Studies on Variation of Characteristics in Hanwoo Steers by Pen and Group Size

한우 거세우의 군집크기에 따른 산육특성 연구

  • Ha, J.J. (Dept. of Animal Resource Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Rhee, Y.J. (Dept. of Animal Resource Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Jang, W.J. (Dept. of Animal Resource Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Y.W. (Dept. of Animal Resource Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Shaogang, Li (Dept. of Animal Resource Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Song, Y.H. (Dept. of Animal Resource Sciences, Kangwon National University)
  • 하재정 (강원대학교 동물생명자원과학부) ;
  • 이용준 (강원대학교 동물생명자원과학부) ;
  • 장원진 (강원대학교 동물생명자원과학부) ;
  • 김연욱 (강원대학교 동물생명자원과학부) ;
  • ;
  • 송영한 (강원대학교 동물생명자원과학부)
  • Published : 2009.04.30


This study, tasting 14 months, was conducted to investigate the effects of different pen size and group size on growing-fattening characteristics of Hanwoo steers. Forty-eight, 12-month-old Hanwoo steers($305.8{\pm}32.2\;kg$) were randomly assigned to three groups($35.28\;m^2$; n=4 heads, $70.56\;m^2$; n=8 heads, $105.84\;m^2$; n=12 heads) and reared in separate pens with a constant space allowance of $8.82m^2$ per head from 12 to 21 month of age and then regrouped to 4 heads per pen. A common diet including concentrate(limited) and forage(ad lib) was provided to all the animals. Images of live animal ultrasonic back fat thickness, longissimus muscle area and Marbling score were evaluated in three months interval from 12 months of age using an ultrasound equipment(HS-2000) at the 13th rib and lumber vertebra interface of left side. Significant differences of ADG was found mainly at $15{\sim}18$ month and $18{\sim}21$ month fattening stages(p<0.05). Marbling score(MS) was higher(p<0.05) in 12 heads group when compared with that of 4 and 8 heads groups after 18 months. Animals in 12 heads group had the lowest Average daily gain(ADG) but showed the highest longissimus muscle area(LMA) and marbling score(MS). In addition, Hanwoo steers in 12 heads group obtained a higher quality appearance(HQA) of 82.7% than that of other treatments. The results indicated that Hanwoo steers housed on large group size and pen size decreased their ADG but improved meat quality.

본 시험은 한우 거세우의 군집의 크기가 산육특성에 미치는 영향에 대하여 알아보고자 실시하였다. 일반 사육농가의 거세 비육우 48두를 $35.28\;m^2$에 4두를 배치(대조구; C), $70.56\;m^2$에 8두를 배치(처리구 1; $T_1$), $105.84\;m^2$에 12두(처리구 2; $T_2$)를 배치하여 체중과 초음파 진단장치를 이용하여 개체별 등지방두께, 배최장근단면적, 근내지방도의 분석과 도체 실측치를 이용하여 처리구별 산육특성을 비교하였다. 그 결과를 요약하면, 12두 처리구에서 조사료 섭식량이 가장 많았으나, 21개월령 우방 재구성 후에는 8두 처리구와 12두 처리구에서 섭취량이 낮게 나타났다. 전 기간에 걸쳐 처리구별 산육특성을 비교하였을 경우 육질등급에 중요한 영향을 미치는 근내지 방도의 경우 12두 처리구가 4두 처리구와 8두 처리구에 비하여 높은 경향을 나타냈다. 증체량에 있어서는 12두 처리구에서 가장 낮은 경향을 보였으나, 등심단면적, 근내지방도 등은 높은 경향을 나타냈다. 고급육 출현율에 있어서도 12두 처리구에서 87.4%로 4두 처리구의 62.5%와 8두 처리구 75.0%에 비하여 높은 것으로 나타났다. 이상의 결과를 종합하여 볼 때, 가장 넓은 사육공간에서 사육 된 12두 처리구에서 산육특성이 가장 좋은 것으로 판단되며 우방의 크기와 우방내 사육두수는 한우의 산육특성에 영향을 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 따라서, 앞으로는 육성 기에서 비육기까지의 합사 관리 및 더 나아가 한국형 축사에 적합한 복지형 사육관리에 적절하게 이용될 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.



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