• Title, Summary, Keyword: lL-4 polymorphism

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A study on the correlation between Sasang constitution and IL-4 polymorphism (사상체질과 아토피성 질환 유전자의 다형성(IL-4 polymorphism)에 관한 연관성 연구)

  • Kim, Hee-Jeong;Hong, Jeong-Mi;Yoon, Yoo-Sik;Koh, Byung-Hee;Choi, Sun-Mi;Kim, Sun-Hyung
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.98-105
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    • 2002
  • Purpose This study was carried out to investigate the correlation between Sasang constitution and lL-4 polymorphism of Atopy gene. Methods 1. We have selected 165 cases of DNA samples from individuals with proven history of Atopy symptom and Sasang constitution. 2. The lL-4 589C-T polymorphism was genotyped by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Result They were divided six groups as the history of atopy and age. There is no group shown statistical correlation in the result of constitutional lL-4 polymorphism typing. Conclusion 1. In the total groups, lL-4 polymorphism(589C-T change of 5q31-33 position) were noted 0.727 on Soumin, 0.790 on Soyangin and 0.809 on Taeumin. It was larger on Taeumin, but there is no stastical difference between. 2. In the Atopy groups, lL-4 polymorphism(589C-T change of 5q31-33 position) were noted 0.682 on Soyangin, 0.750 on Taeumin and 0.807 on Soumin. It was larger on Soumin, but there is no stastical difference between constitution.

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Serotonin Transporter-Linked Promoter Region Polymorphism and Personality Traits in a Korean Female Population (한국 여성에서 5-HTTLPR 유전자 다형성과 성격특성의 연관성)

  • Lee, Seung Min;Choi, Jong Hyuck;Ham, Byung Joo;Lee, So Hee
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.268-273
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : Findings from behavioral genetics which demonstrate the high heritability of personality traits have stimulated the search for the specific genes underlying personality. A large number of association studies have investigated a correlation between serotonin transporter-linked promoter region(5-HTTLPR) polymorphism and personality traits but the results have been inconsistent. So, the aim of this study is to investigate in a large sample with homogenous background about ethnicity, gender, occupation, and age. Methods : The participants included 247 healthy Korean female adults(mean age=23.12, SD=3.22)with no history of psychiatric disorders and other physical illnesses. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood, and genotyping was performed by PCR. Personality assessment was done with the Temperament and Character Inventory(TCI). Results : Genotype Frequencies are l/l 3.6%, l/s 32.8% and s/s 63.6%(l allele:20%, s allele:80%). This low frequency of the l allele and l/l genotype was different from Caucasian results. No significant association was observed between 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and personality traits in a Korean female population. Conclusions : This study investigated the association between 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and personality traits in Korean female subjects, a large sample with homogeneous background about ethnicity, gender, occupation, and age. No significant association was observed between 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and personality traits in a Korean female population.

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The Relative Identification of C. officinale and L. chuanxiong by PCR-Mediated Fingerprinting (천궁류(川芎類) 한약재의 유전자 감식 연구)

  • Choi, Ho-Young;Kim, Dong-Wook;Kim, Dong-Eun;Suh, Young-Bae;Ham, In-Hye
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.151-161
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : Our research purpose is to establish the standard identification analysis on C. officinale and L. chuanxiong in Korea and China by PCR-mediated fingerprinting. Methods : The Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) and Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) method was used on Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) regions and rbcL regions to compare and discriminate genes extracted from crude drugs as C. officinale and L. chuanxiong in Korea and China. Results : L. chuanxiong Korea and China have very similar polymorphism, whereas L. chuanxiong in Korea and C. officinale have very different polymorphism in RFLP. And restriction enzymes AluI and SacI forms the specific fragment band only in C. officinale, they can be used as RFLP marker on ITS regions to discriminate among the species. Conclusions : The results could be applied in discriminating crude drugs among C. officinale and L. chuanxiong in Korea and China. Also they could be used in controlling drug quality, preserving medicinal plants, and improving plant description.

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Association of Serotonin 1A Receptor Polymorphism with Variation in Health-Related Quality of Life in Korean Hemodialysis Patients

  • Park, Hyeong Cheon;Park, Sunyoung;Choi, Hoon Young;Lee, Jung Eun;Park, Hae Yeul;Kim, Seok-hyung;Ha, Sung Kyu;Seok, Jeong-Ho
    • Psychiatry investigation
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.506-512
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    • 2017
  • Objective Hemodialysis patients may have psychological distress and reduced quality of life (QoL) related to chronic physical health problems. Genetic polymorphisms associated with reduced QoL in hemodialysis patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between genetic polymorphisms and variation in health-related QoL in Korean hemodialysis patients. Methods The 36-item Short-Form Health Survey and the Korean Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used to assess health-related QoL and psychological distress, respectively. Twenty hundred and five clinically stable patients from 6 hemodialysis centers have participated with informed consents. Sociodemographic factors, clinical factors, and genotypes of serotonin 1A receptor, brain-derived neurotrophic factors, and glucocorticoid receptor were assessed. Independent t-tests, correlation analyses, multiple regression analyses were performed for statistical analyses. Results The serotonin 1A receptor CC genotype group showed significantly higher physical and mental QoL levels than those with the GG/GC genotypes. In the final linear regression analysis, serotonin 1A receptor CC genotype was significantly associated with positive physical and mental QoL levels. Conclusion Serotonin 1A receptor polymorphism, as well as age and depression, were significantly associated with mental and physical QoL in hemodialysis patients. Functional activity in the serotonin receptor system may have a modulating effect on health-related QoL in hemodialysis patients.

The Serotonin Transporter Gene Polymorphism in Korean Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Children (한국인 주의력결핍-과잉행동장애 아동의 세로토닌 수송체 유전자 다형성)

  • Cho, Soo-Churl;Son, Jung-Woo;Kim, Boong-Nyun;Kim, Jae-Won;Yoo, Hee-Jeong;Hwang, Jun-Won;Cho, Dae-Yeon;Chung, Un-Sun;Park, Tae-Won
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate the association between Korean ADHD patients and the l/s polymorphism of serotonin transporter(5-HTTLPR). Methods : The study sample consisted of 189 Korean ADHD children diagnosed by Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version-Korean Version(K-SADS-PL), both parents of ADHD children, and 150 normal children. DNA were extracted from the blood of all samples, and genotyping was done. Based on the allele and genotype information, not only the case-control analysis between ADHD and normal children but also the family-based association test among ADHD children and their parents. Transmission disequilibrium test(TDT) were performed for family-based associated test(number of trio=113). The results of the clinical rating and neuropsychological tests were compared according to the l/s genotype of ADHD children. Results : In case-control analysis, there were no statistically significant difference of l/s gene polymorphism between ADHD and normal children in various kinds of analysis condition. In family-based association study, TDT failed to detect linkage disequilibrium between l/s gene polymorphism and ADHD in whole ADHD families. However, in the families of ADHD inattentive type only(number of trio=23), I allele was transmitted more preferentially in the proband with ADHD even if the number of families was small(${\chi}^2$=4.57, p=.032). In the analysis of the results from the clinical scales and neuropsychological tests in ADHD children, the score of the Novelty- Seeking of ADHD children with l/l genotype was significantly lower than with the other genotypes(F=3.15, p=.047), and that of Self Transcendence was significantly higher(F=4.25, p=.017). Conclusion : The results of this study suggest there were no significant genetic association between the 5- HTTLPR gene polymorphism and Korean ADHD.

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Association of Antipsychotic-Induced QTc Prolongation with 5-HTTLPR (항정신병약물로 인한 QTc 지연과 5-HTTLPR의 연관성)

  • Seo, Beom-Joo;Rhee, Jung-Goo;Park, Sung-Woo;Kong, Bo-Geum;Chung, Do-Oun;Kim, Young-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.49-53
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    • 2004
  • Objective:A Comparison of QTc prolongation for various antipsychotics and an analysis of QTc prolongation for the various types of serotonin transporter polymorphism were performed. Method:EKG was checked, followed by QTc measurement as Bazett's correction, and the serotonin transporter polymorphism was examined in 110 chronic schizophrenia patients were performed EKG before 24 weeks ago. We defiened QTc prolongation as over 450ms. The risk factor of sudden cardiac death were defiend as QTc prolongation and or 60ms in delta value. Result:The prevalence of QTc prolongation in this study was 7.3%, and the prevalence of over 60ms was 4.5%. Patients who had the risk factors were 10(9.1%). 6/52 who prescribed atypical antipsychotics and 2/58 who prescribed haloperidol showed QTc prolongation. The prevalence who had the risk factor of sudden cardiac death were 16% in atypical antipsychotics group, 3.4% in haloperidol group. QTc prolongation were observed more frequently in l/l type than s/s type. l allele frequency were 50% in QTc prolongated group, 19% in not prolongated group. l allele had an association with QTc prolongation(p<0.01). Conclusion:The prevalence of QTc prolongatin was frequent in chronic schizophrenia patients who were prescribed atypical antipsychotics. It has strong association with l allele of 5-HTTLPR.

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Contribution of Thymidylate Synthase Enhancer Region (TSER) Polymorphism to Total Plasma Homocysteine Levels in Korean Patients with Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion (한국인의 반복자연유산 환자에서 Thymidylate Synthase Enhancer Region (TSER) 돌연변이형의 혈중 호모시스테인 양과의 관련성)

  • Choi, Yoon-Kyung;Kang, Myung-Seo;Kim, Nam-Keun;Kim, Sun-Hee;Choi, Dong-Hee;An, Myung-Ok;Lee, Su-Man
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.183-190
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    • 2004
  • Objectives: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mutation are commonly associated with hyperhomocysteinemia, and through their defects in homocysteine metabolism, they have been implicated as a risk factor for recurrent spontaneous abortion. Recent report describe that 28-bp tandem repeat polymorphism in thymidylate synthase enhancer region (TSER) that influence enzyme activity would affect plasma homocysteine level. We have investigated the relationship between TSER genotype and plasma homocysteine level in 54 patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion. Methods: Plasma homocysteine level was measured by fluorescent polarizing immunoassay. MTHFR mutation (C677T and A1298C) was identified by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay and TSER mutation was analyzed by PCR method. The data were analyzed using the program SAS 8.2 for Windows. Results: Total homocysteine level was significantly higher in MTHFR 677TT genotype ($9.80{\pm}3.87{\mu}mol/L$) than MTHFR 677CC genotype ($8.14{\pm}1.74{\mu}mol/L$) in Korean patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (p=0.0143). However, the plasma homocysteine level was not significantly different in the MTHFR 1298AA ($8.42{\pm}2.65{\mu}mol/L$) and 1298CC ($6.09{\pm}0.32{\mu}mol/L$; p=0.2058) and, TSER 2R2R ($8.61{\pm}1.68{\mu}mol/L$) and 3R3R ($8.05{\pm}2.81{\mu}mol/L$; p=0.9319) mutant genotypes, respectively. In this study, we found the combination effects of TSER and MTHFR C677T genotypes. Plasma homocysteine levels were the highest ($11.47{\pm}4.66{\mu}mol/L$) in individuals with TSER 3R3R ($8.05{\pm}2.81{\mu}mol/L$) and MTHFR 677TT ($9.80{\pm}3.87{\mu}mol/L$) genotypes. Individuals with a combination of both TSER 2R2R/2R3R and MTHFR 677CC/CT genotypes ($7.69{\pm}1.77{\mu}mol/L$) had lower plasma homocysteine levels than TSER 2R2R ($8.61{\pm}1.68{\mu}mol/L$) and MTHR 677CC ($8.14{\pm}1.74{\mu}mol/L$) genotypes, respectively. The effect of MTHFR polymorphism in the homocysteine metabolism appears to be stronger than that of TSER polymorphism. Conclusion: Although statistically not significant, we found the elevated level of plasma homocysteine in combined genotypes with TSER and MTHFR (C677T and A1298C) in Korean patients with unexplained habitual abortion. In this study, we reported the possibility that TSER polymorphism is a genetic determinant of plasma homocysteine levels in the Korean patients as well as MTHFR C677T polymorphism. A large prospective study is needed to verify our findings.

Evaluation of the Colonization of Lactobacillus plantarum in Mouse Gut by Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis (Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism 분석을 이용한 Lactobacillus plantarum의 생쥐 장관 정착 평가)

  • Jung, Gwangsick;Lee, Jong-Hoon
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.389-395
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    • 2012
  • T-RFLP (terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism) analysis, one of the most highly adopted culture-independent microbial community analysis methods, was applied to evaluate the colonization of probiotics in experimental animal gut. Lactic acid bacteria that exhibited cinnamoyl esterase activity were isolated from Korean fermented vegetables and identified by 16S ribosomal RNA sequence analysis. Lactobacillus plantarum KK3, which demonstrated high chlorogenic acid hydrolysis by cinnamoyl esterase activity, and acid/bile salt resistances, was cultured, freeze-dried, and fed to mice and the microbiota in their feces were monitored by T-RFLP analysis. The T-RF of L. plantarum was detected in the feces of mice after the start of administration and lasted at least 31 days after the initial 7 day feeding. T-RFLP analysis was considered a useful tool to evaluate the gut colonization of probiotic L. plantarum. In order to prove that L. plantarum was from viable cells, we reisolated L. plantarum in the feces using cinnamoyl esterase activity media as the screening step. The colonization of L. plantarum KK3 in the mouse gut was confirmed by this research.

Detection of Polymorphism of Growth Hormone Gene for the Analysis of Relationship between Allele Type and Growth Traits in Karan Fries Cattle

  • Pal, Aruna;Chakravarty, A.K.;Bhattacharya, T.K.;Joshi, B.K.;Sharma, Arjava
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.1334-1337
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    • 2004
  • The present study was conducted to detect polymorphism at growth hormone gene in Karan Fries bulls. A 428 bp fragment of growth hormone gene spanning over $4^{th}$exon, $4^{th}$intron and $5^{th}$ exon was amplified and digested with AluI restriction enzyme to identify polymorphism at this locus. Karan Fries bulls were found to be polymorphic at this locus. Two genotypes LL and LV were identified in Karan Fries with higher allelic frequency for L allele. In Karan Fries males, the average birth weight, 3 months body weight and daily body weight gains of LL homozygotes were significantly higher than that of LV heterozygotes. Genetic distances of KF bulls with respect to genotype along with 3 months body weight and average daily body weight gain forms a single cluster of bulls with LL genotype, while individuals with LV genotype forms three distinct clusters indicating more influence of L allele on growth traits.

Growth Hormone Gene Polymorphism and Its Effect on Birth Weight in Cattle and Buffalo

  • Biswas, T.K.;Bhattacharya, T.K.;Narayan, A.D.;Badola, S.;Kumar, Pushpendra;Sharma, Arjava
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.494-497
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    • 2003
  • The study was carried out in Sahiwal, Holstein Friesian, Jersey and crossbred cattle and Murrah, Bhadwari, Jaffarabadi, Nagpuri and Surti buffaloes maintained at different organized herds to work out the polymorphism at growth hormone locus and study its effect on birth weight. A 223 bp fragment of the gene was amplified and digested with Alu I restriction enzyme. Two alleles, L and V with three genotypes LL, LV and VV were observed in Jersey, Holstein and cross bred cattle. Sahiwal cattle and buffalo were monomorphic for this locus producing only one genotype LL and one allele L. The frequency of L allele was comparatively higher in Holstein and crossbred cattle while in Jersey breed, the frequency of this allele was intermediate. The effect of genotype on birth weight was significant and LV genotype had higher birth weight than other genotypes. Hence, LV genotype in Holstein Friesian favored higher birth weight.