• Title, Summary, Keyword: Nano $TiO_2$

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The Syntheses, Characterizations, and Photocatalytic Activities of Silver, Platinum, and Gold Doped TiO2 Nanoparticles

  • Loganathan, Kumaresan;Bommusamy, Palanisamy;Muthaiahpillai, Palanichamy;Velayutham, Murugesan
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.81-90
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    • 2011
  • Different weight percentages of Ag, Pt, and Au doped nano $TiO_2$ were synthesized using the acetic acid hydrolyzed sol-gel method. The crystallite phase, surface morphology combined with elemental composition and light absorption properties of the doped nano $TiO_2$ were comprehensively examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD), $N_2$ sorption analysis, transmission electron microscopic (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray, and DRS UV-vis analysis. The doping of noble metals stabilized the anatase phase, without conversion to rutile phase. The formation of gold nano particles in Au doped nano $TiO_2$ was confirmed from the XRD patterns for gold. The specific surface area was found to be in the range 50 to 85 $m^2$/g. TEM images confirmed the formation a hexagonal plate like morphology of nano $TiO_2$. The photocatalytic activity of doped nano $TiO_2$ was evaluated using 4-chlorophenol as the model pollutant. Au doped (0.5 wt %) nano $TiO_2$ was found to exhibit higher photocatalytic activity than the other noble metal doped nano $TiO_2$, pure nano $TiO_2$ and commercial $TiO_2$ (Degussa P-25). This enhanced photocatalytic activity was due to the cathodic influence of gold in suppressing the electron-hole recombination during the reaction.

A Study of Functionality and Stability of LDPE-Nano TiO2 Composite Film (LDPE-나노 TiO2 복합 필름의 기능성 및 재질안정성 평가)

  • Lee, Wooseok;Ko, Seonghyuk
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF PACKAGING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2017
  • In this work, the effects of nano $TiO_2$ on functionality and stability of low density polyethylene (LDPE) composite films were investigated for food packaging application. LDPE-nano $TiO_2$ composite films were prepared with various $TiO_2$ contents (0, 0.5, 1.0, 3.0 and 5.0wt%) by melt-extrusion and their basic properties such as crystallinity, chemical bonds and surface morphology were examined by XRD, FTIR and SEM. Ultraviolet (UV) light barrier property of as-prepared LDPE-nano $TiO_2$ composite films was also studied and the presence of nano $TiO_2$ resulted in significant improvement of UV light barrier compared to the pure LDPE film. To evaluate influence of nano $TiO_2$ on LDPE properties required as packaging material, thermal, mechanical, gas barrier and optical properties of LDPE-nano $TiO_2$ composite films were characterized with various analytical techniques including TGA, UTM, OTR, WVTR and UV-vis spectroscopy. As a result, except optical property of LDPE, no significant effects were found in other properties. Opacity of pure LDPE was greatly increased with increasing concentration of nano $TiO_2$.

Improved Conversion Efficiency of Dye-sensitized Solar Cells Based on TiO2 Porous Layer Coated TiO2 Nanotubes on a Titanium Mesh Substrate as Photoanode

  • Lim, Jae-Min;He, Weizhen;Kim, Hyung-Kook;Hwang, Yoon-Hwae
    • Current Photovoltaic Research
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.90-96
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    • 2013
  • We report here flexible dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) based on Ti-mesh electrodes that show good mechanical flexibility and electrical conductivity. $TiO_2$ nanotube arrays prepared by electrochemical anodizing Ti-mesh substrate were used as photoanode. A Pt-coated Ti-mesh substrate was used as counter electrode. The photoanodes were modified by coating a $TiO_2$ porous layer onto the $TiO_2$ nanotubes in order to increase the specific surface area. To increase the long term stability of the DSSCs, a gel type electrolyte was used instead of a conventional liquid type electrolyte. The DSSC based on $33.2{\mu}m$ long porous $TiO_2$ nanotubes exhibited a better energy conversion efficiency of ~2.33%, which was higher than that of the DSSCs based on non-porous $TiO_2$ nanotubes.

A study on the synthesis and characterization of PI/$\textrm{TiO}_2$ nano-composite (폴리이미드/$\textrm{TiO}_2$ 나노 복합재의 합성 및 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 이중희;이봉신;허석봉
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.137-140
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    • 2001
  • Oragnic/inorganic hybrid materials prepared by sol-gel method have rapidly become a fasci nating research field in materials science. In this study, Polyimide/$\textrm{TiO}_2$ composites were synthesized from nano-sized anatase $\textrm{TiO}_2$ and two types of Polyimide (BTDA-PPD, PMDA-ODA) by Sol-gel method. Nano-sized $\textrm{TiO}_2$ particles were prepared from $\textrm{TiOEt}_4$ solution. The composites were charcaterized by using XRD, TGA, IR, TEM, and Atomic Force Microscope(AFM). $\textrm{TiO}_2$ nano particles were dispersed well in polyimide matrix and the thermal stability of polyimide was improved with $\textrm{TiO}_2$ nano-sized particles.

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DYE SENSITIZED SOLAR CELLS WITH HIGH PHOTO-ENERGY CONVERSION -CONTROLL OF NANO-PARTICLE SURFACES-

  • Hayase, Shuzi
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.52-56
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    • 2006
  • Some of factors affecting photo-conversion efficiency of dye sensitized solar cells (DSCs) are discussed in terms of $TiO_2$ electrodes. The first topic is on the surface modification of $TiO_2$ nano-particles, which is associated with electron traps on the surface of $TiO_2$ nano-particles. The surface is modified with dye molecules under pressurized $CO_2$ atmosphere to increase the surface coverage of $TiO_2$ nano-particles with dye molecules. This increases Jsc because of an increase in the amount of dye molecules and a decrease in the amount of trapping sites on $TiO_2$ nano-particles. In addition, the decrease in the amount of trap sites increases Voc because decreases in Voc are brought about by the recombination of $I_2$ molecules with electrons trapped on the $TiO_2$ surfaces. Selective staining for tandem cells is proposed. The second topic is on the contact between a $SnO_2$/F transparent conductive layer (TCL) and nano-particles. Polishing the TCL surfaces with silica nano-particles increases the contact, resulting in Jsc increases. The third topic is the fabrication of ion-paths in $TiO_2$ layers. Electro-spray coating of $TiO_2$ nano-particles onto TCL is shown to be effective for fabricating ion-paths in $TiO_2$ layers, which increases Jsc.

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Fabrication and Characterization of PCL/TiO2 Nanoparticle 3D Scaffold (PCL/TiO2 Nanoparticle 3차원 지지체 제조 및 특성 평가)

  • Kim, Jung-Ho;Lee, Ok Joo;Sheikh, Faheem A.;Ju, Hyung Woo;Moon, Bo Mi;Park, Hyun Jung;Park, Chan Hum
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.150-155
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    • 2014
  • Polycaprolactone (PCL) is a synthetic biodegradable polymer with excellent mechanical properties. $TiO_2$ (titanium dioxide) has a hydrophilic, high density and excellent biocompatibility. In this work, we produced three-dimensional porous scaffolds with PCL and $TiO_2$ nanoparticles using a salt-leaching method. Physical properties of the scaffolds were analyzed by FE-SEM, FTIR, TGA and compressive strength. Interestingly, the addition of $TiO_2$ nanoparticles decreased the water absorption and swelling ratio of the porous scaffolds. However, the compressive strength was increased by $TiO_2$. CCK-8 assay, which is generally used for the analysis of cell growth, shows that $TiO_2$ nanoparticles have no cytotoxicity. Taken together, we suggest that the PLC/$TiO_2$-scaffold can be used for biomedical applications.

Photocatalytic Property of Nano-Structured TiO$_2$ Thermal Splayed Coating - Part I: TiO$_2$ Coating - (나노구조 TiO$_2$ 용사코팅의 미세조직 제어 공정기술 개발과 광촉매 특성평가 - Part I: TiO$_2$코팅 -)

  • 이창훈;최한신;이창희;김형준;신동우
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 2003
  • Nano-TiO$_2$ photocatalytic coatings were deposited on the stainless steel 304(50$\times$70$\times$3mm) by the APS(Atmospheric Plasma Spraying). Photocatlytic reaction was tested in MB(methylene blue) aqueous solution. For applying nano-TiO$_2$ powders by thermal spray, the starting nano-TiO$_2$ powder with 100% anatase crystalline was agglomerated by spray drying. Plasma second gas(H$_2$) flow rate and spraying distance were used as principal process parameters which are known to control heat enthalpy(heat input). The relationship between process parameters and the characteristics of microstructure such as the anatase phase fraction and grain size of the TiO$_2$ coatings were investigated. The photo-decomposition efficiency of TiO$_2$ coatings was evaluated by the kinetics of MB aqueous solution decomposition. It was found that the TiO$_2$ coating with a lower heat input condition had a higher anatase fraction, smaller anatase grain size and a better photo-decomposition efficiency.

A Newly Designed a TiO2-Loaded Spherical ZnS Nano/Micro-Composites for High Hydrogen Production from Methanol/Water Solution Photo-Splitting

  • Kim, Ji-Eun;Kang, Mi-Sook
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.7
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    • pp.2133-2139
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    • 2012
  • A new system using $TiO_2$ (nano-sized, band-gap 3.14 eV)-impregnated spherical ZnS (micro-sized, band-gap 2.73 eV) nano/micro-composites (Ti 0.001, 0.005, 0.01, and 0.05 mol %/ZnS) was developed to enhance the production of hydrogen from methanol/water splitting. The ZnS particles in a spherical morphology with a diameter of about 2-4 mm which can absorb around 455 nm were prepared by hydrothermal method. This material was used as a photocatalyst with loading by nano-sized $TiO_2$ (20-30 nm) for hydrogen production. The evolution of $H_2$ from methanol/water (1:1) photo splitting over the $TiO_2$/ZnS composite in the liquid system was enhanced, compared with that over pure $TiO_2$ and ZnS. In particular, 1.2 mmol of $H_2$ gas was produced after 12 h when 0.005 mol % $TiO_2$/ZnS nano/micro-composite was used. On the basis of cyclic voltammeter (CV) and UV-visible spectrums results, the high photoactivity was attributed to the larger band gap and the lower LUMO in the $TiO_2$/ZnS composite, due to the decreased recombination between the excited electrons and holes.

Microstructure of TiO2 sensor electrode on nano block copolymertemplates using an ALD (나노 블록공중합체 템플레이트에 ALD로 제조된 센서용 TiO2 박막의 미세구조 연구)

  • Park, Jong-Sung;Han, Jeung-Jo;Song, Oh-Sung;Jeon, Seung-Min;Kim, Hyeong-Ki
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.239-244
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    • 2009
  • We fabricated nano-templates by low temperature BCP(block copolymer) process at 180 $^{\circ}C$, then we deposited 10 nm-thick $TiO_2$ layers with ALD(atomic layer deposition) at low temperature of 150 $^{\circ}C$. Through FE-SEM analysis, we confirmed the successful formation of the groove-type(width of crest : 30 nm, width of trough : 18 nm) and the cylinder-type(diameter : 10 nm, distance between hole : 25 nm) templates. Moreover, after $TiO_2$-ALD processing, we confirmed the deposition of the uniform nano layers of $TiO_2$ on the nano-templates. Through AFM analysis, the pitches of the crest-through(in groove-type) and hole-hole(in cylinder-type) were the same before and after $TiO_2$-ALD processing. In addition, we indirectly determined the existence of the uniform $TiO_2$ layers on nano-templates as the surface roughness decreased drastically. We successfully fabricated nano-template at low temperature and confirmed that the three-dimensional nano-structure for sensor application could be achieved by $TiO_2$-ALD processing at extremely low temperature of 150 $^{\circ}C$.

Dehydrogenation of Ethylbenzene to Styrene with CO2 over TiO2-ZrO2 Bifunctional Catalyst

  • Burri, David Raju;Choi, Kwang-Min;Han, Sang-Cheol;Burri, Abhishek;Park, Sang-Eon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2007
  • In the dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene, CO2 could play a role as an oxidant to increase conversion of ethylbenzene and stability as well over TiO2-ZrO2 mixed oxide catalysts. TiO2-ZrO2 catalysts were prepared by co-precipitation method and were characterized by BET surface area, bulk density, X-ray diffraction, temperature programmed desorption of NH3 and CO2. These catalysts were found to be X-ray amorphous with enhanced surface areas and acid-base properties both in number and strength when compared to the respective oxides (TiO2 and CO2). These catalysts were found to be highly active (> 50% conversion), selective (> 98%) and catalytically stable (10 h of time-on-stream) at 600 oC for the dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene. However, in the nitrogen stream, both activity and stability were rather lower than those in the stream with CO2. The TiO2-ZrO2 catalysts were catalytically superior to the simple oxide catalysts such as TiO2 and ZrO2. The synergistic effect of CO2 has clearly been observed in directing the product selectivity and prolonging catalytic activity.