• Title/Summary/Keyword: Media Richness Theory

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The Impacts of Media Symbol Variety on Performance in Virtual Teams

  • Shim, Sang-Min;Suh, Kil-Soo;Im, Kun-Shin
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.83-97
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the impacts of media symbol variety on group performance in virtual teams. Symbol variety is defined as the number of ways in which information can be communicated and includes Daft and Lengel [1986]'s multiplicity of cues and language variety. According to media richness theory and media synchronicity theory, the use of media with high symbol variety is assumed to facilitate and promote communications among virtual team members. Therefore, it is expected that the media symbol variety is positively associated with group performance in virtual teams. Furthermore, online relationship building is expected to mediate the impacts of symbol variety on the performance. To confirm the suppositions, a controlled lab experiment was conducted with 60 undergraduate students as subjects. In the experimental virtual teams, subjects were allowed to communicate with other members using text-based messenger with emoticons. Subjects in the control virtual teams were allowed to communicate using only text-based messenger. The direct impact of symbol variety on group performance in virtual teams was found insignificant. However, the online relationship was found to completely mediate the positive impact of symbol variety on group performance. The implications and limitations of this study are also discussed for future research.

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Effects of Medium Experience on Medium Perception and Communication Process (텍스트매체 사용에 있어서 매체 경험이 매체 인지와 의사소통과정에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Jae-Ho;Lee, Hyun-Kyu;Suh, Kil-Soo
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 1999
  • The objective of this study is to examine the media richness theory and the social information processing model by analyzing the effect of media experience on media perception and communication process. To accomplish this objective, a laboratory experiment was conducted. The independent variable was text medium experience and a face-to-face medium was added as a control group. The dependent variables were medium perception and communication process. Medium perception includes perceived richness, medium feeling, task satisfaction, and communication satisfaction. Communication processes were also analyzed to compare each treatment group. The results can be summarized into two facts. First, face-to-face group showed higher perceived richness than text medium group. And experienced text medium group perceived their text medium richer than inexperienced text medium group. Second, experienced text medium groups showed more interactions between subjects than inexperienced text medium group. Experienced text medium group also showed more agreements and meta-communication which could be found in face-to-face group. The result of this study supported media richness theory by finding that face-to-face medium was perceived richer than text medium, And the results also proved social information processing model by comparing experienced text medium group and inexperienced text medium group. The text medium, although thought to be the leanest one, could be perceived richer if users had lots of experience on it.

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Instructor Factors and Media Richness Affecting Distance Learning Student's Intention to Use and Performance (교수자 요인과 매체풍부성이 원격교육 학습자의 이용의도와 학습성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu In;Shin Seon-Jin
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.35-53
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    • 2006
  • Distance teaming systems have become popular tools for teaching and learning. The purpose of this study is to analyze influence of instructor factors and media richness on student's intention th use and performance in distance teaming. We used TAM as a theoretical foundation to explain student's behavior. The model was tested using LISREL analysis on the sample of 246 users rho have experience with the distance teaming systems. The results show that instructor factors such as luぉ style and attitude have partial effects on perceived usefulness, ease of use and media richness. In addition, results also show that both TAM variables and media richness strongly predict intention In use of the distance loaming system Finally, the usage intention has a positive effect on teaming performance. Implications of these findings are discussed for researchers and practitioners.

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Effects of Task Characteristics and Medium Experience on Perceived Media Richness and Social Presence (과업과 특성과 매체 경험이 인지된 매체 풍요도와 사회적 존재성에 미치는 영향)

  • Suh, Kil-Soo
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.119-134
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    • 1998
  • Among several theories to explain how different communication media affect task performance, media richness theory(MRT) is one of the most frequently cited. Recent studies related to the use of communication media, however, have raised the question of the effectiveness of the MRT as a predictor of media choices or of individual effectiveness. The objective of this research is to examine the assumptions of the MRT. MRT proposes that the properties of media are objective in other words, they are inherent and physical attributes recognizable by users. This study experiments on the effects of task characteristics and medium experience on the perceived media richness and social presence. The results of this study did not support the assumptions of the MRT. There was an interaction effects of task characteristics and medium experience on both the perceived media richness and social presence. While the inexperienced computer-mediated communication(CMC) group perceives their medium richer for the unequivocal task, the experienced CMC group perceives their medium equally for the equivocal and the unequivocal task.

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기업의 업무특성과 사회적 커뮤니케이션 미디어 사용 성과;사회적 영향과 친분관계의 조절효과를 중심으로

  • Gu, Cheol-Mo;Jeong, Jae-Eun;Jo, Geun-Sik
    • 한국경영정보학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.88-95
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    • 2007
  • 사회적 커뮤니케이션 미디어는 기업 조직의 사회적 네크워크를 활발히 사용되고 있다. 각 커뮤니케이션 정보시스템은 매우 유용하게 사용되고 있지만, 업무적 특성과 사회적 영향 요인에 대한 연구는 매우 적은 편이다. 또한 새로운 정보기술의 도입, 예를 들면, 메신저와 무선 화상통신과 같은 발전은 매체 풍부성 이론으로 아직까지 적용 검증되지 못하고 있다. 본 연구는 업무적 특성과 미디어 활용 그리고 업무성과에 대한 검증을 실시하였다. 분석방법은 서베이를 통하여 소중대기업에서 근무하고 있는 280명을 대상으로 하였고 회귀분석으로 분석결과를 도출하였다. 연구결과로는 업무 특성은 미디어 사용에 긍정적인 영향요인이며 사회적 영향과 친분관계는 두 관계를 조절하고 있음을 발견하였다. 또한 커뮤니케이션 미디어의 활용은 각 업무성과에 긍정적인 영향을 미치고 있음을 발견하였다.

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Task Characteristics and Utilization of Electronic Approval System : Media Richness Theory Perspective (업무특성과 전자결재시스템 활용간의 관계에 대한 탐색적 연구:매체 풍부성 이론 관점)

  • 김영걸;오승엽
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 2000
  • With the rapidly changing external environment and the increasing internal process complexity more and more organizations are adopting the Electronic Approval System(EAS) for their competitiveness. This paper defines EAS as a core organizational communication medium investigates factors which influence EAS's use from a media rich-ness theory and shows sutiable EAS functions for equivocality resolution and uncertainty reduction. Results from the five EAS implementation sites show that most organizations use EAS only for tasks with low equivocality and low uncertainty. Additional functionalities such as video conferencing and database access were suggested for fu-ture EAS system to enhance their utilization for more cirtical and unstructed tasks.

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A Study on the User Acceptance Model of Smartphone (스마트폰의 사용자 수용 모형에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Yunsun;Lee, Hyoung-Yong
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.133-148
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    • 2013
  • As network technologies evolve and so-called smart technologies appear, applications of smartphones are being applied in widespread areas. In general, the adoption of smartphones is different from the adoption of information systems. Thus, we tried to find out factors which may affect the user acceptance behavior. However, there have been some academic studies that analyzed the factors that affect user acceptance of smartphones, and their relationships. Under this academic background, we develop a model to examine how smartphones are accepted by users based on technology acceptance model. The theoretical model is validated through an online survey of smartphone users from two universities in Seoul, Korea. The results reveal that the users will have positive attitude towards adopting the smartphone when they perceive that the usage of smartphones is useful. We also find that the perceived usefulness of the smartphone is affected by the perceived ease of use and the media richness. The results also suggest that the perceived ease of use is determined by the self-efficacy whereas the intention to use smartphones is determined bv the perceived usefulness, the self-efficacy, and the attitude toward smartphnes' usage. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

The Moderating Effect of Media Synchronicity in the Communication Media Use and Knowledge Creation

  • Ryoo, Sung-Yul;Koo, Chul-Mo
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.103-124
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    • 2010
  • Social communications using information and communication technologies (ICT) for social interactions have been making a significant impact on task performance in organizations. However, most of the existing studies on ICT (e.g., telephone and email) have only focused on technical improvement of communication efficiencies (e.g., information exchange and storage). In this paper, we claim that ICT may be another alternative source of knowledge creation that enables employees to work, find solutions, and achieve their goals faster and better. We investigate the impact of ICT in terms of both tasks and social aspects with knowledge creation as task performance. Also, we investigate the moderating effect of media synchronicity on these relationships. This study contributes to the understanding of contemporary communications media usage and its performance in organizations. We collected and analyzed survey data of 248 company employees, using PLS. The results indicate that task urgency and social influence directly affect ICT usage, and even knowledge creation. Also the media synchronicity moderates the relationship between the characteristics of a given task and ICT usage and the relationship between ICT usage and knowledge creation. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are also discussed in the paper.

A Study on the Social Commerce in Smartphone Environment (스마트폰 환경에서 소셜커머스 사용에 대한 연구)

  • Ahn, Hyunchul;Lee, Hyoung-Yong
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.145-158
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    • 2015
  • Currently, Social Commerces have increasingly gained popularity with the growth of Social Network Services (SNS). As the applications of smartphones are being applied in widespread areas, social commerces in the smartphone environment have entered a new chapter. The applications of social commerces on smartphones are widely used, which has increased the market share of social commerces exponentially. Thus, we tried to find out factors which may affect the user acceptance of social commerces in the smartphone environment. We develop a research model to examine how social commerces in the smartphone environment are accepted by users based on the academic factors-switch costs, trend-seeking tendency, richness in media. The theoretical model is validated through an survey of social commerce users in the smartphone environment from the undergraduates and the graduates in Seoul, Korea. The structural equation analysis is conducted based on the partial least square (PLS) approach. The results reveal that the switch cost will have positive mediating influences to the intention to use social commerce in the smartphone environment. We also find that the perceived usefulness of the smartphone is affected by the media richness. The results also suggest that the trend-seeking tendency has no influences to the users of social commerces in the smartphone environment. Also, theoretical and practical implications are discussed. The findings are believed to increase our understanding an interesting mobile phenomenon, as well as making contributions.

The Effect of Media Richness, Social Presence, and Life Satisfaction on Continuance Usage Intention or Withdrawal Intention of SNS Users via Relative Deprivation (매체 풍요도, 사회적 존재감 및 생활 만족도가 상대적 박탈감을 통해 SNS 이용자의 이용 지속 의도 또는 이탈 의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Un-Kon
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.165-178
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - This study aims to empirically verify the impact of media richness, social presence, and prior life satisfaction on various continual usage or withdrawal behaviors of SNS users via both a positive path of satisfaction and a negative path of relative deprivation. By identifying these causal paths, we observe dynamic interactions of SNS user psychology in a balanced view, and provide some implications about design principles for SNS providers. Research design, data, and methodology - We developed 16 hypothesis based on media richness theory, social presence theory, social comparison theory, the literature about relative deprivation, and the literature about the various reactions of IS users. The rich SNS media, social presence recognition among peer SNS users, and prior life satisfaction could generate positive experience, attitude, and virtuous behavioral intentions among SNS users. At the same time, rich media, low social presence, and low prior life satisfaction could generate relative deprivation and could increase withdrawal behavioral intentions such as refusal to provide information, misrepresentation of information, and removal of uploaded information in SNS. Scenario surveys were conducted to collect data from potential SNS users. Data from 357 surveys were collected and analyzed through a PLS algorithm to test the hypotheses. Results - Media richness, social presence, and prior life satisfaction could significantly increase perceived enjoyment, satisfaction, and behavioral intention of continual usage and knowledge sharing. They also could significantly decrease refusal and misrepresentation intention. Relative deprivation is significantly decreased only by prior life satisfaction. Relative deprivation could not significantly decrease satisfaction, but it could significantly increase misrepresentation and removal intention, which could be regarded as information distortion intention. Conclusions - SNS providers should focus on developing rich media and social presence support because these two variables could impact the positive experiences of SNS users. Moreover, the positive experiences could heavily influence SNS user behavior. Some management is needed to prevent relative deprivation and its consequences of misrepresentation and removal intention. SNS providers should prevent SNS users from excessive image misrepresentation and removal as this information distortion could be the source of relative deprivation.