• Title, Summary, Keyword: Johnson noise

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THE RANDOM SIGNALS SATISFYING THE PROPERTIES OF THE GAUSSIAN WHITE NOISE

  • Moon, Byung-Soo;Beasley, Leroy B.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2005
  • The random signals defined as sums of the single frequency sinusoidal signals with random amplitudes and random phases or equivalently sums of functions obtained by adding a Sine and a Cosine function with random amplitudes, are used in the double randomization method for the Monte Carlo solution of the turbulent systems. We show that these random signals can be used for studying the properties of the Johnson noise by proving that constant multiples of these signals with uniformly distributed frequencies in a fixed frequency band satisfy the properties of the Gaussian white noise.

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Noise Analysis of Sub Quarter Micrometer AlGaN/GaN Microwave Power HEMT

  • Tyagi, Rajesh K.;Ahlawat, Anil;Pandey, Manoj;Pandey, Sujata
    • JSTS:Journal of Semiconductor Technology and Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.125-135
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    • 2009
  • An analytical 2-dimensional model to explain the small signal and noise properties of an AlGaN/GaN modulation doped field effect transistor has been developed. The model is based on the solution of two-dimensional Poisson's equation. The developed model explains the influence of Noise in ohmic region (Johnson noise or Thermal noise) as well as in saturated region (spontaneous generation of dipole layers in the saturated region). Small signal parameters are obtained and are used to calculate the different noise parameters. All the results have been compared with the experimental data and show an excellent agreement and the validity of our model.

Compensation of the Error Rate for the Non-invasive Sphygmomanometer System Using a Tactile Sensor

  • Jeong, In-Cheol;Choi, Yoo-Nah;Yoon, Hyung-Ro
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.136-141
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    • 2007
  • The Purpose Of This Paper Is To Use A Tactile Sensor To Compensate The Error Rate. Most Automated Sphygmomanometers Use The Oscillometric Method And Characteristic Ratio To Estimate Systolic And Diastolic Blood Pressure. However, Based On The Fact That Maximum Amplitude Of The Oscillometric Waveform And Characteristic Ratio Are Affected By Compliance Of The Aorta And Large Arteries, A Method To Measure The Artery Stiffness By Using A Tactile Sensor Was Chosen In Order To Integrate It With The Sphygmomanometer In The Future Instead Of Using Photoplethysmography. Since Tactile Sensors Have Very Weak Movements, Efforts Were Made To Maintain The Subject's Arm In A Fixed Position, And A 40hz Low Pass Filter Was Used To Eliminate Noise From The Power Source As Well As High Frequency Noise. An Analyzing Program Was Made To Get Time Delay Between The First And Second Peak Of The Averaged Digital Volume Pulse(${\Delta}t_{dvp}$), And The Subject's Height Was Divided By ${\Delta}t_{dvp}$ To Calculate The Stiffness Index Of The Arteries($Si_{dvp}$). Regression Equations Of Systolic And Diastolic Pressure Using $Si_{dvp}$ And Mean Arterial Pressure(Map) Were Computed From The Test Group (60 Subjects) Among A Total Of 121 Subjects(Age: $44.9{\pm}16.5$, Male: Female=40:81) And Were Tested In 61 Subjects To Compensate The Error Rate. Error Rates Considering All Subjects Were Systolic $4.62{\pm}9.39mmhg$, And Diastolic $14.40{\pm}9.62mmhg$, And Those In The Test Set Were $3.48{\pm}9.32mmhg,\;And\;14.34{\pm}9.67mmhg$ Each. Consequently, Error Rates Were Compensated Especially In Diastolic Pressure Using $Si_{dvp}$, Various Slopes From Digital Volume Pulse And Map To Systolic-$1.91{\pm}7.57mmhg$ And Diastolic $0.05{\pm}7.49mmhg$.

Nonlinear Dynamics of AFM Tip with Different Contact Models (접촉모델에 따른 AFM 팀의 배선형 동역학 비교)

  • 홍상혁;이수일;이장무
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.73-76
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    • 2004
  • Tapping mode atomic force microscopy (TM-AFM) utilizes the dynamic response of a resonating probe tip as it approaches and retracts from a sample to measure the topography and material properties of a nanostructure. We present recent results based on numerical techniques that yield new perspectives and insight into AFM. It is compared that the dynamic models including van der Waals and Derjaguin-Muller-Toporov(DMT) or Johnson-Kendall-Roberts(JKR) contact forces demonstrates that periodic solutions can be represented with respect to the approach distance and excitation frequency.

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Pyroelectric Properties of PZT(30/70) Thick film Prepared by Sol-Gel Method (Sol-Gel 법으로 제작된 PZT(30/70) 후막의 초전특성)

  • 송금석;장동훈;강성준;윤영섭
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.1121-1124
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    • 2003
  • PZT(30/70) thick film was fabricated by using 1,3 propanediol-based sol-gel method. Prepared film of pyroelectric property was investigated by Dynamic method of modulation frequency dependence. Pyroelectric coefficient was obtained about 5.0$\times$10$^{-8}$ C/$\textrm{cm}^2$.K. The figure of merits for voltage responsivity and specific detectivity were 3.4$\times$10$^{-11}$ C.cm/J and 5.9$\times$10$^{-9}$ C.cm/J, respectively, because of relative high-dielectric constant and high-pyroelectric coefficient. Voltage responsivity was increased at low modulation frequency and it was decreased at high modulation frequency. Voltage responsivity was maximum 1.84 V/W at 10 Hz. As Johnson noise is dominant, Noise voltage was increased nearly proportional to f$^{-1}$ 2/. Noise equivalent power and specific detectivity were 2.83$\times$10$^{-7}$ W/Hz$^{1}$2/ and 3.13$\times$10$^{5}$ cm.Hz$^{1}$2//W the same frequency at 80 Hz, respectively.

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