• Title/Summary/Keyword: Offsprings

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The Study of Serum lipid Profile and Food Behaviors in Healthy Offsprings of Korean NIDDM Patients (인슐린 비의존형 당뇨병의 가족력을 가진 정상 자녀의 혈청 지질 및 식습관에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, U-Gyeong;Jang, Yeong-Ae;Park, Hye-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 1999
  • This study was to investigate the risk factors for the development of diabetes mellitus on healthy offsprings of Korea non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus(NIDDM) patients. Forty four offsprings who have at least 1 parent with NIDDM and age, sex and body mass index(BMI) matched forty four healthy control subjects were collected for this study. BMI, skinfold thickness, waist/hip circumference ratio(WHR), fasting blood glucose, serum insulin, serum lipid profile, nutrient intakes and food behaviors were measured. There were no significant difference in BMI, WHR, fasting blood glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, triglyceride and daily nutrients intake between offsprings and controls. But skinfold thickness, LDL-cholesterol level and sweety food eating frequency were significantly higher in male offsprings than in male controls. And HDL-cholesterol was significantly lower in male offsprings than in male controls. Although there were no significant difference, offsprings had a overeating habit and ate more confectionery and greasy food than controls.

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The Effects of Family-of-origin Environment and Change of during Their Grow-up Period of Adult Offsprings with Disabled Parents (장애인 부모를 가진 비장애 성인자녀의 성숙 변화 과정에 관한 연구 - 원가족 환경 경험을 중심으로 -)

  • Chong, Hyun-Chong
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.231-245
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    • 2012
  • This study was focused on experience of adult offsprings with disabled parents, and thereby on the evaluation of their family-of-origin environment. Adult offsprings's experience and understanding of the evolution in terms of subjects were explored. This study reviewed the effects of the family-of-origin environment and the analysis of data based on qualititative research depending on Saiki Greig Hill theory. The summary of this is as follows; perception and attitudes about disables parents tended to strengthen the steps 'process of recognition about disabled parents', 'process of escape about disabled parents',' precess of integration about disabled parents'. The alternative programs of the strengthen the steps 'process of integration about disabled parents' should be developed government policy support according to age group, ADL(activity of daily life) support according to disability status and emotional support with a focused on health family support center, public health center, religion meeting. This study was to provided basic material needed to do further research on this issue by identifying the effects of family-of-origin environment on adult offsprings with disabled parents.

Effects of Maternal 5, 10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR) Genotypes, Serum Homocysteine and B Vitamin Levels on Postnatal Growth in Their Offsprings (임신부의 MTHFR 유전자형, 호모시스테인 및 비타민 B군 영양상태가 영아 성장에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Hye-Sook;Kim Young-Ju;Chang Nam-Soo
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.264-273
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    • 2006
  • Elevated maternal plasma homocysteine concentrations have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Serum homocysteine levels may be affected by the MTHFR genotypes and the nutritional status of B vitamins including vitamin $B_2,\;B_6$, folate and vitamin $B_{12}$. We investigated whether postnatal growth measurements were influenced by maternal MTHFR genotypes and their mid-pregnancy serum vitamin B and homocysteine levels. In 130 pregnant women of 24-28 wks of gestation, the MTHFR genotypes, serum B vitamins and homocysteine concentrations were analyzed. Physical growth status was assessed in their offsprings by measuring height, weight, and head and chest circumferences from birth up to 24 months. Serum homocysteine levels were higher in the subjects with T/T genotype than those with the C/T or C/C. Heights and head and chest circumferences of offsprings from the T/T mothers were significantly lower than those from the C/C or C/T mothers only when the serum homocysteine levels were above the median. The mean height of offsprings from the T/T mothers was significantly lower than those from the C/C and C/T mothers. The mean weight and head circumferences of offsprings born from the mothers whose mid-term pregnancy PLP levels were in the lowest quartile was significantly lower than those from mothers in the highest quartile. Heights and head circumferences of offsprings from the T/T mothers were significantly lower than those from the C/C or C/T mothers only when the serum FAD levels were in the lowest quartile. These results suggest that postnatal growth up to 24 months may be influenced by the maternal C677T MTHFR genotypes, and mid-pregnancy serum homocysteine and vitamin B status.

IMPACT OF PARENTAL PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER ON OFFSPRING'S DEPRESSION, ANXIETY, SELF CONCEPT AND PERCEPTION OF FAMILIAL RELATIONSHIP (정신과 환자 자녀의 우울, 불안, 자기 개념 그리고 가정환경의 특성에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Bum;Cho, Soo-Churl
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.54-66
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    • 1998
  • Objectives:This study was to investigate the impact of parental psychiatric disorder on offspring's depression, anxiety, self concept, perception of familial relationship compared with offspring of normal control. In offsprings of parents with psychiatric disorder, this study explored whether their psychopathology, self concept, and perception of familial relationship were influenced by parent’s sex, onset time of parent’s psychiatric disorder and parent’s psychiatric diagnosis. Methods:52 offsprings aged 10-18 years of 39 psychiatric outpatient were surveyed from June, 1997 to April, 1998 and completed several questionnaaire, including Korean from of the Family Environment Scale, Korean form of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children, Korean form of Kovac’s Children’s Depression Inventory, and Korean form of Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale. Their score was compared with offsprings’ of normals. In offsprings of parents with psychiatric disorder, they were compared according to parent’s sex, onset time of parent's psychiatric disorder and parent’s psychiatric diagnosis. Results:The results were as follows:1) Offsprings of parents with psychiatric disorder reported higher level of state anxiety and lower level of the FES expressive subscale than offsprings of normals(p<0.05). But they reported higher level of PHCSCS intellectual & school status subscale and popularity subscale than normals(p<0.05). 2) There were no differences in anxiety, depression, self concept, and perception of familial relationship between patient’s sex. 3) Offsprings less than 3 years old when parent’s psychiatric disorder had developed showed higher level of trait anxiety and lower level of FES control subscale than offsprings more than 3 years old (p<0.05). 4) There were no diferences in anxiety, depression, self concept, and perception of familial relationship between patient’ diagnostic groups(schizophrenia spectrum disorder-mood disoderneurosis). Conclusion:The finding indicated that self reported scale of anxiety and depression showed no significant difference between offsprings of psychiatric patients and offsprings of normals. In offsprings of parents with psychiatric disorder, parent’s sex and psychiatiric diagnosis had no influence on offspring’s psychopathology. But the offspring’s age(before 3 years old) when the parent’s psychiatriric disorder developed had influence on higher level of offspring’s trait anxiety. For further high risk group study, direct interview and evaluation of parent-child agreement or teacher-child agreement will be needed in longitudinal study.

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An Evaluation by TSH Radioimmunoassay on Familial Thyroid Disorders (가족 발생적인 갑상선이상의 방사성면역 측정법에 의한 TSH 평가)

  • Kim, Ji-Yeul
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 1989
  • The occurrence of thyroid disorders is connected with iodine deficiency, defective synthesis or releasing of thyroid hormone and endemicity. Genetic factors are known as a single gene defects, interaction of multiple genes with environmental factors, as well as chromosomal aberrations. Diofnosis thyroid disorders is enforced by I-131 uptake test, thyroid scanning with I-131 or Tc-99 m and serum radioimmunoassays of T3, T4, free T4 and TSH. They were largely classified as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, simple goiter and normal. The pedigree of 58 families was drawn by propositus, and then the correlation between thyroid disorders and TSH levels was analyzed. The results are as follows: 1) The offsprings and their mothers of 15 families were hypothyroidism, THS level was 5 folds for offsprings and 4 folds for mothers in comparison with control group. 2) 13 families were hyperthyyroidism in siblings but their mothers were normal in thyroid function, TSH level of the siblings was lower than control group. 3) Though the offsprings and their mothers of 10 families were similar to TSH level of control group, they are all simple goiter, familial thyroid disorders, in other thyroid function test. The familial thyroid disorders suggested that these transmitted from mothers to offsprings with X-linked dominant or autosomal dominant inheritance.

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A Study on Permanency Planning for Adult with the Mental Disability (성인 정신장애인의 평생계획에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Mi-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.43
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    • pp.106-130
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    • 2000
  • When parents as primary care takers to the mentally disabled adult are no longer taking care of their care-needed offsprings because of their own death or illness, instead themselves. who take care of their offsprings with the mental disability? Therefore, 'permanency planning' is very important for reduction of parents' care burden and social integration of mentally disabled adults. Accordingly, this study aims to find out factors which are related to permanency planning for adults with the mentally disability For the purpose of the study, 192 parents of the adult with the mental illness and mental retardation were conducted a survey regarding type of permanency planning, and its related factors including social functioning level of the mentally disabled, care burden, parents' self-perception of being aged, help from offspring without mental disability, social support, and financial ability. Furthermore, this study examined correlation between these factors and residential planning. Results obtained by the study were as follows: 1) 51% of the parents are having a plan for institution and most parents want other family member to take care for financial planning for their mentally disabled offsprings. 2) As a result of multiple regression for finding out factors which affect parents' permanency planning, social functioning level of the mentally disabled, parents' self-perception of being aged, help from offspring without mental disability, social support, and financial ability were statistically significant influenced factors, which has 23.3% of explanatory power. 3) As a result of step-wise multiple regression, financial ability, parents' self-perception of being aged, and help from offspring without mental disability were the most powerful influenced factors for permanency planning. 4) In case of having a plan for residential types-which are institution and community living-, parents who have a plan for the mentally disabled offsprings' future residence as community living than institution have the offsprings with more social functioning and also have more help from offspring without mental disability. Therefore, this study concluded that welfare policy for mental health and the handicapped which secure various types of community living facilities and income security is strongly needed. At the same time, mental health profession is needed to have more active interest and intervention for permanency planning for their adult clients and parents.

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The Effect of Maternal Dietary Restriction on the Growth and Development of Offsprings (식이제한(食餌制限)이 후손(後孫)의 성장발달(成長發達)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kim, Hyun-Sook;Kim, Sook-He
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.35-46
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    • 1969
  • Thirty female and six male rats aged fourty days were divided into two groups in order to feed them by pairfeeding for 50% dietary restriction in the pair group two weeks interval. Each group contains 15 female and three male rats matched each rat between two groups in consideration of body weight. Two female groups, one fed by 50% restricted diet and other Ad Libitum were divided into four groups each by the duration of dietary restriction during pregnancy: First ten days dietary restriction at 50% level, Last ten days dietary restriction at 50% level, Dietary restriction at 50% level for full period, And dietary unrestriction for full period Urinary total nitrogen and creatinine were determined. The birth weights of offsprings were decreased partial and full period dietary restriction of pregnant rats. There was no significant difference in the litter size of progeny due to the maternal diets. The growth was stunted in offsprings from the mothers fed restricted diet at 50% level for full period of pregnancy. No effect in the body weight gain of offsprings was observed in account of partial period of maternal dietary restriction. The urinary nitrogen of offsprings from eight different groups did not show any statistically significant difference.

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Teratological Study of LBD-001, a Recombinant Human Interferon $\gamma$, in Rats

  • Cho, Sung-Ig;Lee, Eun-Bang
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.301-309
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    • 1996
  • LBD-001, a recombinant human interferon ${\gamma}$ produced by genetically engineered yeast as a host system, was intravenously administered to pregnant female rats (Sprague-Dawley) from day 7 to 17 of gestation at dose levels of 0.35$\times$10$^{6}$ , 0.69$\times$10$^{6}$ , and 1.38$\times$10$^{6}$ I.U./kg/day. As the control groups, hydrocortisone sodium succinate (5 or 10 mg/kg/day) was also similarly administered. Teratological effects of the test agents on fetuses and development of offsprings (F1 rats) were investigated. (1) No significant changes by the treatment of LBD-001 were observed in body weight, food and water consumption, feeding and nursing behaviors, and autopsy of pregnant or lactating mother rats. However, in hydrocortisone sodium succinate (10 mg/kg/day)-treated group, significant decreases of body weight on day 16, 18, and 20 of gestation and food consumption on day 20 of gestation and outstanding atrophy of thymus and adrenals were observed in two rats autopsied on day 20 of gestation. (2) No significant changes in resorption rate, skeletal or visceral development of fetuses, and physical or sensory development of offsprings (Fl) by the treatment of LBD-001 were detected. In hydrocortisone sodium succinate (10 mg/kg/day)-treated group, however, there were significant decreases of body weight of fetuses, delay of ossification, temporary delay of body weights of offsprings (F1) on day 1 and 3 of lactation, and increased tendency of stillborn rate and malformation rate of bone. The results show that LBD-001 at the dose of 1.38$\times$10$^{6}$ I.U./kg/day or less is not teratogenic in organogenesis of fetuses and the development of offsprings (F1). Meanwhile, hydrocortisone sodium succinate (10 mg/kg/day) seems to delay ossification of fetuses and temporarily retard the development of offsprings (Fl).

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PERI-NATAL AND POST-NATAL STUDY OF THE RECOMBINANT HUMAN INTERFERON ${\alpha}A\;(rHuIFN-{\alpha}A)$ IN RATS

  • Lee, Yong-Soon;Kim, Yun-Bae;Kim, Hyun-Su;Cho, Nam-Jin;Yoo, Moo-Young
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 1987
  • A Peri-and Postnatal Study was Carried out to examine the effects of rHuIFN-${\alpha}A$, produced by gene-manipulated E. coli, on offsprings of Wistar rats. The substance was administered intraperitoneally to dams at dose levels of $1{\times}10^5$, $4{\times}10^5$ and $1.2{\times}10^6$ I.U/kg/day during the period from day 17 of gestation to day 21 after delivery. All the pregnant dams were allowed to deliver naturally, and the postnatal development of the offsprings was observed. No noticeable toxic effects and pathological changes on dams were observed, and no detectable variations in postnatal development of offsprings occured.

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BEHAVIORAL TERATOGENICITY OF METHAMPHETAMINE

  • Chin, Kang;Cho, Dae-Hyun;Cho, Tae-Soon
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 1990
  • Pregnant Wister rats were given daily subcutaneous administrations of methamphetamine (MAPT; varying doses ranging from 1.0 to 4.5mg/kg) from days 7 to20 of gestation and teratogenic effects have been determined. The teratogenic effects inducible with orally administered caffeine (90mg/kg/day)for the same durations were used as the positive controls. MAPT doses greater than 2.0 mg/kg have suppressed the rate of maternal weight gain. Some of the offsprings (F1) of the prenatal MAPT treated groups had decreased growth rate and delayed development of physical characters and functional reflexes. The male offsprings of the MAPT treated groups had significant decreases in their spontaneous motor activity but had enhanced conditioned avoidance responses. However, the mating performances of these offsprings were not affected. These results indicated that prenatal exposure of MAPT may induce some behavioral teratogenicity in rats.

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