• Title, Summary, Keyword: Shield Tunnel

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Design and Construction Problems of Semi-Shield Method (SEMI-SHIELD 공법의 설계 및 시공상 문제점)

  • Kim, Jong-In;Jung, Sung-Nam;Park, Yeong-Geon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.1275-1282
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    • 2009
  • The tunnel excavations are used for construction of common utility tunnel, electric tunnel, communication line tunnel, water supply and public sewerage pile line in urban area. The trench cut methods were mainly used in the past, but now, tunneling method is more being used. The tunnel excavation method like as NATM, Messer-Shield, Semi-Shield Methods are being applied to small section tunnel in Korea. The actual construction results of seme-shield method are increasing due to simplified construction process and reduced noise and vibration. And also this method is being used frequently in waterway tunnel and construction of prevention flooding recently. The seme-shield method design guideline is absence except for electric line tunnel construction in Korea, because of the semi-shield method was developed in Europe and Japan. In the prescriptive design, engineer's subjects are tending to intervene, because of absence of standard and specification for details. Therefore, Design and Construction Problems of Semi-Shield Method were described and construction trouble was introduced for exam. These problem and construction troubles have to be examined thoroughly in advance.

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Stability evaluation for the excavation face of shield tunnel across the Yangtze River by multi-factor analysis

  • Xue, Yiguo;Li, Xin;Qiu, Daohong;Ma, Xinmin;Kong, Fanmeng;Qu, Chuanqi;Zhao, Ying
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.283-293
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    • 2019
  • Evaluating the stability of the excavation face of the cross-river shield tunnel with good accuracy is considered as a nonlinear and multivariable complex issue. Understanding the stability evaluation method of the shield tunnel excavation face is vital to operate and control the shield machine during shield tunneling. Considering the instability mechanism of the excavation face of the cross-river shield and the characteristics of this engineering, seven evaluation indexes of the stability of the excavation face were selected, i.e., the over-span ratio, buried depth of the tunnel, groundwater condition, soil permeability, internal friction angle, soil cohesion and advancing speed. The weight of each evaluation index was obtained by using the analytic hierarchy process and the entropy weight method. The evaluation model of the cross-river shield construction excavation face stability is established based on the idea point method. The feasibility of the evaluation model was verified by the engineering application in a cross-river shield tunnel project in China. Results obtained via the evaluation model are in good agreement with the actual construction situation. The proposed evaluation method is demonstrated as a promising and innovative method for the stability evaluation and safety construction of the cross-river shield tunnel engineerings.

Design of a large shield tunnel in Seoul subway line No.7 extension project(703 section) (서울지하철 7호선연장 703공구 대구경 쉴드터널 설계)

  • Kim Yong-Il;Lim Jong-Yoon;Jung Doo-Suk;Lee Sang-Han;Hwang Nak-Yeon;Park Kwang-Joon
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.424-442
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    • 2005
  • In this paper a design of a large shield Tunnel through weathered soil and weathered rock in 703 section of seoul subway line No.7 extension project is presented. The geological investigation results show that the projecet region consists mostly of weathered soil with some local weathered rock in the tunnel excavation level. A EPB shield TBM is selected as a optimal excavation machine for the large shield Tunnel considering the geological and site conditions. Also, the shield machine head and cutter for the large shield tunnel type are designed considering site geological conditions and average advance rate in similar projects.

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Study on seismic behavior and seismic design methods in transverse direction of shield tunnels

  • He, Chuan;Koizumi, Atsushi
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.651-662
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    • 2001
  • In order to investigate the seismic behavior and seismic design methods in the transverse direction of a shield tunnel, a series of model shaking table tests and a two-dimensional finite element dynamic analysis on the tests are carried out. Two kinds of static analytical methods based on ground-tunnel composite finite element model and beam-spring element model are proposed, and the validity of the static analyses is verified by model shaking table tests. The investigation concerns the dynamic response behavior of a tunnel and the ground, the interaction between the tunnel and ground, and an evaluation of different seismic design methods. Results of the investigation indicate that the shield tunnel follows the surrounding ground in displacement and dynamic characteristics in the transverse direction; also, the static analytical methods proposed by the authors can be used directly as the seismic design methods in the transverse direction of a shield tunnel.

Monitoring management for safely construction of deep shield tunnel (대심도 해저 쉴드터널 안전시공을 위한 계측관리)

  • 유길환;김영수;황대영;곽정민;정성교
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.319-326
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    • 2002
  • During the construction period of submarine shield tunnel, which is built firstly in very soft marine clay layer 40m deep in Korea, wide range problems were encountered such as safe launching against high earth pressure at shield entrance, technique of shield face pressure control when passing through complex multi-layered soils This paper introduces successful construction practice through development of state-of-the-art construction method and field monitoring.

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Application technique on thrust jacking pressure of shield TBM in the sharp curved tunnel alignment by model tests (축소모형실험을 통한 급곡선 터널에서의 Shield TBM 추진 압력 적용 기술에 대한 연구)

  • Kang, Si-on;Kim, Hyeob;Kim, Yong-Min;Kim, Sang-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.335-353
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    • 2017
  • This paper presents the application technique on thrust jacking pressuring of shield TBM in the sharp curved tunnel alignment by model tests. Recently, the application of shield TBM method as mechanized tunnelling is increasing to prevent the vibration and noise problems, which can be occurred in the NATM in the urban area in Korea. However, it is necessary to plan the sharp curved tunnel alignment in order to avoid the building foundation and underground structures, to develop the shield TBM operation technique in the shape curved tunnel alignment. Therefore, the main operation parameters of shield TBM in the curved tunnel alignment are reviewed and analyzed based on the case study and analytical study. The results show that the operation of shield jacking force system is the most important technique in the shape curved tunnel alignment. The simplified scaled model tests are also carried out in order to examine the ground-shield TBM head behaviour. The earth pressures acting on the head of shield TBM are investigated according to two different shield jacking force systems (uniform and un-uniform pressure) and several articulation angles. The results obtained from the model tests are analysed. These results will be very useful to understand the shield TBM head interaction behaviour due to the shield jacking operation technique in the shape curved tunnel alignment, and to develop the operation technique.

Construction Plan by Large Diameter Shield TBM Method and Analysis of Deformation on Site Under Soo-Young River (대구경 Shield TBM공법에 의한 수영강 하저터널 시공계획 및 시공중 발생되는 거동의 공학적 분석)

  • 윤현돈;황규호;최기훈
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2001
  • Doosan Construction & Engineering Co., Ltd is building a railway tunnel beneath the Soo-Young River connecting MinLak Station and Centum City Station, a section 230, subway line 2, Pusan City, Korea. When completed the tunnel will have a finished inner diameter of 6.5m(21.311) throughout its total length of 840m(420m = 0.52 miles, Two Single Track Tunnel : 420m+420m). The ground profile of the face toward shield machine is composed of multi layers, silty clay, clayey gravel, soft rock etc. This research paper is to predict ground deformation and variation of stresses around tunnel using Hyperbolic model, and to reflect the works on the next shield tunneling project. And this research paper is analyzed data of measuring instrument (such as settlement gauge, inclinometer, Multiple extensometer, etc.) which is installed along tunnel line for safety of tunnel. For calculations, the finite difference Method is applied. Backfill grouting material is supposed to have instantly strength of 10kg/$\textrm{cm}^2$ above, although its strength is available after 24 hours passed.

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Disc Cutter Consumptions Prediction on Applying Shield TBM at the Han Riverbed Tunnel (한강하저터널의 쉴드TBM 적용시 디스크 커터 소모량 예측과 소모량)

  • Choi, Jung-Myung;Jung, Hyuk-Sang;Chun, Byung-Sik;Lee, Yong-Joo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.562-570
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to estimate the number of disc cutter consumption and to predict amount of disc cutters when a shield TBM(Tunnel Boring Machine) of the Han Riverbed Tunnel was applied. In fact, it is almost impossible to change the machine after starting the excavation using the shield TBM method. Therefore, it is important to design an appropriate equipment in the shield method - an efficiency choice of the operation equipment plays a key role in the shield tunnel processing. For the above reason, the disc cutter consumption prediction is quite important so that the detailed analysis is required. A number of disc cutter consumption was predicted by the three methods, viz. KOMATSU, MITSUBISHI and NTNU. In addition, the predicted results were compared with field data. The prediction of disc cutter consumption showed that 237 for KOMATSU, 501 for MITSUBISHI, and 634 for NTNU, respectively. However, a total number of 1,263 disc cutter consumption were investigated during the tunnel construction. It was found that there was a huge difference between the predicted and real values of the disc cutter consumption. The more detailed investigation showed that the disc cutter was worn out bluntly in the northbound tunnel, meanwhile it was worn out sharply in the southbound tunnel. In particular, the disc cutter consumption in the southbound tunnel was increased rapidly because of rear abrasion for remaining mucks in the chamber.

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Distance between the Parallel Shield tunnel and Application (병렬 쉴드터널의 이격거리와 적용사례)

  • Kwak Chul-Hong;Kim Jae-Young;Kim Dong-Hyun;Lee Du-Hwa;Lee Seung-Bok;Kim Eung-Tae;Shim Jai-Beom
    • 한국터널공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.225-232
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    • 2005
  • The construction of parallel tunnel by using the shield TBM method was increased recently. Accordingly the application and the propriety of the parallel shield TBM tunnels were studied through domestic and foreign construction cases herein. Also the behavior of tunnel structure and ground was evaluated by a numerical analysis with various ground conditions and the distance between the parallel tunnels. As a result, it was concluded that a deep investigation as well as a ground reinforcement was required with a ratio(L/D) of the distance between the parallel tunnels(L) to tunnel outer diameter(D) less than 0.5 because the Interference phenomenon was expected to occur. And the appropriateness of the application method of parallel shield TBM tunnel was validated through the 2-dimensional numerical analysis simulated the process of excavation after the ground reinforcement in the starting area of the OOO construction site with the ratio(L/D) of 0.35.

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2-Dimensional Numerical Analysis of Crossing Tunnel under Railroad using Roof Panel Shield Method (RPS공법을 이용한 철도횡단터널의 2차원수치해석)

  • Shin, Eun-Chul;Roh, Jeong-Min;Lee, Eun-Soo;Kim, Kyeong-Mo;Kim, Jung-Hyi;Jung, Byung-Chul
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.591-600
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    • 2005
  • There are many cross tunnelling methods such as NTR, TRCM, Messer Shield, Front Jacking, and Pipe Roof Method. The advantages of adopting RPS(roof panel shield) method in crossing tunnel construction with comparing other existing cross tunnelling method are needed a little space and easy to change the direction of cutting shoe during the construction of pipe roof. The numerical analysis of RPS was performed for the application in the crossing tunnel under railroad. The earth pressure distribution and settlement were predicted when the RPS method was applied during the excavation for crossing railroad tunnel construction.

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