• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bangladesh

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Examination of gastrointestinal helminth in livestock grazing in grassland of Bangladesh

  • Mondal, M.-Motahar-Hussain;Islam, M-Khyrul;Hur, Jin;Lee, John-Hwa;Baek, Byeong-Kirl
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.187-190
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    • 2000
  • To determine association of grassland with parasitic diseases of livestock in Bangladesh, the 'Tracer' animals (two cow calves and two goats) were released for a month in a grassland used for communal grazing of livestock near school premise in Kanthal, Trishal, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. After slaughtering of the tracer animals, their gastrointestinal tract examination revealed six species of nematode and one cestode. The nematode species were Haemonchus contortus, Trichostrongylus axei, Mecistocirrus digitatus, Oesophagostomum spp., Trichuris spp. and Bunostomum sp. The cestode was one of the genus Moniezia. With this preliminary study, grasslands are thought to be one of the main sources of gastrointestinal parasitic diseases of livestock in Bangladesh.

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HEMATOLOGICAL STUDIES ON CATTLE EXPOSED TO Fasciola gigantica INFESTATION

  • Taimur, M.J.F.A.;Halder, A.K.;Chowdhury, S.M.Z.H.;Akhter, N.;Islam, M.S.;Kamal, A.H.M.;Islam, K.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.301-303
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    • 1993
  • Hematological value were determined from 140 Fasciola gigantica infested and 138 non-infested apparently healthy (control) zebu cattle from eight different sites of Bangladesh. The F. gigantica infested cattle have experienced of normocytic normochromic anemia indicated by the significant (p<0.01) decline of total erythrocyte count, hemoglobin level, packed cell volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and significant (p<0.01) increase of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, as compared with non-infested control animals. Values of mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin content were not differed significantly between the infested and control animals. There observed significantly (p<0.01) higher eosinophil and neutrophil counts and significantly (p<0.01) lower lymphocyte counts in fasciola infested cattle in comparison with the control animals.

Active and passive surveillance of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in Bangladesh

  • Halder, Shukla;Chowdhury, Emdadul Haque;Parvin, Rokshana;Rahaman, Mohammad Moshiyour;Rahman, Seikh Masudur;Saha, Shib Shankar;Sultana, Sajeda;Marium, Nadira;Islam, Azharul;Rahman, Md. Siddiqur;Song, Hee-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.307-314
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    • 2009
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate whether Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) is present in this country and to analyze the Global BSE Risk (GBR) status in Bangladesh. A total of 2,000 brain samples were collected from cattle older than 30 months of age, slaughtered for human consumption in the district slaughter houses from 2005 to 2006. The brainstem (obex), Pyriform lobe, cerebrum and cerebellum were subjected to histopathological study. Samples that showed some nonspecific lesions were subjected to immunohistochemistry and only brain stem to ELISA for the detection of abnormal prion protein $PrP^{sc}$. In passive surveillance, annual overall diseases of cattle, buffalo, sheep and goats in Bangladesh were collected from Department of Livestock Services (DLS), Dhaka to investigate the occurrences of neurological diseases. Import related data were collected from "National Export Promotion Bureau" Kawran Bazar, Bangladesh Bank and DLS to analyze the importing products of animal origin (cattle, buffalo, sheep and goats) from different countries to find whether or not the imported products posed any risk for the BSE. In an actire surveillance conducted in slaughter house, histopathologically BSE specific lesions were not detected in any of the brain samples, but other nonspecific lesions were observed. No $PrP^{sc}$ was detected from the samples by immunohistochemistry and ELISA. DLS report also supported the absence of BSE in cattle and buffalo and scrapie in sheep and goats in Bangladesh. It was also clearly recorded that Bangladesh imported livestock products from countries in GBR level I and II but not from countries in GBR level III and IV. From this study it apparently seems that BSE is not currently present in the indigenous animals in Bangladesh and poses no or negligible risk to human and animal health.

Seroprevalence of brucellosis in cattle in selected area of Bangladesh and comparison between Rose Bengal test and i-ELISA used for the screening of brucellosis

  • Rahman, Md. Siddiqur;Chakrabartty, Amitavo;Islam, Md. Taohidul;Sarker, Roma Rani;Alam, M.E.;Uddin, Muhammad Jasim;Akther, Laila;Song, Hee-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.133-137
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    • 2012
  • Brucellosis, a bacterial zoonoses caused by the genus Brucella is responsible for abortion and infertility in cow. Brucellosis is causing economic loss in dairy industries and prevalent worldwide including Bangladesh but limited studies are devoted to determine the prevalence and its association with reproductive factors of dairy cows in Bangladesh. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in dairy cattle using screening test Rose Bengal test (RBT) and the positive sera were further confirmed by indirect- ELISA. For this purpose, a total of 400 serum samples from dairy cows with history of abortion and various reproductive disorders were collected from the Kurigram district of Bangladesh for the detection of Brucella antibody. The overall prevalence of brucellosis in dairy cattle was 2.25%. Brucellosis in cases of abortion and repeat breeding was 8.3% and 2.8%, respectively. The results shows higher prevalence of brucellosis in cases of abortion followed by repeat breeding, while there was no seropositive cases from other reproductive disorders. Age-wise sero-prevalence was found 3.0% in 2~3 years age group and 2.0% in 4~8 years age group. The prevalence of brucellosis in indigenous and cross-bred cattle was 3.6% and 1.7%, respectively. All the animals detected positive to brucellosis by RBT were not found to be positive by i-ELISA. However, the RBT might be a suitable screening test for the diagnosis of Brucella infection in field condition in Bangladesh. These data will help to develop effective disease prevention strategies.

Determinants of Commercial Banks' Efficiency in Bangladesh: Does Crisis Matter?

  • Banna, Hasanul;Ahmad, Rubi;Koh, Eric H.Y.
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2017
  • Banks play a crucial role in bringing stability and economic development through their expected contribution in proper financial resource mobilisation across the economy. Despite the importance, there is little focus in recent literature which provided the empirical evidence how the global financial crisis affect the bank efficiency in Bangladesh. Thus, this paper aims to examine the effect of the global financial crisis and other factors on the efficiency of Bangladesh commercial banks. By employing the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method, we computed the technical efficiency of individual banks operating in the Bangladesh banking sector during 2000 to 2013. The empirical findings indicate that the Bangladesh banking sector has exhibited the highest efficiency level during 2001, while efficiency seems to be at the lowest level during 2010. The study finds that crisis along with bank size, capital adequacy ratio, return on average equity and real interest rate have a significant effect on bank efficiency in Bangladesh. In order to keep the sound financial development of Bangladesh, banks operating in the Bangladesh banking sector have to consider all the potential technologies which could improve their profit efficiency levels, since the main motive of banks is to maximise shareholders' value or wealth through profit maximisation.

Performance Evaluation of SME Banking in Bangladesh using Stochastic Frontier Analysis

  • Hossain, M.K.;Hossain, M.A.;Baten, M.A.
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.31-42
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    • 2016
  • Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are suitable to provide employment with lower investment in densely populated countries like Bangladesh. A stochastic frontier model is used to evaluate performance of SME Banking of the commercial banks in Bangladesh. Input (Total Deposit, Cost of Fund and Salary Expenditure) and output (Finance to SME) data are collected on 45 banks which are dealt with SME for 13 quarters from $1^{st}$quarter of 2010 to $2^{nd}$quarter of 2013. Average performance of the SME banking is 0.716 in Bangladesh. That is, banks have opportunity to increase 30% performance in SME banking from the same inputs. Bangladesh Development Bank has lowest performance (0.540) while Eastern bank has the highest performance (0.753). Highest (0.743) and lowest (0.662) performance is observed during the second quarter of 2013 and fourth quarter of 2010 respectively. Inefficient Bank might be benefited by following the rules of efficient banks.

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ACUTE INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE IN CHICKENS : PATHOLOGICAL OBSERVATION AND VIRUS ISOLATION

  • Chowdhury, E.H.;Islam, M.R.;Das, P.M.;Dewan, M.L.;Khan, M.S.R.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.465-469
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    • 1996
  • Pathological and virological investigations were conducted on suspected outbreaks of infectious bursal disease (IBD) in a broiler farm and five pullet-raising poultry farms of Mymensingh and Tangail districts of Bangladesh. About 80 to 100 percent chicks were affected at the age of 26 to 45 days and mortality varied from 20 to 30 percent in broilers and 40 to 80 percent in layer chicks. Signs, symptoms, gross and microscopic lesions were typical of acute IBD. Several isolates of virus could be obtained by embryo inoculation and the virus was diagnosed as infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) by agar gel immunodiffusion test (AGID). The virus isolate belonged to the very virulent pathotype of IBDV causing 100 percent mortality in three weeks old chicks on experimental infection.

TOXOPLASMOSIS IN PIGS IN BANGLADESH

  • Biswas, H.R.;Hoque, M.M.;Rahman, M.L.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.133-134
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    • 1993
  • Blood serum was collected from 200 apparently healthy pigs of average market size and tested for toxoplasmosis. Twenty percent of samples were seropositive with antibody titres ranging from 1 : 256 to 1 : 4096. The seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in pigs is reported first time in Bangladesh.