• Title, Summary, Keyword: 중장년

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A Study for the Development of Welfare Program based on the Characteristics of middle-or-old aged Woman Workers (중장년 근로여성의 생활특성에 기초한 복지 프로그램 개발을 위한 연구)

  • Han, Hye-Bin;Chung, Soon-Dool
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.35
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    • pp.375-397
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    • 1998
  • This study is to develop welfare programs based on the characteristics of middle-or-old-aged woman workers in manufacturing industry. 7cities and 2 counties in Kyunggi-Do were selected. for survey considering their accessibility. Total 471 woman workers were interviewed personally and the data has been analyzed using SPSS. First, the findings show that their family structure is characterized by nuclear family and they have school-aged children who need someone else's care, therefore they need child related services to help them such as after school care. Second, they have few welfare facilities in their work and they have never tried to find any outside their work. Thus, it is necessary to prepare welfare programs in their working place. The welfare programs they need most are discount stores, medical service, counseling service, and so on. In conclusion, the welfare needs of woman workers cannot be thought without considering family structure of woman workers, the degree of welfare facilities in the work, and their welfare needs.

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The Structural Relationship Between the Middle Aged Office Employees' Physical·Cognitive, Psychological, and Social Factors and Successful Aging (중장년 사무직 근로자의 신체적·인지적, 심리적, 사회적 요인과 성공적 노화 간의 구조적 관계)

  • Jeong, Hong In
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.27-45
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to identify between the successful aging-related predictive factors and the successful aging in the middle aged office. The predictive factors of successful aging such as subjective health condition, cognitive functions, self-esteem, and social support were confirmed by the existing literature. The population of the study was the middle aged office employees, who are generally defined an age group from 40 to 60. The sample of this study was targeted to employees working at companies registered to securities, KSDAQ, and KONEX in Korea. SPSS WIN 23.0 and AMOS 21.0, and M-plus 6.12 were used for the data analysis. The findings of this study were presented below. First, the result of the structural relationship between the predictive factors of successful aging (subjective health condition, cognitive function, self-esteem, and social support) and successful aging was appropriate as RMSEA=.059, TLI=.932, CFI=.944. Second, subjective health condition and social support were significant variables for successful aging but cognitive function and self-esteem were not significant. Third, social support, which is a social factor, was the most influential among other variables. Based on the results, theoretical and practical implications were presented.

A Longitudinal Study on the Effects of Socioeconomic Deprivations on Depression of middle-aged Single-Person Household - A Focus on the Comparison between Single-person and Multi-person Households - (중장년 1인 가구의 사회경제적 박탈이 우울에 미치는 영향에 관한 종단 연구: 다인 가구와의 비교를 중심으로)

  • Ko, A Ra;Jeong, Kyu Hyoung;Shin, Bo Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.59
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    • pp.55-79
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    • 2018
  • The aim of study to compare the change trajectory of socioeconomic deprivation and depression the middle-aged in the single-person household and that in the Multi-person Household and to confirm the difference between the two groups. It is to examine the Longitudinal relationship between socioeconomic deprivation and depression. To do so, we studied 4,212 single-person household and Multi-person Household cases in the 7th to 11th Korea Welfare Panel Study (2012~2016). To verify the difference between both groups, we go on analysis with the latent growth curve model. According to our analysis, it is confirmed that the socioeconomic deprivation and depression of single-person households is higher than those of Multi-person Household and thus there is meaningful difference between both groups. Also, we reveal that the socioeconomic deprivation of Multi-person Household tends to decease while that of single-person household doesn't decline significantly. Furthermore, it appears that the socioeconomic deprivation is directly proportional to the depression in both groups. This research has meaningful significance in that we discussed in depth the relationship between the socioeconomic deprivation and depression of both groups, suggesting that welfare approach should be needed in the middle-aged in the single-person household.

Efficiency in the Provision of Employment Services for the Middle-aged: an Application of Spatial Analysis Using GIS (GIS 공간분석을 활용한 중장년 고용지원서비스 공급의 효율성 분석)

  • YI, Yoojin;LEE, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.78-92
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to evaluate the efficiency in the provision of employment services for the middle-aged by using spatial analysis in GIS. Based on location information of employment service institutions, we find service areas of the institutions and calculate regional rates of duplication and exclusion in terms of spatial coverage of the employment services. Taking into account potential demand for employment services, the regions with high priority in the provision of the services are identified. Among the regions, those with high exclusion rate of the services are designated as the regions of insufficient service level. Results indicate that Namyangju-si is a representative region of insufficient employment service level. To improve efficiency in the provision of employment services, we suggest to relocate employment service institutions that have been located in a region of high duplication rate such as Siheung-si, Danwon-gu, Gangnam-gu, Songpa-gu into the locality of Namyangju-si.

Association between needs for scaling and oral and general health behaviors in middle-aged people (한국 중장년의 치면세마 필요와 구강 및 전신건강행동의 관련성)

  • Han, Su-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to examine whether needs for scaling are associated with health behaviors in a representative sample of middle-aged Korean people. We examined 5120 individuals aged 40 to 64 years who participated in the Seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed with adjustments for demographic variables and health status. This analysis revealed significant associations between needs for scaling and the following: current smoking, no visits to dental clinics, current drinking, non-oral checkups, and non-use of oral care products. As a result of a subgroup analysis, significant factors differed according to gender. As a result of this study, needs for scaling were associated with identified health behaviors and findings about health behaviors that are effective for maintaining and promoting periodontal health in middle-aged people were confirmed.

A study on Recognition of and Preference for Toy Breeds between Young and Older Generations (청년 세대와 중장년 세대 간 토이 견종 인지도와 선호도에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Yeun-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.8853-8860
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    • 2015
  • This study is to identify recognition of and preference for toy breeds between young and older generations by investigating their understating on pet dogs, difference in pet preference and reasons behind their choice of dog breeds, recognition and preference by toy breeds. A survey was conducted among 137 youths and 60 elderlies in medium/large cities and rural areas. Collected data was processed with ${\chi}^2$-test to see statistical significance. The result showed a significance of p<0.01 in recognition of pet/companion animals and toy breeds, and in pet dog preference and reasons of dog choice, along with p<0.05 in recognition and preference by toy breeds. Thus, this research to provide basic information requires to widely understand characteristics of toy breeds throughout generations due to widespread preference for such breeds and to continue research on change factors in their level of recognition and preference for the right choice when he/she decides to raise a toy dog.

Financial Literacy and Financial Preparedness for Retirement among Middle Aged North Korea Defectors: Using a Path Analysis (중장년 북한이탈주민의 금융이해력과 노후금융준비에 대한 경로분석)

  • Kim, Jeungkun;Kim, Hyo Ju
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.291-308
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors influencing financial preparedness for retirement of the middle-aged North Korean defectors (resettling in South Korea) using concepts of 'financial literacy' and 'financial inclusion'. Those questioned were 100 North Korean defectors of 40-60 years-old residing in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do Province selected by convenience sampling, one of the non-probability sampling. Path analysis is used as a main analysis method. The results of the study show a direct effect in which increased financial literacy resulted in better financial preparedness for retirement among middle-aged North Korean defectors at a statistically significant level. In addition, by boost-trapping method, financial inclusion has its mediating effect on the relationship between financial literacy and financial preparedness for retirement. However, this study shows that influence of financial literacy on financial preparedness for retirement is different across economic statues. The mediating effect of financial inclusion on the relationship between financial literacy and financial preparedness is statistically significant only for the low-income group. Meanwhile, for the above average income group, financial literacy has a direct effect on the financial preparedness after retirement at a statistically significant level. Based on these results, this study suggests practical and policy implementation such as necessity of customized financial education suited to their economic status, development of financial instruments for retirement, introduction of financial social workers to prepare stable old age of North Korean defectors.

Job Preference Analysis and Job Matching System Development for the Middle Aged Class (중장년층 일자리 요구사항 분석 및 인력 고용 매칭 시스템 개발)

  • Kim, Seongchan;Jang, Jincheul;Kim, Seong Jung;Chin, Hyojin;Yi, Mun Yong
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.247-264
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    • 2016
  • With the rapid acceleration of low-birth rate and population aging, the employment of the neglected groups of people including the middle aged class is a crucial issue in South Korea. In particular, in the 2010s, the number of the middle aged who want to find a new job after retirement age is significantly increasing with the arrival of the retirement time of the baby boom generation (born 1955-1963). Despite the importance of matching jobs to this emerging middle aged class, private job portals as well as the Korean government do not provide any online job service tailored for them. A gigantic amount of job information is available online; however, the current recruiting systems do not meet the demand of the middle aged class as their primary targets are young workers. We are in dire need of a specially designed recruiting system for the middle aged. Meanwhile, when users are searching the desired occupations on the Worknet website, provided by the Korean Ministry of Employment and Labor, users are experiencing discomfort to search for similar jobs because Worknet is providing filtered search results on the basis of exact matches of a preferred job code. Besides, according to our Worknet data analysis, only about 24% of job seekers had landed on a job position consistent with their initial preferred job code while the rest had landed on a position different from their initial preference. To improve the situation, particularly for the middle aged class, we investigate a soft job matching technique by performing the following: 1) we review a user behavior logs of Worknet, which is a public job recruiting system set up by the Korean government and point out key system design implications for the middle aged. Specifically, we analyze the job postings that include preferential tags for the middle aged in order to disclose what types of jobs are in favor of the middle aged; 2) we develope a new occupation classification scheme for the middle aged, Korea Occupation Classification for the Middle-aged (KOCM), based on the similarity between jobs by reorganizing and modifying a general occupation classification scheme. When viewed from the perspective of job placement, an occupation classification scheme is a way to connect the enterprises and job seekers and a basic mechanism for job placement. The key features of KOCM include establishing the Simple Labor category, which is the most requested category by enterprises; and 3) we design MOMA (Middle-aged Occupation Matching Algorithm), which is a hybrid job matching algorithm comprising constraint-based reasoning and case-based reasoning. MOMA incorporates KOCM to expand query to search similar jobs in the database. MOMA utilizes cosine similarity between user requirement and job posting to rank a set of postings in terms of preferred job code, salary, distance, and job type. The developed system using MOMA demonstrates about 20 times of improvement over the hard matching performance. In implementing the algorithm for a web-based application of recruiting system for the middle aged, we also considered the usability issue of making the system easier to use, which is especially important for this particular class of users. That is, we wanted to improve the usability of the system during the job search process for the middle aged users by asking to enter only a few simple and core pieces of information such as preferred job (job code), salary, and (allowable) distance to the working place, enabling the middle aged to find a job suitable to their needs efficiently. The Web site implemented with MOMA should be able to contribute to improving job search of the middle aged class. We also expect the overall approach to be applicable to other groups of people for the improvement of job matching results.

Congenital Midgut Malrotation : Radiological Findings (선천성 중장 회전 이상의 방사선학적 소견)

  • An, Jae-Hong;Hwang, Mi-Soo;Park, Bok-Hwan;Koh, Jung-Kon
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.393-398
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    • 1997
  • An accurate early diagnosis of congenital midgut malrotation is essential to prevention of catastrophic effects of volvulus. To evaluate the usefulness of radiologic examinations in diagnosing intestinal malrotation, we retrospectively analyzed radiologic findings and operation records of 17 intestinal malrotation patients, who were radiologically diagnosed. The age range of the patients studied were from 1day to 12years. The presenting symptoms were vomiting, vomiting with abdominal pain, abdominal distention, diarrhea and failure to thrive. The viewpoints of this analysis were the location of duodeno-jejunal flexure on barium meal and cecal location on barium enema. Sixteen of 17 patients, who were radiologically diagnosed, were surgically proven, but one patient with annular pancreas was false positive. In the case of 3 surgically proved patients, malrotation was suspected on barium meal prior to the barium enema, but final diagnosis was determined on barium enema examination. We concluded that a barium enema should be performed on all children with suspected malrotation where the initial upper gastro-intestinal study was normal or suspicious on account of the small incidence of false positive and false negative barium meals.

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