• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pelleting

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Effects of Temperature, Pelleting Materials and Size on Germination of Rehmannia glutinosa $L_{IBOSCH}$ (Pelleting 소재와 크기가 지황종자의 발아에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Seong-Tak;Han, Jong-Kwan;Joo, Moon-Kap;Park, Chung-Heon;Seong, Nak-Sul;Park, Chun-Geon
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.295-300
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    • 2001
  • This experiment was conducted to evaluate the germination rate according to temperature, pelleting materials, pelleted size, seed storage periods under light and dark conditions in Rehmannia glutinosa. The highest germination rate was obtained from $25^{\circ}C$ in both light and dark condition. Two-year old seeds showed higher germination rate compared to one-year old seed. Talc material showed the highest germination rate among the pelleting materials by 82.5%. Among the different pelleting sizes, the highest germination rate was shown in 2.0 mm, and especially Talc pelleting showed 100% germination rate on 17days after seeding. In case of combination of pelleting materials, both of talc + vermiculite, zeolite + vermiculite showed lower germination rate than the control and 0.7 mm pelleted seed showed the highest germination rate.

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The Effects of the Seed Inoculation, Pelleting, and Liming on the Nodulation and Growth of Lucerne(Medicago sativa L.) (황갈색 고원 토양에 있어 근류균 접종, pellleting 및 석회시용이 Lucerne(Medicago sativa L.)의 근류형성 및 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • 임병기
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.10
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    • pp.79-83
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    • 1971
  • To investigate the effects of seed treatments and liming on nodulation and growth of lucerne(Medicago sativa L.) in an upland yellow-brown earth in N.Z. the five levels of seed treatments(Uninoculated, Inoculated, Inoculated plus lime pelleted, Inoculated plus 50/50 phosphate/dolmite pelleted, Inoculated plus ta1c pelleted), and 2 levels of lime applications (0, 25kg/10a) were compared and their interactions were observed, and then the following results were obtained. 1. In oder to obtain the effective nodulation of lucerne on acid soil it is usually necessary to apply lime and inoculate the seed. 2. The coating of inoculated lucerne seed with adequate materials will promote the nodulation. 3. The pelleting of lucerne seed may be a of reducing the need for the heavy liming. 4. The finely grounded lime was the best to use origin upland yellow-brown earth. 5. When the seed were not inoculated or pelleted with inferior material, liming is very effective for the nodulation and growth of lucerne. 6. The pelleting seed will reduce the laborious work and expenditure.

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Development of Seed Pelleting Technique for Surface Sowing of Alfalfa (겉뿌림을 위한 알팔파의 종자펠렛팅 기술 개발)

  • Kim, J.D.;Kwon, C.H.;Kim, S.G.;Kim, J.K.;Hur, S.N.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.475-480
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    • 2005
  • Surface sowing is one of the most important methods to establish and improve grassland. An interest in seed-coating technique for surface sowing has been increased tremendously in the world today. An experiment was conducted to develop a technique for pelleting seeds for pasture production in woodlands. Results showed that pelleting seeds was a better technique than coating seeds because the pelleting reduced coating time of seeds, and it increased the amounts of coated seeds per hour. The pelleting technique was able to minimize damage to seeds through the lower temperature processing and by reducing time for drying, thus, germinating energy, and germination rate of pelleted alfalfa seeds improved. Emergence, establishment, and early growth of alfalfa from pelleted seeds were also improved in woodlands. Based on this study, we could conclude that the seed-pelleting is a very useful technique for the establishment and early growth of alfalfa in woodlands.

Development of Seed Pelleting Technology for Rice and Cabbage (벼 및 배추종자 Pelleting을 물질채색 및 기술개발)

  • 민태기
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.678-684
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    • 1996
  • Seed pelleting have successfully been used in many crops for better crop estab-lishment and for mechanizing seeding process for small crop seeds in developed countries. In this experiment various pelleting materials and binders were tested to get basic information on the shape, hardness and germination of pelleted seesds of cabbage (cv. Seoul Beachoo) and rice (cv: Ilpoom). PLL-11, paper clay, lime and coal ash were good materials to make smooth shape of the pellets with pel gel and AG-11 as binders, and PLL-ll as material and pelgel and AG-11 as binders were the best among them in consideration of shape and hardness together. The hardness of the pelleted seeds were differed with each other depending on both of the pelleting materials and binders. Pelleted cabbage seeds coated by pelgel as binder with different materials showed lower germination percentge than control in general, but the seeds pelleted by PLL-11 with different binders showed no restraint effects. When the cabbage seed pelleted by PLL-11 with pelgel as binder showed almost same germination percentage as control. The pH and electrical conductivity of the extract from bentonite and zeolite were very higher than other materials tested and germination percentage showed a little lower than control when the cab-bage seed planted on the filter paper damped with the extract. As a result, PLL-11 as pelleting material and pel gel and AG-11 as binder appeared the good materials to make pellets of cabbage seeds and rice in consideration of shape, hardness and germination.

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Effect of Prepriming on Improving Germinability of Pelleted Carrot Seeds (Priming에 의한 당근 Pelleting 종자의 발아성 향상)

  • Lim, Jong-Min;Cho, Jeoung-Lai;Kang, Sung-Mo;Kang, Jum-Soon
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.511-514
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    • 2001
  • Pelleting the seeds often reduces seed germinability. In an effort to alleviate this problem, the seeds of four carrot cultivars were, before pelleting, either solid-matrix primed (SMP) with Micro Cel-E or osmotically-primed with polyehtylene glycol 8000. Some batches were imbibed in 100-ppm $GA_3$ solution. In laboratory tests, pretreatment of the seeds increased the precentages of germination by as much as 50% of the controls, indicating the increase of the germination speed by 1.9 to 4.6 days as determined by the $T_{50}$ values. In field tests conducted in the year of 2000 and 2001, however, effects of SMP were not observed. There was no significant difference between the SMP seeds and the controls of the percentages and $T_{50}$ values. The emergence of the seedling in the field was affected greatly by soil water concentration.

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Improvement of a Rice Seed Pelleting Machine for Direct Seeding in Rice Cultivation(I) - Construction and its performance - (직파용 벼 펠렛종자 제조장치 개선 연구(I) - 장치 제작과 성능분석 -)

  • 유대성;유수남;최영수
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.403-410
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    • 2003
  • To enhance the performance of a rice seed pelleting machine and the quality of rice-seed pellets made, improvement of the rice seed pelleting machine developed previously(Park, 2002) was tried and its performance was evaluated. As compared with the previous pelleting machine, a feeding mechanism of pellet materials to the forming rolls was changed from screw conveyor to hydraulic cylinder for proper feeding, rings were installed among rows of semi-spherical forming grooves on the forming rolls for reducing pellet materials loss and seeds damage, and discharging air nozzles were added for complete discharging of the pellets made. Through performance tests, capacity, pelleting ratio, and seed loss ratio of the pelleting machine were investigated at the mixing ratios of soil to rice seed of 6 : 1, 7 : 1, and 8 : 1, and rotating speeds of the forming rolls of 7 rpm, 10 rpm, and 13 rpm. As results of performance evaluation, pelleting ratios were in the range of 77 ∼ 89 %, and maximum pelleting ratio increased by 18 % in comparison with that of the previous machine. Maximum capacity was about 110 kg/h(about 63,000 pellets/h), which was increased by 70 % in comparison with that of the previous machine. But, ratios of seed loss were in the range of 24 - 49 %, which were not improved.

Comparison of Mash and Pelleting Feed Production Cost (분말사료와 Pallet 사료의 생산비 비교)

  • Park, Kyung Kyu;Chung, D.S.;Behnke, K.;Kim, In Soo
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.3
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 1985
  • In an attempt to compare the mash and pelleting costs, individual production costs of eash mash and pelleting are analyzed. For the analysis, Park's model (1982) are used. According to the results of the analysis, the following conclusions are made. 1. Total energy cost for pelleting is 4 times higher than that for mash feed production. 2. Labor cost for pelleting is 20 % higher than that of mash feed. 3. Capital requirements for pelleting feed mill is approximately 20 % higher than that for mash feed mill when feed mill size is 200 ton/day. 4. Total production cost for pelleting is from 30 % to 50 % higher than that for mash feed when mill size ranges from 100 ton/day to 400 ton/day.

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Selection and Technical Development for Seed Pelleting Material of Codonopsis lanceolata Trautv (더덕 종자의 펠렛팅을 위한 소재 탐색 및 기술개발)

  • Choi, Kyeong-Gu;Lee, Youn-Su;Cha, Kwang-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.130-133
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to select Codonopsis lanceolata seed's new pelleting particulate materials and adhesives. Different adhesives (Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), Polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), Xanthan gum (XG), Arabic gum (AG)) and particulate materials (Illite, Diatomite, Pyrophyllite + Illite + Diatomite (PID), Pyrophyllite + Illite + Talc (PIT), Bentonite + Talc (BT)) were tested for seed pelleting. PID for Codonopsis lanceolata seed pelleting appeared to be the best particulate material. Among the pelleting adhesives, PVP was the best adhesive for seed pelleting, and the optimum concentration for germination of pelleting seed was 1 %. Germination rate of the pelleted seeds treated with PID particulate material and PVP adhesive was higher (86.8%) than those of raw seeds (85.5%). $T_{50}$ and MDG of pelleted Codonopsis lanceolata seed required five and eight days at soil moisture content of 50%, respectively.

Development of a Rice Seed Pelleting Machine for Direct Seeding in Rice Cultivation (직파용 벼 펠렛종자 제조장치 개발)

  • 박종수;유수남;최영수;유대성
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.381-390
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    • 2002
  • Direct seeding of rice-seed pellets is expected to be an alternative for solving problems in current direct seeding cultivation of rice. but mass production of rice-seed pellets is prerequisite for practical application. Design. construction and performance evaluation of an experimental rice seed pelleting machine were carried out for mass production of rice-seed pellets. The pelleting machine intended to make a ball type rice-seed pellet, which have 3∼5 rice seeds and diameter of which is 12 mm. Pellet materials ; rice seeds, soil, and binder were mixed and kneaded by the mixer. The designed rice seed pelleting machine fed pellet materials by screw conveyor to forming rolls and made rice-seed pellets. Capacity, ratio of perfect rice-seed pellets, seed and pellet material loss were investigated as mixing ratio of soil to rice seed and feeding rate of pellet materials. The pelleting machine showed up to 37,000 pellets/h of pelleting rate, 61∼71% of weight ratio of perfect rice-seed pellets to pellet materials supplied, 17∼48% of seed loss ratio. Average weight and average diameter of the pellets were 1.66 g and 12.0 mm. respectively. More than 3 rice seeds were included in most pellets at 6 : 1 of mixing ratio of soil to rice seed. And compression strength of the pellets was in the range of 88-130 N. To improve performance of the pelleting machine, improvements of the forming rolls, feeding mechanism, and discharging mechanism for reducing loss of pellet materials and seeds damage are needed.

Effects of Pelleting Layer Diets on Laying Hen Performance (산란계에 대한 펠렛사료의 급여효과)

  • 이규호
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.39-44
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    • 1997
  • Two experiments were carried out to determine the effects of pelleting layer diets on the laying perforrnance and nutrients utilizability, using either 50-wk-old(Experiment 1) or 80-wk-old (Experiment 2) layers. There was no effect of pelleting layer diets on hen-day egg production and average egg weight but decreased (P<0.05) feed conversion ratio(intake /egg weight) in both experiments. Although both egg specific gravity and eggshell thickness were not influenced by pelleting eggshell breaking strength was improved(P<0.05) only in Experiment 1. Utilizability of dietary fat was improved(P<0.05) by pelleting layer diets with no difference in other nutrients utilizability. There was no difference in the passage rate of mash and pelleted layer diets.

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