• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sr-90 농도

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A Study on Distribution of Cs-137 and Sr-90 in Soils around Taejon Region (대전지역 토양에 대한 Cs-137 및 Sr-90 방사능농도 분포 조사)

  • Lee, Myung-Ho;Lee, Chang-Woo;Hong, Kwang-Hee;Choi, Yong-Ho;Kim, Sang-Bok;Park, Doo-Won;Lee, Jeong-Ho
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 1995
  • The concentration of Cs-137 and Sr-90 has been analyzed in soils around Taejon region. A correalation was found between the concentration of Cs-137 and the organic matter content. The mean value of Cs-137 was 14.37Bq/kg-dry and that of Sr-90 was 7.95Bq/kg-dry in undisturbed soils around Taejon region. The concentration ratio of Cs-137/Sr-90 was 1.99. The distribution of Cs-137 and Sr-90 was similar to cumulative fallout level and had been more affected by nuclear weapons test than by the chernobyl accident.

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Uptake and Accumulation of Soil Strontium-90 by Peanut and Sesame (토양 strontium-90의 땅콩과 참깨에 의한 흡수 및 축적)

  • Choi, Yong-Ho;Jo, Jae-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 1996
  • A greenhouse experiment on the Sr-90 uptake by peanut and sesame was conducted through pot cultures on a sandy loam soil of pH 6.35 treated with Sr-90 in 5.2 and 31.2Bq per gram. The rate of Sr-90 transfer from soil to each plant part, the ratio of Sr-90 concentration in the part to the concentration in soil, and the patterns of their temporal changes were not, on the whole, significantly different between the two treatments. About 0.7 and 0.5 % of Sr-90 in soil transferred to all the mature plants of peanut and sesame, respectively, with the radioactivities in their roots not counted. Only 4% and less than 15% of Sr-90 absorbed by peanut and sesame, respectively, translocated to their seeds. Both crops showed the highest Sr-90 concentration in the leaf and the lowest in the seed. At maturities, the concentration ratio in dry seed was 0.4 in peanut and 3.3 in sesame and that in dry leaf was 12.5 and 10.7, respectively. Sr-90 concentrations in the top 15 cm soil after harvests averaged about 80 % of the concentrations at starting. Sr-90 uptake resulted in neither growth inhibition nor yield decrease.

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Predictions of $^{90}Sr$ and $^{137}Cs$ Concentrations in Rice Seeds and Chinese Cabbage after a Nuclear Accident (원자력 사고후 쌀알과 배추내 $^{90}Sr$$^{137}Cs$ 농도 예측)

  • Choi, Yong-Ho;Lim, Kwang-Muk;Hwang, Won-Tae;Lee, Han-Soo;Lee, Chang-Woo
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.127-146
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    • 2002
  • A method of more realistically, predicting radionuclide concentrations in crop plants varying with time after a nuclear accident was established to estimate 50 years' concentrations of $^{90}Sr$ and $^{137}Cs$ in polished rice seeds and Chinese cabbage for unit dry deposition. After non-growing season accidents, concentrations of both nuclides decreased gradually with time and $^{90}Sr$ concentrations were higher than those of $^{137}Cs$ throughout the whole period. Radionuclide concentrations in the 1 st year after growing season accidents were on the whole higher than those after non-growing season accidents by factors of up to 30 for $^{90}Sr$ and up to 1,000 for $^{137}Cs$. In polished rice seeds, the 50 years-integrated concentration was higher for $^{90}Sr$ than for $^{137}Cs$ after non-growing season accidents, whereas the opposite was true after growing season accidents. In Chinese cabbage. however, it was higher for $^{90}Sr$ than for $^{137}Cs$ after both types of the accident. Generally speaking, the dominant pathway for the integrated concentration after the growing season accident was root uptake for $^{90}Sr$ and direct plant contamination for $^{137}Cs$. The effect of resuspension was negligible. Based on the predicted results. the direct]on of planning countermeasures was suggested for various accident conditions.

Absorption and Accumulation of Sr-90 by Rice and Soybean and Its Soil-to-Plant Transfer Coefficients (벼와 콩에 의한 Sr-90 흡수.축적 및 토양-작물체간 전이계수)

  • Park, Yong-Ho;Lee, Chang-Woo;Lee, Kang-Suk;Lee, Jeong-Ho;Jo, Jae-Seong;Chung, Kyu-Hoi
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.121-129
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    • 1992
  • Radio-tracer experiments on the Sr-90 absorption by rice and soybean from a sandy-loam soil of pH 6.35 treated with 5.2 and 31.2Bq Sr-90 per g-soil were carried out through pot cultivations. Sr-90 absorption rates of both crops increased till the mature stage when the rates were about 1.0%. Concentrations in their whole tops, however, decreased or changed little as they grew. Sr-90 concentrations in plant parts of both crops increased with the increase of those in soil. Soil-to-plant transfer coefficients of Sr-90 for rice and soybean at mature stages ranged, on the dry weight basis, from 0.07(unpolished seed) to 3.67(lean and from 0.86(seed) to 9.26(leaf), respectively. Only the unpolished rice seed showed a significant difference in the coefficient with 0.17 in 5.2Bq treatment and 0.07 in 31.2Bq treatment. Sr-90 retention rates of the upper 15cm soil after crop harvests were about 80% Sr-90 absorptions had no effect on the plant growth and yield of the crops.

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Sr-90 Uptake by the Barley (Hordeum vulgare L. emend. Lamark) and Soil-to-Plant Transfer Coefficient (보리의 토양 Sr-90 흡수 및 토양 - 작물체 전이계수)

  • Choi, Yong-Ho;Chung, Kyu-Hoi;Chun, Ki-Jung;Kim, Sam-Rang;Lee, Jeong-Ho
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 1991
  • A pot experiment on the Sr-90 uptake by the barley from a loamy-sandy soil of pH 6.05 treated with Sr-90 and slaked lime was carried out in a green house. The rate of Sr-90 uptake at maturity was, on an average, 0.41% for a naked barley Neolssalbori and 0.23% for a covered one Olbori. Transfer coefficients of Sr-90 for the former were higher than those for the latter by about 30-60% depending on the plant parts. There were, on the whole, not significant differences in the rate and in the coefficient among Sr-90 concentration treatments. Slaked lime addition equivalent to about 94kg/10a was not effective for lessening Sr-90 uptake or diminishing Sr-90 transfer coefficient. As transfer coefficients, 1.51, 4.45, 0.35, and 1.30, on the dry weight basis, could be proposed for the stem, leaf, seed, and whole top of the barley, respectively. Growth inhibition or yield decrease due to Sr-90 uptake was not observed.

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Studies on the Separation and Concentration Method of $^{90}Sr$ in the Environmental Samples (환경시료 중 $^{90}Sr$의 분석을 위한 분리농축법 연구)

  • Won, Mi Sook;Cho, Kyu Bong;Yoon, Jang Hee;Lee, Dae Won;Shim, Yoon Bo
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.8-14
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    • 2001
  • New process to determine $^{90}Sr$ in the environmental samples was established by investigating the existing methods. The environmental samples included soil, milk, seaweed, fishes and clams, pine needles, and marine sediment. Using the developed method combined with fuming nitric acid and ion exchange resin, which could be reduced the treatment step, we could be removed Ca effectively for the determination of $^{90}Sr$. The recovery yield of $^{90}Sr$ in this method was 10% higher than those of using the fuming nitric acid only. This method could be applied to all environmental samples we choose. The content of $^{90}Sr$ in soil was the highest value in the tested environmental samples.

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Distributions of 137Cs and 90Sr in the Soil of Uljin, South Korea (울진토양에서의 137Cs 및 90Sr 분포)

  • Song, JiYeon;Kim, Wan;Maeng, Seongjin;Lee, Sang Hoon
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 2016
  • Background: For the purpose of baseline data collection and enhancement of environmental monitoring the distribution studies of $^{137}Cs$ and $^{90}Sr$ in the soil of Uljin province was performed and the relation between surface soil activities and soil properties (pH, TOC and median of the surface soil) was analyzed. Materials and Methods: For 14 spots within 10 km from the NPP surface soil samples were collected and soils for depth profile were sampled for 3 spots in April 2011. Using ${\gamma}$-ray spectrometry with HPGe detector, the concentrations of $^{137}Cs$ were determined and the concentrations of $^{90}Sr$ were measured by counting ${\beta}$-activity of $^{90}Y$ (in equilibrium with $^{90}Sr$) in a gas flow proportional counter. Results and Discussion: The concentration ranges of $^{137}Cs$ and $^{90}Sr$ were $<0.479-39.6Bq{\cdot}(kg-dry)^{-1}$ (avg. $7.51Bq{\cdot}(kg-dry)^{-1}$) and $0.209-1.85Bq{\cdot}(kg-dry)^{-1}$ (avg. $0.74Bq{\cdot}(kg-dry)^{-1}$) which were similar to the reported values from other regions in Korea. The activity ratio of $^{137}Cs$ to $^{90}Sr$ in surface soils was around 9.67, which is much bigger than the initial value of 1.75 for worldwide fallouts because of faster downward movement of $^{90}Sr$ after fallout than that of $^{137}Cs$. For depth profile studies soils were collected down to 40 cm depth for the locations of Deokgu, Hujeong and Maehwa. The $^{137}Cs$ concentration distribution of the first two showed maximum values at top soils and decreased rapidly in exponential manner, while $^{90}Sr$ showed two local maximum values for soils near top and about 30 cm depth. Through linear fittings between the $^{137}Cs$ and $^{90}Sr$ concentrations of surface soil and pH, TOC and median of the surface soil, the only probable relationship obtained was between $^{137}Cs$ and TOC (determination coefficient $R^2=0.6$). Conclusion: The concentration ranges of $^{137}Cs$ and $^{90}Sr$ in Uljin were similar to the reported values from other regions in Korea. The only probable relationship obtained between activities and soil properties was between $^{137}Cs$ and TOC.

The Distribution of $^{137}Cs,\;^{90}Sr$ and PU isotopes in the Coastal Sediment of Korea (한국 연안 퇴적물에서 $^{137}Cs,\;^{90}Sr$ 및 PU 동위원소의 분포)

  • Choi, Seok-Won;Jin, Hyun-Gook;Kim, Cheol-Su;Row, Jung-Whan;Kim, Chang-Kyu;Rho, Byung-Hwan
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 2002
  • The concentrations and activity ratios of $^{137}Cs,\;^{90}Sr\;^{238}Pu$ and $^{239-240}Pu$ in sediment($0sim}20\;$cm) at 15 coastal stations of Korea were determined. The mean concentrations of $^{137}Cs,\;^{90}Sr\;^{238}Pu$ and $^{239-240}Pu$ are $2.24{\pm0.79\;Bq{\cdot}kg^{-1}-dry,\;0.20{\pm}0.04 Bq{\cdot}kg^{-1}-dry,\;0.009{\pm}0.005\;Bq{\cdot}kg^{-1}-dry}$ and $0.27{\pm}0.17\;Bq{\cdot}kg^{-1}-dry$, respectively. The mean activity ratios of $^{137}Cs,\;^{90}Sr$, $^{239-240}Pu/^{137}Cs$ and $^{238}Pu/^{229-240}Pu$ and atomic ratio of $^{240}Pu/^{239}Pu$ are $11.2{\pm}2.9,\;0.123{\pm}0.053$ and $0.033{\pm}0.017$ and $0.218{\pm}0.036$, respectively. The concentrations and activity ratios in sediment samples are similar to those reported from neighbouring country in the northern hemisphere. The correlation coefficient of $^{137}Cs$ and $^{239-240}Pu$ is 0.80. The correlation coefficient of $^{137}Cs$ and soil organic matter(SOM), and $^{239-240}Pu$ and clay content are 0.69 and 0.67, respectively.

Vertical distirbution of $^{137}Cs\;and\;^{90}Sr$ activities in the soils of Korea (토양 중 $^{137}Cs$$^{90}Sr$의 깊이별 분포특성)

  • Cha, H.J.;Park, D.;Park, H.;Kang, M.J.;Lee, W.;Choi, G.S.;Cho, Y.H.;Chung, K.H.;Lee, H.P.;Shin, H.S.;Lee, C.W.
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.197-204
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    • 2004
  • Vertical distributions of $^{137}Cs\;and\;^{90}Sr$ activities are studied for the soils of six areas, Korea (Gori, Yeonggwang, Uljin, Weolseong, Goseong and Jeju). The soils from 6 areas are at geographically different locations with the different environmental conditions and parent rook. The activities of $^{137}Cs\;and\;^{90}Sr$ vary N.D.(below detection limit) to 185 Bq/kg and 2.79 - 8.06 Bq/kg, respectively. Activities of $^{137}Cs\;and\;^{90}Sr$ show the highest value at the surface soil and decrease with depth. $^{137}Cs$ activities at the top surface soils are positively correlated with annual precipitation and organic carbon content with little relationship with mean grain size and the clay content. The highest $^{137}Cs$activities are found at the Jeju site, followed by the Goseong site of which soils have much different parent rock and textural properties. Though the activities of $^{137}Cs\;and\;^{90}Sr$ on the basis of dry weight are higher in Jeju soils than in Goseong soils, their inventories are similar in both soils due to their textural differences.

The Uptake and Loss of Strontium-90 by the Seaweed Undaria pinnatifida (미역에 의한 스트론튬-90의 농축 및 잔류)

  • Byung-Sun Yoo;Koon-Ja Lee;Su-Rae Lee
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.116-121
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    • 1982
  • The uptake and retention of strontium-90 from seawater by the seaweed Undaria pinnatifda(sea mustard) varied depending on the plant part, exposure time, salinity, contents of stable strontium and calcium, and presence of chelating agent in the seawater. The concentration factors attained at equilibrium were in the range of 50 and it was evident that the bioaccumulation was largely due to the adsorption of the radionuclide on the surface of seaweed.

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