흰쥐 장골(長骨) 길이 성장(成長)에 대한 효과)

  • Lee, Se-Na;Son, Jae-Bong;Sohn, Jong-Hee;Kim, Wan-Ki;Lee, Sang-Jun;Lee, Pyeong-Jae;Leem, Kang-Hyun
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.121-131
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    • 2009
  • Objectives:This study was designed to investigate the effects of herbal composition and fermented Cervi Pantotrichum Cornu on the growth of longitudinal bone in the adolescent male rats. Methods: Longitudinal bone growth was measured by fluorescence microscopy. To examine the effects on the growth plate metabolism, the total height of growth plate and the induction of local insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) were measured. Results: The herbal composition treatment enhanced longitudinal bone growth and total heght of growth plate and promoted the induction of local IGF-1 and BMP-2 of growth plate. Conclusions: This study showed that the herbal composition have the effect of bone growth in adolescent rats and might be used for the growth delayed adolescent and inherent growth failure patient.

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