Journal of Hydrospace Technology
- Machinery ＞ Naval Architecture/Ocean Engineering
Volume 1 Issue 1
Simulation of the Flow around and Estimation of The Force Exerted to a Cylindrical Body By the Discrete Vertex MethodLee, Dong-Ki 1
Vortex shedding from a circular cylinder is simulated by means of the discrete vortex method. The shear layer emanating from the separation point is approximated as a sheet vortex which is in turn represented by a sequence of discrete vortices. The strength of these vortices is calculated from the vorticity shedding rate and introduced at a small distance off the side (
$\Theta=\pm\pi/2$) of the cylinder surface in regular time step. Sheet vortex cutting, rediscretization and replacement of vortex by vortex segment are put to use to enhance stability of the sheet vortex evolution. The simulated vortex distribution pattern very well reproduces structure like the Karman vortex street. However, as for the force coefficients, the qualitative properties are correctly predicted but some more improvements are needed for the quantitative accuracy.
Lee, Gyeong-Joong 14
The hydrodynamic problem when the pressurized bag submerges partially into water and oscillates was formulated by Lee(1992), and the solution method was given, In his formulation, however, the compressilbility of air was neglected and the pressure inside the bag was assumed to be constant. In this paper, the formulation was done including the air compressibility and the wall to block fling around phenomenon. The compression process was assumed to be a isothermal process for a static problem, isentropic process for a dynamic problem. And the stability was analyzed for the static problem. Through the various numerical calculations, the forces and the shape of the bag were compared with those of a rigid body case, constant pressure case, and variable pressure case.
Lee, Chang-Sup;Kim, Young-Gi;Baek, Myung-Chul;Yoo, Jae-Hoon 29
This paper describes the procedure to predict steady and unsteady performances of a contrarotating propeller(CRP) by a mixed formulation of the boundary value problem(BVP) far the flow around a CRP. The blade BVP is treated by a classical vortex lattice method, whereas the hub BVP is solved by a potential-based panel method. Blades and trailing wakes are represented by a vortex and/or source lattice system, and hubs are represented by normal dipole and source distributions. Both forward and aft propellers are solved simultaneously, thus treating the interaction effect without iteration. The unsteady performance is computed directly in time domain. The new numerical procedure requires a large amount of storage and computing time, which is however no longer a limit in a modern computer system. Sample computations show that the steady performance compares very well with the experiments. The predicted unsteady behavior shows that the dominant harmonics of the total forces are multiples of not only the number of blades of the forward and aft propellers but also the product of both blade numbers. The magnitude of the latter harmonics, present also in uniform oncoming flow, may reach abort 50% of the mean torque for the aft propeller, which in turn may cause a serious vibration problem in the complicated contrarotating shafting system.
Lee, Jin-Tae;Kim, Young-Gi 41
Flew control devices, such as flow liners, are frequently introduced in a cavitation tunnel in order to reduce the tunnel blockage effect, when a three-dimensional wake distribution is simulated using a complete ship model or a dummy model. In order to estimate the tunnel wall effect and to evaluate the effect of flow liners on the simulated wake distribution, a surface panel method is adopted for the calculation of the flow around a ship model and flow liners installed in a rectangular test section off cavitation tunnel. Calculation results on the Sydney Express ship model show that the tunnel wall effect on the hull surface pressure distribution is negligible for less than 5% blockage and can be appreciable for more than 20% blockage. The flow liners accelerate the flow near the afterbody of the ship model, so that the pressure gradient there becomes more favorable and accordingly the boundary layer thickness would be reduced. Since the resulting wake distribution is assumed to resemble the full scale wake, flow liners can also be used to simulate an estimated full scale wake without modifying the ship model. Boundary taper calculation should be incorporated in order to correlate the calculated wake distribution with the measured one.
Research on the Safety of Ship and Offshore Structure - on Low Cycle resonance of a Sihp in Severe Following Waves -Hamamoto, M.;Kim, J.A.;Kwon, S.H.;Lee, S. K.;Jo, H.J. 57
For the mechanism of ship capsizing, we can generally consider that it\`s caused due to pure loss of stability, parametric oscillation(low cycle resonance) of ship in waves and the broaching phenomena. Among them, low cycle resonance occurs due to the dynamic change of righting arm with respect to the relative position of ship to waves. The dynamic change depends on the encounter period of a ship in following waves. This paper discusses the following items : (1) An analytical expression of GZ curve varying with respect to the relative position of ship to waves, (2) Non-linear equation of motion describing low cycle resonance, (3) The effects of righting arm, stability range and encounter period on low cycle resonance.
Lee, Kurn-Chul;Kim, Jin-Ki;Rhee, Key-Pyo 66
Unknown parameters can be determined by system identification techniques. Extended Kalman filter method was introduced as a real time estimator of hydrodynamic derivatives but it has the problem named the coefficient drift. In this study, 2nd order filter estimates hydrodynamic derivatives in Abkowitz model In order to reduce the coefficient drift, parallel processing is used. The measured state and ship trajectory are compared with the estimated values. Parallel processing of 2nd order filter gives very similar results to parallel processing of extended Kalman filter. Parallel processing cannot not remove the coefficient drift perfectly, but it reduces the estimation error.
Suh, Sang-Hyun 75
Auto-Pilot System uses heading angle information via the position sensor and the rudder device to control the ship's direction. Most of the control logics are composed of the state estimation and control algorithms assuming that the measurement device and the actuator have no fault except the measurement noise. But such asumptions could bring the danger in real situation. For example, if the heading angle measuring device is out of order the control action based on those false position information could bring serious safety problem. In this study, the control system including improved method for processing the position information is applied to the Auto-Pilot System. To show the difference between general state estimator and F.D.F., BJDFs for the sensor and the actuator failure detection are designed and the performance are tested. And it is shown that bias error in sensor could be detected by state-augmented estimator. So the residual confined in the 2-dimension in the presence of the sensor failure could be unidirectional in output space and bias sensor error is much easier to be detected.
Bong, Hyon-Soo;Yoo, In-Sang;Oh, Yeong-Tae 89
The enactment of OPA90 (Oil Pollution Act of 1990) in the USA and the consequent moves by IMO(International Maritime Organization) to introduce new Regulations for the design of oil tankers led the oil transportation industry to undergo a period of big change. This resulted in the introduction of double hull tankers. This paper introduces the design for the 300, 000 DWT double hull VLCC of World-Wide Shipping Agency Pte Ltd. in Hong Kong, which is the first of this type constructed by Daewoo Shipbuilding & Heavy Machinery Ltd.(DSHM). The characteristics of the compartment and structural arrangement of this vessel are briefly described, and the scope of structural analysis is illustrated. In addition, the merits/demerits of different crosstie arrangements are described in the appendices.
Nho, In-Sik;Yim, Sahng-Jun 111
An improved analysis model for material nonlinearity induced by elasto-plastic deformation and damage including a large strain response was proposed. The elasto-plastic-damage constitutive model based on the continuum damage mechanics approach was adopted to overcome limitations of the conventional plastic analysis theory. It can manage the anisotropic tonsorial damage evolved during the time-independent plastic deformation process of materials. Updated Lagrangian finite element formulation for elasto-plastic damage coupling problems including large deformation, large rotation and large strain problems was completed to develop a numerical model which can predict all kinds of structural nonlinearities and damage rationally. Finally a finite element analysis code for two-dimensional plane problems was developed and the applicability and validity of the numerical model was investigated through some numerical examples. Calculations showed reasonable results in both geometrical nonlinear problems due to large deformation and material nonlinearity including the damage effect.
Paik, Jeom-Kee 125
In this paper, three kinds of the existing idealized structural units, namely the idealized beam-column units the idealized unstiffened plate unit and the idealized stiffened plate unit are expanded to deal with the excessive tension-deformation effects. A simplified mechanical model far the stress-strain relationship of steel members under tensile load is suggested. The 1/3-scale hull model for a leander class frigate under sagging moment tested by Dow is analyzed, and it is shown that the excessive tension-deformation is a significant factor affecting the progressive collapse behavior, particularly in the post-collapse range.