• Title/Summary/Keyword: Marine bacteria

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Interactions between marine bacteria and red tide organisms in Korean waters

  • Seong, Kyeong Ah;Jeong, Hae Jin
    • ALGAE
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.297-305
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    • 2013
  • There is increasing interest in the relationships between marine bacteria and red tide organisms. Some bacteria are known to kill red tide organisms, and may be responsible for accelerating the termination of red tides. Thus, certain algicidal bacteria have been proposed for the control of red tides. Meanwhile, many red tide organisms are known to feed on marine bacteria. The roles of marine bacteria and red tide organisms are therefore reversible. In Korean waters, the killing of red tide organisms by algicidal bacteria, and also the feeding of red tide organisms on marine bacteria have been extensively investigated. The findings of such studies may influence the conventional view of red tide dynamics, and also planktonic food webs. Here, we review the species and concentrations of algicidal bacteria that kill red tide organisms in Korean waters, as well as the ingestion rate and grazing impact of red tide organisms on marine bacteria. Furthermore, we offer an insight into the ecological roles of these 2 components in marine planktonic food webs.

Bioactive Compounds Derived from Marine Bacteria: Anti-cancer Activity

  • Kim, Se-Kwon;Hoang, Van L.T.;Kim, Moon-Moo
    • Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.232-242
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    • 2006
  • Bioactive compounds produced by microorganisms have focused on in recent years. In particular, novel compounds showing anti-cancer activity have been isolated from marine microorganisms. In this review, we will discuss on the studies of new bioactive compounds derived from marine bacteria with conjunction to anti-cancer activity. This review will provide an information and source for bioactive compounds showing anti-cancer activity, which were derived from marine bacteria.

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Ingestion rate and grazing impact by the mixotrophic ciliate Mesodinium rubrum on natural populations of marine heterotrophic bacteria in the coastal waters of Korea

  • Seong, Kyeong Ah;Myung, Geumog;Jeong, Hae Jin;Yih, Wonho;Kim, Hyung Seop;Jo, Hyun Jung;Park, Jae Yeon;Yoo, Yeong Du
    • ALGAE
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 2017
  • We explored feeding by the mixotrophic ciliate Mesodinium rubrum, heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNFs), and small ciliates (<$30{\mu}m$ in cell length) on natural populations of heterotrophic bacteria in Masan Bay, Keum River Estuary, and in the coastal waters of the Saemankeum area, Korea when M. rubrum red tides occurred. We also measured ingestion rates of M. rubrum on cultured heterotrophic bacteria as a function of bacterial concentration in the laboratory. The ingestion rates of M. rubrum on natural populations of heterotrophic bacteria (2.3-16.8 bacteria $grazer^{-1}h^{-1}$) were comparable to or lower than those of co-occurring HNFs (10.7-41.7 bacteria $grazer^{-1}h^{-1}$), but much lower than those of co-occurring small ciliates (76.0-462.2 bacteria $grazer^{-1}h^{-1}$). However, the maximum grazing coefficient of M. rubrum ($0.245d^{-1}$) on natural populations of heterotrophic bacteria was much higher than that of small ciliates ($0.089d^{-1}}$), and slightly higher than that of HNFs ($0.204d^{-1}$). With increasing bacterial concentrations, ingestion rates of M. rubrum on cultured heterotrophic bacteria continuously increased, but became saturated at higher prey concentrations over $1-5{\times}10^6cells\;mL^{-1}$. The maximum ingestion rate of M. rubrum on cultured heterotrophic bacteria was 34.4 bacteria $grazer^{-1}h^{-1}$. Based on the present study, it is suggested that M. rubrum may be an important grazer of heterotrophic bacteria and sometimes have considerable grazing impact on natural populations of heterotrophic bacteria.

Marine Bacteria Associated with the Korean Brown Alga, Undaria pinnatifida

  • Lee, Yoo-Kyung;Jung, Hyun-Jung;Lee, Hong-Kum
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.694-698
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    • 2006
  • Several marine bacterial strains were isolated from Undaria pinnatifida (Miyok in Korean). Sixty-six strains were isolated on R2A agar media at $10^{\circ}C$ and identified by a phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences. They were grouped into 10 different sequence types based on the initial sequence analysis of the 5' domain of the gene (approximately 500 bp). Full sequences of 16S rRNA gene, were obtained from one strain in each sequence type and the species-affiliation was determined using phylogenetic and sequence similarity analyses. The results of the analyses indicated that they were closely related to Psychrobacter aquimaris, P. celer, P. nivimaris, P. pulmonis, Psychromonas arctica or Bacillus psychrodurans. These bacteria are marine or psychrotrophic bacteria. Because the sporophytes of U. pinnatifida are cultured on the costal area during winter, the U. pinnatifida-associated bacteria appeared to grow at low temperatures. U. pinnatifida sporophytes can be a good source for the isolation of psychrotrophic bacteria.

Chemotaxonomic Classification of Marine Bacteria on the Basis of Fatty Acid Compositions

  • KANG Won-Bae;SEONG Hee-Kyung;MOON Chang-Ho;LEE Won-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1013-1020
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    • 1997
  • The cellular fatty acids of 47 marine bacteria representing the genus Alteromonas, Arthrobacter, Bacillus, Micrococcus, Pseudomonas, Shewanella, Staphylococcus and Stenotrophomonas were determined by a gasliquid chromatographic analysis. Sixty-eight different fatty acids with 10 to 20 carbon atoms were detected in marine bacteria. Of the eight genus examined, 14:0, 16:0 and i17:0 were detected in all, while i14:0, a15:0, i16:0, and 15:0 were found in most of all. There were significant differences in the fatty acid patterns between Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. Bacteria of Gram positive genus showed relatively high contents of the branched type fatty acids, while the major fatty acids in Gram negative were unsaturated and straight forms. Phylogenetic relationships between marine bacteria defined by the cellular fatty acid patterns represented obvious differences between Gram positive and Gram negative genera, even in respective genus. Therefore, the bacterial classification and identification can be accomplished more easily and rapidly based on the cellular fatty acid profiles than the conventional methods.

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Culture and Identification of Bacteria from Marine Biofilms

  • Lee, Yoo-Kyung;Kwon, Kae-Kyung;Cho, Kyeung-Hee;Kim, Hyo-Won;Park, Jae-Hyun;Lee, Hong-Kum
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.183-188
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    • 2003
  • We isolated and cultured bacteria that inhabited marine biofilms, and identified them by phylogenetic analysis using 16S rDNA sequences. In the marine environment, biofilms cover most subtidal and intertidal solid surfaces such as rocks, ships, loops, marine animals, and algae. The bacteria in most biofilms are embedded in extracellular polymeric substances that comprise mainly of exopolysaccharides. The exopolysaccharides are excreted from multiple bacterial species; therefore, biofilms are a good source for screening exopolysaccharide-producing bacteria. Thirty-one strains were cultured, and a total of 17 unique strains were identified. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rDNA sequences indicated that the 17 strains belonged to ${\alpha}$-Proteobacteria (Ochrobactrum anthropi, Paracoccus carotinifaciens); ${\gamma}$-Proteobacteria (Pseudoalteromonas agarovorans, P. piscicida, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Shewanella baltica, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, V. pomeroyi); CFB group bacteria (Cytophaga latercula, Tenacibaculum mesophilum); high GC, Gram-positive bacteria (Arthrobacter nicotianae, Brevibacterium casei, B. epidermidis, Tsukamurella inchonensis); and low GC, Gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus macroides, Staphylococcus haemolyticus, S. warneri).

Seasonal Distribution and Characteristics of Heterotrophic Marine Bacteria in the Intertidal Zone Near Kunsan of Yellow Sea, Korea (군산부근 조간대에서의 해양종속영양 세균의 계절적 분포와 특성)

  • 이건형;김상진;이원호;이다미
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.331-336
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    • 1990
  • Annual distribution of hiterotrophic marine bacteria and seasonal characteristics were investigated in the intertidal waters and sediments in the vicinity of Kunsan of Yellow Sea, Korea. Annual distribution of heterotrophic marine bacteria ranged from $ 7.5*10^{2}$ to $1.1*10^{5}$ c.f.u./ml in water and from $1.6*10 ^{4}$ to $4.8*10^{6}$ c.f.u.per g dry sediments. As for the morphological distribution measured by epifluorescence microscopy, rod-form bacteria were distributed more than 74% of total observed bacteria during surveying periods. Average biovolume of sampled bacteria ranged from $3.19\;+-\;0.59*10^{-2}$ to $6.19\;+-\;0.76*10^{-2}$ $\mu$$m^{3}$ for coccus-form bacteria. Isolated bacteria showed various utilization of carbon sources such as glucose, maltose, lactose, xylose and arabinose, and showed tolerance at various range of salinity. It was isolated 82 genus in seawater and 114 genus in sediments. Dominant genera were Pseudomonas, Vibrio, Flavobacterium and Acinetobacter in seawater, and Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Vibrio, and Mycobacterium in sediments.

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Antimicrobial Constituents from the Bacillus megaterium LC Isolated from Marine Sponge Haliclona oculata

  • Pham, Viet Cuong;Nguyen, Thi Kim Cuc;Vu, Thi Quyen;Pham, Thanh Binh;Phan, Van Kiem;Nguyen, Hoai Nam;Nguyen, Tien Dat
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.202-205
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    • 2014
  • Three compounds including 7,7-bis(3-indolyl)-p-cresol (1), cyclo-(S-Pro-R-Leu) (2) and cyclo-(S-Pro-R-Val) (3) were isolated from the strain of Bacillus megaterium LC derived from the marine sponge Haliclona oculata. All the isolated compounds showed antimicrobial activity at MIC values ranging from 0.005 to $5{\mu}g/mL$ against Gram-negative bacteria Vibrio vulnificus and V. parahaemolyticus, gram-positive bacteria Bacillus cereus and Micrococcus luteus, and the dermatophyte Trichophyton mentagrophytes. The results suggested that these compounds might have potential to be developed as agents treating dermatosis and controlling vibriosis in aquaculture.

Antibacterial Activity of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma against Main Food-borne Bacteria in Suspensions (유전체장벽방전 플라즈마에 의한 주요식중독세균의 살균 효과)

  • Choi, Man-Seok;Kim, Ji Yoon;Jeon, Eun Bi;Park, Shin Young
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.617-624
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    • 2019
  • Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma is one of the promising next generation non-thermal technologies for food sterilization. The present study investigated the effects of DBD plasma on the reduction of most common food-borne pathogenic bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Salmonella enterica) and sanitary indicative bacteria (Escherichia coli) in the suspension (initial inoculum of approx. 9 log CFU/mL). The bacterial counts were significantly (P<0.05) reduced with the increase in the treatment time (1-30 min) of DBD plasma in the suspension. The D-values (time for 90% reduction) of DBD plasma by first-order kinetics for S. aureus, B. cereus, V. parahaemolyticus, S. enterica, and E. coli were 17.76, 19.96, 32.89, 21.55, and 15.24 min, respectively (R2>0.90). These results specifically showed that 30 min of DBD plasma treatment in > 90% reduction of seafood-borne pathogenic and sanitary indicative bacteria. This suspension study may provide the basic data for use in seafood processing and distribution.

Low Concentrated Nitrogen-Phosphate Removal of 4 Strains of Marine Bacteria Applied to Ceramic Media (세라믹 담체에 적용된 해양박테리아 4종의 저농도 질소-인 제거)

  • Lee, Gunsup;Kim, SoJung;Chung, Youngjae;Kim, Dongguin;Lee, Sang-Seob;Auh, Chung-Kyoon;Lee, Taek-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.4910-4916
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    • 2012
  • Changes of low concentrated nitrogen-phosphate removal efficiency were investigated in 4 strains of marine bacteria applied to ceramic media. Marine bacteria were isolated and identified from Gwangyang bay. Growth rates and removal efficiencies of $NH_3$-N of 4 strains of marine bacteria applied to ceramic media were increased approximately 3 fold and over 30% than control group, respectively. A. hydrophila and P. diminuta had highest ${NO_3}^-$-N and phosphate removal efficiencies, respectively. This results showed that ceramic media is very nice material for improvement of nitrogen-phosphate removal efficiency and isolated marine bacteria may be useful to control nitrogen-phosphate at low concentration in field.