• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mediating Variable

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A Studies on the Effect of the Mediating Variable Affecting the Business Performance in the TPM Activity (TPM활동에 있어서 기업성과에 영향을 미치는 매개변수의 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Yeon, Keyong-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.197-203
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    • 2016
  • This study is to constructs the model by the relationship between the most important ones of TPM's step activities which are derived from the result of AHP analysis and the management performance. And it is to analyze whether step activities have impact on corporate performance through the mediating variable from a convergence point. Also it is to choose four step activities - irrational field and loss improvement, preparation and system establishment for the basic conditions of 5S, initial cleaning, loss analysis of facility efficiency - as independent variables, and to analyze the effect of TPM activity level as mediating variable on management performance as dependent variable. According to the analysis, four step activities don't have direct effect on corporate performance but TPM activity level as mediating variable has a full-mediated effect on corporate performance. That is, TPM activity level has been shown to play a role as mediating variable. Therefore, higher recognition of confidence in facility, awareness of self-development and definitive management of individual work shows TPM activity can contribute to corporate performance successfully.

Acculturative Stress and Marital Adjustment among Marriage Migration Females: Focusing on the Mediating and Moderating Effects of Ego-Resilience (결혼이주여성의 문화적응스트레스와 부부 적응: 자아탄력성의 매개효과 및 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyun-Suk;Kim, Hee-Jae;Choi, Song-Sik
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.153-176
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between marriage migration females' acculturative stress and marital adjustment, especially the mediating and moderating effects of ego-resilience. The structural equation models were tested by setting marriage migration females' acculturative stress as a prediction variable, their marital adjustment as an outcome variable and their ego-resilience as mediator and moderator variables. The sample consisted of 172 marriage migration females from Busan. I analyzed the data using correlation analysis in order to discover the correlation coefficient of those variables among acculturative stress, ego-resilience and marital adjustment. I used the structural equation model (SEM) for investigating the relationship among acculturative stress, ego-resilience and marital adjustment and for investigating the mediating effects of ego-resilience. I also used multiple group analysis and two way ANOVA to investigate the moderating effects of ego-resilience. The results of structural equation modeling were as follows: first, it was proved that ego-resilience was exerted as a mediating variable, because acculturative stress appeared to affect marital adjustment in relation to ego-resilience. Therefore, marital adjustment was evident when ego-resilience was low. Second, it was proved that ego-resilience was exerted as a moderating variable, because those with low ego-resilience experienced high acculturative stress and low marital adjustment, and those with high ego-resilience experienced low acculturative stress and high marital adjustment. Such findings point out the importance of considering personal characteristics, like ego-resilience, in the relationship between acculturative stress and marital adjustment.

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An Effect of Procedural Justice on Organizational Commitment : The Mediating Effect of Pay Satisfaction (절차공정성이 조직몰입에 미치는 영향 : 임금만족 매개효과)

  • Jang, Eun-Hye;Lee, Kwang-Hee;Jang, Eun-Young;Yoon, Byung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the mediating effect of pay satisfaction on the relation between procedural justice and organizational commitment. A survey was conducted to examine the mediating effect of pay satisfaction on the responses of 529 employees. The study chose sex, age, education, position, job type and career as control variable, and the regression model which treated procedural justice as independent variable and organizational commitment as criterion variables were set. A pay satisfaction was supposed as mediating variable of these relationships. The data analysis was conducted by SAS 9.4ver and LISREL 8.80. The results of this study confirm underneath the followings. First, the relation of procedural justice and organizational commitment are significantly unique. Second, procedural justice are positively related to pay satisfaction. Third, pay satisfaction is significantly positively related to organizational commitment. Fourth, the pay satisfaction is partially mediated on the relationship between procedural justice and organizational commitment. This means that the pay satisfaction mediates the relation of procedural justice and organizational commitment. These results are different from the prior researches which had treated pay satisfaction as mediating variable of procedural justice and organizational commitment. Based on the findings of the study, this study presented managerial implications and suggestions for future studies.

An Empirical Study on the Relationship among Social Capital, Knowledge Application, and Product Innovation Performance in Technology Cooperation Network (기술협력 네트워크에서의 사회적자본, 지식활용, 제품혁신성과의 관계에 대한 실증연구)

  • Kang, Seok-Min;Kim, Dae-Won
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.207-221
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    • 2014
  • Due to the awareness for the importance of social capital, many researches have investigated that social capital contributes to the successful implementation of product innovation. Although most researchers tried to model the effect of social capital on product innovation as a linear relation, we consider it too simplistic and fuzzy because knowledge utilization which ultimately leads to product innovation should exist in the relationship between social capital and product innovation. Using 107 survey data, this study found there is a partial mediating effect of knowledge utilization on the link between structure aspect of social capital and product innovation (i.e., new product development and improvement in existing products). Next, this study reported knowledge utilization does act as a perfect mediating variable on the link between awareness aspect of social capital and improvement of existing products, but act as a partial mediating variable on the link between awareness aspect of social capital and new product development. Finally, this study found that knowledge utilization does not act as a mediating variable on the link between relation aspect of social capita and product innovation.

The Mediating Effect of Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Science Teaching on the Relations Among Child Care Teachers' Burnout, Science Teaching Anxiety, and Science Teaching Efficacy (보육교사의 소진, 과학교수불안 및 과학교수효능감 간의 관계에서 과학교과교육학지식의 매개효과)

  • Paik, Young-Suk;Kim, Dong-Rye
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.189-206
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the mediating effect of pedagogical content knowledge of science teaching on the relations among child care teachers' burnout, science teaching anxiety, and science teaching efficacy. For this study, questionnaires were distributed to 355 teachers working at child care centers in Jollanam-do. The analysis of data was conducted with SPSS WIN 18.0. The results of this study were as follows. First, child care teachers' burnout lowered their science teaching efficacy, and child care teachers' pedagogical content knowledge, as a mediating variable, reduced the negative effect of child care teachers' burnout on their science teaching efficacy. Second, child care teachers' science teaching anxiety lowered their science teaching efficacy, and child care teachers' pedagogical content knowledge, as a mediating variable, reduced the negative effect of child care teachers' science teaching anxiety as an independent variable on their science teaching efficacy. These findings imply there is a need to boost pedagogical content knowledge during in-service teacher education programs.

The Effect of Career Learning on Employability and the Mediating Effect of Job Expertise in a Public Corporation (공기업 근로자의 경력학습이 고용가능성에 미치는 영향에서 직무 전문성의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Eui-Joong
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.123-130
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to empirically verify the impacts of career learning on employability and the mediating effect of job expertise in a public corporation. For the empirical analysis, I surveyed 958 employees(valid respondents) working in a public corporation. And the structural equation modeling(SEM) was used to statistically analize and test the research hypotheses. The independent variable is 'career learning', the dependent variable is 'employability' and the mediating variable is 'job expertise'. The results are as follows. The empirical analysis shows that the positive effects of 'career learning ${\rightarrow}$ job expertise', 'job expertise ${\rightarrow}$ employability' and 'career learning ${\rightarrow}$ employability' are all verified. And the mediating effect of job expertise between career learning and employability is also partially verified. So, all the proposed hypotheses are accepted. From this result, I can clearly suggest that the employees can be growing to professionals with high employability when they retire if they are voluntarily and self-motivated to set up their career plan and to enhance their job expertise. In this context, it is expected that the company should support the employees to continue to strengthen their own expertise in their job place through their mid-long term career learning plan.

Effects of Emotional Intelligence of the Elderly on Mental Health

  • KIM, Sook-Ja;KO, Jea-Ug
    • The Korean Journal of Food & Health Convergence
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.25-35
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of study is to study the influence of elderly's family harmony reflects on suicidal tendency among the mental health. The study was a survey of 323 elderly people aged 65 years or older in the elderly welfare center located in S city. The variables of this study consisted of the independent variable emotional intelligence, the dependent variable suicide tendency and the mediating effect family harmony. As a result of the study. In the mediating effect of family harmony on the influence of emotional intelligence on suicidal thoughts, it was found that emotional intelligence had a positive (+) effect on family harmony (t=9.389, p<0.001), and emotional intelligence was related to suicidal thought It was found to have a negative (-) effect (t=-7.358, p<0.001). The mediating effect, family harmony, had negative (-) influence on suicidal thoughts (t=-3.956, p<0.001), and emotional intelligence also showed that suicidal thoughts had negative (-) influence (t=-4.828, p<0.001). In Conclusions, it was found that family harmony had a partial mediating effect on the influence of emotional intelligence on suicidal thoughts. Emotional intelligence, which can accept one's own emotions and feel the emotions of others in the position of others, is an important variable for family harmony.

Roles of Trust in Technology Acceptance of Augmented Reality (증강현실(AR) 기술 수용에 있어서 신뢰성의 역할)

  • Chung, Byoung-gyu
    • Journal of Venture Innovation
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2019
  • Various studies have been conducted on factors influencing the adoption of new technologies. In particular, the factors influencing customers' acceptance of new technologies that emerged along with the arrival of the 4th Industrial Revolution. Theoretical models are mainly based on the technology acceptance model (TAM) or Extended Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology : UTAUT2). However, there are no trust variables in these models. In this study, we added trust variable and tested augmented reality(AR). Three types - trust as an independent variable, as a mediating variable, and as a moderating variable - were analyzed statistically. As a result, trust was most explanatory when viewed as a mediating variable between independent variables and intention to use. In theory, it has been shown that trust acts as a mediating effect. In practice, trust is most important in accepting new technologies, so it is important to prioritize trust.

The Effect of Psychological Safety on Innovation Behavior: Focus on Mediating Effect of Job Crafting (심리적 안정감이 혁신행동에 미치는 영향: 잡 크래프팅(Job Crafting)의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Su-Heyong;Lee, Jung-Mi
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.79-93
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    • 2020
  • Purpose - The purpose of this study analyzes the effect of psychological safety on innovative behavior mediated by job crafting. Design/methodology/approach - This study collected 221 survey data from employees in Korea. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 25.0 and Macro Process. The multiple regression analysis and bootstrap analysis were hired in order to analyze the data. Findings - First, psychological safety had a significant effect on innovation behavior. Second, job crafting proved a mediating effect in the relationship between psychological safety and innovation behavior. In other words, it has been demonstrated empirically that task crafting, cognitive crafting, and relational crafting, which are sub-elements of job crafting, play a mediating role in the relationship between psychological safety and innovative behavior. Research implications or Originality - This study expanded the study of Job Crafting in that it revealed the mediating role of Job Crafting in the relationship of psychological safety and innovative behavior. Second, this study has novelty in that it has established a sense of psychological safety as an independent variable that promotes innovative behavior, and that it has examined each other's structural relationship by adding a variable called Job Crafting.

Mediated Effects of Consumer Recognition in Relationship of Local Food Tour Experience and Intention of Action (로컬푸드 체험관광이 행동의도에 미치는 관계에서 소비자 인식의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Hee-Dong
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.81-96
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    • 2014
  • This study is aimed to examine the mediated effects of consumer recognition in relationship of local food tour experience and intention of action in the revitalization of local food. Questionnaire survey target was women in 30s and 40s. The local food tour experience is independent variable, intention of action is dependent variable, and consumer recognition is analyzed as mediated variable. As a result, consumer recognition which is mediating variable has two subordinated variables. One is direct affect and the other is indirect affect. Between local food tour experience and intention of action, there was partial mediating effect. Thus, through tour experience, consumer can have positive recognition of freshness, safety, health, taste, price, job creation and relationship. That affects to the intention of action. Based on the results of the study, it is necessary to learn success case for marketing revitalization, and develop and operate experiencing tour education program to manage customer continuously.