• Title/Summary/Keyword: Z-bending

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A study on the unfolding length of Z-bending machining using thin plate (박판을 이용한 Z-굽힘 가공의 전개 길이에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Yong-Sun;Choi, Kye-Kwang
    • Design & Manufacturing
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2021
  • The bending process of a press die is to bend a flat blank to the required angle. There are V-bending, U-bending, Z-bending, O-bending etc. for bending processing, and the basic principle of calculating the unfolding length of die processing is used as the neutral plane length. Since the constant of the length value of the neutral surface is different depending on the type of bending, it is impossible to accurately calculate it. In particular, Z-bending processing is performed twice, and it is set on the upper and lower surfaces of the blank, and bending processing occurs at the same time as the upward and downward bending, and the elongation of the material occurs and the material increases. It is not possible to check with the calculated value, and it occurs in many cases where the mold is modified after start-up. This study aims to minimize die modification by developing a formula to calculate the development length of Z-bend.

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A Research on the Processing Method to Minimize the Outer Radius(Sharp edge) in Sheet Metal Z-bending Work (박판의 Z-굽힘가공에서 외측 굽힘반지름 치수의 최소화(샤프에지) 가공법에 관한 연구)

  • Yun, Jae-Woong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.349-355
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    • 2017
  • Bending work using press dies involves bending a flat blank to a desired angle. The bending produces a flange (the bent part) and a web (the unbent part). The bending line will have a bending angle, and there is an inner and outer bending radius. The minimum inner radius size is determined by the material used. When the inner radius size is too small, there will be excess metal welding, which will cause a crack in the outer radius part. The outer bending radius size cannot be controlled by a bending punch and die block. Types of bending include V-bending, U-bending, O-bending, edge bending, twist bending, and crimping. Z-bending involves two bending lines, which are set on the upper side and under surface of the blank, respectively, and upward or downward bending is used. Z-bending is also called crank bending. Z-bending using this type of die structure will produce a standard inner bending radius. The standard size is the minimum bending radius that represents the angle radius of the bending punch. In industry, there is a need for a sharp edge shape with a very small size (R=0.2mm), but that is not possible when using bending punch and die block. The purpose of this research is to meet the need by development.

Psychological and Physiological Responses to the Rustling Sounds of Korean Traditional Silk Fabrics

  • Cho, Soo-Min;Yi, Eun-Jou;Cho, Gil-Soo
    • Fibers and Polymers
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.450-456
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    • 2006
  • The objectives of this study were to investigate physiological and psychological responses to the rustling sound of Korean traditional silk fabrics and to figure out objective measurements such as sound parameters and mechanical properties determining the human responses. Five different traditional silk fabrics were selected by cluster analysis and their sound characteristics were observed in terms of FFT spectra and some calculated sound parameters including level pressure of total sound (LPT), Zwicker's psychoacoustic parameters - loudness(Z), sharpness(Z), roughness(Z), and fluctuation strength(Z), and sound color factors such as ${\Delta}L\;and\;{\Delta}f$. As physiological signals, the ratio of low frequency to high frequency (LF/HF) from the power spectrum of heart rate variability, pulse volume (PV), heart rate (HR), and skin conductance level (SCL) evoked by the fabric sounds were measured from thirty participants. Also, seven aspects of psychological state including softness, loudness, sharpness, roughness, clearness, highness, and pleasantness were evaluated when each sound was presented. The traditional silk fabric sounds were likely to be felt as soft and pleasant rather than clear and high, which seemed to evoke less change of both LF/HF and SCL indicating a negative sensation than other fabrics previously reported. As fluctuation strength(Z) were higher and bending rigidity (B) values lower, the fabrics tended to be perceived as sounding softer, which resulted in increase of PV changes. The higher LPT was concerned with higher rating for subjective loudness so that HR was more increased. Also, compression linearity (LC) affected subjective pleasantness positively, which caused less changes of HR. Therefore, we concluded that such objective measurements as LPT, fluctuation strength(Z), bending rigidity (B), and compression linearity (LC) were significant factors affecting physiological and psychological responses to the sounds of Korean traditional silk fabrics.