• Title, Summary, Keyword: Team Effectiveness

Search Result 436, Processing Time 0.049 seconds

The Employees' Perception of the Effectiveness of Team System at University Hospitals in Korea (대학병원의 팀 운영특성에 따른 효과성 인식에 관한 연구)

  • 서영준;김연숙;강소영
    • Health Policy and Management
    • /
    • v.11 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1-30
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of team system at university hospitals in Korea. Data were collected from administrative and medical support workers at 4 university hospitals through the self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using frequency analysis, t-test, and oneway ANOVA. The results of this study are as follows. First, teams with higher team management characteristics show higher level of quality of work life and performance effectiveness. Second, teams which consist of members with variety background and skills show higher level of quality of work life and performance effectiveness. Third, team which have the higher autonomy, technology variety, job significance, and feedback show higher team effectiveness. Fourth, team which have team leaders with higher leadership score show higher level of quality of work life and performance effectiveness. Fifth, there are differences in team effectiveness in terms of sicio- demographic variables such as average age, position, and tenure of team members, length of team system, and team size. Sixth, the job autonomy of team members and the leadership of team managers have significant effects on the quality of work life variables. Seventh, the leadership of team leaders, job autonomy of members, and individual contact between team managers and members have significant effects on the team performance variables. In conclusion, in order to increase the effectiveness of team system in university hospitals, it is required to consider the characteristics of team management, diversity of team members, the autonomy of team members, the leadership of team manager, and the socio-demographic factors of team members.

  • PDF

The Effect of Team Member Characteristics and Team Process on Team Effectiveness (팀구성원 특성과 팀과정이 팀효과성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 이욱기
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.269-281
    • /
    • 2004
  • This study aims to examine the effects of team member characteristics(change reception, work understand) and team process(potency, social support, workload sharing, communication and cooperation within the team) to team effectiveness(job commitment, job satisfaction and productivity), As the result, both team member characteristics and team process have positive relations with team effectiveness.

The Effects of Team Learning Behavior on Team Effectiveness and the Mediating Effects of Team Dynamic Capabilities (팀 학습행동이 팀 효과성에 미치는 영향과 팀 동적역량의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Kyoun Jae;Hong, Ah Jeong
    • Knowledge Management Research
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.57-78
    • /
    • 2014
  • Since team performance has become one of the core factors for companies' success, companies are putting every effort to raise team productivity. In this vein, the purpose of this study was to examine the influence of team learning behavior upon team dynamic capabilities, team effectiveness, and to verify the mediating effect of team dynamic capabilities in corporations. 312 employees were randomly selected to participate in an questionnaire survey. The result has shown that the static correlation exists between team learning behavior, team dynamic capabilities, and team effectiveness. Team dynamic capabilities mediated the relationship between team learning behavior and team effectiveness. Based on the findings, the study implies that learning behaviors among team members should be supported in order to improve its outcome, and HR representatives must help to develop dynamic capabilities.

A study on the influence of air traffic controller's leadership characteristics and hazardous attitudes on the team effectiveness (항공교통관제사의 리더십 특성과 위험태도 요인이 팀 유효성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Jung-Ha;Sin, Hyon-Sam
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.39-49
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of air traffic controller's leadership characteristics and hazardous attitudes on the team effectiveness. The effectiveness make use of team efficacy and team commitment. Leadership characteristics and hazardous attitudes make use of the contents of a CRM manual. The study showed following results. 1) Leadership characteristics has a positive influence on the team effectiveness. 2) Hazardous attitudes has a partially bad influence on the team effectiveness. This study was conducted under the auspice of civil and military ATC facilies and by participation of devoting ATC controller's.

The Influences of a Team System's Introduction to Hospital Organization, Regarding Job Satisfaction and Organization Commitment (병원조직에 팀제 도입이 팀직무만족과 팀조직 몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Soon-Yeon;Nam, Eun-Woo
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.232-271
    • /
    • 2000
  • The introduction of a team system to any organization is usually to improve that organizations dynamics, by increasing the proper adaptation to rapidly changing environments, by reducing approval procedures, and by promoting power authorization. In this regard, this study was carried out in an attempt to determine (1) whether or not the introduction of a team system can be as effective in hospital organizations as it has been in business organizations, and (2) what behavior factors influence such effectiveness. For the current study, questionnaires were distributed to the employees of a university hospital in Pusan. Four hundred eighty three of them(94.7%) were retrieved and analyzed through statistical processes. The three types of variables that were found to influence team effectiveness were: (1) independent variables of team organization characteristics, such as communication, organizational atmosphere, leadership and team knowledge, (2) intervening variables of team organization characteristics. such as job autonomy, technological variety, task subjectivity, task feedback and task importance, and(3) the dependent variables of team level effectiveness, such as job satisfaction and commitment to team organization. The gathered data were processed by using the 6.12 version of the statistical program SAS(Statistical Analysis System), and the reliance coefficient of those measured variables was then evaluated as an average of 0.78. The influence of team level effectiveness was analyzed by using multiple regression analysis. These differences in effectiveness were then analyzed on the basis of related mean values, while the differences among demo-sociological characteristics were analyzed by using the dispersion analysis(ANOVA) and the t-test. The results of the study can be summarized by the following. First, regarding the relationship between team organization characteristics and team level effectiveness, all of the factors including communication, organizational atmosphere, leadership and team knowledge were found to have a significant influence on effectiveness. Second, the factors of team job characteristics, such as technological variety, task importance and job autonomy, had significant effects on job satisfaction and organizational commitment among the teams members. Team level effectiveness was generally high, while team job satisfaction was higher the teams organizational commitment. Third, regarding the demo-sociological characteristics, team level effectiveness was found to be higher among those who were older, who had more job experience, and who had a higher position. Comparing the differences among job types, the effectiveness was relatively higher in the fields of nursing and administration/management then in other fields. Further study should be done towards the setting of variables for characteristics of hospital organization, developing suitable methods of measurement, and researching individual level effectiveness.

  • PDF

A Study on the Evaluation of Team Effectiveness in University Libraries (대학도서관 팀제의 유효성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Jae-Young
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
    • /
    • v.38 no.2
    • /
    • pp.399-430
    • /
    • 2007
  • According to the changing of user and service environment, one of countermeasures that introduction of team-based organization is increasing gradually in the university library. This study was conducted to suggest the efficient ways of assessing team effectiveness which is increasing gradually in the university library. The finding indicated that assessment of team effectiveness was shown large differences according to the working level and individual's working duration. In addition, activated communication and capacity of team-based organization were the most effectible factors on the team effectiveness. So that, for maximizing the team effectiveness, this study might be applicable to any strategy which seek to activate communication methods(within - and between team) those are directly effecting on purpose setting, conflict resolution and suggest suitable team-based organization model for University library's characteristic and purpose through improving on the capacity of team system.

  • PDF

A Literature Review of Team Effectiveness on Hospital Nursing Units (간호단위의 팀 효과성에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Se Young;Kim, Jong Kyung;Jung, Myun Sook;Kim, Eun Kyung;You, Sun Ju
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
    • /
    • v.23 no.1
    • /
    • pp.18-31
    • /
    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze literature related to nursing team effectiveness and to summarize the definition variables included, measurement tools, and findings. Basic data on operation and research for team effectiveness in nursing units was sought. Methods: A literature search was performed to identify all studies published between 2003 and 2016 from periodicals indexed in PUBMED, CINAHL, SCIENCE DIRECT, RISS, KISS, and NAL databases. The following keywords were used in the search: 'team effectiveness', 'nurse', 'nursing', and 'hospital'. Ten studies were analyzed. Results: The analysis included domestic and international literature on nursing team effectiveness. The foreign literature included studies of various organizations including nurses, use of various research tools, leadership programs and/or new nursing delivery systems. In the Korean studies, most of the research on team effectiveness surveyed nurses on team satisfaction, team commitment, and team performance in general nursing units, operating rooms, and intensive care units. Conclusion: The findings show the necessity to develop a definition of team effectiveness that can be accepted comprehensively in nursing organizations in Korea. The definition should reflect team effectiveness that includes all cooperating units not only nurses of the nursing unit but also all other related health care teams.

The Influence of Cognitive and Demographic Similarities of Knowledge Workers on Team Effectiveness (지식근로자 팀효과성의 선행요인 -구성원의 인지적 유사성 vs 속인적 유사성-)

  • Kang, Hye-Ryun;Park, Sook-Young
    • Knowledge Management Research
    • /
    • v.4 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-18
    • /
    • 2003
  • Team-members may have diverse backgrounds and characteristics and such diversity is getting increased in teams in terms of demographics(gender, age, and educations) and capabilities(knowledge, skills, and experiences). A meta-analysis of the last 40 years studies, however, concluded that diversity in teams does not have the consistent main effect on team performances. On the other hand, according to theories of selection and socialization, similarity in values, backgrounds, and experiences buttress the positive and effective working environment. Therefore, we conduct an empirical study in favor of similarity in work teams for the sake of team effectiveness. We investigated the importance of the similarity of team-members on IT team effectiveness. Two aspects of similarity, demographic and cognitive, were considered together. The shared mental model(SMM) was introduced as the representative construct for the cognitive similarity. We found that SMM is more important than the demographic similarities on team effectiveness.

  • PDF

A Study on the Relationship Between Nursing Organizational Culture and ICUs Team Effectiveness (중환자실의 간호조직문화와 팀효과성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Moon-Sil;Hong, Eun-Hye
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.83-96
    • /
    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this research is, by investigating organizational characteristics, types of nursing organizational culture and team effectiveness in ICU, to ascertain the type of nursing organizational culture and the organizational characteristic that can improve the team effectiveness. Method: The research targeted 427 nurses from 33 ICUs of 14 general hospitals which have more than 250 beds and the data were gathered by using self-report questionnaires from April 10, 2003 to April 24, 2003. For this research, the following tools were used; the tool for measuring organizational characteristics and organizational cultures and the tool for measuring team effectiveness. Result: The most significant nursing organizational characteristic in ICU is the centralization. The organizational culture in ICU is generally rank-oriented culture. There was a significant difference (p<.01) in four types of organizational cultures; relation-oriented, innovation-oriented, rank-oriented and task-oriented. Verifying influence power of organizational cultures upon team effectiveness of ICU, relation-oriented culture had 49.2% of an influence upon team effectiveness, innovation- oriented and relation-oriented culture had 60.4% of an influence, and rank-oriented, innovation-oriented and relation-oriented culture had 61.2% of an influence. The organizational culture profiles according to the types of nursing organizational cultures in 33 ICUs were found by a cluster analysis. They were classified into five culture profiles; strong balance culture profile, weak balance culture profile, innovation-oriented and task-oriened culture profile, strong relation culture profile and strong rank culture profile(p<0.5). According to me organizational culture profiles, a significant difference of team effectivenesses(coworker satisfaction, team performance perception, team satisfaction and team commitment) was found(p<.01). The strong balance culture profile had the best team effectivenesses. Conclusion: For nursing culture management, a nursing administrator should identify the relevant nursing organizational culture at first by utilizing an innovative team-leader. After identifying the organizational culture, the administrator should make strategic plans and practices that can distinguish good organizational cultures to be expanded from ones to be sublated so that a strong balance culture can be developed.

  • PDF

A Study about the Effect of Team Members' Entrepreneurial Intention, Diversity, and Supporting Activities of Assistants on Team Learning Effectiveness and Educational Satisfaction in the Entrepreneurial Education of University Students through Team Learning (팀 학습을 통한 대학생의 창업교육에 있어서 팀원의 창업의지, 다양성 및 조력자의 지원활동이 팀 학습 유효성 및 창업교육 만족도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Joong Seog
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
    • /
    • v.12 no.4
    • /
    • pp.159-174
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine whether the entrepreneurship education through team learning positively influences the effectiveness of team learning and the satisfaction of entrepreneurship curriculum. To do this, we analyzed the questionnaire data of 149 students who took the entrepreneurship course that was conducted by the team learning method focused on problem solving task among the entrepreneurship courses opened in the venture autonomous major. First, we examined the effect of team learning effectiveness and entrepreneurial education satisfaction on the effectiveness of the team learning by individual's intention for startup, diversity of team members, and supporting activities of assistants as independent variables. For this, hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to examine whether independent variables influenced the effectiveness of team learning, and whether the effectiveness of team learning mediates between these independent variables and entrepreneurial education satisfaction. The results of this study support the hypothesis that supporting activities of assistants will influence team learning effectiveness. However, the hypothesis that individual's intention for startup or team diversity influences team learning effectiveness was rejected. On the other hand, the results of the regression analysis show that individual's intention for startup has a significant effect on the satisfaction of entrepreneurship education. In addition, the effectiveness of team learning was found to be influential on the educational satisfaction, and it was verified that the effectiveness of team learning was mediating between the supporting activities of assistants and the satisfaction of entrepreneurship education. Especially, as a result of the hierarchical regression analysis, it was found that the significance of the supporting activities of assistants decreased remarkably. This suggests that the mediating path that affects the satisfaction of entrepreneurship education is very meaningful through the effectiveness of the team learning although the supporting activities of assistants are partially mediated. As a result of this study, it was found that the supporting activities of assistants are important in the team learning entrepreneurship education and it is also confirmed that the individual's intention for startup is also important. Especially, supporting activities of assistants were found to be an important factor affecting the satisfaction of entrepreneurship education through the effectiveness of team learning. Therefore, I think that it is essential to designing a practical education course that meets individual's intention for startup in the entrepreneurship education of university students and networking with the participation of internal and external experts or entrepreneurs. In addition, I think that it is necessary to think more thoughtfulness about the composition of team members in the team learning, and to provide more meticulous support to the effectiveness of the team learning.

  • PDF