• Title/Summary/Keyword: Job characteristics

Search Result 354, Processing Time 0.113 seconds

Development of Job Characteristics, Organizational Effectiveness Model for Chinese by Province and City (중국인의 지역별 특성에 의한 직무특징, 조직효과성 관계 모델 개발)

  • 최성운;백봉기
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
    • /
    • v.5 no.4
    • /
    • pp.245-256
    • /
    • 2003
  • Job characteristics have influence on the organizational effectiveness. The job characteristics are the core job dimension and organizational effectiveness. Aptitude and personality also act on job characteristics. In this study, we investigate chinese characters by province and city. The purpose of this study is to develop the job characteristics and organizational effectiveness model for chinese by province and city. Consequently, we suggest to be applied the model to korean finns strategically, which push into China, by view of improvement of organizational effectiveness and adaptation in China.

A Study on the Influence of Job Characteristics Perceived by Nurses on Their Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment : Focusing on Moderating Effect of Individual Personality Characteristics (간호조직에서 직무특성이 간호사의 직무만족과 조직몰입에 미치는 영향 - 성격특성의 조절효과를 중심으로 -)

  • 김명숙;박영배
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.29 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1434-1444
    • /
    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of job characteristics on the nurses' the moderating effect of locus of control on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment and relationship between job characteristics and attitude. The sample for this study consisted of 594 nurses from 8 university hospitals. Factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha analysis, multiple regression analysis and hierarchical multiple regression analysis were used for the statistical methods. The results of this study were found that (1) autonomy among 5 core job characteristics showed positive influence on job satisfaction, (2) task significance and autonomy among 5 core job characteristics had positive influence on organizational commitment, (3) the internals of locus of control moderated the effect of job characteristics on nurses' job satisfaction, and (4) internals and externals of locus of control moderated the effect of job characteristics on nurses' organizational commitment.

  • PDF

A Study on Mediator Effect of Empowerment on Job Characteristics and Creativity (직무특성과 임파워먼트가 창의성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Eun-Hye;Lee, Kwang-Hee;Lee, Yoon-Ho
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
    • /
    • v.35 no.4
    • /
    • pp.63-72
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the mediating effect of empowerment on the relation between job characteristics and creativity. This study also examines the relationship job characteristics and creativity. As a result of this study, job characteristics had positive influence on empowerment. Empowerment had positive influence on creativity. Also job characteristics had positive effect on creativity at first, but it did not have a direct effect on creativity when empowerment was considered. These mean that empowerment is complete mediation variable because job characteristics no longer affects creativity after empowerment has been considered. Several implications, limitations and directions for future research were discussed.

Comparison of Job Characteristics and Empowerment of Dental Hygienists According to Hospital Type (병원종별에 따른 치과위생사의 직무특성과 임파워먼트 비교)

  • Roh, Hyo-Lyun;Ku, In-Young
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
    • /
    • v.5 no.3
    • /
    • pp.897-906
    • /
    • 2017
  • Purpose. In this study, the empowerment and job characteristics of dental hygienists by hospital type were identified and the relationships between empowerment and job characteristics were examined. Methods. The subjects were 156 working dental hygienists. A structured self-administered questionnaire was used to investigate the empowerment and job characteristics of dental hygienists. For empowerment and Job Characteristics, the scale developed by Spreitzer and Hackman and Oldham was used. Results. The results of this study showed that the degree of formation of empowerment for dental hygienists was the highest in general/university hospitals. All elements of job characteristics were closely correlated with empowerment, and hospital type was correlated with the determination of empowerment. Job characteristics influenced empowerment. This result suggests that the inherent jobs of dental hygienists did not change much by hospital type, but empowerment changed because the organizational characteristics changed according to hospital size. Conclusions. Therefore, considering the importance of the jobs of dental hygienists, hospitals need to form an organizational atmosphere that guarantee autonomy and promote a diversity of jobs.

Relationship Between Job Characteristics and Production Performance of Employees in Production Department - Centered on Moderating Effects of Characteristics of Managerial Accounting Information - (생산부서 종업원들의 업무특성과 생산성과와의 관계분석 - 관리회계정보 특성의 조절효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Lim Kyu-Chan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.6 no.4
    • /
    • pp.125-135
    • /
    • 2006
  • The objective of this study is to verify effects of employees' cognition of their job characteristics in production department of manufacturing companies on production performance and also to verify the moderating effect of the characteristics of managerial accounting information in the relationship between job characteristics and productivity. To achieve this purpose, this study divides the factors of job characteristics into task diversity, task significance, autonomy, and task identity and production performance into flexibility, time, and quality. The results of this study are as follows. First, There is a significant relationship between job characteristics and production performance according to employees' cognition of their job characteristics. Second, There is a significant relationship between job characteristics and production performance according to the characteristics of managerial accounting information.

  • PDF

Work Performance of Critical Care Nurses Based on the Job Characteristics Model (직무특성모형에 근거한 중환자실 간호사의 간호업무성과 설명요인)

  • Seong, Ji-Suk;Song, Rhayun
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.36-47
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: The study examined core job characteristics and job preference to explain work performance among critical care nurses. The theoretical model was constructed based on the job characteristics model with core job characteristics as exogenous variables, and work performance and job preference as endogenous variables. Methods: A total of 228 hospital nurses participated in the study from May to September, 2015. Data were collected through structured questionnaires and analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results: The model showed a good fit to the data with $x^2/df=2.90$, goodness of fit index = .91, root mean square residual = .20, comparative fit index = .93, and incremental fit index = .93. The core job characteristics explained 64% of the variance in job preference. The core job characteristics and job preference explained 52% of the variance in work performance. Conclusions: The core job characteristics can explain the work performance among critical care nurses through job preference. Effective strategies to improve the work performance among critical care nurses should focus on the application of the core job characteristic into a productive work environment. Further studies are warranted to explore the role of job preference of critical care nurses in promoting their work performance.

  • PDF

A Study on the Effect of Social Worker's Job Characteristics on Their Job Satisfaction (사회복지사의 직무특성이 직무만족에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Heung-Gu
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.58 no.2
    • /
    • pp.355-375
    • /
    • 2006
  • The objective of this study examined the effect of job characteristics on the job satisfaction of social worker employed by 1st social agency, hospitals. Data were collected by 240 social workers. Based on Hackman and Oldham's(1975) theory of core job characteristics, this study was to defined other element of job characteristics, in social worker's duties, focused on moderating effect of self-confidence for job satisfaction, and compared to social worker's job characteristics between 1st social agency and hospitals. The results of this study were summarized as follows; first, job autonomy, feedback among Hackman and Oldham's 5 core job characteristics showed positive influence on job satisfaction. The other job characteristics found out significantly effected social worker's job satisfaction than Hackman and Oldham's 5 core job characteristics. Second, identities of social worker's job, cognition of professional level, necessity, and self-confidence variables were found to have a statistically significant strong relationship with job satisfaction of 1st setting social worker. The other side, necessity, self-confidence, sex, social worker's academic career variables positive influenced medical social worker's job satisfaction. Third, the moderating variables which had significant difference among social worker's working conditions. 1st setting social worker's self-confidence partial moderated the effect of job characteristics on social worker's job satisfaction. But, medical social worker's self-confidence not moderated the effect of job characteristics on job satisfaction. As a result, Social worker's job satisfaction depended on job characteristics and self-confidence. Therefore, to assure the job satisfaction, redesign for social worker's job characteristics, reinforced their self-confidence. Staff-development education program, supportive environment, supervision program is strongly recommended.

  • PDF

A Study on the Relationship between Nursing Officer's Leadership Style and Knowledge Transfer - Focused on Moderating Effect of Job Characteristics - (간호장교 리더십 유형과 지식이전의 관계 - 직무특성의 조절효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Roh, Myoung Hwa;Lee, Jung Ok
    • Health Policy and Management
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.628-653
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose : This study attempted to find out the relationship between leadership style, knowledge transfer in nursing officers' job, considering the task characteristics. Methods : The data were collected from the military hospital during November 1st to November 17th, 2008 using a structured questionnaire and analyzed with the statistical method of frequency, correlation, and regression analysis, in SPSS 12.0 program package. Results/Conclusion : The results of empirical analysis shows that the levels of job tension and job focused task domain affect the job characteristics of the nursing officers' organization. The job characteristics have a moderating effect on the relationship between leadership style and knowledge transfer. The research is very useful in finding out the job characteristics which well depict military nursing organizations. This research suggests that a desirable leadership styles affect the knowledge transfer in the job characteristics type.

A Comparative Study on the Job Characteristics and Job Satisfaction in Correctional Nurses and Hospital Nurses (교정간호사와 병원간호사의 직무특성과 직무만족도의 비교)

  • Kim, Ki-Kyong;Hur, Hea-Kung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.233-241
    • /
    • 2003
  • Purpose : This comparative study was designed to compare job characteristics and job satisfaction in correctional nurses and hospital nurses. Methods : The participants for this study were 96 nurses (46 correctional nurses, 50 hospital nurses). The survey instruments included Job Diagnostic Survey(JDS) developed by Hackman & Oldman (1980) and amended by Lee(1997) and Index of Work Satisfaction(IWS) developed by Stamps and Piedmonte (1978) and amended Park & Yun (1992). Data were analyzed using of means, percentages, $x^2$ - test, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient with SPSS program. Results : 1) Differences in job characteristics between correctional nurses and hospital nurses were not significant, but the mean score for correctional nurses' skill variety was significantly higher (t=-1.99, p<0.05) than hospital nurses 2) Differences in job satisfaction between two group were not significant, but the mean score for correctional nurses' pay satisfaction was significantly lower (t=-3.67, p<0.01.) than hospital nurses 3) There were significant negative correlations(r=-.544, p<.01) between correctional nurses' job characteristics and job satisfaction related to pay, but significant positive correlations (r=.331, p<.05) between job characteristics and professional status of job 4) There were significant positive correlations (r=.283, p<.05) between hospital nurses' job characteristics and job satisfaction, job characteristics and professional status of job (r=.530, p<.O1), and positive correlations between autonomy of job characteristics and job satisfaction (r=.522, p<.01). Conclusion : The results suggest a redesign of correctional nurses' job and improvement of outcomes. it is also recommended that job be done toward expanding and improving the reward system

  • PDF

The Effects of Job Characteristics on Smoking and Mediating Effects of Job Stress among Older Workers (노인 근로자의 일자리 특성이 흡연에 미치는 영향과 직무스트레스의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Sungeun
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
    • /
    • v.31 no.3
    • /
    • pp.51-61
    • /
    • 2014
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of job characteristics on smoking, and the mediating effects of job stress between job characteristics and smoking among elderly workers. Methods: This study employed data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing, and a total of 778 older workers were used for analysis. Current smoking status, job stress, job characteristics including physical job demands, job demands related to contents, working days, regularity of working hour, satisfaction with income, and sociodemographic factors were analyzed. Descriptive analysis, t-tests, chi-square test, multiple linear regression, and logistic regression were used for analysis. Results: Results showed that physical job demands and regularity of working hours were significant predictors of smoking of elderly workers. The higher level of physical job demands and regular working-hour increased the risk of smoking. Also, physical job demands, job demands related job contents, and income satisfaction directly impacted on job stress. However, job stress did not mediate the relationship between job characteristics and smoking. Conclusions: The findings suggest that smoking interventions for older workers should take into account job characteristics. Implications for practice and future study directions are discussed.