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The Effects of Ecology Club Mentor Activities of Pre-service Teachers on Elementary Student's Environmental Sensitivity and Environment-friendly Attitudes (초등예비교사의 생태동아리 멘토 활동이 초등학생의 환경감수성 및 환경친화적 태도에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Yongseob
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.378-386
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    • 2015
  • This study is to find out that pre-service elementary teacher's the effects of a ecology mentor club activities to the environmental sensitivity and the effects on the environment friendly attitude of elementary school students. This study has been aimed at 25 students of 5th grade in B metropolitan city S elementary school in 2015, B educational University of elementary pre-service teachers 10 people, Elementary School Teachers10 people to apply a ecology club mentor activities to investigate a comment participated in environmental mentor club activities of elementary pre-service teachers and the environmental sensitivity and the effects on the environment friendly attitude of elementary school students. Procedures for this research was the topic for setting ecology club mentor activities of elementary school students, pre-service elementary school teachers receive consultation from field teachers and guide to ecology club mentor activities of elementary school students. Before the ecology club mentor activities, pre-test environmental sensitivity and the environment-friendly attitude of were carried out. After the experiment, post-test of environmental sensitivity and environmental friendly attitude check was carried out. Also, investigate a comment of pre-service elementary teachers participate and guide to ecology club mentor activities of elementary school students. After the experiment results are as follows. First, the ecology club mentor activities of pre-service elementary school teachers are effective to cultivate environmental sensitivity of the elementary school students. Second, the ecology club mentor activities of pre-service elementary school teachers are effective to cultivate eco-friendly attitude of the elementary school students. Third, after ecology club mentor activities of elementary school students, pre-service elementary school teachers now have a very good feeling. Based on these results, suggestions for further research are as follows. First, the variety of ecological club programs target to elementary school students are needed. Second, there is a need for continuing research on the ecology club activities.

A Comparative Status Analysis of Elementary and Middle School Students Preference for Science (초ㆍ중학생의 과학선호도 실태 비교 분석)

  • Yoon, Jin;Jeon, Woo-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.65-80
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this research was to survey and compare the status of science preference of elementary school students with that of middle school students. Preference for science was defined theoretically. According to theoretical model, a questionnaire was developed with piloting and consisted of three parts. First part was for background information, second part, for measurement of science preference and third for measurement of the relevant factors of science preference. The questionnaire was modified for primary school students. In July 2002, the questionnaire was administered to one class per grade of randomly selected 8 elementary and 8 middle schools all over the country and analyzed result of collected 696 elementary school students and 819 middle school students. Middle school students' science preference was low compared with elementary school students, especially in 'emotional response and 'valuational comprehension'. The preference for science became lower especially from 4th to 5th grade and from 8th to 9th grade. The differences of mean science preference were significant by gender. perception of science achievement. and future career choice. The average of science preference relevant factors of middle school students also became lower than elementary students, especially in 'educational factor'. Multiple regression analysis on the science preference showed that important factors were personal ability, the personal traits, rewards in school science and contents of school science, slightly different in elementary and secondary school. The way to promote students' preference for science was suggested on the analysis result.

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Analysis on Bullying Tendencies Among Elementary, Middle, and High School Students (초.중.고등학생의 집단따돌림 경향분석)

  • Yoon, Young-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.230-240
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: To identify bullying tendencies among elementary, middle, and high school students. Method: A descriptive study was conducted with 911 participating students. Data were collected using three, self-administered questionnaires that had been modified by the investigator. The data were analyzed by the SPSS Win 10.0 program using descriptive statistics, ANOVA. Result: The level of bullying was significantly different among elementary school, middle school and high school students. Middle school students were higher than elementary and high school students. In subtypes of bullying, language type was higher than alienation and physical damage types in elementary, middle and high school students. The methods to resolve a bullying situation are for the victim to 'speak to parents' in elementary school students, but 'bear alone' in middle school and highschool students. The answer to the question 'how many of your friends have been the victim of bullying' was 3-8 friends'. The reason for being a bully victim was 'because they pretend to be a superior man'. Conclusion: Although much research has been conducted in this area, further study among elementary, middle and high school students needs to be conducted. Furthermore, a variety of programs for preventing bullying among elementary, middle and highschool students should be developed.

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Analysis of Creative Science Problem Solving Process of Elementary School Students (초등학생의 창의적 과학문제해결과정 분석)

  • Lee, Seul-Gi;Shin, Won-Sub;Lim, Chae-Sung
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.395-405
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the process of creative science problem solving (CSPS) in elementary school students. To do this, 6 graders (n=9) at a elementary school in Seoul were participated. In this study, fixed eye-tracker with 250 Hz sampling and observation camera were used. The results of this study, the students with higher ability to solve creative science problems had a slower saccade, and had more visual attention on core clues and a greater number of eye changes. Therefore, students with higher ability to solve creative science problems showed more effective eye movement and faster information processing to solve problems. The CSPS types of elementary students were classified as 'declarative knowledge type', 'procedural knowledge type', 'conditional knowledge type', 'knowledge lack type'. Because each type appears to be complementary, CSPS process for elementary students who have integrated the four types was devised. The results of this study can be used as basic data for understanding elementary school students' CSPS and will help to develop and guide creative science teaching and learning programs useful to elementary school students and science gifted students.

Analysis of Elementary School Students' Visual Attention on the Editorial Design of 'Structure and Function of Our Body' in the 2007·2009 Revised Elementary Science Textbook (2007·2009 개정 초등 과학 교과서 '우리 몸의 구조와 기능' 단원의 편집디자인에 따른 초등학생들의 시각적 주의 분석)

  • Shin, Won-Sub
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.428-438
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the visual attention of elementary school students according to the editorial design of the 2007 2009 revised elementary science textbook 'Structure and function of our body'. For this purpose, eye movements were collected while elementary school students were watching real textbooks wearing mobile eye tracker. The BeGaze 3.7 program of SMI company was used analyzing eye movements. Twenty-six elementary school students participated voluntarily in mobile tracking research. Elementary students learned the contents of textbook related to 'digestive organ' and 'respiratory organ' by using double reading learning strategy. The results of this study are as follows. First, as a result of pre- and post-knowledge tests, there was no statistically significant difference in learning effect between 2007 revised and 2009 revised textbook editing design. Second, elementary school students tended to give more visual attention to text than textbook illustrations. Third, the selective attention and persistent attention of elementary students showed a very strong positive correlation (.940), but the selective attention and self-control showed a strong positive correlation (.499). Fourth, students with high level of attention and low level showed high visual occupancy in text than in illustrations. Fifth, elementary school students preferred the 2009 revised science textbook to the 2007 revised.

An Analysis of Elementary School Students' Science Anxiety according to Teaching Styles for Science Class (초등교사의 과학과 교수 유형에 따른 학생의 과학 불안도 분석)

  • Jeong, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Young-Shin
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze elementary school teachers' teaching style and elementary school students' science anxiety according to teachers' teaching styles for science class. Data were gathered through the teaching style test and the science anxiety test. The teaching style test was taken in 293 elementary school teachers and the science anxiety test was taken in 1,523 elementary school students. The results were as followings: First, elementary school teachers' teaching style for science class were most in provider, expert and least in enabler. Second, elementary school students' science anxiety according to elementary school teachers' teaching style for science class were highest in facilitator and lowest in Enablers. There were significantly differences in science anxiety according to the teaching styles in elementary school. Third, elementary school students' science anxiety increased as grade goes up.

The Influence of Parenting Attitude to Using Life Time of Adolescent Children (청소년 자녀의 생활시간 사용에 부모의 양육태도가 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jeongyun;Jeon, yujin
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.35-47
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    • 2016
  • This research aimed to observe adolescent children's use of time and to discover the parent-related factors that affect adolescent children's use of time. The subjects included 2,092 fourth-grade elementary school students and 2,108 first-grade middle school students. We used data from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey. We tested sociodemographic factors, parents characteristics, and time usage, and we studied these factors using SPSS version 23.0; the results are as follows. Firstly, in the subordinate scope of the child-rearing attitude of parents, affection fourth-grade elementary school students(M = 1.83) and first-grade middle school students(M = 2.02). Inconsistency had an effect on fourth-grade elementary school students(M = 1.99), and first-grade middle school students(M = 2.12). Excessive expectations had an effect on fourth-grade elementary school students(M = 2.40) and first-grade middle school students(M = 2.55). Over-involvement had an effect on fourth-grade elementary school students(M = 2.68)and first-grade middle school students(M = 2.80). Finally, giving reasonable explanations had an effect on fourth-grade elementary school students(M = 1.51)and first-grade middle school students(M = 1.68). Secondly, in fourth-grade elementary school students(M = 463.35) and first-grade middle school students(M = 378.75). Further, studying hours during weekdays had an effect on fourth-grade elementary school students(M = 456.15) and first-grade middle school students(M = 460.86). Free activity hours during had an effect on fourth-grade elementary school students(M = 390.54) and first-grade middle school students(M = 387.11). Sleeping hours during holidays had an effect on fourth-grade elementary school students(M = 544.85) and first-grade middle school students (M = 511.74). Studying hours during holidays had an effect on fourth-grade elementary school students (M = 484.86) and first-grade middle school students (M = 511.74). Free activity hours during holidays had an effect on fourth-grade elementary school students(M = 518.68) and first-grade middle school students(M = 509.73). Thirdly, by observing the relative influence of related factors on adolescent children's use of time, grade(${\beta}$ = -.284), gender(${\beta}$ = -.208), over-involvement(${\beta}$ = -.380), supervising(${\beta}$ = -.217), and (${\beta}$ = .243) in terms of the child-rearing attitudes of parents was found to affect study hours($F=2.595^{**}$). The education level of fathers(${\beta}$ = -.144) results in(${\beta}$ = 1.991) and longer free activity hours for children($F= 4.116^{***}$). This research can be used to study the influence of parents'child-rearing attitudes on adolescent children's use of time and to suggest the role of parents in adolescents' ability to manage time effectively using practical.

An Structure Equation Model Analysis of Elementary School Students on Their School Adjustment Resilience

  • Lee, Sin-Suk;Kim, Yong-seob
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.21 no.10
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    • pp.167-174
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to reveal the influence of praise effects of elementary school students on their self-esteem and school adjustment resilience. First, it conducted theoretical study and reviewed the preceding studies and assumed that verbal and physical praise which are sub-factors of praise effects in elementary school students affected their self-esteem and school adjustment resilience. It was also assumed that there was a mediating effects of self-esteem between praise effect and school adjustment resilience of elementary school students. As a result of study on praise effects of elementary school students, it was found that verbal praise had an influence on their self-esteem and school adjustment resilience and physical praise affected their learning attitude. Self-esteem of elementary school students had an influence on their school adjustment resilience. Verbal praise of elementary school students had the greatest influence on their learning attitude. This study proposed policy suggestions of self-esteem and school adjustment resilience as an alternative based on the results of the study.

Analysis of Elementary School Students' Understanding for Human Body Through Drawing of the Human Organism

  • Jeong, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Youngshin
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.32 no.9
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    • pp.1417-1426
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze elementary school students' understanding of the human body by drawing the human organism. Data was gathered by open questionnaires of drawing for human body. The open questionnaire was taken with 530 elementary school students from 3rd to 6th grade. The results were as following: First, elementary school students show the highest understanding of the skeletal system, the digestive systems, the respiratory systems, the circulating system and the muscular system respectively. Second, elementary school students' understanding of the human body improved as the grade goes up. Third, it seems that elementary school students have had their own knowledge about the human body through environmental surroundings before learning about the human body.

An Effectiveness of Science-Play Activity on the Scientific Attitudes and the Scientific Inquiry Skills of Elementary School Students (과학 놀이 활동이 아동들의 과학적 태도와 탐구능력에 미치는 효과)

  • 김용권;이충형;이석희
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of science-play activity that isn't easily completed in a course of study, put in practice an development activity class on the scientific inquiry skills and the scientific attitude of elementary school students. For this purpose, the general activity was applied for the comparative group (40 students), the science-play activity was applied for the experimental group (34 students); they are composed of 5th and 6th graders elementary school students of 74, a class of an hour during a week. The results were analyzed by means of comparing between groups as well as within groups. The results of this research is as follows: Firstly, the science-play activity as an development activity was effective in the improvement of the scientific attitudes of elementary school students. Secondly, the science-play activity as an development activity was effective in the improvement of the scientific inquiry skills of elementary school students.

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