• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korean adult

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A Study on the Opportunity level of Adult Education by Gender and Regions (성별ㆍ지역간 사회교육 기회격차에 관한 연구)

  • Bae Sung Eui
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.37-47
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    • 2005
  • Education has been emphasized as one of tools of realizing social equality, which has its base on the ideology of equal education opportunity. The Opportunity level of adult education is important in the meaning of social equality. but these days It is being inequality. so The objectives of this study were 1) measuring the opportunity level of adult education in Korea, 2) analysing the difference adult education level by gender, regions, 3) making out the gap of the its level by social educational agencies, 4) to suggest the way to improve the opportunity level of adults educations between adults by gender, regions. The followings are the results from the study: Adult education participation level were lower. Adult education participation level per adult education type showed higher participation at private institutes, lower at cultural center of community and school's human and material resources are not properly utilized in adult educational activities. By adult education participation level per gender and location, women have a higher participation level then men, and urban areas have a higher participation level then rural areas. In case of location, environment variables is most explanatory in adult education participation level. To strive for methods to activate school-oriented adult education activities and to develop political solution to ease the resources gaps for adult education investment among regions in order not to deepen environment gaps of adult education between urban and rural areas. For adult education activation, institution and bodies in charge of adult education should expand and discover hardware and develop and distribute software. Also, adult education specialists who operate and manage these hardware and sofeware efficiently should be recruited.

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The effects of adult children's marriage-delay on parents' mental health (자녀의 결혼지연이 부모의 정신건강에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Soon Mi;Jun, Hey Jung
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.131-153
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This study aimed to examine the effects of adult children's marriage-delay on their parents' mental health. Furthermore, this study investigated how the influence of adult children's marriage-delay on parents' mental health could vary depending on the coresidence and employment status of the marriage-delayed adult children. Method: Two waves of Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA) were used for the analyses. Multiple regression models were conducted with 2,938 Korean parents who had at least one child, regardless of gender (aged 33~44). Results: First, adult children's marriage-delay was related to lower levels of parents' life satisfaction. Second, the levels of parents' life satisfaction were low regardless of residing with their marriage-delayed adult children, and the parents who were not living with their marriage-delayed adult children showed lower levels of life satisfaction than parents living with marriage-delayed adult children. Third, only the parents with unemployed marriage-delayed adult children showed significantly higher levels of depression. However, the levels of parents' life satisfaction were low regardless of the employment of marriage-delayed adult children, and the parents of unemployed marriage-delayed adult children showed lower levels of life satisfaction than the parents of employed marriage-delayed adult children. Conclusions: It is necessary to consider the effects of marriage, employment and coresidence of adult children on their parents in order to enhance the mental health of the parents. Also, the effects of marriage-delay on intimate relationships, such as family dynamics, need to be explored more in further research.

Two Polymorphisms of Interleukin-4 Gene in Korean Adult Periodontitis

  • Kang, Byung-Yong;Choi, Young-Kyu;Choi, Wook-Hwan;Kim, Ki-Tae;Choi, Sung-Sook;Kim, Kyungjae;Ha, Nam-Joo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.482-486
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    • 2003
  • Adult periodontitis is a multifactorial disease characterized by multple genetic and environmental factors. In view of the importance of interleukin-4 (IL-4) gene as a genetic factor for adult periodontitis, we investigated the relationship between two polymorphisms (-590 C $\rightarrow$ T polymorphism and 70 bp repeat polymorphism) of the human IL-4 gene and adult periodontitis in the Korean population. Genomic DNA was extracted from white blood cells of 32 adult periodontitis patients and 150 normal controls, respectively. There were no significant differences in the allele, genotype and haplotype distributions of two polymorph isms between normal controls and adult periodontitis group. Therefore, our results suggest that IL-4 gene locus contributes little to the interindividual susceptibility for adult periodontitis in Korean population.

Adult Neurogenesis in Insulted Brain

  • Kim, Byung-Woo;Son, Hyeon
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2007
  • Although there are some questions about the venues of adult neurogenesis, it is undoubtedly accepted that new neurons are born in adult brains. Adult neurogenesis is regulated by a wide array of factors. Insults harmful to brain, such as neurodegenerative diseases, seizure, ischemia and exposure to drugs of abuse, are intricately related to adult neurogenesis. Whereas neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by death or functional loss of specific neurons, recent studies report that they can be accompanied by neurogenesis. In addition, alcohol and drugs of abuse which have been reputed to cause irreversible damage to brain can also generate newly born cells in adult brain. As yet, however, we have little knowledge of the functional significance and roles of adult neurogenesis under pathological settings, not to mention under physiological settings. Accordingly, in this review we briefly summarize the results of studies which focus on adult neurogenesis in insulted brain, instead of trying to draw hurried conclusion regarding the relationship between adult neurogenesis and brain insults.

The 40-year History and Vision of the Korean Society of Adult Nursing (KSAN) (성인간호학회 40년 발전사와 비전)

  • Kim, Yeong-Kyeong;Kim, Boon-Han;Jung, Young-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.514-524
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    • 2011
  • The Korean Society of Adult Nursing (KSAN) was founded in 1971. KSAN is dedicated to the development of nursing's knowledge base and specifically in the area of adult nursing. Other goals are knowledge dissemination, promotion of nursing research and education, and the encouragement and support of nurse researchers, nurse educators and nurse practitioners through forums fostering interactions. With more than 1,100 active members in 2011, this year we celebrate the 40th anniversary of KSAN by lookingback at our past, living our present, and pursuing the future. KSAN has six branches nationwide and is governed by an eleven board of directors. KSAN's conferences, held two or three times every year, offer members opportunities to share creative nursing ideas. The Korean Journal of Adult Nursing (KJAN), our bi-monthly Journal, provides innovative ideas in the field of adult nursing for our members through peer-reviewed articles. It was launched in 1989, listed in the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) in 2011, and strives to publish the best articles. Each issue of the Journal examines current problems and trends in nursing practice, education, and research. On the occasion of our 40th anniversary, we pledge to continue the development of our society in order to meet the needs of our members, and contribute to expand and extend the knowledge base of adult nursing.

A Study About Adult Character Portrayed in Picture Books (그림책에 그려진 성인 등장인물에 대한 연구)

  • Jang, Hae Mi;Hyun, Eun Ja
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2008
  • This study analyzed the portrayal of adult characters in 176 picture books published in Korea by variables of character's external condition(sex, name, age and occupation), type(3-dimensional or flat), conflicts, and image. Standards for analysis of the picture books were devised by the researcher. Results showed that (1) adult male characters appeared much more frequently than female; they appeared most often without names and in order of older, middle aged, young adult. They appeared most often without occupations. (2) 3-dimensional characters appeared much more than flat ones. (3) Adult conflict situations were rare and were mostly interpersonal. They often resolved their conflicts by themselves. (4) The 20 kinds of images of the adult characters were mostly humorous, warm-hearted and attentive.

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A Study on Adult Women′s Foundation Buying Behavior (성인여성의 파운데이션 구매행동에 관한 연구)

  • 심희란;서미아
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.50 no.8
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    • pp.29-41
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    • 2000
  • This study was intended to grasp the actual condition of adult women's wearing foundation garments for the Korean adult women in their 20s to 40s. For this purpose, questionnaire research was conducted for 639 adult women in their 20s to 40s living in Seoul and Kyonggi Province. As for the reason for the purchase of foundation garments, It was found that the highest proportion of the responding adult women would buy brassieres when they were needed because the old ones were threadbare, followed by the purchase of brassiere when they caught their eyes in shopping around. As for the reason for the purchase of girdles, the highest proportion of the responding adult women could buy girdles when they were needed because their old ones were wornout, and next when bargain sale began at the department store or the large shopping center. The highest proportion of the responding adult women thought the source of information on foundation garments as the window display, followed by magazine. The adult women in their 30s collected information on foundation garments through the window display when buying brassieres or girdles. As for the product evaluation criteria of foundation garments, the highest proportion of the responding adult women thought highly of the feeling of wear in brassieres and girdles, followed by dimensions in brassieres and bodily correctability in girdles. As for the place of buying brassieres or girdles, the responding adult women showed it to be the department store. followed by the discount store and the well-known agency.

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The Effects of Adult Attachment on Parenting Stress in Preshooler's mothers : Marital Conflict as a Mediating Variable (유아기 자녀를 둔 어머니의 성인애착이 양육스트레스에 미치는 영향 : 부부갈등을 매개변인으로)

  • Ye, Nam-Hee;Min, Ha-Yeoung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2010
  • This study investigates the effects of adult attachment on parenting stress using marital conflict as a mediating variable for mothers of preschoolers. The subjects were 370 mothers who lived with at least one preschooler in Daegu or Gyeongbuk Province. The collected data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation as well as single and multiple regressions that used SPSS Win 15.0. The results were as follows: (1) The adult attachment by mothers was negatively associated with parenting stress. The adult attachment level of mothers becomes lower as the perception of parenting stress increases. (2) The adult attachment by mothers was negatively associated with marital conflict. That is, the adult attachment level of mothers becomes lower as the perception of marital conflict increases. (3) The effects of adult attachment in parenting stress by mothers was reducing explanation when controlled for the marital conflict. Adult attachment which influenced the parenting stress of mothers was partially mediated by marital conflict. The results of the study imply that to reduce the parenting stress of mothers, there is a need to improve spousal relationships, in addition, there is a need for more active support to improve conjugal relations for mothers whose adult attachment was not stable.

Resource Transfers between Mothers and Adult Children : Financial Resources and Caregiving (어머니와 성인 자녀간 자원이전 : 경제적 자원과 돌봄)

  • Lee, Yun-Jeong;Koh, Sun-Kang
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.137-151
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    • 2011
  • This study examines the condition of transfers between mothers and adult children, analyzing the influencing factors in such transfers. Specifically the study examines the influence of financial transfers and economic resources on financial transfers and grandchild caregiving between mothers and adult children. The sample of 3719 mothers with adult children was extracted from the first wave of the Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Families. The major findings are as follows. Mothers's socio-demographic characteristics are important factors in explaining financial transfers between mothers and adult children. Mothers who have jobs and spouses are more likely to provide economic resource to their adult children than those who don't have. In terms of receiving economic resources from adult children, statistically meaningful factors are mothers' age, labor market participation, marital status, household income, household asset, and children's labor market participation. Especially, labor market participation of mothers and adult children is statistically powerful factor in financial transfers and caregiving.

Association Study between Vitamin D Receptor Gene Polymorphism and Adult Periodontitis in Korea

  • Kang, Byung-Yong;Ha, Nam-Joo
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.145-149
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    • 2003
  • Adult periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease whose etiology is not well defined. Recent studies have shown that vitamin D receptor gene has been a candidate for the susceptibility of adult periodontitis. The purpose of this study is to investigate the frequency of Taq I restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) in the vitamin D receptor gene in nan periodontically healthy controls and 28 adult periodontitis patients. Taq I RFLP in the vitamin D receptor gene was detected by PCR amplification, followed by restriction enzyme digestion and 2% agarose gel electrophoresis. There was no significant difference in the distribution of Taq I RFLP between healthy controls and adult periodontitis group (P > 0.05). Thus, Taq I RFLP in the vitamin D receptor gene may not confer the susceptibility to adult periodontitis in Korean population. However, t allele distributions of this RFLP showed various frequencies among ethnic groups studied. Further studies in other ethnic groups will be required.