Economic Effect of South Korea's Self-Employed Support Policy

정부의 자영업자 지원정책의 경제적 효과 분석 연구

  • Kim, Woo-Hyoung (Graduate School of Technology Management, Kyunghee University)
  • 김우형 (경희대학교 테크노경영대학원)
  • Received : 2017.06.14
  • Accepted : 2017.11.10
  • Published : 2018.04.30


South Korea's percentage of the self-employed still ranks among the highest amid OECD nations and thus is perceived to be a huge burden on the national economy. Accordingly, the government is continuing its support with the expectation that a support policy is needed for the self-employed. However, few analytic studies exist so far on the economic effect of the government's support of the self-employed. Thus, this study analyzes the practical effect of the government's self-employed support. According to the estimation result while determining the sales amount of the self-employed, the labor input, business period, age, gender, prior business preparation period, and the experience variable of the self-employed support policy are shown to be significant. The result of this study provides an important practical guideline on the political factors that should be prioritized when the government politically supports the self-employed.

우리나라의 자영업자 비중은 아직도 OECD 국가 중 최상위에 속하고 있어 국민경제에 큰 부담으로 인식되고 있다. 그래서 정부는 자영업자에 대한 지원정책이 필요하다는 공감대 속에 이들에 대한 지원을 지속하고 있다. 그러나 아직까지 정부의 자영업자 지원의 경제적 효과에 대해 분석한 연구는 거의 없다. 그래서 본 연구는 정부의 자영업자 지원의 실질적 효과를 추정하였다. 자영업자의 매출액 결정식 추정결과 노동투입, 영업기간, 연령, 성별, 사전 사업 준비기간, 자영업자 지원정책 경험 변수가 통계적으로 유의하게 나타났다. 본 연구결과는 정부의 자영업자 정책 지원 시 우선 시 해야 되는 정책요인들이 무엇인지 중요한 실무적 지침을 제공하고 있다.



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