• Title/Summary/Keyword: 초등 교사

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예비 초등교사의 덧셈과 뺄셈에 관한 교과 지식과 교수학적 지식

  • Lee, Jong-Uk
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.16
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    • pp.331-344
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구의 목적은 예비 초등교사의 덧셈과 뺄셈에 대한 교과 지식과 교수학적 지식이 어떠한가를 알아보는 것이었다. 29명의 예비 초등교사가 연구에 참여하였으며 자료는 개방형 답을 하는 질문지를 사용하여 수집하였다. 분석결과 예비 초등교사들은 문장제에서 의미론적 구성과 합병과 구차의 상황에 대한 이해에 어려움을 가지고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 교수학적 방법에서는 알고리즘에 의한 설명 방법을 주로 사용하였으며 뺄셈을 설명하는데 몇 가지 오개념을 보였다. 이 결과는 앞으로 초등교사양성대학의 프로그램 개발과 운영에 기초가 될 것이다.

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An Analysis of the Behavior of Elementary School Teachers according to the Time of Software Education Training (소프트웨어 교육 연수 참여 시간에 따른 초등 교사의 행태 분석)

  • Kim, Dong-Man;Lee, Tae-Wuk
    • Proceedings of The KACE
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    • 2018.01a
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    • pp.99-102
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    • 2018
  • 이 연구는 초등 교사들의 SW 교육 연수 참여 시간에 따른 행태를 알아보기 위한 목적을 갖고 기존까지 진행된 초등 교사 대상 SW 연수에 대한 중간 점검을 하고자 하는 목적을 갖고 있다. 이 연구를 통해 다음을 제안한다. 1)여자 교사를 대상으로 하는 30시간 연수를 중점적으로 운영하고 적극 참여할 수 있게 유도하는 방법을 강구해야하고, 2)대도시와 읍면지역의 초등 교사들을 대상으로 SW 교육 연수에 관심을 갖게 할 흥미위주의 연수 프로그램을 강구해야하고, 3)교사의 SW 수업과 연구 활동의 저변확대를 위해 초등 교사들이 61시간 이상 SW 연수 프로그램에 참여할 수 있도록 종용해야 한다. 이 연구를 통해 앞으로 진행될 초등 교사 SW 연수 프로그램의 방향을 수정 보완하길 바라며, 보다 체계적인 연수 진행으로 인해 초등 교육 현장의 SW 교육 시작의 어려움이 최소화될 수 있기를 기대한다.

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Types of Misconceptions and their Consistencies of the Elementary School Teachers about the Characteristics of Currents according to the Connection Methods of Batteries in Simple Electric Circuits (전지의 연결방법에 따른 전류의 특성에 대한 초등교사들의 오개념 유형과 그 일관성)

  • Hyun, Dong-Geul;Shin, Ae-Kyung
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.331-343
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    • 2014
  • The types of misconceptions and their consistencies of the elementary school teachers about the characteristics of currents according to the connection methods of batteries in simple electric circuits were investigated. The misconceptions of the elementary school teachers about them could be divided into three types. Among the respondents of the 96 elementary school teachers for this study, the 2 elementary school teachers consistently understood the characteristics of currents on the basis of the misconception type of focusing only the number of batteries connected regardless of the connection methods of batteries, the 8 elementary school teachers did on the basis of the misconception type of confusing the series connection and the parallel connection of batteries, and the 4 elementary school teachers did on the basis of the misconception type of confusing the series and parallel connection of batteries with those of resistors. Also, they consistently applied these misconception types to not only the situations to use the learned concepts but the situations to use the differentiated concepts about the connection methods of batteries.

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Analysis on the Belief about Mathematics Teaching of Elementary Preservice Teachers and Mathematics Teachers (초등교사와 예비교사의 수학 수업에 대한 신념 분석)

  • Lee, Dae Hyun
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.201-219
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to analyse the belief about mathematics teaching of elementary preservice teachers and mathematics teachers. This study involved 100 respondents from the preservice teachers and 114 respondents from the mathematics teachers. The instruments used in this study consist 15 items of mathematical knowledges and 19 items of mathematical activities. The finding showed that preservice teachers emphasized the conceptual knowledge, whereas mathematics teachers emphasized the procedural knowledge in the mathematical knowledges. And preservice teachers emphasized the knowledge representation, knowledge generation, knowledge deliberation, knowledge communication, whereas mathematics teachers emphasized the use of knowledge(syntax) in the mathematical activities. Finally, even though two groups showed the significant difference in some items, preservice teachers and mathematics teachers emphasized the various mathematical knowledges and mathematical activities.

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Analysis on the Belief about Mathematics of Elementary School Preservice Teachers and Elementary School Teachers. (예비 초등교사와 현직 초등교사의 수학 신념 분석)

  • Kwak, Soyeon;Kim, Jinho
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.329-349
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the mathematical belief of elementary school preservice teachers and elementary school teachers and to analyze their differences in mathematical belief. The results of the analysis are as follows. First, Elementary school preservice teachers generally regard the belief in the nature of mathematics as 'rules and procedures' and emphasize the 'process of inquiry' about the beliefs of learning mathematics. When comparing the beliefs according to gender, there is a significant difference only in the category of 'teacher instruction' among the beliefs of learning mathematics. Second, elementary school teachers generally regard the nature of mathematics as a 'inquiry process' and have a 'student-led' belief about the learning mathematics. There is no significant difference of the belief about the nature of mathematics and learning mathematics between the elementary school teachers by gender and majors. However, when comparing the mathematical beliefs according to educational level, there is a difference in beliefs about the nature of mathematics. Third, comparing the mathematical beliefs of elementary school preservice teachers and elementary school teachers, there is no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the 'rules and procedures' subcategories of the nature of mathematics, but there is a significant difference in 'inquiry process'.

Comparison of the Mathematics Educational Values between Pre-service and In-service Elementary School Teachers (수학교육적 가치에 대한 예비 초등교사와 현직 초등교사의 인식 비교)

  • Yim, MinJae;Cho, SooYun;Pang, JeongSuk
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.277-297
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to identify and compare the mathematics educational values of pre-service and in-service elementary school teachers. For this purpose, we implemented a questionnaire investigating mathematics educational values and used principal component analysis which resulted in six components. These components were named as fun, problem-solving, representation, computation, ability, and explanation through systematic labeling processes. Both pre-service and in-service elementary school teachers considered problem-solving the most important and there was no statistical difference between the teacher groups. They also considered fun the least important and in-service elementary school teachers regarded it more important than pre-service counterparts did. All value components except explanation were regarded as important by in-service elementary school teachers, fourth-year pre-service teachers, and first-year pre-service teachers in order. The result of noticeable differences between pre-service and in-service elementary school teachers implies that actual teaching experience may affect teachers' mathematics educational values more than teacher preparation programs. Based on these findings, we need to discuss what should be regarded as important and worthwhile in teacher preparation programs to establish mathematics educational values for pre-service teachers. We also need to confirm whether the mathematics educational values by in-service elementary school teachers may be in line with what has been pursued in the national mathematics curriculum.

A Study on Information Need and Use Behavior of Elementary Teachers According to Their Task (초등학교 교사의 정보 요구 및 이용 행태에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Min;Jeong, Jiun
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.209-233
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    • 2021
  • This study aims to obtain implications for educational information services for elementary school teachers by analyzing their information seeking behavior. The in-depth interview was carried out in-depth interviews with 11 elementary school teachers and it analyzed of the core roles and tasks of elementary school teachers, the required information and usage behavior of information sources. The study result showed that elementary school teachers perceived homeroom duties, teaching/learning activities, school duties, and other as their works and tasks, and the response to the importance of task performance was homeroom teacher, teaching-learning activities, school works, and other tasks. Also, elementary school teachers needed information in order of teaching-learning activities, homeroom teacher, school works and they used various information sources including web, interpersonal sources and book. Moreover, this study observed some factors that elementary school teacher mainly used web information source which other elementary school teacher developed and that they got teaching-learning materials from fellow teachers. Based on these findings, the author proposed teacher librarian share library based instruction materia in web resource, provide cooperative educational information service through learning community, and provide homeroom work material for elementary school teachers.

A Comparative Study of Primary Teacher Preparation Programmes in Korea and China (한국과 중국의 초등교사양성 프로그램에 대한 비교연구)

  • Li, Xue;Park, Na-Shil;So, Kyunghee
    • Korean Journal of Comparative Education
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.137-163
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    • 2018
  • Regarding professionalism of primary teachers, a dispute over professionalism as classroom teachers versus as subject teachers has been amplified past decades. However, these controversies tend to be resolved mainly by theocratical, political, and systematic facets. In other words, discussions on professionalism of primary teachers have been explored in various aspects, but they have not much focused on teacher preparation programmes. Moreover, although from a comparative educational point of view some research focus on teacher preparation programmes in North Americas and European countries, comparison studies of the programmes in East Asian countries, such as China, Japan and Korea have been rarely conducted. The aim of this study is to compare teacher preparation programmes between Korea and China, and based on what the research found we attempt to understand Korean programmes from a new perspective. Selecting each of 13 teacher educational universities in two countries, we analyse documentations of the universities in which the educational aims, proportions of curricula construction, curricula requirements, and types of subjects are presented. Our research offers implications for future revisions of teacher preparation programmes.

An analysis on in-service elementary school teachers' current status and needs toward educational programming language(EPL) (현직 초등 교사들의 교육용 프로그래밍 언어(EPL)에 관한 실태 및 요구 분석)

  • Yi, Jinwon;Lee, Youngjun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • 2016.07a
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    • pp.183-184
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    • 2016
  • 본 논문에서는 2015 개정 교육과정에서 강조하고 있는 SW 교육의 교육용 프로그래밍 언어(EPL)에 대한 현직 초등 교사들의 실태와 요구를 분석하였다. 현직 초등 교사들이 대부분 이수한 교대의 교육과정에는 교육용 프로그래밍 언어 교육에 관한 내용은 대다수 없는 것으로 파악되었다. 또한 현장에서 실시되고 있는 교육용 프로그래밍 언어에 관한 연수는 양적으로도 연수의 수가 부족할 뿐만 아니라 질적으로도 개선이 필요한 것으로 분석되었다. 교육용 프로그래밍 언어에 대한 현직 교사의 사례들에서도 교육용 프로그래밍 언어에 대한 교사교육에 관한 다양한 요구가 분석되었다. 이를 통하여 교육용 프로그래밍 언어에 대한 초등 교사교육의 필요성과 방향에 대하여 제언하였다.

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Development of Scientific Free Inquiry Activity Model based on the History of Astronomy: Invstigation of Preservice Elelmentary Teachers' recognition (천문학사에 근거한 자유탐구 활동 모형 개발: 예비 초등교사의 인식조사)

  • Jin, Hye-Jin;Kim, Yong-Gi;O, Jun-Yeong
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.77.2-77.2
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    • 2011
  • 이 연구의 목적은 7차 교육과정에서 소개된 과학적 자유탐구 활동 모형을 개발하고 이러한 자유탐구 활동모형에 대한 효과를 알아보기 전에 예비 초등교사들의 인식조사를 하는 것이다. 개발 목적은 학생들의 과학탐구 활동능력신장에 있으며, 본 연구는 천문학사에 근거한 예를 사용하였다. 연구방법으로 Lawson(2010)의 과학적 탐구추론모형을 택하였다. 천문학사에서 예를 택해 자유탐구 모형과 설문지를 개발하여 예비초등교사들의 인식조사를 실시하였다. 연구결과는, (1)대부분 예비 초등교사들은 이러한 자유탐구전략의 사용에 대한 아이디어를 좋아했으며, (2)이러한 과학적 자유탐구활동의 사용의 효과 또한 대부분의 응답자들이 잘 인식하고 있었다. (3)그럼에도 불구하고 많은 예비 초등교사들은 이러한 자유탐구 전략의 구성이 쉽지 않은 과정임을 인식하였고, 학생들에게 적합한 자유탐구활동모형의 개발을 위해서는 학생을 지도하는 교사들이 서로가 협력해야 한다고 응답하였다.

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