• Title, Summary, Keyword: 치아우식활성검사

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A STUDY ON THE RELIABILITY OF THE OPTICAL CARIES ACTIVITY TEST (광학적 치아우식활성 검사법의 신뢰도에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Cheol-Hong;Lee, Nan-Young;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.615-623
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the specificity, sensitivity, and diagnostic power of caries activity test using LED fluorescence. The subjects of this study were 55 children of $6{\sim}7$ years old. LED light were irradiated to labial or buccal surface of all teeth. Fluorescence from initial carious lesion of teeth illuminated by an LED light was observed through barrier filter and the number of teeth showing lesion, size and position of lesion were counted. Streptococcus mutans colony counting and dDfFtT rate test were also done and their correlation was compared. And then specificity, sensitivity, diagnostic power of optical caries activity test using LED light were evaluated. 1. There was positive $correlation({\gamma}=0.43)$ between LED fluorescence test and Streptococcus mutans count(P<0.05). 2. When visual examination was defined to standard testing method, the specificity, sensitivity, diagnostic power of LED fluorescence test were 100%, 76.1%, and 100%. 3. When dDfFtT rate was defined to standard testing method, the specificity, sensitivity, diagnostic power of LED fluorescence test were 88.9%, 47.8%, and 95.7%. 4. When S. mutans colony counting was defined to standard testing method, the specificity, sensitivity, diagnostic power of LED fluorescence test were 100%, 58.7%, and 100%. Considering the above results, optical caries activity test using LED light could be regarded as a practical method because of its close relationship with microbiological caries activity test.

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A STUDY ON THE CARIES ACTIVITY TEST WITH VISIBLE LIGHT INDUCED BY LASER (가시 레이저 광을 이용한 치아우식활성검사에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Lee, Nang-Young
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a practical caries activity test using laser fluorescence. The subjects of study were 30 children of $7\sim10$ years old. Fluorescence from initial carious lesion of teeth illuminated by an argon laser(488nm) was observed through barrier alter. For evaluation of accuracy and propriety of this method fer caries activity test, teeth with initial caries lesion on buccal or labial surface of children was examined with visual inspection and laser fluorescence. Visual examination for the dDfFtT and the $Cariescreen^{(R)}$ test were also done. The results from the present study can be summarized as follows: 1. Laser fluorescence test could differentiate initial caries lesions more easily than visiual inspection. 3. There was highest correlation(= 0.73) between laser fluorescent test and $Cariescreen^{(R)}$ test and. And also apparent correlation(= 0.66) exists between laser fluorescent test and caries experience measured by dDfFtT.

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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ORAL STATUS AND DENTAL CARIES ACTIVITY ON MENTAL RETARDATION STUDENTS (정신지체 학생의 구강실태 및 우식활성도에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Soo-Keong;Kim, Nam-Soon;Cho, Hong-Kyu;Song, Ho-Jun;Choi, Choong-Ho;Choi, Nam-Ki
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate oral health status, caries-inducing bacterial activity of the mental retardation students, and developing motivation method for improving oral hygiene management by clarifying the relationship between caries-inducing bacterial activity and oral health status of mental retardation students. Caries experience indices, caries susceptibility test, gingival health evaluation, and oral hygiene management and oral health survey were performed. Results were as follows : 1. The DMFT index of disabled students(12 years) was 2.07. 2. The gingival inflammation was occurred more frequently in older ages. 3. There also was a high positive correlation between caries incidences and the results of caries-inducing bacterial activity test especially in deciduous teeth. This result suggested that the Dentocult SM mutans test as a caries activity test is a reliable method for measuring the status of dental caries in mental retardation students. Because it would motivate the mental retardation students to care more actively for their oral hygiene if they learn how much dental caries-inducing bacteria are living in their mouth by observing the bacterial colony on the cultured test strip, it can become a possibly efficient educational tool for the mental retardation students.

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CARIES PREDICTION MODEL USING LASER FLUORESCENCE (레이저 형광법을 이용한 우식유발 예측모형)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Lee, Chang-Seop;Jeong, Yeon-Hwa
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.16-24
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the specificity, sensitivity, and diagnostic power of caries activity test using laser fluorescence. The subjects of this study were 50 children of $7\sim9$ years old. Fluorescence from initial carious lesion of teeth illuminated by an argon laser(480nm) was observed and photographed with barrier filter. Visual examination for the dDfFtT rate and Streptococcus mutans colony counting was done to evaluate correlation with caries activity test using laser fluorescence. Data analysis was accomplished by Axelsson's method. The results from the present study can be summarized as follows: 1. There was positive correlation $(\gamma=0.48)$ between laser fluorescence test and Streptococcus mutans count. And also positive correlation $(\gamma=0.39)$ exists between laser fluorescence test and dDfFtT rate (P<0.01). 2. Positive correlation $(\gamma=0.27)$ between Streptococcus mutans colony count and dDfFtT rate was found(P<0.05). 3. When dDfFtT rate was defined to standard testing method, the specificity, senstivity, and diagnostic power of laser fluorescence test were 44.4%, 85.7%, and 87.8%. 4. When dDfFtT rate was defined to standard testing method, the specificity, senstivity, and diagnostic power of S. mutans colony counting were 77.8%, 92.9%, 84.8%. 5. When S. mutans colony counting was defined to standard testing method, sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic power of laser fluorescence test were 40.0%, 84.8%, 95.1%. In regard to above results, laser fluorescence test considered to be accurate and reliable method for determining caries activity because of it's close relationship with caries susceptibility test and caries experience measurements. And it was also considered to be practical because it would be simple, inexpensive, and time saving method.

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Validity of the New Caries Activity Test using Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (실시간 중합효소연쇄반응 방법을 이용한 새로운 치아우식 활성 검사법의 유효성)

  • Kwon, Doyoun;Kim, Heejin;Nam, Okhyung;Kim, Misun;Choi, Sungchul;Kim, Kwangchul;Lee, Hyoseol
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.354-362
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    • 2018
  • Periogen is a new caries activity test using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of Periogen by evaluating the correlation with dmft, dmfts indices and comparing with Cariview and caries risk assessment tool (CAT). 83 children under 6 participated in this study. Dmft, dmfts indices and CAT were collected through an examination of oral health status. Plaque samples for Periogen and Cariview were collected and manipulated according to the manufactures' instructions. The correlation coefficient of Periogen, Cariview and CAT with the dmfts index were 0.38, 0.56 and 0.66 in each (p < 0.01). The sensitivity of Periogen, Cariview and CAT were 43%, 76% and 95% and specificity were 80%, 72% and 74% respectively. Area under curve under the receiver operating characteristic curves in each method indicated 0.69, 0.81 and 0.85. CAT and Cariview were more effective in evaluation the risk of dental caries than Periogen so far. To be used Periogen clinically, more improvements for higher validity were needed.

Correlation of Caries Experience and Activity between Mothers and Their Children Using a Colorimetric Test (비색법을 이용한 모자간 우식 경험 및 활성의 상관성)

  • Jang, So-young;Lee, Koeun;Song, Je Seon;Kim, Seong-Oh;Lee, Jaeho;Choi, Hyung-Jun
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.162-169
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the validity of $Cariview^{(R)}$, a new colorimetric caries activity test, with $CRT^{(R)}$ bacteria, a conventional bacterial culture method. In addition, this study assesses the correlation between the dental caries experience and activity between mothers and their children. 34 pairs of mothers and their children under the age of 6 years participated in this study with informed consent. After filling out a questionnaire and oral examination, the two caries activity tests above were performed on each subject. In the results, $Cariview^{(R)}$ scores were statistically significant with children's caries experience (r = 0.598, p < 0.01) and showed higher correlation than $CRT^{(R)}$ bacteria scores. $Cariview^{(R)}$ scores showed statistically significant correlation with the number of decayed teeth in both mothers and children (p < 0.05). In both $Cariview^{(R)}$ and $CRT^{(R)}$ bacteria tests, there was no statistically significant correlation between caries experience and caries activity (p > 0.05). $Cariview^{(R)}$ colorimetric test will be clinically useful for predicting future caries risk and establishing a preventative strategy in pediatric dentistry.

DEVELOPMENT OF OPTICAL CARIES ACTIVITY TEST USING DENTAL CURING LIGHT (광중합기를 이용한 광학적 치아우식활성도 검사법)

  • Lee, Nan-Young;Kim, Mi-Ra;Oh, You-Hyang;Lee, Chang-Seop;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.671-679
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a practical caries activity test by fluorescence using laser, plasma light and halogen light. The subjects of study were 45 children of 7-8 years old Argon laser, plasma light and halogen light were irradiated to buccal or labial surface of all teeth. Fluorescence of initial carious lesion from teeth was observed through barrier filter and the number of teeth showing lesion was counted. Visual examination for the dDfFtT, mutans streptococci screening test and Lactobacilli colony counting were also done. Data analysis was accomplished by Axelsson's method. The result from the present study can be summarized as follows. 1. Laser, plasma light and halogen light could detect the initial carious lesions better than visual examination(p<0.05). 2. There was positive correlation between laser(r=0.42), plasma light(r=0.41), halogen light(r=0.39) and dBfFtT rate(p<0.01). 3. The specificity sensitivity and predictive value was showed highest value in laser, but was showed favorable value in plasma light and halogen light. In regard to above results, laser, plasma light and halogen light all considered to be reliable method for determining individual caries activity. And they were also considered to be practical method because it would be simple, inexpensive, and time saving method.

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DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH SENSITIVE MODEL OF CARIES ACTIVITY TEST FOR EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF DENTAL CARIES (치아우식증의 조기진단을 위한 고감도 우식활성검사 모형개발)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Lee, Chang-Seop
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.169-179
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to develop the system which convert the optical difference of teeth texture between intact enamel and incipient caries lesion into shade difference by laser fluorescence and to develop new and simple caries activity test using laser fluorescence. The experimental design of this study consists of three parts. In first part, a new method for the in vitro assessment of changes in initial enamel caries lesion of Bovine teeth using laser fluorescence is tested. In second part, in vivo assessment undertaken. Number of teeth which showed incipient carious lesion on buccal surface examined by laser fluorescence was compared with the caries activity test of $Cariescreen^{(R)}$ test and other oral environmental test of dDfFtT. In third part, new caries activity test measured by laser fluorescence was developed on the basis of above results and evaluated the sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic power. Optical density measured by laser fluorescence was increased as increasing the depth of incipient carious lesion and showed high correlation$(\gamma=0.7015)$ with lesion depth. Optical density showed direct proportion to lesion depth. Linear equation was obtained between the optical density and the lesion depth by regression analysis. The result of caries activity test with laser fluorescence showed high correlation with those of $Cariescreen^{(R)}$ test and dDfFtT examination. Caries activity test with laser fluorescence showed 48% of sensitivity, 52% of specificity, and 45% of diagnostic power on the basis of dDfFtT examination, and also showed 48% of sensitivity, 51% of specificity, and 36% of diagnostic power on the basis of $Cariescreen^{(R)}$ test. In regard above result, caries activity test with laser fluorescence considered to be reliable for caries activity test compared with other oral environmental test. and it was also considered to be practical because it would be simple, inexpensive, and time saving method.

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A Study on Dental Caries Activity Test Targeting Female Undergraduates in Their 20s (20대 여대생을 대상으로 한 치아우식활성검사 연구)

  • Yoon, Mi sook;Youn, Hye-jeong
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.465-472
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    • 2010
  • This study surveyed salivary flow rate, salivary viscosity, and salivary buffering capacity in order to intensively analyze salivary factors among factors of occurrence in dental caries for finding mutually different factors that function in occurrence of dental caries depending on each individual. Even the acid body within dental plaque has great influence upon dental caries. Thus, the comparative analysis was carried out by surveying the hydrogen ion concentration in dental plaque. The following results were obtained in this study. 1. The average decayed teeth in the survey subjects stood at 1.67 piece. The extracted teeth caused by dental caries stood at 0.47 piece. The filled teeth were indicated to be 6.31 pieces. Accordingly, the average permanent dental caries experience teeth were surveyed to be 8.44 pieces. 2. The results according to dental caries activity test method were indicated to be $12.56{\pm}4.15ml$ for the average stimulated salivary flow rate, $3.89{\pm}1.83ml$ for non-stimulated salivary flow rate, $1.49{\pm}0.69$ for salivary viscosity, and $8.51{\pm}2.44$ for salivary buffering capacity. The hydrogen ion concentration test in dental plaque was indicated to be $5.62{\pm}0.50$ for before brushing teeth, $5.23{\pm}0.58$ for 5 minutes after brushing teeth, $5.25{\pm}0.56$ for 10 minutes after brushing teeth, $5.29{\pm}0.62$ for 15 minutes after brushing teeth, $5.34{\pm}0.58$ for 20 minutes after brushing teeth, $5.40{\pm}0.53$ for 25 minutes after brushing teeth, and $5.61{\pm}0.59$ for 30 minutes after brushing teeth. 3. Stimulated salivary and non-stimulated salivary flow rate, salivary viscosity, and salivary buffering capacity were indicated to be higher in group with non-caries than group with caries. However, it was statistically insignificant. The hydrogen ion concentration in dental plaque showed wholly statistical significant in the relationship with people with dental caries under progression. However, people without dental caries were indicated to be higher than people with dental caries. 4. As for correlation between caries activity test methods, the stimulated salivary flow rate had significantly positive correlation with non-stimulated salivary flow rate(p<0.001). Non-stimulated salivary flow rate showed negative correlation with salivary buffering capacity(p<0.01). The hydrogen ion concentration test in dental plaque showed positive correlation according to the passage of time after brushing teeth. However, there was no significant correlation with salivary viscosity and salivary buffering capacity(p>0.05).

Correlation between Caries Experience and New Colorimetric Caries Activity Test in Children (소아에서 치아 우식 경험과 새로운 치아 우식 활성 비색 검사)

  • Cho, Seonghyeon;Lee, Hyoseol;Choi, Byungjai;Kim, Bakil;Kim, Seongoh;Choi, Hyungjun
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.30-37
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    • 2015
  • A new colorimetric test ($Cariview^{(R)}$) using a new type of pH indicator can reflect the acidogenic potential of plaque bacteria. The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between $Cariview^{(R)}$ and the caries experience (measured through the dmft index) of children, and to compare $Cariview^{(R)}$ with Dentocult $SM^{(R)}$. Having obtained informed consent, 135 children less than 6 years old participated in the study. We examined their dmft index, and performed two caries activity tests ($Cariview^{(R)}$ and Dentocult $SM^{(R)}$) according to the manufacturers' instructions. In the results, $Cariview^{(R)}$ showed a moderate correlation with the dmft index (r = 0.43, p < 0.01). $Cariview^{(R)}$ showed a sensitivity of 68.8%, a specificity of 69.2%, and an area under curve of 0.686 in the ROC curve analysis. $Cariview^{(R)}$ had a significant correlation with the children's caries experience and had a slightly better explanatory ability than Dentocult $SM^{(R)}$. Furthermore, $Cariview^{(R)}$ was convenient and easy to use on uncooperative children, and also had an educational effect with its visual colors. It is suggested that $Cariview^{(R)}$ could be used clinically to identify the children susceptible to develop caries and to establish a preventive strategy.