• Title/Summary/Keyword: Cubitus valgus

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In vivo 3-dimensional Kinematics of Cubitus Valgus after Non-united Lateral Humeral Condyle Fracture

  • Kim, Eugene;Park, Se-Jin;Lee, Ho-Seok;Park, Jai-Hyung;Park, Jong Kuen;Ha, Sang Hoon;Murase, Tsuyoshi;Sugamoto, Kazuomi
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.151-157
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    • 2018
  • Background: Nonunion of lateral humeral condyle fracture causes cubitus valgus deformity. Although corrective osteotomy or osteosynthesis can be considered, there are controversies regarding its treatment. To evaluate elbow joint biomechanics in non-united lateral humeral condyle fractures, we analyzed the motion of elbow joint and pseudo-joint via in vivo three-dimensional (3D) kinematics, using 3D images obtained by computed tomography (CT) scan. Methods: Eight non-united lateral humeral condyle fractures with cubitus valgus and 8 normal elbows were evaluated in this study. CT scan was performed at 3 different elbow positions (full flexion, $90^{\circ}$ flexion and full extension). With bone surface model, 3D elbow motion was reconstructed. We calculated the axis of rotation in both the normal and non-united joints, as well as the rotational movement of the ulno-humeral joint and pseudo-joint of non-united lateral condyle in 3D space from full extension to full flexion. Results: Ulno-humeral joint moved to the varus on the coronal plane during flexion, $25.45^{\circ}$ in the non-united cubitus valgus group and $-2.03^{\circ}$ in normal group, with statistically significant difference. Moreover, it moved to rotate externally on the axial plane $-26.75^{\circ}$ in the non-united cubitus valgus group and $-3.09^{\circ}$ in the normal group, with statistical significance. Movement of the pseudo-joint of fragment of lateral condyle showed irregular pattern. Conclusions: The non-united cubitus valgus group moved to the varus with external rotation during elbow flexion. The pseudo-joint showed a diverse and irregular motion. In vivo 3D motion analysis for the non-united cubitus valgus could be helpful to evaluate its kinematics.

Clinical Results of Supracondylar Dome Osteotomy for Cubitus Varus and Valgus Deformities in Adults

  • Gwark, Ji-Yong;Im, Jin-Hyung;Park, Hyung Bin
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.229-236
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    • 2016
  • Background: Cubitus varus and cubitus valgus deformities are common complications of distal humeral fractures in children. We evaluated the usefulness of supracondylar dome osteotomy as a treatment option for adults with cubitus varus or valgus deformity developed during childhood. Methods: Ten patients who had received supracondylar dome osteotomy and stabilization with plates to treat cubitus varus or valgus deformity between July 2006 and August 2013 were included in this study. Their mean age at the time of surgery was $36.50{\pm}10.22years$. The mean follow-up duration was $54.80{\pm}32.50months$. We evaluated humerus-elbow-wrist angles (HEWA), improvements in the lateral prominence index (LPI) or medial prominence index (MPI), Mayo elbow performance scores (MEPS), and overall results in accordance with the Banerjee criteria. Results: For the six patients with cubitus varus, the mean postoperative HEWA, mean correction angle, and mean improvement in LPI were $9.72^{\circ}{\pm}3.95^{\circ}$, $27.67^{\circ}{\pm}10.75^{\circ}$, and $6.92%{\pm}3.40%$, respectively. For the four patients with cubitus valgus, the mean postoperative HEWA, mean correction angle, and mean improvement in MPI were $14.73^{\circ}{\pm}2.97^{\circ}$, $11.55^{\circ}{\pm}3.26^{\circ}$, and $11.33%{\pm}6.39%$, respectively. There was no significant difference between postoperative and preoperative mean MEPS. The subjective ulnar nerve symptoms were alleviated in all patients. The overall results were excellent in six and good in four patients. Conclusions: This study suggests that supracondylar dome osteotomy with secure fixation using double plates may be useful in correcting cubitus varus or cubitus valgus deformity, yielding good functional outcomes in adults.

A Study about the Type of Cubits.Genu Angle and the Distance of both Knee Joint in General (정상인의 팔굽, 무릎관절의 형태와 내.외반의 각도 및 무릅관절 간의 길이에 대한 조사)

  • Kim, Keun-Jo;Lee, Cu-Ri;Cheon, Jae-Kyun
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.289-299
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    • 1994
  • This study was researched the general characteristics, the elbow-knee joint form, the varus and valgus angle and the both knee joint distance of the 215 persons form July 1, 1994 to July 15, 1994. The results were as follows : 1. The form of elbow joint was significant statistically in the sex group(p<0.05). 2. The angle of elbow joint was very significant statistically in the age group and sex. B.M.I. group(p<0.001, p<0.01, p<0.01), and the average angle was $9^{\circ}.51{\pm}4^{\circ}.79$(n=215). 3. The angle of Cubitus valgus was very significant statistically in the age group(p<0.001), and the average angle of Cubitus valgus was $10^{\circ}.85{\pm}3^{\circ}.76$(n=187). 4. The angle of Knee joint was significant statistically in the age group(p<0.05), and the its average angle was $7^{\circ}.63{\pm}4^{\circ}.52$(n=215). 5. The angle of Genu varus was significant statistically in the age and sex group(p<0.05, p<0.05), and the its average was $6^{\circ}.92{\pm}2^{\circ}.36$(n=27). 6. The angle of Genu valgus was very significant statistically in the age group(p<0.001), and the its average angle was $9^{\circ}.75{\pm}2^{\circ}.94$(n=149). 7. The distance of both Knee joint was significant statistically in the age group and B. M. I. group (p<0.001, p<0.05), and the its average distance was $2.55{\pm}1.45cm$(n=135).

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Nonconstrained Total Elbow Arthroplasty with or without Radial Head Resection (요골 두 절제 유무에 따른 비구속형 전 주관절 성형술)

  • Kim, Jung-Man;Chung, Yang-Kook;Kim, Yang-Soo;Huang, Seung-Hyun
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.37-41
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : To evaluate the effect of radial head resection on longevity in nonconstrained total elbow arthroplasty, Materials and Methods : The results of 20 cases of radial head replaced Pritchard ERS and 18 cases of radial head excised Kudo elbow was followed for 6 to 16 years, 10.6 years in average. The rate of loosening, osteolysis, radial head subluxation, joint dislocation and valgus deformity were compared between the two groups. Results'There was no exaggerated cubitus valgus in Pritchard ERS group. However there developed one case of delayed subluxation of radial head occurred in 6 years postoperatively, one case of loosening, and one case of sponta- neous fracture of humeral shaft due to osteolysis. In Kudo elbow group,5 cases (27.8%) showed exaggerated valgus deformity with instability. There were one case of loosening and one case of delayed dislocation occurred in a year postoperatively. Conclusion : The most clear feature of Kudo elbow was exaggerated cubitus valgus. However, the ostolysis was developed in both groups and there was no difference in rate of the other complications between the two groups.

Tardy Ulnar Nerve Palsy Caused by Bilateral Cubitus Varus Deformities - A Case Report - (양측성 내반주 변형에 동반된 지연성 척골 신경 마비(1례 보고))

  • Lee Sang Yup;Kim Jeong Hwan;Lee Sang Gug;Chung Chae Ik;Kim Young Hwan;Hwang Sik
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.209-213
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    • 1999
  • It is well known that tardy ulnar nerve palsy occurs with cubitus valgus deformity as a late complication after a nonunion of lateral condyle fracture of the humerus in childhood. On the other hand, cubitus varus deformity often results from malunion of supracondylar fractures of the humerus. However, reports of tardy ulnar nerve palsy in cubitus varus deformity are few. We report a patient with bilateral cubitus varus deformities with bilateral tardy ulnar nerve palsy which was confirmed with EMG. She was treated by step cut osteotomy(DeRosa and Graziano) with sub­cutaneous anterior transposition of ulnar nerve.

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Correlation between Karyotype and Phenotype in Turner Syndrome (터너증후군의 핵형과 표현형간의 연관성)

  • Shim, Ye-Jee;Hwang, Young-Ju;Lee, Kun-Soo
    • Journal of Genetic Medicine
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : In spite of the karyotype and phenotype diversity in Turner syndrome patients, there are few reports about such differences in Korea. We reviewed the data of chromosome abnormalities, clinical manifestations, and comorbidities of Turner syndrome patients in Kyungpook National University Hospital to compare them to the recent hypotheses about sex chromosome gene loci related to Turner symptoms. Materials and Methods : We identified the cytologic findings of 92 patients with Turner syndrome and the clinical findings of 62 patients among them. Results : 54.3 percent of patients had 45,X while 45.7 percent showed other karyotype combinations (45,X/46,XX, 45,X/46,XX/47,XXX, 46,X,del(Xp), 46,X,del(Xq), 45,X/46,X,del(Xq), 46,X,i(Xq), 45,X/46,X,i (Xq)). The Turner symptoms found included short neck, high arched palate, broad chest, Madelung deformity, short metacarpals, scoliosis, cubitus valgus, low hair line, webbed neck, edematous extremities, pigmented nevus, and sexual infantilism. The specific diseases associated Turner syndrome included renal abnormalities, congenital heart disease, hearing defects, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, and decreased bone density. The phenotype of the mosaicism group was milder than that of the monosomy group. In the case of 46,X,del(Xp) and 45,X/46,X,del(Xq) groups, all had skeletal abnormalities, but the 46,X,del(Xq) group had none. In the case of 46,X,del(Xp) group, all showed short statures and skeletal abnormalities, but no sexual infantilism was observed. In the case of 46,X,i(Xq) and 45,X/46,X,i(Xq) groups, they all showed delayed puberty and had primary amenorrhea. Conclusion : It is important to study karyotype-phenotype correlations in patients with Turner syndrome to obtain interesting information about the genotype-phenotype correlations related to the X chromosome.

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Percutaneous Mini-open Reduction for Mason II or III Radial Head and Neck Fracture (요골 두 및 경부 골절의 경피적 도수 정복술)

  • Lee, Jeong-Gil;Koh, Il-Hyun;Kim, Hyung-Sik;Choi, Yun-Rak;Kim, Sung-Jae;Kang, Ho-Jung
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.230-236
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: We wanted to evaluate the result of percutaneous, mini-open reduction for the treatment of Mason II or III radial head and neck fractures. Materials and Methods: 13 patients (8 male, 5 female) with Mason II or III radial head and neck fractures were treated by 1 cm percutaneous mini-open reduction under fluoroscopy. The average age of our subjects was 29 years. Follow up duration was 18 months. Results: Union was noted in all cases. Mean radial neck angulation was decreased from 33.2 degrees to 7.8 degrees. The mean change in angulation between the immediate post-operative and last follow-up was 0.7 degrees. The mean range of motion at the elbow joint was at last follow up, 133.1 degrees in flexion, 7.3 degrees in extension, 80 degrees in pronation and 84.3 degrees in supination. Postoperatively, mean Mayo Elbow Performance Index, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons elbow score, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score were 96.2, 97 and 1.2. Temporary posterior interosseous nerve palsy (1 case) and minimal cubitus valgus deformity (1 case) were noted. Conclusion: Selected Mason II or III radial head and neck fractures can be treated satisfactorily with percutaneous mini-open reduction.