• Title/Summary/Keyword: abuse

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A Study of Nurses' Characteristics and their Perception of Seriousness of Elder Abuse (간호사의 특성과 노인학대에 대한 심각성 인식에 관한 연구)

  • Ko, Chung-Mee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.109-118
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was designed to examine the relationship between nurses' characteristics and perception of seriousness of elder abuse. Method: A cross-sectional survey design was used to describe the perception of elder abuse by 301 nurses. Data were collected by convenience sampling. The research instruments utilized in this study were 12 scenarios adapted by Yoo & Kim from the 13 senarios to measure the perception of elder abuse developed by Moon and Williams (1993), a seven item questionnaires related to elder abuse law, and a Semantic Differential Scaling to measure attitudes toward elderly people. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation. Results: The mean score for perceptions of elder abuse was 3.07. Among the types of abuse, sexual abuse was perceived as the most severe type of abuse followed by physical abuse, neglect, financial abuse, and emotional abuse in that order. Education, job position, experience of gerontological nursing course, and education on elder abuse, exposure to elder abuse information, and attitudes toward elders were significantly related to the perception of seriousness on elder abuse. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that provision of elder abuse education is needed for nurses, to enable them to identify elder abuse and address their legal and professional responsibilities.

A Study of Elder Abuse in the Domestic Setting: Coping Strategies and the Consequences of Elder Abuse (재가노인의 학대와 대처방안이 노인의 자아존중감, 우울, 신체화에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang Kyoung Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.1047-1056
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to research how elder abuse affected the abuse results (self-esteem, depression, somatization) through coping strategies. Method: A convenient sample consisted of 499 subjects from 65 to 85 years old. Data was collected using structured questionnaires from July to August, 2002. The SPSS WIN 10.0 version was used for data analysis. Results: The pathway of elder abuse affecting elder's self-esteem was researched by passive coping, emotional abuse, financial abuse, and physical abuse as the variables that directly affected self-esteem. The pathway of elder abuse affecting elder's depression was researched by passive coping, aggressive coping, verbal abuse, and neglect as the variable that directly affected depression. The pathway of elder abuse affecting somatization was researched by neglect, emotional abuse, and aggressive coping as the variables that directly affected somatization. Conclusion: We should develop a systematized intervention program so that elders can learn positive coping in their abuse circumstance.

A Study on Teacher Intention to Report Child Abuse at Child Care Centers (보육교사의 아동학대 신고의도에 관한 연구)

  • Park, So Yeon;Cho, In Ju
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2019
  • Objective: This study aims to examine the factors associated with teacher intention to report child abuse in child care centers. Methods: Data were collected from teachers at child care centers in the Jeonbuk region, using a self-administered questionnaire. In this study, 186 completed questionnaires were used to analyze the data. Results: The respondents reported their intention to report child abuse as follows: physical abuse(49.5%), emotional abuse(16.1%), sexual abuse(12.9%), and neglect(15.6%). The multiple hierarchical regression analyses revealed that participation at child abuse prevention training programs and awareness of reporting procedures were significantly associated with teacher intention to report child abuse at child care centers in Model 2. Also, attitudes towards reporting child abuse were significantly associated with teacher intention to report child abuse in Model 3. Conclusion/Implications: This study suggests evaluating chid abuse prevention training programs more accurately because the respondents who did not participate in the programs showed statistically significant higher mean scores of intention to report child abuse than who participated(1.83 vs .85). In addition, educational programs about child abuse for teachers in child care centers need to focus on changes in attitudes towards reporting child abuse, which in turn can change behavior.

Study on the Factors Relating and the Abuse of Immigrant Women (결혼이민여성의 학대와 관련요인연구)

  • Kim, Min-Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1181-1198
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    • 2009
  • The purposes of this study were to find the general trends of individuals, marital relation, migrated-cultural variables and abuse, and to analyze the effects of the individual, marital relation, and migrated-cultural variables on the abuse. The subjects were 174 immigrant women. The data was analyzed with frequency, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression by SPSS. The major findings were as follows; Physical abuse amongst immigrant women was significantly different according to residence and income factors, psychological abuse was dependent on residence and native country, sexual abuse was dependent on education level, and total abuse was dependent on residence and native country. The level of abuse (range 1-4) was 2.07, Psychological abuse was the highest with 2.23, physical abuse was next with 1.92 and sexual abuse was 1.78. All the abuse types were influenced by the husband's alcohol behavior, communication efficiency, marital conflict, and knowledge of Korean culture. In conclusion, it is important to protect immigrant women who have been abused. So understanding, reasonable coping, prevention programs and counseling of abuse victims were provided to immigrant women.

A Study on the Classification of Elder Abuse Types (노인 학대의 유형별 분류에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Su-Il;Park, Mi-Ran
    • Industry Promotion Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.91-103
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    • 2016
  • Since the problems of the aged became a social issue recently, this study recognized elder abuse as a serious phenomenon among the problems of the aged in a dimension of against humanity and intended to conduct research by classifying elder abuse into certain types. This study used the literature research method and executed theoretical research on the basis of the types of elder abuse defined by the Ministry of Health and Welfare. Physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, economic abuse, neglect, self-neglect, abandonment were addressed as the types of elder abuse. Consequently, this study classified elder abuse as seven types which had close relationships with each other and formed the academic bassis for preparing effective prevention and coping method of elder abuse.

An Ecological Systemic Approach on the Wife Abuse (아내학대에 대한 생태체계적 접근)

  • 김정란;김경신
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.87-101
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    • 2003
  • The purposes of this study were to analyze causes of wife abuse through married couples as the research subject. The study employed ecological perspective to the study of wife abuse as an multiple dimensional and integrated paradigm combined with isolated theories of other research. The subjects were 369 married couples who live in Gwangju area. Data were analyzed with Cronbach'α, factor analysis, basic statistics, paired-t test, 1-test, ANOVA, Duncan's test, correlation analysis, stepwise multiple regression analysis. and hierarchical regression analysis using the SPSS 10.0 for windows. The major findings were as follows; 1. The psychological abuse score, physical abuse score, and sexual abuse score were lower than median without exception. Hut prevalence rates of wife abuse were considerably serious; 91.9% psychological abuse, 44.4% physical abuse, and 53.7% sexual abuse. 2. The results of the hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the marital conflict had the strongest impact on wife abuse. And the attitude toward wife abuse of husband, hostility of husband, exposure experience of domestic violence during a growth period of husband, perception toward social violence of husband, exposure experience of domestic violence during a growth period of wife, drinking problem of husband, and interpersonal relationships stress of husband had influenced on wife abuse. These variables accounted for 49.5% of variance of wife abuse behaviors. As the result of the study, it concludes that the ecological systemic approach on the cause of wife abuse is useful as a theoretical instrument. Suggestions and implications are made for further research and practical application.

Relationship between Child Abuse Experience of Childhood and Child Abuse Perception in College Students (대학생의 아동기 학대경험과 아동학대 인식간의 관계연구)

  • Moon, Jin-Ha
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.107-118
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between child abuse experience of childhood and child abuse perception in college students. Methods: The subjects of this study were 231 college students by convenience sampling. The collected data were processed using SPSS program and analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation. Results: 93.1% of the college students were abused by their parents during childhood. Child abuse perception was very high with a mean score of 3.22(range 0~4). Child abuse perception was significantly different according to gender, major, perception of frequency for child abuse. There was a significantly negative correlation between child abuse experience and physical abuse perception. Conclusion: It is suggested that intervention programs to enhance child abuse perception will help reduce child abuse.

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Analysis of Wife Abuse Experiences of Women Who Killed their Husbands (남편살해 여성의 아내학대 경험에 대한 분석)

  • Kim, Yeong-Hee;Byoun, Soo-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.9
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    • pp.61-76
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the abuse experience from husbands among women who killed their husbands and the husbands' characteristics, and the women's own characteristics consisting of the emotional climate in the family of origin, self-esteem and social support. The major findings were as follow. First, the subjects were divided into two groups according to the level of wife abuse experience: non-abuse group and abuse group. Second, in terms of the husbands' characteristics which consisted of economic capacity and alcohol problem, there were statistically significant group differences between non-abuse and abuse groups. Third, the women in the abuse group, compared to those in the non-abuse group, had a tendency to perceive that they received maltreatment, physical punishment, and indifference and rejection from their family of origin. However, there was no significant difference between the non-abuse and abuse groups in emotional support the women received from their family. Fourth, as for the women's characteristics consisting of self-esteem and social support, the women of both groups showed no significant difference in self-esteem, while the women in the abuse group perceived that they received a level of social support relatively lower than those in the non-abuse group.

A Study of Developing the Policies Addressing the Elder Abuse : Focus on the Laws and Programs Addressing Elder Abuse in the United States (노인학대 관련 정책 개발을 위한 일 고찰 : 미국의 노인학대 관련법과 서비스 정책을 중심으로)

  • Woo, Kug-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.44
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    • pp.209-231
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    • 2001
  • Recently, child abuse is mentioned in revised Child Welfare Law, on the other hand, elder abuse is not yet recognized as a social problem and little addressed in the field of social service. Like this, elder abuse has gotten less public and professional attention than other areas within the family abuse field. Despite the lack of attention to elder abuse, the number of elder abuse reports and incidents is likely to increase in the future. Based on the recognition that current effort and approach to elder abuse is not appropriate, this study attemped to briefly review laws and programs addressing elder abuse in the United States which have shaped in other contries. In the United States where various laws and programs that address elder abuse exit, there are incresing arguments that addressing elder abuse in the area of social service rather than in the criminal justice systems is more desirable. Because the most common form of elder abuse is not physical abuse but neglect including self-neglect. Self-neglect and neglect caused by caregivers' burden can not be addressed through criminal justice systems appropriately. From these experiences of the United States, the implications for policy, programs, and practice aimed at intervening elder abuse were discussed.

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Awareness Toward Child Abuse of Parents With the Elementary School Students

  • Kim, Yoseob;Park, Inn-Jee;Kim, Taehoon
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.42-47
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of the present study was to investigate the degree of awareness toward child abuse behaviors, causes of child abuse, and the necessity of the parent education for child abuse prevention in the parents of elementary school students. Four hundred fifty parents of elementary school students participated for this study. The results were as follows. First, the parents generally were aware of emotional abuse and physical abuse, but not aware of neglect. In the comparison, according to parental education level and family income, highly educated parents and high-income parents were more aware of both emotional abuse and neglect. Second, most of the parents agreed on the causes of child abuse presented in the survey except the cause of having an unexpected child. Third, most parents agreed on the necessity of parent education programs for child abuse prevention. The discussion for the results and strategies for child abuse prevention was provided.