• Title, Summary, Keyword: Spatial Equity

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Analysis of Locational Change of the Community Service Centers and Optimal Location Modeling after Dong Merger and Abolition: Spatial Efficiency and Equity Approach (동통폐합에 따른 동주민센터의 입지 변화 분석과 최적 입지 모델링 -공간적 효율성 및 형평성 접근-)

  • Lee, Gun-Hak
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.521-539
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    • 2010
  • Recently many local governments have carried out dong merger and abolition process to cope with rapidly changing administrative demand and environment. This administrative effort impacts substantially the locational characteristics of the existing dong offices which directly involve in the quality of local community life. In this paper, we attempt to analyze the location pattern of current dong community service centers (formerly, 'dong office') and suggest the optimal locations maximizing spatial accessibility. As an application, we examine the location pattern of the existing dong community service centers in Mapo-gu, Seoul. Moreover, we compare current spatial configurations with the optimally selected locations such as, a Median maximizing spatial efficiency, a Center maximizing spatial equity, and a Centdian exploring compromising solutions regarding the tradeoff between efficiency and equity. The analytical results present that each of dong community service centers was systematically evaluated in terms of spatial efficiency and equity and in general the community service center locations are not spatially optimized with respect to efficiency and equity, compared with the optimal locations.

A Study on the Convergence of Spatial Equity of Medical Welfare Facilities for Older Persons and Services (노인의료복지시설과 서비스의 공간적 형평성 융합 연구)

  • Lee, Seong-Jin;Youn, Ki-Hyok
    • Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.65-72
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    • 2020
  • The study aims to measure and analysis the spatial equity of Medical welfare facilities for older persons and services, and, based on this, to seek the plan to secure the fairness. To this end, the research was carried out by converging the studies of geography and regional development for the equity of social welfare studies and space arrangement on types and functions of Medical welfare facilities for older persons. The main results of the study showed that, first, in case of the spatial arrangement(desire-to-service), Medical welfare facilities for older persons are located in all areas of cities(Si) and counties(Gun) but mostly existing in cities. Second, in case of the equity of regional distribution of Medical welfare facilities for older persons, it can say the equity in Gun is higher than Si, comparing the regions of Si and Gun. Third, in case of spatial equity of sanatorium for older persons, the spatial equity of care facilities for older persons showed statistical difference depending on the time required to reach the facility, but no difference on distance. This study made various suggestions based on the results of the above research, and suggested the necessity of convergence studies grafting technologies such as AI and the Internet of Things.

Exploratory Sensitivity Analysis of Environmental Equity to Spatial to Measures (공간척도 유형에 따른 환경적 형평성의 민감도 분석)

  • Jun, Byong-Woon
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.508-521
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    • 2006
  • The results of environmental equity analysis vary dramatically depending on different methods used. The information and data available to the researcher are also often uncertain and imprecise in empirical studies. A sensitivity analysis approach was used too handle uncertainties and methodological inconsistencies in environmental equity analysis. This paper explores the sensitivity of environmental equity analysis to two spatial measures such as proximity and scale. Two experiments were implemented to evaluate the effects of two spatial measures on the environmental equity analysis using a combination of control and experimental factors. Fulton County, Georgia was selected as a case study area for these experiments. Two major data sets including demographic characteristics and toxic release inventory (TRI) database for the study area in 1990 were integrated into a GIS environment. Two statistical analyses such as independent samples t-test and coefficient of variation were performed to determine the environmental equity in the study area and to compare the relative variability in the socioeconomic characteristics of populations over different spatial measures. The findings from two experiments indicate that the outcomes of environmental equity analysis are slightly sensitive to the buffer distance used to determine the impact zones of TRI facilities, but not to the geographic scale used in the analysis. The findings also suggest that the consequences of these choices can alter spatially and statistically the results in environmental equity analysis.

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THE APPLICATION OF GIS FOR EFFECTIVE DISTRIBUTION OF THE EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICE AREA

  • Yang Byung-Yun;Hwang Chul-Sue
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.61-64
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this paper is to take a closer look at an area having shorted emergence facilities and to determine optional candidate sites instead of vulnerable area by using GIS spatial analysis. Newly determined new candidate is performed by concerning spatial efficiency and spatial equity for a public service. It was determined through using the analyzing of the physical accessibility measure, the Location-Allocation, sort of classic model in spatial statistics and general network analysis. The area of this research has been used in administrative boundary of Young-Dong in Gangneung including 13 emergency, medical hospitals, 46 fire-stations and sub-fire stations. In general terms, what all this show is that the way we are approached for geographical view from using GIS spatial analyzing technique of determined location and allocation problem by the social, economical, political factor and simple administrative discrimination at the meantime. At the same time, with problem occurred in the space it is possible to make an Effective proposal or means, policy, decision for new candidate location-allocation suggesting optimum model.

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Exploring the Spatial Relationships between Environmental Equity and Urban Quality of Life (환경적 형평성과 도시 삶의 질의 공간적 관계에 대한 탐색)

  • Jun, Byong-Woon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.223-235
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    • 2011
  • Although ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analysis can be used to examine the spatial relationships between environmental equity and urban quality of life, this global method may mask the local variations in the relationships between them. These geographical variations can not be captured without using local methods. In this context, this paper explores the spatially varying relationships between environmental equity and urban quality of life across the Atlanta metropolitan area by geographically weighted regression (GWR), a local method. Environmental equity and urban quality of life were quantified with an integrated approach of GIS and remote sensing. Results show that generally, there is a negatively significant relationship between them over the Atlanta metropolitan area. The results also suggest that the relationships between environmental equity and urban quality of life vary significantly over space and the GWR (local) model is a significant improvement on the OLS (global) model for the Atlanta metropolitan area.

A Study on the Location Analysis of Public Service Facilities Considering Spatial Efficiency and Equity (효율성과 형평성을 고려한 공공시설 입지분석에 관한 연구 - 금산군 문화시설을 대상으로 -)

  • Yun, Jeong-Mi;Lee, Shin-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this research is to establish location models for public service facilities considering efficiency as well as equity. And it suggests the method of spatial evaluation reflected the real world. Finally, this research is applied to the analysis on the optimum location of cultural facilities in Geumsan. This research adopts the expert survey for site selection factors and applys AHP for the relative weights. Secondly, it assorts the urban area by satellite image for the spatial analysis on the real world. Next, it adopts the Location-Allocation Model for the location evaluation and embodies the unequal population distribution according to the location model establishment. Finally, it conducts the more specific spatial analysis reflected the real world through the two methods applications; both spatial analysis(Grid analysis) and Network analysis.

A Study on the Horizontal and Vertical Equity of Officially Assessed Land Price in Seoul (공시지가의 형평성에 관한 연구 - 서울특별시를 중심으로 -)

  • Jin, Dong-Suk;Choi, Yun-Soo;Kim, Jae-Myeong;Yoon, Ha-su
    • Journal of Cadastre & Land InformatiX
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.133-153
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    • 2020
  • Officially assessed land price has been the index of South Korea since 1989 throughout different sectors of tax and welfare. Officially assessed land price is used as a tax valuation for the tax on property holdings, and the equity of such is the most important factor in the fair taxation for the people of South Korea. On this wise, this research analyzed and verified the horizontal and vertical inequity of officially assessed land price in Seoul by using the real transaction data between 2016 and 2018. In fact, Seoul's assessment ratio for the entire three-year period was 60.64% and it showed to increase each year. Horizontal equity was found to be most favorable in 2017, and the horizontal equity of each borough of Seoul appeared to improve each year. Vertical inequity was found to have reverse inequality in most boroughs of Seoul, however, some parts of Gangnam districts such as Gangnam-gu, Seocho-gu, and Gangdong-gu presented progressive inequality. Such example showed the need for improvement in terms of balance by each borough. The use of quantile regression demonstrated reverse inequality in most quantile, but, the differences in the value of the coefficient by each quantile showed the need for improvement of officially assessed land price with the equity of each quantile. Through the equity verification of officially assessed land price, it was analyzed that the lack of equity was found by year, by borough, and by use district. In order to redeem the lack of equity, the government must systematically supplement the real-estate disclosure system by initiating ratio studies to verify horizontal and vertical equity.

A Study on Reconstructing of Local Administrative Districts Using Spatial Analysis and Modeling (공간분석 및 모델링을 이용한 지방행정구역 재설정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kam-Young;Lee, Gun-Hak;Shin, Jung-Yeop
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.673-688
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to develop an optimization model for reconstructing local administrative districts using spatial analysis and modeling. For this, literature related to reorganization of local administrative systems was critically reviewed and criteria for redistricting were extracted. An optimization model for reconstructing administrative districts was formulated based on these criteria. The model considered three criteria; homogeneity within a reconstructed district, equity among reconstructed districts, and spatial arrangement. Homogeneity for relieving spatial mismatch between administrative and living(economic) boundaries is measured by spatial interaction within a district. Equity among districts is evaluated using population, area, and financial independence. Finally, spatial arrangement is measured by compactness and contiguity. The developed optimization model was implemented using Automated Zoning Procedure(AZP) in GIS environment and applied to a problem aggregating Si-Gun administrative units into broader districts. Application results demonstrate that the model can provide optimal districts according to alternative objective functions.

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Environmental Equity Analysis of the Accessibility of Urban Neighborhood Parks in Daegu City (대구시 도시근린공원의 접근성에 따른 환경적 형평성 분석)

  • Seo, Hyun-Jin;Jun, Byong-Woon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.221-237
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    • 2011
  • This study aims to investigate the environmental equity of the accessibility to urban neighborhood parks in the city of Daegu. The spatial distribution of urban neighborhood parks was explored by spatial statistics and the spatial accessibility to them was then evaluated by both minimum distance and coverage approaches. Descriptive and inferential statistics such as proximity ratio, Mann Whitney U test, and logistic regression were used for comparing the socioeconomic characteristics over different accessibilities to the neighborhood parks and then testing the distributional inequity hypothesis. The results from the minimum distance method indicated that Dalseo-gu had the best accessibility to the neighborhood parks while Dong-gu had the worst accessibility. It was apparent with the coverage method that Dalseo-gu had the best accessibility whereas Dong-gu and Nam-gu had the worst accessibility to the neighborhood parks at 500m and 1,000m buffer distances. There existed the spatial pattern of environmental inequity in old towns with respect to population density and the percentage of people under the age of 18. The spatial pattern of environmental inequity in new towns was explored on the basis of the percentage of people over the age of 65, the percentage of people below the poverty level, and the percentage of free of charge rental housing. These results were closely related to the development process of urban parks in Daegu stimulated by the quantitative urban park policy, urban development process, and residential location pattern such as permanent rental housing and free of charge rental housing. This study further extends the existing research topics of environmental justice related to the distributional inequity of environmental disamenities and hazards by focusing on environmental amenities such as urban neighborhood parks. The results from this study can be used in making the decisions for urban park management and setting up urban park policy with considering the social geography of Daegu.

Accessibility and Spatial Equity of Subway Networks in Seoul (서울시 지하철 네트워크의 접근성과 공간적 형평성)

  • Song, Yena;Lee, Keumsook;Jang, Hanwool
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.513-525
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    • 2019
  • In Seoul, the subway system has been in use since 1974 and is the most frequently used travel mode accounting for approximately 40% of passenger journeys in 2015. As such the subway system is widely adopted by people and therefore, can have great impacts on their everyday life. However, it is easily noted that transit resources are not distributed spatially uniform, in other words, not all parts of the city gain the same benefits from their networks. This study aims to examine the inequity of spatial distribution of subway networks based on accessibility. Accessibility of subway networks are calculated based on the time-distance between stations and then equity is measured using the Gini index. Resulted map of subway accessibility shows that the benefits are not evenly distributed in Seoul with a pattern of highly accessible core - less accessible periphery areas. Also the subway accessibility network has fairer distribution against the employees' distribution rather than the distribution of general population or possibly transit dependent groups.