Development of Near Isogenic Lines with Various Seed Sizes and Study on Seed Size-related Characteristics in Watermelon

다양한 종자크기를 가진 Near Isogenic 수박 계통 육성 및 종자관련 특성 분석

  • Kim, Yong-Jae (NH Seed Research & Development Center) ;
  • Yang, Tae-Jin (Dept. of Plant Sciences, Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, and Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University) ;
  • Park, Young-Hoon (Dept. of Horticultural Bioscience, College of Natural Resources and Life Science, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Yong-Jik (Hana Seed co.) ;
  • Kang, Sun-Cheol (NH Seed Research & Development Center) ;
  • Kim, Yong-Kwon (NH Seed Research & Development Center) ;
  • Cho, Jeoung-Lai (Dept. of Horticulture, Division of Applied Life Science, Gyeongsang National University)
  • Received : 2009.09.21
  • Published : 20091200

Abstract

We inspected seed sizes of 353 genetic accessions of watermelon to diversify functional utility related to seed size and classified them into six representative groups based on their seed sizes. Each group was named as giant seed (GS), big seed (BS), medium size (NS), small size (SS), micro seed (MS) and tomato seed (TS) from the biggest. As the seed size was getting smaller, decreased seed length and seed width, increased seed number per fruit, and decreased seed weight per fruit were observed, but seed shape did not change significantly. In order to study the effect of seed size on fruit weight and seed germination, we developed three near isogenic lines (NILs) with three different seed sizes, SS, MS and TS, from crossing between two accessions 'NT' and 'TDR', and one NIL with seed size of TS from crossing between two accessions 'S55' and 'TDR'. In the study on the fruit weight of NILs with various seed sizes, NS, SS, MS, and TS NILs produced an average of 6.4, 6.3, 5.9, and 4.2 kg fruits, respectively. The bigger seed types showed the better germination rate. NS type showed the highest germination percentage, while TS showed very low germination percentage. Fermentation treatment for 48 hrs increased the germination percentage on TS type seed, but still remained at a low level. In NS, SS, and MS material, the ratio of embryo/whole seed weight was over 50%, meanwhile that of TS was only 44.4% of which low embryo percentage would be one of the reason of low germination percentage. From this study, we concluded that watermelon has very wide genetic diversity on seed size which is somehow related to fruit sizes and germination rate.

수박에서 종자크기가 다른 각 계통들간의 종자특성과 종자크기의 변화에 따른 과특성을 살펴보기 위해 수박 유전자원 353 점을 대상으로 종자의 크기를 조사하고 6가지 대표적인 종자크기 형으로 분류하였으며 종자크기가 큰 순서부터 giant seed(GS), big seed(BS), medium size(NS), small size(SS), micro seed(MS), tomato seed(TS)라고 명명하였다. 종자크기가 작아질수록 종장, 종경이 작아졌고, 종자 모양은 큰 변화가 없지만 과당 종자수는 많아지고, 과당 종자중은 감소하였다. 종자크기가 과중, 발아율, 48시간 발효처리 후 발아에 미치는 영향을 살펴보기 위해 종자크기가 NS형인 수박 계통 'NT'로부터 종자크기형이 각각 SS, MS, TS인 3계통의 near isogenic line(NIL)s과 'S55'로부터 종자크기형이 TS인 1계통의 NIL을 육성하였다. 종자크기가 상이한 NIL간의 과중을 조사한 결과 NS, SS, MS형에서는 각각 과당 6.4, 6.3, 5.9 kg으로 유사하였고, TS인 경우에는 4.2 kg으로 급격히 줄어들었다. 종자크기형이 NS인 계통들에서는 양호한 발아율을 보였지만, TS인 경우에는 매우 낮은 발아율을 보였으며, 48시간 발효처리에 의하여 TS 계통들에서 발아율 증가가 관찰되었지만 여전히 낮은 발아율을 보였다. 전체 종자중에 대한 배와 종피의 무게 비율을 보면 NS, SS, MS의 경우에는 50% 이상의 배 비율을 보였지만, TS의 경우에 44.4%의 비율을 보여 이로 인해 낮은 발아율을 보이는 것으로 판단되었다. 본 연구를 통해서 수박에서 다양한 종자크기의 유전변이가 존재함을 알 수 있었고, TS는 종자크기 뿐 아니라 과중 또한 작은 특성을 가지고 있음을 확인하였다.