An Analysis of the water balance of Low Impact Development Techniques According to the Rainfall Types

강우 유형에 따른 저영향개발 기법별 물수지 분석

  • Yoo, Sohyun (Graduate School, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Dongkun (Department of Landscape Architecture and Rural System Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyomin (Graduate School, Seoul National University) ;
  • Cho, Youngchul (GS Engineering and Construction Corporation)
  • Received : 2014.12.03
  • Accepted : 2015.04.07
  • Published : 2015.04.30


Urbanization caused various environmental problems like destruction of natural water cycle and increased urban flood. To solve these problems, LID(Low Impact Development) deserves attention. The main objective of LID is to restore the water circulation to the state before the development. In the previous studies about the LID, the runoff reduction effect is mainly discussed and the effects of each techniques of LID depending on rainfall types have not fully investigated. The objective of this research is to evaluate the effect of LID using the quantitative simulation of rainwater runoff as well as an amount of infiltration according to the rainfall and LID techniques. To evaluate the water circulation of LID on the development area, new land development areas of Hanam in South Korea is decided as the study site. In this research, hydrological model named STORM is used for the simulation of water balance associated with LID. Rainfall types are separated into two categories based on the rainfall intensity. And simulated LID techniques are green roof, permeable pavement and swale. Results of this research indicate that LID is effective on improvement of water balance in case of the low intensity rainfall event rather than the extreme event. The most effective LID technique is permeable pavement in case of the low intensity rainfall event and swale is effective in case of the high intensity rainfall event. The results of this study could be used as a reference when the spatial plan is made considering the water circulation.

도시화로 인하여 자연적인 물순환이 파괴되었고 이는 도시 홍수 등의 문제를 야기하였다. 이를 해결하기 위해, 개발 이전의 상태로 물순환을 회복하는 것을 목표로 하는 저영향개발(Low Impact Development, LID) 기법이 대두되었다. 기존의 LID관련 연구는 주로 유출 저감 효과에 집중되어 있었으며 강우 유형에 따른 LID 기법별 효과에 관한 연구는 부족한 실정이다. 본 연구는 수문 모의를 통하여 LID의 물수지 개선 효과를 강우 및 공간 유형별로 정량적으로 평가하는 것을 목표로 하였다. 경기도 하남의 택지개발지구의 한 블록을 연구 대상지로 하여, 개별 LID시설의 모의가 가능한 STORM모형을 사용하였다. 강우 유형은 강우 강도에 따라서 두 가지로 구분하였으며 모의한 LID시설은 옥상녹화, 투수성 포장, 식생수로에 한하였다. 연구 결과 LID의 물수지 개선은 극한 강우 사상보다 낮은 강우강도의 강우에 더 효과적이며 기법별로는 낮은 강우강도일 때에는 투수포장, 높은 강우강도일 때에는 생태수로가 가장 낮은 유출률과 높은 침투율을 나타냈다. 본 연구 결과는 향후 물순환을 고려한 공간 계획 시 참고자료로 활용될 수 있을 것이다.


Grant : 불확실성을 고려한 기후변화 영향 및 적응 경제성 평가 기술개발, 기후변화 영향 및 취약성 통합평가 모델

Supported by : 환경부


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