• Title/Summary/Keyword: Mastitis

Search Result 325, Processing Time 0.196 seconds

THE PHENOTYPIC RELATIONS BETWEEN SOMATIC CELL COUNTS AND MILK CONSTITUENTS OF CLINICAL AND NON-CLINICAL MASTITIS MILK OF DAIRY COWS

  • Kobayashi, S.;Ohtani, T.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.3 no.4
    • /
    • pp.293-298
    • /
    • 1990
  • Pathogen infections or mastitis inflammations usually develop differently on each udder of lactating cow. Although healthy udders will be attacked by the mastitis pathogens or the pathogens from blood in a long term, they would not be always inflamed. Somatic cell counts (SCC) in milk, which is utilized as an index of mastitis diagnosis, and the relation among SCC and milk constituents will have to be examined on each udder individually. Twelve cows of a Holstein cow herd in Nasu Research Station, which were suffering clinical or non-clinical mastitis, were selected, and SCC and milk constituents on each udder milk were measured. The effects of mastitis infection on udder milk components were relatively small except lactose content on udder milks of non-clinical mastitis (SCC< $10.0{\times}10^5$ per ml milk). On udder milks of clinical mastitis, however, high negative correlations were recognized between SCC and milk components. On different sampling days, high contents of fat and protein corresponded to that of total solids.

A Knowledge-Based Mastitis Diagnostic System for Dairy Participants in USA (지식베이스에 의한 젖소 유방염 진단체계 개발)

  • 김태운;이재득
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.93-104
    • /
    • 1997
  • The major economic health problem of dairy cattle is mastitis which can affect 10 to 50% of cow-quarters. This health problem is difficult for many dairy farmers and health advisors to understand, diagnose and control. Without special laboratory testing, most mastitis is overlooked. Estimates of annual mastitis cast per cow vary from $50 to $200. For the nearly 9 million cows in the United States, annual loss to the dairy industry amounts to over one billion. A knowledge-based decision aid has been developed to evaluate mastitis data retrieved electronically from two of nine U. S. regional dairy records processing centers. Heuristic rules to diagnose herd mastitis problems were collected and incorporated into the system from various domain experts. This system information. It allows users to select mastitis control schemes with various degrees of aggressiveness and teaches commonly accepted mastitis control practices.

  • PDF

Efficacy of the AHI Mastitis Detector for the Diagnosis of Bovine Mastitis (전도율측정법(傳導率測定法)(AHI Mastitis Detector)을 이용(利用)한 유방염진단(乳房炎診斷)의 야외적용시험(野外適用試驗))

  • Park, Yong-Ho;Kim, Keum-Hwa;An, Soo-Hwan;Kim, Dong-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.273-278
    • /
    • 1982
  • A total of 136 dairy cows were subjected to test for bovine mastitis by AHI mastitis detector, microbiological test (MT) and California mastitis test (CMT). The results obtained were summarlized as follows: MT indicated that the most important causative microorganisms isolated from mastitic milk were Staphylococcus aureus (59.3%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (16.4%), Streptococcus agalactiae (12.4%) and Streoticoccus uberis (4.4%). In Holstein breed, the critical threshold of electrical conductivity values of normal and mastitic milk were found to be less than $6,900{\mu}S$ and above, $7,700{\mu}S$, respectively. Although there was goad agreement (92.0%) between AHI mastitis detector test and CMT for the diagnosis of bovine mastitis, the diagnostic efficiency of AHI mastitis detector (80.0%) was higher than that of CMT (74.0%) when compared with microbiological findings. In addition, handiness and objectivity of AHI mastitis detector for the detection of mastitic milk suggested that this could effectively be used for the diagnosis of both clinical and subclinical bovine mastitis in field.

  • PDF

Studies on Dignosis of Mastitis by Chlorine Detection in Milk (우유(牛乳)의 Chlorine치(値) 측정(測定)에 의한 유방염진단(乳房炎診斷)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Kyo Joon
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.63-67
    • /
    • 1979
  • In order to investigate modified Hayden test for mastitis test milk Samples from 120 cows (total 470 of quarters) were tested by this method. The tests were performed by different lactation age group, different calving frequency and their total quarters. Comparision of results were made between the modified Hayden method and the California Mastitis Test. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Ratio of results of mastitis test between modified Hayden method and California Mastitis Test was 1.1:1.0. 2. Incidence rate of mastitis in different Lactation age group shown 78.5% in 7 to 9 year group, 50% in 4 to 6 year age group and 37.5% in up to 3 year age group, respectively. 3. Incidence rate of mastitis with calving frequency, were 13.5% in 1 to 2 calving frequency group, 83.3% in 3 to 4 calving frequency group and 63.6% in 5 to 6 calving frequency group respectively. 4. Mastitis ratio between rear quarters and front quaters were 1.7:1.0. 5. It is probable that modified Hayden was more sensitive than the California mastitis test in detecting subclinical and clinical mastitis.

  • PDF

Studies on Staphylococci Isolated from Bovine Udder Infections I. Biochemical Properties of Staphylococcus aureus (젖소유방염유래(乳房炎由來) 포도구균(葡萄球菌)에 관한 연구(硏究) I. Staphylococcus aureus의 생화학적특성(生化學的特性))

  • Park, Cheong-Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.15-21
    • /
    • 1982
  • The biochemical properties of strains of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from cattle with peracute gangrenous mastitis, acute systemic mastitis and chronic mastitis were examined. Of 261 strains of Staphylococci isolated from quarters with clinical mastitis, 140 (53.6%) were classified as Staphylococcus aureus and 121 (46.4%) were coagulase-negative staphylococci. All the strains of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from quarters with peracute gangrenous mastitis and acute systemic mastitis showed production of alpha heamolysin, coagulase, lipase, phosphatase, nuclease and gelatinase, and fermentation of mannitol. However, of 114 strains of Staphylococcus aureus obtained from quarters with chronic mastitis, 64 (56.1%) possessed alpha lysin, and 43 (37.7%) produced lipase in egg yolk medium. The most common hemolytic pattern of the strains associated with chronic mastitis was ${\beta}{\delta}$ type.

  • PDF

Development of Automatic System for Diagnosis of Mastitis in Dairy Cattle (유방염 자동진단시스템 개발)

  • 김명순;김용준
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.242-246
    • /
    • 1998
  • These studies were Performed to provide some basic informations for developing an automatic system in dairy farming in order that the farmers may easily and automatically detect the mastitis. Electrical conductivity of each milk sample was measured by micro-ohm meter and also the number of somatic cell was detected by somecounter. The major microorganisms causing mastitis were also investigated. The rate of infected cattle with mastitis was 33.0% among 2,540 dairy cattle and the rate of infected quarters with mastitis was 13.9 % among 9.660 quarters. When the number of somatic cell was under lost electrical conductivity of the milk was 0.073, whereas number of somatic cell was over $3{\times}10^{6}$, electrical conductivity was increased by 0.167. When electrical conductivity of milk was over 0.073, the cattle was diagnosised as mastitis. The major micmorganisms of mastitis were Staphylococcus spp. (55-60%) and Streptococcus spp. (15-20%).

  • PDF

Characteristics of milk fever and mastitis following different milking method and preventive calcium injection performed during the colostrum period in dairy cattle

  • Jeon, Ryounghoon
    • Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.35 no.3
    • /
    • pp.273-278
    • /
    • 2020
  • The milk fever and mastitis that occur during the colostrum period in dairy cattle cause great damage in the dairy industry by causing a rapid decline in the cattle's health and decreasing milk production. In order to prevent this, gradual milking (GM), calcium injection with gradual milking (CG), and calcium injection with complete milking (CC) methods are used. However, differences in effectiveness between these methods have not been established. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the effects of each preventive method on milk fever and mastitis. The results of this study showed that while there was a significant negative correlation of GM with milk fever and mastitis (r = -0.657, p < 0.05), there was no correlation of CG and CC with milk fever and mastitis. The incidence of milk fever was significantly lower in CG and CC than in GM (p < 0.05) but no differences in the incidence of mastitis were observed between the three groups. No significant differences in the rate of recovery from milk fever and mastitis were observed between the three groups. The recurrence rate of milk fever was significantly higher in CG and CC than in GM (p < 0.05), though no differences in the recurrence rate of mastitis were observed. This study showed an inverse relationship between the incidence rates of milk fever and mastitis when calcium injection was not used during the colostrum period. When calcium injections were used, the incidence of milk fever was reduced without affecting the incidence of mastitis regardless of the milking method, but the recurrence rate of milk fever was increased. The results of this study would be useful for controlling blood calcium concentrations and establishing efficient milking strategy in order to effectively prevent milk fever and mastitis in dairy cattle during the colostrum period.

Bovine mastitis: risk factors, therapeutic strategies, and alternative treatments - A review

  • Cheng, Wei Nee;Han, Sung Gu
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.33 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1699-1713
    • /
    • 2020
  • Bovine mastitis, an inflammation of the mammary gland, is the most common disease of dairy cattle causing economic losses due to reduced yield and poor quality of milk. The etiological agents include a variety of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, and can be either contagious (e.g., Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Mycoplasma spp.) or environmental (e.g., Escherichia coli, Enterococcus spp., coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, Streptococcus uberis). Improving sanitation such as enhanced milking hygiene, implementation of post-milking teat disinfection, maintenance of milking machines are general measures to prevent new cases of mastitis, but treatment of active mastitis infection is dependant mainly on antibiotics. However, the extensive use of antibiotics increased concerns about emergence of antibiotic-resistant pathogens and that led the dairy industries to reduce the use of antibiotics. Therefore, alternative therapies for prevention and treatment of bovine mastitis, particularly natural products from plants and animals, have been sought. This review provides an overview of bovine mastitis in the aspects of risk factors, control and treatments, and emerging therapeutic alternatives in the control of bovine mastitis.

Evaluation of Ascorbic Acid Treatment in Clinical and Subclinical Mastitis of Indian Dairy Cows

  • Naresh, Ram;Dwivedi, S.K.;Swarup, D.;Patra, R.C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.15 no.6
    • /
    • pp.905-911
    • /
    • 2002
  • A study was carried out to assess the therapeutic effect of ascorbic acid in mastitis of dairy cows. The herd with a population of 250-275 lactating cows was screened for clinical and subclinical mastitis for a period of 5 months. Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, eighteen animals each with clinical and subclinical mastitis in one quarter only were selected as study population. Twelve cows (group A) with normal udder and health were also selected as a healthy control. Clinical mastitis cows were grouped as B (n=12) and C (n=6). Cows of group B were treated with ascorbic acid at 25 mg/kg, subcutaneously for 5 consecutive days and intramammary infusion (Ampicillin sodium 75 mg and Cloxacillin sodium 200 mg/infusion) based on antibiotic sensitivity test, till complete recovery. Group C cows received only intramammary infusion till the complete recovery. Eighteen subclinical mastitis cows were divided in group D (n=12) and E (n=6). Cows of group D were treated with ascorbic acid at 25 mg/kg subcutaneously for 5 consecutive days while group E did not receive any treatment. California mastitis test (CMT), somatic cell count (SCC), physical changes of udder and milk were used to diagnose and classify the mastitis. Evaluation of the therapy was based on CMT score and physical changes of udder and milk. Sample size calculation was also performed but was not followed for control groups due to scarcity of cases. Adequate blinding was done when and where required to avoid the biases. Confounding variables like herd, age of the cow, stage of the lactation, season and geographical region were duly considered and adequate blocking was followed. Ascorbic acid was administered in clinical and subclinical cases even after cure considering its immunostimulatory and healing inducing effects. The recovery rate was faster in cases of clinical mastitis treated with ascorbic acid along with an intramammary infusion (group B) than the quarters of group C cows. Quarter wise the average duration/number (3.16${\pm}$0.11 days) of antimicrobial intramammary infusion was significantly (p<0.01) less in group B than that of average duration/number (5.33${\pm}$0.20 days) of group C. Subclinical mastitis cows treated with ascorbic acid showed 83.33% recovery while 16.77% did not respond to treatment till last day of study. Cows of group E (untreated) did not recovered from the mastitis. Subjective parameters viz. swelling, pain reflex of udder and physical changes in milk from quarter of ascorbic acid treated cows (group B) disappeared earlier than that of group C cows. It is concluded from this study that the ascorbic acid might be useful as an adjunct in case of clinical mastitis to get quick recovery with less number of intramammary infusions. High recovery rate in subclinical mastitis quarters of group D cows is appreciable and opens a new avenue to conduct further trials in a larger population in various field conditions. However, the pharmacology of ascorbic acid with particular reference to health of mammary gland needs to be investigated.

Effect of Subclinical Mastitis on Milk of Cross Bred Sahiwal × Jersey Cows: A Biochemical Study

  • Kalorey, D.R.;Kurkure, N.V.;Nigot, N.K.;Patil, M.P.;Pathak, V.P.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.382-383
    • /
    • 2001
  • The experiment was undertaken to study the effect of subclinical mastitis on the biochemical parameters of milk in crossbred (Sahiwal $\times$ Jersey) cows. Subclincial mastitis was judged using California Mastitis Test and graded on a scale of 0 to 2. Twenty six milk samples of each grade were subjected to somatic cell count. Separated milk whey was analysed for total protein, immunoglobulin and trace mineral content. Results indicate linear increases in somatic cell count, total protein and immunoglobulin concentrations in milk with increase in grade of subclinical mastitis. However, copper, zinc, manganese and iron concentration in milk was not affected by grade of mastitis.