• Title, Summary, Keyword: Gastric Emptying Time

Search Result 46, Processing Time 0.042 seconds

Visualization of Delayed Gastric Emptying Flows After Esophageal Reconstruction Using a Gastric Graft (위장 이식편을 이용한 식도 재건술에서 위장 배출 지연 현상의 가시화)

  • Jeon, Hye-Jin;Park, Hee-Jin;Sung, Jae-Yong;Lee, Jae-Ik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization
    • /
    • v.7 no.2
    • /
    • pp.22-27
    • /
    • 2010
  • The delayed gastric emptying flows have been visualized in this study when a gastric graft replaced an esophagus after esophagectomy. To construct visualization models for gastric grafts, the path data of gastric graft were extracted from the CT images for real patients and then the experimental models were made from silicone tube by considering elasticity of real stomach. During experiments, 200 ml of water or glycerin was poured into the gastric graft model and the gastric emptying time for total volume of fluid to pass pylorus was measured from the successive images captured by a high speed CCD. The gastric emptying time was compared according to the change of diameter and path (front or rear path) of gastric graft, and pyloroplasty or not. In case that the pyloroplasty was not conducted, the smaller was the diameter of gastric graft, the shorter was the gastric emptying time. However, if the pyloroplasty was conducted, the larger diameter of gastric graft was better for the gastric emptying. Although the rear path gave rise to longer gastric emptying time than the front path, it did not matter, if the pyloroplasty was conducted.

GET Imaging Evaluation of Patients with Esophageal Cancer (식도암 환자의 GET 영상 평가)

  • Moon, Jong Wun;Lee, Chung Wun;Seo, Young Deok;Yun, Sang Hyeok;Kim, Yong Keun;Won, Woo Jae
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.31-36
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose: Measure gastric emptying time (GET: Gastric Emptying Time) is a non-invasive and quantitative evaluation methods, mainly by endoscopic or radiological examination confirmed no mechanical obstruction in patients with symptoms of congestion is checked. Such tests are not common gastric emptying time measured esophageal cancer patients (who underwent esophagectomy) patients after surgery for gastric emptying time was measured test. And the period of time for more than one year after the gastric emptying time measurement was performed. By comparing the two kinds of tests in the chest cavity after surgery as the evaluation of gastrointestinal function tests evaluate the usefulness of GET, and will evaluate the characteristics of the image. Materials and Methods: 93 patients who underwent esophagectomy with gastric emptying time measurement of subject tests immediately after surgery and after 1 year or longer were twice. Preparation of the patient before the test is more than 12 hours of overnight fasting is important, in addition to the medicine or to stop smoking, and diabetes insulin injections should be early in the morning is ideal to test. Generally labeled with $^{99m}Tc-DTPA$ resin which is used to make steamed egg, seaweed and fermented milk with a high viscosity after eating, three hours in the standing position was measured. Evaluation of gastric emptying curves on the way intragastric radioactivity level by 50% the time (half-time [T1/2]) was calculated, based on the half-life was divided into three steps: over 180 minutes was defined as delayed gastric emptying, within 180minutes was defined as intermediate gastric emptying and when all the radioisotopes were dumped into the jejunum as soon as swallowed, was defined as rapid gastric emptying. Results: Gastric emptying time of a typical images stomach of antrum and fundus additional images appear stronger over time move on to the small intestine. but esophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy side of the thoracic cavity showed a strong image. Immediately after surgery, the half-time (T1/2) of rapid gastric emptying appeared to 12.9%, intermediate gastric emptying appeared to 52.7%, delay gastric emptying appeared to 34.4%. After more than a year the results of the half-life after surgery, 67% of rapid gastric emptying to intermediate gastric emptying was changed, 69% of delay gastric emptying to intermediate gastric emptying changed. Intermediate gastric emptying worse in patients rapid gastric emptying and the delay gastric emptying is 24% in the case. Conclusion: Esophagectomy for esophageal cancer who underwent half-time measurement test (T1/2) rapid gastric emptying and delay gastric emptying are the result of the comparison over time, changes were observed intermediate gastric emptying. Mainly seeing of gastric emptying time measurement in the esophagus instead of thoracic cavity to check the evaluation of gastrointestinal function can be useful even means. And segmentation criteria and narrow time interval of checking if more accurate information and analysis of the clinical diagnosis and evaluation seems to be done.

  • PDF

Analysis in Measurements of Gastric Emptying Time (위 배출시간 측정의 분석방범에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Choon-Ho;Lee, Man-Koo
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.35-38
    • /
    • 1997
  • Scintigraphic measurement of gastric emptying time has been reported to be influenced by the variation in depth of radionuclide within the stomach. This study was designed to clarify whether a part of the variability in gastric emptying could be ascribed to a relationship between anterior image, the total anteroposterior Image and the tissue attenuation correction(geometric mean). A dual-head scintillation camera(ADAC, USA) was used to investigate effect of such changes. We were performed 16 normal subject gastric emptying studies with $^{99m}TC$ labelled scramble egg, milk and solid meal(610 Kcal, 300 g) The results are as follows; On anterior Image, $T_{1/2}$ emptying time was delayed by 5 min, 6.5%(range $3{\sim}18\;min,\;5{\sim}31.4%$) compared with the geometric mean. But there was no different gastric emptying time between the total anteroposterior image and geometric mean. Therefore, if will be useful to use the method of geometric mean or the total anteroposterior image to evaluate the gastric emptying time accurately.

  • PDF

Long-limb Roux-en-Y Reconstruction after Subtotal Gastrectomy to Treat Severe Diabetic Gastroparesis

  • Park, Joong-Min;Kim, Jong Won;Chi, Kyong-Choun
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.365-371
    • /
    • 2019
  • The role of surgical intervention in patients with diabetic gastroparesis is unclear. We report a case of a 37-year-old man with a history of recurrent episodes of vomiting and long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy did not reveal any findings of reflux esophagitis or obstructive lesions. A gastric emptying time scan showed prolonged gastric emptying half-time (344 minutes) indicating delayed gastric emptying. Laboratory tests revealed elevated fasting serum glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c, 12.9%) and normal fasting C-peptide and insulin levels. We performed Roux-en-Y reconstruction after subtotal gastrectomy to treat gastroparesis and improve glycemic control, and the patient showed complete resolution of gastrointestinal symptoms postoperatively. Barium swallow test and gastric emptying time scan performed at follow-up revealed regular progression of barium and normal gastric emptying. Three months postoperatively, his fasting serum glucose level was within normal limits without the administration of insulin or oral antidiabetic drugs with a reduced HbA1c level (6.9%). Long-limb Roux-en-Y reconstruction after subtotal gastrectomy may be useful to treat severe diabetic gastroparesis by improving gastric emptying and glycemic control.

Gastric Emptying Time (GET) Test Using Radioisotope (방사성동위원소를 이용한 Gastric Emptying Time의 연구)

  • Koo, Bon-Hwan;Ha, Sung-Woo;Son, Sang-Kyun;Lee, Jae-Tae;Lee, Kyu-Bo;Whang, Kee-Suk
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.187-192
    • /
    • 1988
  • A gamma camera coupled to a computer was used in 20 normal volunteers after ingestion of the mixture of $^{99m}Tc-DTPA$ and milk in order to determine gastric emptyng time (GET) and to evaluate the effect of metoclopramide, a dopamine antagonist that stimulates gastric motility, to gastric emptying. The normal value for biological gastric emptying half time was found to be $63{\pm}7$ minutes, and the gastric emptying was monoexponential fashion, at least for the first 60 minutes. Among the 20 volunteers, nine were repeated the test after injection of metoclopramide, which has significantly reduced the value of GET to $31{\pm}3$ minutes (p<0.01). GET test using $^{99m}Tc-DTPA$ is very useful in gastric function evaluation, especially in follow-up check of the functional change.

  • PDF

Measurement of Normal Gastric Emptying Rate Using Chicken Liver Labeled with $^{99m}Tc-Colloid$ (정상인의 Gastric Emptying Rate 측정)

  • Lee, Cheorl-Woo;Kim, Chahng-Guhn;Kim, Byung-Chan;Won, Jong-Jin;Nah, Yong-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.193-197
    • /
    • 1988
  • Measurement of gastric emptying rate has been performed by a variety of techniques. Nuclear medicine method is a major advance in the quantitative evaluation of gastric function and also of pharmacologic intervention. Normal gastric emptying rate was measured in 48 healthy volunteers using live chicken liver labeled with $^{99m}Tc-Tin$ Colloid as a solid phase marker. In vitro studies were performed to evaluate the labeling efficiency and stability in hydrochloric acid and in human gastric juice of intracellularly labeled chicken liver. Anterior image counts only were compared with the geometric mean of anterior and posterior counts in 12 healthy volunteers who were studied by both anterior count and posterior count. The results were as follows: 1) The labeling efficiency in gastric juice and hydrochloric acid were $95.5{\pm}1.23%,\;95.7{\pm}1.15%$, respectively. 2) Half gastric emptying time by anterior count only was $126{\pm}21$ minutes 3) Although standard deviation of geometric mean method was smaller than anterior count method, gastric emptying curves from both method were similar. In daily practice, anterior count method may be useful alternative to geometric mean method in evaluation of gastric emptying rate.

  • PDF

Attenuation Correction in Measurements of Gastric Emptying Time (위배출시간 측정시 감쇠보정에 의한 효과)

  • Koh, Eun-Mi;Kim, Deog-Yoon;Kim, Byung-Ho;Chang, Young-Woon;Kim, Kwang-Won;Chang, Rin;Choi, Young-Kil;Kim, Yong-Bong
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.260-266
    • /
    • 1990
  • Scintigraphic measurement of gastric emptying time has been reported to be influenced by the variation in depth of radionuclide within the stomach. In order to determine the effect of tissue attenuation in the measurement of gastric emptying time, 15 gastric emptying studies were performed with Tc-99m labeled egg sandwiches. Single anterior detector method overestimated the T1/2 by an average of 13% than geometric mean method and range of overestimation was wide (from -13% to 132%). Therefore, to evaluate the gastric empthying time accurately, methods of attenuation correction are needed.

  • PDF

Clinical Study on Measurement Intervals in the Ultrasonographic Gastric Emptying Test for Functional Dyspepsia (기능성 소화불량에서 초음파 위배출능 측정간격에 대한 임상연구)

  • Kim, Keum-ji;Jeon, Hye-jin;Ko, Seok-jae;Park, Jae-woo
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.41 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1030-1051
    • /
    • 2020
  • Objective: This study investigated the measurement interval in the ultrasonographic gastric emptying test for patients with functional dyspepsia (FD) and the correlation between gastric emptying and the findings of various questionnaires. Methods: In total, 119 patients (59 patients with FD and 60 healthy controls) were recruited from July 2018 to June 2020. Gastric volume (GV) and gastric emptying half-time (T1/2) were measured by ultrasonography at fasting and again at 0, 5, 10, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 min after meals (apple juice, 500 mL, 224 kcal), and the average half-time (average T1/2) was calculated. Questionnaires on food retention (FRQ), phlegm pattern e (PPQ), cold and heat (CHQ), deficiency and excess (DEQ), and spleen-qi deficiency (SQDQ), stomach qi deficiency pattern (SSDQ), visual analogue scale (VAS), and Nepean dyspepsia index-Korean version (NDI-K) were completed by all participants. The differences in GV and T1/2 were analyzed in participants whose maximal GV occurred at 0 min versus after 0 min. The correlation of the average T1/2 with the questionnaire scores was also analyzed after excluding erroneous data. Results: Patients with FD who took a certain amount of time to reach maximal GV after meals had a greater gastric volume up to about 30 minutes after meals, and the PPQ, DEQ, and NDI-K scores, especially for upper gastrointestinal symptoms and general weakness-related symptoms, showed statistically significant correlations with average T1/2. Conclusions: Ultrasonography can be a quantitative evaluation tool for FD. However, further studies on measurement methods based on FD physiopathology are required.

Correlation Analysis between Gastric Emptying Measurement by Ultrasonography and Korean Medical Questionnaires (초음파 위배출 측정과 한의설문 간의 상관성 분석)

  • Cho, Soo-ho;Lee, Jae-hong;Ko, Seok-jae;Kim, Jin-sung;Park, Jae-woo
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.39 no.4
    • /
    • pp.570-591
    • /
    • 2018
  • Objective: This study was designed to investigate the correlation between gastric emptying measurement by ultrasonography and the findings of various questionnaires of functional dyspepsia (FD) or in Korean medicine to explore the possibility of quantification of questionnaires. Methods: Eighty-eight patients (44 patients with FD and 44 healthy controls) were recruited from October 2016 to November 2017. Gastric emptying half-time (T1/2) was measured by ultrasonography at fasting, and at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 min after meals (apple juice, 500 ml, 224 kcal). The average half-time (average T1/2) was calculated by averaging all measured half-times. A visual analogue scale (VAS), food retention questionnaire (FRQ), damum questionnaire (DQ), cold and heat questionnaire (CHQ), deficiency and excess questionnaire (DEQ), spleen-qi deficiency questionnaire (SQDQ), Nepean dyspepsia index-Korean version (NDI-K), and quality of life of NDI (NDI-QoL) were filled out by all participants. Correlation between the average T1/2 and questionnaires were analyzed for 79 patients (37 patients with FD and 42 healthy controls) after excluding missing and erroneous data. Results: The FRQ, DEQ, SQDQ, NDI-K, and NDI-QoL scores, especially for some gastrointestinal symptoms and general weakness-related symptoms, showed statistically significant correlations with average T1/2. Conclusions: Our results suggest that gastric emptying measurement by ultrasonography may be a quantitative substitute method for some Korean medical questionnaires or for some dyspepsia-related and deficiency-related items among them. However, further studies using various measurements of gastric emptying will be needed.

Effect of Yijin-tang on Gastric Motility in STZ-Induced Diabetic Rats (이진탕(二陳湯)이 STZ 유발(誘發) 당뇨병(糖尿病) 흰쥐의 위(胃) 운동성(運動性)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Hur, Won-Young;Yoon, Sang-Hyub
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.67-79
    • /
    • 2008
  • Backgrounds & Objectives : The aims of this study were to observe how morphology was changed and whether gastric motility was impaired in streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic rats(DR), and whether Yijin-tang(YJT) was able to restore their impaired gastric motility. Methods : We investigated the change of body weight, feed intake and blood glucose between normal rats (NR) and DR for 12 weeks after induction of diabetes. At the time of 12 weeks after induction of diabetes, gastric surface area, gastric slow wave and gastric emptying rate were measured. Results : Decreased body weight, increased feed intake and increased gastric surface area were observed in DR, compared with NR. The percentage of normogastria decreased but that of bradygastria increased in DR, compared with NR. YJT 90mg/kg had no effect on the correction of gastric slow wave. YJT 90mg/kg and 270mg/kg had a significant effect on improvement of gastric emptying, more than normal saline (NS) in both NR and DR but the gastric emptying rate of DR was significantly lower than that of NR when YJT 90mg/kg and YJT 270mg/kg were administered. Conclusions : We can expect that administration of YJT would be effective on the improvement of gastric emptying and upper gastrointestinal symptoms as a juvantia.

  • PDF