• Title/Summary/Keyword: near isogenic line

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Interspecific Competition of Paddy Rice Isogenic Lines in Plant Type with Some Perennial Weeds (수도초형(水稻草型)의 Isogenic Line과 다년생(多年生) 잡초(雜草)의 경합특성(競合特性) 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, I.K.;Guh, J.O.;Kwon, S.L.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.39-49
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    • 1983
  • By use of three paddy rice lines as the near-isogenic in plant type (Broom, Open, and Spread type in tillering angle), the interspecific competition patterns of rice plants with three important weed species (Cyperus serotinus, Eleocharis kuroguwai, and Potamogeton distinctus) under the three densities of weed standing (0.25 and 50 percent of the rice plants), were observed. Under the experimented conditions, paddy yields were varied more significantly with weed competition descriptions than with plant types of paddy rice. And spread typed rice was more competitive to the detected weed species, however, the broom and spread typed rice were to Potamogeton SP, among others. The result of the clustering analysis of crop-weed competition patterns, estimated by 1-Q mode correlation coefficients, indicated that the first-order component affecting the competition patterns of crop-weed was rather the plant types of rice than either weed species or weed standing densities.

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The Effects of gl, gh and wx Gene on the Grain Yield and Yield Components of Rice Plant (수도의 gl, gh 및 wx유전자가 수도수량 및 수량구성요소에 미치는 영향)

  • 김현구
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.83-109
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    • 1977
  • Isogenic lines for glabrous leaf (gl), hull color(gh) and glutinous endosperm (wx) were used to clarify the effects of the gl, gh and wx gene on the grain yield and yield components in rice plant. Eight genotypes: glgl ghgh wxwx, glgl ghgh WxWx, glgl GH-wxwx, glgl GH-WxWx, GL-ghgh wxwx, GL-ghgh WxWx, GL-GH-wxwx and GL-GH-WxWx were evalutated in the backcrossed $F_2$ generation. Significant effects were measured for gl genotypes on heading date, gh genotypes on grain fertility, and wxwx genotypes on number of panicles per hill and 1, 000 grain weight. The grain yield of straw hull and non glutinous lines were higher than gold hull and glutinous lines. The interaction of three genes, gl, gh and wx was significant for heading date, but not significant in other characters. The average value of isogenic lines which were combined with two recessive genes and one dominant gene were lower and the C.V. value was higher than the isogenic lines which were combined with two dominant genes and one recessive gene in all characters except plant height and number of grains per plant. The average value of isogenic line combined with three recessive genes was lower and the C.V. was higher than the isogenic line combined three dominant genes in all characters measured.

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Genetic Analysis of Seed Size in Watermelon (수박 종자크기에 대한 유전분석)

  • Kim, Yong-Jae;Yang, Tae-Jin;Park, Young-Hoon;Lee, Yong-Jik;Kang, Sun-Cheol;Kim, Yong-Kwon;Cho, Jeoung-Lai
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.412-419
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    • 2009
  • In order to study the inheritance of watermelon seed size, we used six watermelon lines of different seed sizes as parental lines. Six lines include three accessions, 'PI525088' with giant seed (GS), 'Charleston Gray' with big seed (BS), and 'NT' with normal medium size seed (NS), and three near isogenic lines, 'NTss' with small seed (SS), 'NTms' with micro seed (MS) and 'NTts' with tomato seed size (TS) bred by crosses between accession 'NT' of normal seed size and accession 'TDR' of the smallest seed size,. We inspected $F_1$, $F_2$, $BC_1F_1$ (P1), $BC_1F_1$ (P2) populations from the crosses between the adjacent seed size materials like $GS{\times}BS$, $BS{\times}NS$, $NS{\times}SS$, and $MS{\times}TS$, and two crosses between parental lines showing relatively big difference in seed size such as $GS{\times}TS$ and $NS{\times}TS$. Partial single dominant inheritance patterns were observed between $GS{\times}BS$, $NS{\times}SS$, and $MS{\times}TS$ and inheritance patterns based on two genes or more than two genes were speculated between $BS{\times}NS$. A very wide segregation range was observed from the population of $GS{\times}TS$ indicating many quantitative genes involved in the seed sizes. Overall, we speculated that more than six genes are involved in between the biggest and smallest seed size watermelon and three major genes between the normal seed size and the smallest seed size watermelon.

Development of Near Isogenic Lines with Various Seed Sizes and Study on Seed Size-related Characteristics in Watermelon (다양한 종자크기를 가진 Near Isogenic 수박 계통 육성 및 종자관련 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Yong-Jae;Yang, Tae-Jin;Park, Young-Hoon;Lee, Yong-Jik;Kang, Sun-Cheol;Kim, Yong-Kwon;Cho, Jeoung-Lai
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.403-411
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    • 2009
  • We inspected seed sizes of 353 genetic accessions of watermelon to diversify functional utility related to seed size and classified them into six representative groups based on their seed sizes. Each group was named as giant seed (GS), big seed (BS), medium size (NS), small size (SS), micro seed (MS) and tomato seed (TS) from the biggest. As the seed size was getting smaller, decreased seed length and seed width, increased seed number per fruit, and decreased seed weight per fruit were observed, but seed shape did not change significantly. In order to study the effect of seed size on fruit weight and seed germination, we developed three near isogenic lines (NILs) with three different seed sizes, SS, MS and TS, from crossing between two accessions 'NT' and 'TDR', and one NIL with seed size of TS from crossing between two accessions 'S55' and 'TDR'. In the study on the fruit weight of NILs with various seed sizes, NS, SS, MS, and TS NILs produced an average of 6.4, 6.3, 5.9, and 4.2 kg fruits, respectively. The bigger seed types showed the better germination rate. NS type showed the highest germination percentage, while TS showed very low germination percentage. Fermentation treatment for 48 hrs increased the germination percentage on TS type seed, but still remained at a low level. In NS, SS, and MS material, the ratio of embryo/whole seed weight was over 50%, meanwhile that of TS was only 44.4% of which low embryo percentage would be one of the reason of low germination percentage. From this study, we concluded that watermelon has very wide genetic diversity on seed size which is somehow related to fruit sizes and germination rate.

Effective Combination of Resistance Genes against Rice Bacterial Blight Pathogen (벼흰잎마름병 저항성 증진을 위한 유전자 조합)

  • Kim, Ki-Young;Shin, Mun-Sik;Kim, Woo-Jae;Mo, Young-Jun;Nam, Jeong-Kwon;Noh, Tae-Hwan;Kim, Bo-Kyeong;Ko, Jae-Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.244-251
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to identify useful single gene and gene combination resistant to K1, K2, K3 and 24 bacterial blight(BB) isolates (including K3a, HB01009) breaking down Xa3 gene. Xa3, Xa4, xa5 and Xa7 genes were resistant to K1, K2, K3 of bacterial blight pathogen. Against 24 BB isolates breaking down Xa3 gene, Xa1, Xa2, xa8, Xa10, Xa11, xa13 genes were susceptible, whereas Xa4 gene was moderately resistant and xa5 and Xa21 genes were resistant. IRBB7 having Xa7 gene showed resistance responding to 24 BB isolates, whereas IRBB107 carrying Xa7 gene was susceptible to 10 BB isolates and moderately resistant to 14 BB isolates. Near-isogenic lines (NILs) of Toyonishiki and IR24, both possessing Xa7 gene, showed different resistance response against 24 BB isolates according to genetic background. Xa3+xa5, Xa4+xa5, Xa4+xa13, Xa4+Xa21, xa5+xa13, xa5+Xa21, xa13+Xa21, Xa4+xa5+xa13, Xa4+xa5+Xa21, Xa4+xa13+Xa21, xa5+xa13+Xa21, and Xa4+xa5+xa13+Xa21 were resistant to K1, K2, K3 and 24 isolates breaking down Xa3 gene. When Xa3 and xa13 genes were combined with xa5, Xa4, Xa21, resistance response was enhanced compared with single gene lines containg only Xa3 or xa13. Similarly, when Xa4 gene was combined with xa5 and Xa21, resistance response was improved by the gene combination effect.