• Title/Summary/Keyword: colorectal carcinoma

Search Result 86, Processing Time 0.246 seconds

Expression of Microsatellite Instability (MSI) from Colorectal Carcinoma Patients

  • Lee, Jae Sik
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
    • /
    • v.46 no.2
    • /
    • pp.59-63
    • /
    • 2014
  • The death toll of Colorectal Carcinoma in Korea was 1,826 and 7,721 in the years 1992 and 2011, respectively. This rate of increase was shown to be more than 4.23 times higher than that of any other form of cancer. Therefore, Colorectal Carcinoma requires various diagnostic methods, and Microsatellite Instability (MSI) was applied as a new diagnostic tool. From this study with several microsatellite markers, only marker #13 was detected and observed D13S160 13% (4/30), D13S292 13% (4/30), D13S153 10% (3/30) in order. From the results of amplication with microsatellite marker, D13S292 37% (11/30), D13S153 33% (10/30), D13S160 33% (10/30) in order were shown. The appearance of a genetic mutation, which depends on the loci of Colorectal Carcinoma, was shown amplication from rectal cancer (3.77) which was higher than that of right Colorectal Carcinoma (2.08) (p<0.018). The genetic mutation with lymph node (4.13) appeared higher than normal (1.93) (p<0.001). There were no great differences in the genetic mutation dependent on disease, histological classification and increased group of serum CEA. Accordingly, it is suggested that the correct primers, which can evaluate MSI well from colorectal carcinoma, should be chosen and that MSI be considered a good prognosis and quality control tool.

Amplification on 7th and 20th Chromosome from Colorectal Carcinoma (대장암에서 7, 20번 염색체의 Amplification)

  • Lee, Jae Sik;Kim, Su-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
    • /
    • v.40 no.2
    • /
    • pp.98-105
    • /
    • 2008
  • Colorectal carcinoma from various cancers is fourth ranked occurred to Korean. Due to western dietary life, this cancer has been increased continuously. Therefore, the further study will be needed to find a candidate gene involved in the development and progression of colorectal carcinoma as well as to diagnose and treatment helpfully. The purpose of this study was designed to find a carcinogenesis gene using microsatellite marker on chromosomes 7th and 20th from 30 colon cancer patients. The amplification was investigated in order of D20S97 57% (17/30), D20S101 57% (17/30), D20S119 53% (16/30), D7S483 50% (15/30), D7S495 47% (14/30), D7S498 47% (14/30). The genetic mutation pattern depends on loci of colorectal carcinoma was shown highly amplified with 3.77 from colon cancer than with 2.08 from right colorectal carcinoma (P<0.018). The genetic mutation with lymph nodes was investigated higher with 4.13 at metastasized group than with 1.93 at non-metastasized group (P<0.001). There was no difference at comparison between histological classfication and serological CEA increase as well as on genetic mutated pattern depends on disease stage. It is suggested that the amplification on chromosomes 7q and 20q determines a pivotal role from first stage to metastasis cancer and also functions as an useful marker on diagnosis and treatment of colorectal carcinoma patients as well as follow-up checkup. Recently, the diagnosis and study using genetic analyzer are necessary for efficient application. Fortunately, several university hospitals run this genetic analyzer currently so it is expected that this method makes full use of clinical application.

  • PDF

Loss of Heterozygosity (LOH) on 17th and 18th Chromosome from Colorectal Carcinoma (대장암에서 17, 18번 염색체의 이형접합성 소실)

  • Lee, Jae-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
    • /
    • v.40 no.1
    • /
    • pp.41-47
    • /
    • 2008
  • Colorectal carcinoma is occurred frequently to Korean and so ranked the fourth from various cancers. Due to western dietary life, this cancer has been increased continually. Therefore, the study will be needed to find a candidate gene involved in the development and progression of colorectal carcinoma and to diagnose and treatment helpfully. The striking feature from cancer suppressor genes is known for LOH (loss of heterozygosity), which is the method to find allele genetic loss or mutation of cancer cell. The purpose of this study was designed to find a carcinogenic gene from colon cancer using microsatellite marker on 17th and 18th chromosome from 30 subjects. The LOH was investigated in order of D18S59 57% (17/30), TP53CA 50% (15/30), D18S68 47% (14/30), D18S69 43% (13/30). The genetic mutation depends on loci of colorectal carcinoma was shown higher with 2.44 from colon cancer than with 1.25 from right colorectal carcinoma (p<0.032). The genetic mutation with lymph nodes was investigated higher with 2.69 at mutated group than with 1.14 at non-mutated group (p<0.003). At genetic mutated pattern depends on disease stage, there was higher significant difference at III-IV stage 2.50 than that of I-II stage 1.17, respectively (p=0.015). There was no difference at comparison between histological classification and serological CEA increase. The loss on 18q21 found in this study is highly recurrence loci and was observed 43% for Korean with high recurrence. Therefore, LOH is a very useful tool to detect 18q21 loci in clinical application, prior to the treatment of colorectal carcinoma. After the operation of colorectol carcinoma, the efficient application using LOH at operated part tissue which is designed to protect the recurrence as well as its cure will be needed.

  • PDF

ZNF217 is Overexpressed and Enhances Cell Migration and Invasion in Colorectal Carcinoma

  • Zhang, Zi-Chao;Zheng, Li-Qiang;Pan, Li-Jie;Guo, Jin-Xing;Yang, Guo-Shan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.16 no.6
    • /
    • pp.2459-2463
    • /
    • 2015
  • Background: To investigate the expression and clinical significance of zinc finger protein 217 (ZNF217) in human colorectal carcinoma (CRC). Materials and Methods: The expression of ZNF217 in 60 CRC tissues and matched tumor adjacent tissues, collected between January 2013 and June 2014, was assessed immunohistochemically. The relationship between the expression of ZNF217 and clinicopathlogical features was analyzed by Pearson chi-square test. In addition, siRNA was used to down-regulate the expression of ZNF217 in CRC cells. The effects of ZNF217 for cell migration and invasion were measured by wound healing assay and transwell assay, respectively. Results: The expression level of ZNF217 was significantly higher in CRC tissues than in tumor adjacent tissues (p<0.05), positively correlating with tumor size, lymphatic metastasis and advanced TNM stage (p<0.05). Down-regulation of ZNF217 in CRC cells could significantly suppress cell migration and invasion. Conclusions: ZNF217 is overexpressed in colorectal carcinoma tissues and is associated with tumor malignant clinicopathological features. ZNF217 may promote CRC progression by inducing cell migration and invasion.

High and Low Dose Folinic Acid, 5-Fluorouracil Bolus and Continuous Infusion for Poor-Prognosis Patients with Advanced Colorectal Carcinoma

  • Bano, Nusrat;Najam, Rahila;Mateen, Ahmed;Qazi, Faaiza
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.13 no.8
    • /
    • pp.3589-3593
    • /
    • 2012
  • Objective: Evaluation and assessment of response rate, duration and toxicity in patients subjected to 5-FU based chemotherapy. Background: The therapeutic ratio shifts with different 5FU/LV regimens and none yet serve as the internationally accepted Gold Standard. A bimonthly regimen of high dose leucovorin is reported to be less toxic and more effective than monthly low dose regimens. We here compare therapeutic responses and survival benefit of the two regimens in poor prognosis patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma. Patients and Methods: A total of 35 patients with histologically confirmed colorectal carcinoma were subjected to de Gramont and Mayo Clinic regimen. Nineteen patients were treated with high dose folinic acid ($200mg/m^2$), glucose 5%, 5-FU ($400mg/m^2$) and 22 hr. CIV ($600mg/m^2$) for two consecutive days every two weeks. These patients had failed responses to previous chemotherapy and were above sixty years of age with poor general status. Sixteen patients (six below 60 years) with progressive disease were subjected to low dose folinic acid ($20mg/m^2$)for five days, 5FU($425mg/m^2$) injection bolus for 5 days, every five weeks. An initial evaluation was made in sixty days and responders were reevaluated at sixty days interval or earlier in case of clinical impairment. Based on positive prognosis, the therapy was continued. Evaluation of treatment response was made on the basis of WHO criteria. Results: The response rate was 44% in thirty four evaluable patients, with 4 complete responses (11.8%) and 11 (32.4%) partial responses. The two schedules were well tolerated, whereas, mild toxicity without WHO Grade ${\geq}2$ events was assessed. The response duration was extended (12 months) in a few patients with age above sixty years treated by high dose bimonthly regimen of 5FU/LV. Conclusion: The regimens are safe and effective in advanced colorectal carcinoma patients with poor general status.

Fentanyl Increases Colorectal Carcinoma Cell Apoptosis by Inhibition of NF-κB in a Sirt1-dependent Manner

  • Zhang, Xiu-Lai;Chen, Min-Li;Zhou, Sheng-Li
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.15 no.22
    • /
    • pp.10015-10020
    • /
    • 2014
  • Background: Fentanyl is used as an analgesic to treat pain in a variety of patients with cancer and recently it has become considered to also act as an antitumor agent. The study present was designed to investigate the effects of fentanyl on colorectal cancer cell growth and plausible mechanisms. Materials and Methods: The human colorectal carcinoma cell line HCT116 was subcutaneously injected into nude mice. The viability of HCT116 was tested by MTT assay, and apoptosis by flow cytometry and caspase-3 activity. The expression of Sirt1 and NF-${\kappa}B$ were evaluated by Western blotting and the levels of Sirt1 and NF-${\kappa}B$ by fluorescence method. SiRNA was used to silence and Ad-Sirt1 to overexpress Sirt1. Results: Our data showed that fentanyl could inhibit tumor growth, with increased expression of Sirt1 and down-regulation of Ac-p65 in tumors. Compared with control cells without treatment, HCT116 cells that were incubated with fentanyl had a higher apoptotic rate. Moreover, fentanyl could increase expression and activity of Sirt1 and inhibitor expression and activity of NF-${\kappa}B$, which might be mechanisms of fentanyl action. Conclusions: Fentanyl increased colorectal carcinoma cell apoptosis by inhibition of NF-${\kappa}B$ activation in a Sirt1-dependent manner.

Anti-HER-2×anti-CD3 Bi-specific Antibodies Inhibit Growth of HCT-116 Colorectal Carcinoma Cells in Vitro and in Vivo

  • Ren, Hui;Li, Jun;Liu, Jing-Jing;Guo, Hui-Ling;Jiang, Tao
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.13 no.6
    • /
    • pp.2795-2798
    • /
    • 2012
  • Objective: This study is conducted to evaluate the effects of anti-HER-2${\times}$anti-CD3 bi-specific antibodies(BsAb) on HER-2/neuover-expressing human colorectal carcinoma cells. Methods: Growth was assessed by MTT assays after exposure of HCT-116 cells to Herceptin, anti-CD3 and BsAb antibodies. Immunocytochemistry was applied to test the HER-2 level of HCT-116. In a nude mouse model, HER-2${\times}$CD3 BsAb was combined with effector cells (peripheral blood lymph cells from normal human being) for observations on in Vivo growth of tumors. Results: Compared with the control group, using effector cells combined with anti-CD3 McAb, Herceptin or HER2${\times}$CD3 BsAb, tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo was significantly inhibited (P<0.05), most remarkably in the HER2${\times}$CD3 BsAb case. The growth of xenografts with HER2${\times}$CD3 BsAb combined with effector cells was also significantly inhibited when compared with the anti-CD3 McAb or Herceptin groups (P<0.05). Conclusion: HER-2/neu might be a useful target for immunotherapy in colorectal carcinoma, anti-HER2${\times}$anti-CD3 BsAb exerting clear anti-tumor effects.

Comparative Assessment of Skin and Subcutaneous Toxicity in Patients of Advanced Colorectal Carcinoma Treated with Different Schedules of FOLFOX

  • Bano, Nusrat;Najam, Rahila;Mateen, Ahmed
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1781-1786
    • /
    • 2013
  • Objective: The study was designed to assess the skin and subcutaneous toxicity in patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma treated with four different schedules of FOLFOX. Methods: The patients with histologically confirmed advanced colorectal carcinoma (CRC) were included in the study as per specified inclusion criteria. Toxicity was graded according to CTC v2.0. The frequency of grade 3 and 4 adverse effects were comparatively assessed in each treatment arm. Results: Very severe toxicity was attributed to the FOLFOX7 schedule. The difference between the incidence rate of grade 4 toxicity with all other grades for all parameters of skin and subcutaneous toxicity was highly significant (p=0.00<0.001). Grade 4 hand and foot syndrome was reported only in the FOLFOX7 treatment arm. The most frequent adverse symptom of skin and subcutaneous toxicity reported in the patients treated with modified schedule of FOLFOX was pruritus (grade 1). Frequency and onset of skin and subcutaneous toxic symptoms like alopecia (p=0.000), nail discoloration (p=0.021) and pruritis (p=0.000) was significantly different in each FOLFOX treatment arm. A few cases of oncholysis were also reported in the FOLFOX7 treatment arm. Hand and foot syndrome was fast progressing in patients with grade 1 toxicity. Conclusion: Higher frequency and severity of hand and foot syndrome and pruritus wasa found in the FOLFOX7 treatment arm. Skin and subcutaneous toxicity was comparatively low in the FOLFOX6 treatment arm.

MicroRNA-451 Inhibits Growth of Human Colorectal Carcinoma Cells via Downregulation of Pi3k/Akt Pathway

  • Li, Hong-Yan;Zhang, Yan;Cai, Jian-Hui;Bian, Hong-Lei
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.3631-3634
    • /
    • 2013
  • MicroRNAs (MiRNAs) play important roles in coordinating a variety of cellular processes and abnormal expression has been linked to the occurrence of several cancers. The miRNA miR-451 is downregulated in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) cells, suggested by several research groups including our own. In this study, synthetic miR-451 mimics were transfected into the SW620 human CRC cell line using Lipofectamine 2000 and expression of miR-451 was analyzed by real time PCR, while expression of CAB39, LKB1, AMPK, AKT, PI3K and Bcl2 was analyzed by Western blot, and cell growth was detected by MTT assay. In comparison to the controls, a significant increase in the expression of miR-451 was associated with significantly decreased expression of CAB39, LKB1, AMPK, AKT, PI3K and Bcl2. The capacity of cell proliferation was significantly decreased by miR-451 expression, which also inhibited cell growth. Our study confirmed that miR-451 has a repressive role in CRC cells by inhibiting cell growth through down-regulating the P13K/AKT pathway.

Anti-proliferative Effect of a Novel Anti-oxidative Peptide in Hanwoo Beef on Human Colorectal Carcinoma Cells

  • Kim, Hye-Jin;Yang, Se-Ran;Jang, Aera
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.38 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1168-1178
    • /
    • 2018
  • The present study aimed to characterise anti-oxidant peptides from water-soluble protein extracts of Hanwoo beef and evaluate their anti-proliferative effect on human colorectal carcinoma cells (HCT116). Antioxidant peptides were purified from the low-molecular-weight fraction (<3 kDa) of Hanwoo beef extract. Antioxidant activity of peptide fractions was determined using the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. Purified peptide (P3) displayed higher ORAC activity than the low-molecular-weight fraction ($202.66{\mu}M\;TE/g$ vs $167.38{\mu}M\;TE/g$ of dry matter, respectively) (p<0.05). The peptide sequence of P3 was Cys-Cys-Cys-Cys-Ser-Val-Gln-Lys (888.30 Da). The novel peptide P3, at $250{\mu}g/mL$, also significantly inhibited HCT116 cell proliferation up to 25.24% through phosphorylation of ERK, JNK, and p38 kinase (p<0.05). Hence, antioxidant peptide P3 from Hanwoo beef extract can be used as an antioxidative and anticancer agent in the functional food industry.