• Title, Summary, Keyword: Empiricism

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Trend of Whitehead's philosophy in Mathematical philosophy (화이트헤드 철학의 수학 철학적 경향)

  • Yu, Chung-Hyun;Kim, Hye-Kyung
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.97-114
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    • 2009
  • Whitehead is a greatest mathematical philosopher who expanded mathematical concepts and method in philosophy. In view of Whitehead that he emphasizeson metaphysical perspective, mathematical truth and empirical connection of reality, it explicates that it tends to empiricism and rationalism of mathematical philosophy. In this paper, we try to research his unique perspective of mathematical philosophy. His perspective on organic philosophy is combination of empiricism trend and rationalism trend of mathematical philosophy.

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Proof in Mathematics Education

  • Lee, Joong-Kwoen
    • Research in Mathematical Education
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2003
  • This research reviewed literatures on proof in mathematics education. Several views of proof can be classified (and identified) such as psychological approach (Platonism, empiricism), structural approach (logicism, formalism, intuitionism) and social approach (ontology, axiomatic systems). All these views of proof are valuable in mathematics education society. The concept of proof can be found in the form of analytic knowledge not of constructive knowledge. Human beings developed their knowledge in the sequence of constructive knowledge to analytic knowledge. Therefore, in mathematics education, the curriculum of mathematics should involve the process of cognitive knowledge development.

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A Study on Axiomatic Design for Ribbed - Injection-Molded Parts (리브를 가진 사출제품의 공리 설계 연구)

  • Huh, Yong-Jeong
    • Journal of the Semiconductor & Display Technology
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 2007
  • The design and manufacture of injection-molded parts with desired properties is a costly process dominated by empiricism, Including the repeated modification of actual tooling. The objective of this study is to obtain the good design of injection-molded polymeric parts using axiomatic design approach.

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Historical Perspective on Fluid Machinery Flow Optimization in an Industry

  • Goto, Akira
    • International Journal of Fluid Machinery and Systems
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2016
  • Fluid-dynamic design of fluid machinery had heavily relied on empiricism and experimental observations for many years. Since 1980s, thanks to the advancements in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), a variety of flow physics have been revealed. The contribution by CFD is indispensable; however, the challenge is required not only on the advancements in CFD technologies but also innovation of "design (optimization) technologies" because of the complex interactions between 3-D flow fields and the complex 3-D flow passage configurations, etc. This paper presents historical perspective on fluid machinery flow optimization in an industry with some messages for the future.

Methodologies for Discovering Regional Cultural Environment in Geography and Regional Development (지역문화환경 발굴을 통한 지리연구 및 지역발전 방법론)

  • Choi, Byung-Doo
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2005
  • Since the emerging period in !be Greek era, geography bas been defined as an empirical science in which travel and field trip bas been regarded as its major method for acquiring geographical knowledge or discovering geographical facts on the earth surface. In the contemporary geography, however, this kind of empiricism has been reduced to logical positivism which pursues rigid geographical laws, while diverse implications for empiricism (especially, that implied in the mythic imagination) have been ignored. On the other hand, recently a lot of books on trip for exploring regional cultural environments from the local to the global level have been poured out from outside of geography, and place-marketing has gained some attraction as a new method or strategy for regional development This paper is to consider diverse methodological implications of experience through geographical exploration especially hath from the standpoint of empirical geography and of humanistic geography, and the look on methodologically importance and limitations of place-marketing for regional development In conclusions, it is emphasized that those methodologies should be put together for a genuine exploration of regional cultural environment, and that place-marketing should be understood as a movement for rediscovering regional identity.

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A Study on the Meaning of New Brutalism in Sigurd Lewerentz's Late Church Architecture (지구르트 레버렌츠의 후기 교회당 건축에 나타난 뉴 브루탈리즘의 의미에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyon-Sob
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.65-80
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this paper is to investigate into the meaning of the New Brutalism sensed in the late church buildings of the Swedish architect Sigurd Lewerentz (1885-1975). St Mark's (1956-64) and St Peter's (1962-66) churches, his grand finale designs, have a unique architectural vocabulary of rough brickwork. The brick treatment is the basis on which Reyner Banham (1966) discussed him concerning the New Brutalism, and the point that this research focuses on. This paper explores the brutalist character of the buildings from two aspects - interpretational level of individual buildings and historical level of a broader view. First, the character of two churches could be interpreted with the phrase of 'play between brutality and sacredness'. The rough surface of brick and mortar in the buildings symbolises brutality and the vault of their chapels' ceiling sacredness. And the two characteristics meet and play on the rough vault surface. Second, in the historical point of view, this paper argues that the buildings made a giant leap for Swedish modern architecture, which had been at a deadlock owing to the compromising attitude of the New Empiricism since 1940s. And the Swedish New Empiricism (or the New Humanism), spread to Britain as "Welfare State architecture" after World War II, brought about reaction of the young British architects such as the Smithsons and became the background that made the new brutalist mood. However, considering that the term of the New Brutalism was first used in Sweden by Hans Asplund, Lewerentz's brutalist late churches - which seemingly had nothing to do with the British nor the Corbusian lineage - are also meaningful in that they confirmed the tendency in its homeland. In conclusion, this paper argues that St Mark's and St Peter's churches with the brutalist characteristics should be regarded as crucial buildings not only in Lewerentz's personal career but also in Swedish and international architectural history.

Epistemological Understandings of Urbanism and Rurality (농촌성과 도시성의 인식론적 이해)

  • Kim, Jung-Tae;Kang, Dong-Woo;Lee, Seong-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.47-60
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    • 2009
  • The discussion of this paper is concerned with the epistemology of urbanism and rurality, that is, the justification of certain knowledge claims about how to intervene in understanding of urban and rural way of life and their implications to space. It is not concerned with the search for "truth" as such, but rather with the construction and presentation of knowledge as truth that subsequently lead to interpretation in the form of scholarly arguments. Rural areas vary considerably, and we define it as of a socially constructed category and so does urban as a comparative construction. As with community, rurality has been defined in widely different ways so has urbanism. In identifying and interconnecting these two concepts, we incorporate diverse western epistemologies such as empiricism and pragmatism. In addition, we heed particular attention to the intellectual history of Silhak, a philosophical ideology of Korea, to identify the relationships and it's effect on social way of life encompassing the realm of rural and urban spaces. We found that Silhak is particularly useful in that it deals with substantive issues of the relationship between rurality and urbanism arising from the discordance between values and perceive conditions of the rural and urban way of lives. This paper argues that the epistemology of Silhak is particularly superior to those of western ideologies since it accentuates unity of spaces rather than differentiating urban and rural way of life. We concludes with demanding more studies in the field of urban and rural analyses incorporating more diverse concepts of Korean orthodox epistemology.

A study on the epistemology of mathematics education (수학교육인식론 연구)

  • 임재훈
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.291-305
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    • 2001
  • The major purpose of this study is to show the insufficiency of traditional epistemology and consructivism as epistemology of mathematics education. Traditional epistemology such as empiricism, rationalism, Kant's epistemology, and Piaget's genetic epistemology is not sufficient to explain episteme in educational situation because it regards that epsteme is the phenomenon occurs between the abstract individual subject and the object world. Modern epistemology like constructivism recognize the public or social character of epsteme. So it is more appreciate than traditional epistemology to explain episteme in math educational situation. But constructivist pedagogy derived from constructivist learning theory has the following important shortcoming: The lack of clear criteria by which instructional effectiveness might be evaluated from a constructivist perspective.

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Knowledge-based synthesis system for injection molding (사출성형 제품의 지식형 설계시스템 연구)

  • 김상국
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.431-436
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    • 1986
  • The design and manufacture of injection molded polymeic parts with desired mechanical properties is a costly process dominated by empiricism, including the modification of actual tooling. This paper presents an interactive computer-based design system for injection molded plastic parts. This knowledge-based synthesis system provides a rational design strategy for injection molding and molded parts. It synergistically combines a rule-based expert system for hurestic knowledge with analytical process simulation programs. The theremomechanical properties of a molded part such as the effect of molecular orientation and weldline strength are predicted by the analysis programs; while the expert system interprets the analytical results from the process simulation, evaluates the design, and generates recommendations for optimal design alternatives. The heuristic knowledge of injection molding is formalized as production rules of the expert consultation system.

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