• Title, Summary, Keyword: Community Development

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Vegetation Structure of Hwapo Wetland in Nakdong-gang (낙동강 화포습지의 식생 구조)

  • Oh, Kyung-hwan;Son, Sung-Gon;Lee, Pal-Hong;Kim, Cheol-Soo
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.67-81
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    • 2003
  • Vegetation structure was investigated in the Hwapo wetland around the Nakdong-gang, Gimhae-city, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea from May to August, 2001. The vegetation type was classified into 18 communities based on the actual vegetation map: Phragmites communis community, Miscanthus sacchariflorus community, Salix nipponica community, Echinochloa crus-galli var. frumentacea community, Zizania latiofolia community, Cyperus amuricus community, Spirodela polyrhiza community, Trapa japonica community, Phragmites communis-Miscanthus sacchariflorus community, Salix nipponiaz-Misaznthus sacchariflorus community, Cyperus amuricus-Acorus calamus var. angustatus community, Salvinia natans community, Hydrilla verticillata-Spirodela polyrhiza community, Persiazria maackiana community, Trapa japonica-Salvinia natans community, Hydrilla verticillata community, Potamogeton crispus community, and Populus deltoides community. Among them, Phragmites communis community was the largest (34.9 ha, 29.53%). The dominant vegetation type was Persiazria hydropiper - Persicaria maackiana community based on the phytosociological method, and it was classified into four subcommunities: Phalaris arundinacea-Salix nipponica subcommunity, Miscanthus sacchariflorus subcommunity, Phragmites communis subcommunity, and Spirodela polyrhiza subcommunity, and Acorus calamus var. angustatus group belongs to Miscanthus sacchariflorus subcommunity.

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A Study on Community Development Practice for Children: Applying the Perspective of CCIs (아동중심의 지역사회개발 실천연구 -'포괄적 지역사회 계획(CCIs)'관점 적용-)

  • Hong, Hyun Mee Ra
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.55
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    • pp.57-86
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    • 2016
  • Applying the perspective of Comprehensive Community Initiatives (CCIs), this paper attempted to examine community development practice for children. Using focus group interviews, this qulitative research study collected data from six social workers in Guryonpo-village(fishing village) and Ganeong 1-dong village(city village), all of whom have experience in community development practice for children. The main results were as follows: First, it was found to be important to access the community in the initial stage of CCIs. Second, indigenization strategies were useful for the fishing community. Third, it was important to organize parents of children in poverty. Lastly, the community development practice was more successful in the fishing village than in the city village.

Designing and implementing professional development program of multi-tiered teacher community: Joint collaboration between teachers and PD program developers (공동체 단위 수학교사 연수 프로그램의 개발 및 효과 -'함께 만들어가는 수학교사 연수'를 중심으로-)

  • Kwon, Oh Nam;Park, Jung Sook;Park, Ji Hyun;Cho, Hyungmi
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.201-217
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    • 2014
  • This research has an intention of developing a professional development program. We proposed an alternative mathematics teacher training model based on the situated learning theory, community of practice, and reflective practitioner. The developed mathematics teacher professional development program recruited participation unit that was consisted of 3 or 4 teachers in same school and total of 28 teachers from 9 schools. Also, there were 18 mentors to support each school. In this sense, it can be called multi-tired teacher community professional development program. Through the program, the teachers improve their teaching competency. Also, the operation ability of teacher learning community was improved. Learning community culture has been formed in each school. It shows ability that the explorative learning community can be operated voluntarily although the program finished. Furthermore, community shared corporate responsibility about open class. They recognize open class as a new method to improve community teaching ability than a tool to evaluate individual teaching ability.

A Study on the Effectiveness of the Corporate Social Contribution Activities in the Local Community: Focusing on the Local People (기업 사회공헌활동의 지역사회 참여수준에 따른 지역사회발전 효과성 분석 -지역주민을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Jae-Hyun;Lee, Mi-Hong;Lee, Hyo-Jung;Chang, Chu-Youn
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.258-273
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of the community development by the community involvement level of the corporate social contribution activities. This study classified Korean company's best social contribution activities according to the community involvement level and the effectiveness of the community development was analyzed on selected case activities. As a result, corporations that working on high level of community involvement show positive effectiveness of community development. Networking and communication with local people on the corporate social contribution activities have an effect on the community development of the economy, safety, convenience, comfortability, socio-cultural factor. It is necessary for the participation and communication with local people to develop corporate social contribution consistently. Furthermore, intermediary organization is needed to be set up various networks of stakeholders, especially community.

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The Role of Local Government in Development of Community Lifelong Education (지역 평생교육 발전을 위한 지방자치단체의 역할)

  • Yoon, Jun-Sang;Lim, Hyung-Baek
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.347-358
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    • 2000
  • The objectives of this study were to identify the roles of local government for developing community lifelong education, and to suggest desirable directions for upbringing human resource for the future in local community. The roles of local governments have become a more difficult challenge in the context of the ever increasing trends of rural population's moving toward urban areas mainly for the better education for their children. Even though there are regional differences in income level, educational environment, and budgetary constraints. local governments can play an important role in helping community people to build strong community in terms of economic development and enhancing the level of quality of life, and upbringing community leaders. Local governments' priority should be given to provide the better educational opportunities for students as well as community people through community lifelong educational programs.

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A Study on Composition of User-Centered Space in Community Library - Focused on Community Libraries in the United States and Britain - (커뮤니티 도서관의 사용자 중심 공간 구성에 관한 연구 - 미국과 영국의 커뮤니티 도서관을 중심으로 -)

  • Teng, Teng
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.62-70
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    • 2018
  • The rapid development of information technology makes people's lifestyles constantly changing, bringing great changes to the library building. As a product of the development of public libraries, community libraries have an important impact on community cohesion and revitalization through providing targeted learning and leisure services to residents. Under the trend of social and community development, the community library's user-centered space must adapt to the diverse needs of community users and make the self-improvement. First of all, this study summarizes the concept of community and community libraries through literature review, and then make a theoretical investigation on the composition of user-centered space. Finally this study bases on the cases of community library buildings in the United States and Britain, and initially explores the composition of user-centered space in these libraries, and then analyzes and summarizes the architectural characteristics of it. Exploring how community can be activated and cohesive through community libraries user-centered space. Hope that this study can provide some reference to the contemporary community library design.

Historical background and development of applied nutrition and community nutrition in Korea

  • Mo, Su-Mi
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.3-7
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    • 2007
  • This paper overviews the historical background and development of applied nutrition and community nutrition in Korea. The nutrition studies in the early years focused on animal experiments, human metabolism, and food analysis and therefore were limited to classrooms and research laboratories in universities without spreading into the lives of people. Korean specialists trained through the UN International Course of Applied Nutrition initiated the Applied Nutrition Program (ANP) in Korea in the 1960s. The ANP in Korea was effectively implemented until 1986 with support from UNICEF, FAO, and WHO as a national project to improve the nutrition and health of rural residents. With economic development and urbanization in Korea, the rural-focusing ANP was re-born to a more extended version with the name of "Community Nutrition", targeting the nutrition and health of the entire Korean population. Scholarly associations including the Korean Society of Community Nutrition established in 1995 have significantly contributed to the development of Community Nutrition in Korea and are expected to continue to work for a better connection between nutrition and health promotion.

A Discussion on the Importance of Community Youth Activities and Enhancement of Youth Competence (지역사회 중심 청소년활동의 중요성과 청소년 역량강화 방안)

  • Oh, Hae-Sub
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.417-432
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study were to discuss on the importance of community youth development programs and review the enhancement of competence in youth The research methods used the extensive review of related literatures. Based on the major results, the implications and suggestions were as follows. First, community youth activity will need to provide the opportunities of enhancing the competencies and a full complement of positive connections to youth programs. Second, communities promote to engage youth as partners with adults in the process of positive youth development. Third, youth development organizations operate to support the programs to prevent risky-behaviors or treat specific problems in terms of community youth contexts. Finally, collaboration and network are necessarily required among youth, adults, family, school, organizations within the community. Changes to work and workplace are so significant that policies refer to 'the knowledge society' at the same time 'information society'. Future workers will need to have the skills of information and communications management and control.

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A Study of Practical Strategies for Cooperative Rural Community Regeneration in Geochang (거창군 협업형 마을만들기 실천전략 연구)

  • Oh, Hyung-Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.87-99
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    • 2015
  • Prior hardware-centered rural development projects implemented top-down rural community regeneration via the local government in accordance with central government agency policies. To improve this, software-centered projects have been promoted since 2000. With central agency-led rural development projects changing into local government-led ones, rural community regeneration has been built per village. Although rural community regeneration projects appear to have implemented a bottom-up development currently, the top-down development procedures being facilitated by the intervention of administrative institutions have not disappeared. In this regard, the purpose of this research thesis is to effectively perform bottom-up development methods that go one step further from the current process of rural community regeneration. As the research site, this thesis selected Geochang, which has difficulties in being steadily maintained and operated despite the development of various rural community regeneration projects. Subsequently, it determined the current status and substantial analysis of a project of the rural community regeneration in Geochang through 1:1 interviews with civil servants in charge of administration as well as conducted a prior study on rural resident awareness of rural community regeneration through a survey of village head members and in-depth interviews with rural residents. Based on these data, a 10 times-round table conference was held under the participation of pertinent civil servants, professionals and rural residents to select practical strategies for cooperative rural community regeneration in Geochang as five key areas: local food, culture & welfare, rural villages, community development, and urban and rural interchanges. In addition, it is considered that the project of building villages must be implemented by establishing steadfast administrative co-operation systems, strengthening rural residents' participation capacities and supporting professionals' systemic integrated operation and maintenance. By doing so, this research thesis sought to determine practical strategies in the cooperative rural community regeneration in Geochang. It is expected that bottom-up development rural community regeneration will be built and introduced in each rural community in the future.

Community Development and Community Leadership (지역사회 개발과 지역사회 리더십)

  • Lee, Sung
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1998
  • Rural communities have been isolated from social and economic changes underway in the broader society. Trends towed an urbanized society have depopulated many rural areas (Flora, et al, 1992). The South Korean government has targeted efforts toward an urban centered economic development policy, which has neglected the rural areas. The South Korean government also has indoctrinated rural community development with a quick-fix approach. Self-directed economic organizations based in rural South Korea began to emerge in the late 1980s. Since the 1980s, South Korean agricultural sectors have been overshadowed by globalism. McMichael (1996) stated that rural communities have two options. A immunity should either End its niche (i.e. the commodities or products that can have advantages in the international trade market) or protest against globalism to survive if rural communities fail to find a niche under globalism. South Korean neat communities did not have enough natural resources nor enough money to invest for their rural community economic development programs. These limitations made it difficult for South Korean coral communities to compete in a global economic environment. Israel, Coleman, and Ilvento (1993) stated that local leadership is a critical component in the ability of communities to respond to lang-standing problems and emerging needs. Swinth and Alexander (1990) asserted that rural leaders are critical actors in rural community development. Whether rural communities succeed in finding their niche or not, the role of rural community leaders is important for rural communities to find ways to cope in the international agriculture market.

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