• Title, Summary, Keyword: 적황토

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Optimization of Polymer Composite Properties Using a Red Clay (황토를 이용한 고분자 복합수지 물성 최적화)

  • Seo, Kyoung-Won;Ji, Ju-Hyeon;Peng, Mei-Mei;Lee, Joo-Bo;Jang, Hyun-Tae
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.332-335
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    • 2011
  • 원적외선, 음이온 방출과 항균, 탈취, 난연등의 효과를 가지는 황토를 합성수지와 혼합하여 복합소재를 연구하여 환경 친화적인 특징과 원적외선, 음이온의 방출을 이룰 수 있는 복합소재 조성을 연구하였다. PP는 MI가 2~60이고, TPE로 Ethylene계을 사용하였으며, 황토와 PP의 혼련을 도와주기 위하여 MA-g-PP를 첨가하였고, 활제, 분산제 및 산화방지제를 첨가하여 compounding 하였다. 또한 황토의 종류에따라 적황토, 호황토, 홍토, 백토, 흑토등으로 구분되고, 각각의 황토 마다 다양한 종류의 입도를 가지고 있으며, 또한 환경 친화적이며 난연성을 부여하기 위하여 다양한 조성으로 compounding 하였다, 황토의 종류에 따른 복합재료의 물성으로부터 기계적 특성치, 원적외선 방사율, 난연성등을 확인하고, 친환경 난연 복합소재 기술을 연구하였다. 적황토의 경우 황토의 함량이 많을수록 인장강도는 작아지는 경향을 나타냈으며, 입도가 작을수록 인장강도가 커지는 경향을 나타냈다. 파단신율의 경우 적황토(#2000)에서 가장 양호하게 나타났으며, 굴곡강도, 충격강도의 경우 적황토(#5000)에서 MI 의 경우 적황토(#325)에서 양호하게 나타났다.

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국내 황토(Hwangto)산업에서 광물학적 지식의 필요성

  • 조현구
    • Mineral and Industry
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2000
  • 우리나라 건강과 환경 관련 산업 분야에서 많이 활용되고 있는 황토는 삶의 질이 향상됨에 따라 그 수요가 급증할 것으로 예상된다. 그러나 황토에 대한 전문적인 지식이 관련 산업 분야에 축적되어 있지 않기 때문에 제대로 활용되고 있지 못하다. 황토는 점토광물과 산화-수산화 철-알루미늄 광물로 주로 구성되어 있지만, 그 종류와 양적인 비는 산출 지역에 따라 다르고, 심도에 따라서도 달라진다. 이에 따라 물리-화학적특성이 달라짐은 물론이다. 황토는 제대로 활용하기 위해서는 황토의 법정광물 지정과 매장량 조사, 광물학적 특성조사, 물리-화학적 특성조사와 같은 기본적인 연구를 철저히 한후, 이용 산업분야와 연계적인 연구를 통하여 활용을 극대화할 수 있을 것으로 생각된다.

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New Control Technique of Harmful Algal Blooms by Electrolytic Sea Water Mixed with Yellow Loess (황토의 적조구제효과 및 전해수 혼합에 의한 새로운 적조구제 기술)

  • 배헌민;김창숙;김숙양;조용철;윤성종
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.143-144
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    • 2000
  • 자연황토를 해수와 혼합 분쇄, 적조발생 해역에 정확히 살포하여 보다 경제적으로 황토를 살포하는 황토살포기 및 황토가 pH값의 변화에 따라 활성도가 달라지는 연구결과에 착안하여 해수를 전기분해하여 생성되는 전해수(산성수 및 알칼리수)에 황토를 혼합하여 황토를 활성화시켜 적조구제효율을 높이는 방법에 대하여 연구를 실시, 보다 효율적이며 친환경적인 적조구제 기술을 개발하였다. (중략)

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Experimental Study on the Properties of Concrete by the Kinds of Admixture and the Replacement Ratios of Activated Hwangtoh (혼화재 종류 및 활성황토 대체율별 콘크리트의 공학적 특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 최희용;김무한;김문한;황혜주;최성우
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.123-129
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    • 2001
  • Pozzolan is to improve the strength and the durability of concrete as a result of the pozzolanic reaction, Broadly speaking, pozzolanic materials can be artificial materials, such as slica fume and fly ash, and natural material, such as rice husk ash, clay, volcanic ash, clayish pozzolan. Hwangtoh is a mineral which belongs to a group of matakaolin, especially halloysite, and the main elements is SiO$_2$, Al$_2$O$_3$, Fe$_2$O$_3$. The purpose of this study is to examine the application of Hwangtoh for the concrete admixtures, the composition of this study is shown as follows. Chapter I is analysis for properties of concrete as the kinds of admixture, and Chapter H is analysis for properties of concrete as the replacement ratio of activated Hwangtoh. As a result of this study, Hwangtoh is found to have high practical use as pozzolanic material, and the pertinent range of replacement ratios of Hwangtoh on cement are 10∼20 %.

황토의 적조구제효과 증대: 광화학 반응의 효과

  • 김창숙;배헌민;윤성종;조용철
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.213-213
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    • 2000
  • 점토살포에 의한 적조생물 구제효과가 알려지면서, 점토광물로 구성되어있는 산야토양 성분인 황토의 적조구제에 대한 관심도가 매우 높아지고 있으며, 최근 한국에서는 대규모로 발생되고 있는 Cochlodinium polykrikoides 적의 구제물질로서 황토를 대량 사용하고 있다. 그러나 황토의 적조구제 효율은 약 20∼80% 범위로서, 황토의 종류, 입자크기 및 살포방법 등에 따라 큰 차이를 보이고 있다. 이에 황토의 적조구제효과를 증진시키려는 일련의 노력들이 활발히 이루어지고 있다. (중략)

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Shear and Bond Strength of Activated Hwangtoh Concrete Beam (활성 황토 콘크리트 보의 전단 및 부착 강도)

  • Lee, Nam-Kon;Park, Hong-Gun;Hwang, Hye-Zoo
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.685-694
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    • 2010
  • As a eco-friendly material, Hwangtoh (red clay) has been studied for complete or partial replacement of portland cement. Most of existing studies focused on the material properties of the Hwangtoh concrete including the compressive strength, drying shringkage, and creep. In the present study, the shear strength of the beams made with the Hwangtoh concrete was tested. Further, bond strength of tension re-bars embedded in the Hwangtoh concrete was tested. One of the concrete tested consisted of activated Hwangtoh replacing 20% of the cement. The other consisted 100% activated. Hwangtoh replacing all the cement. The beam specimens were tested under two point static loading. The test result showed that the shear strength of activated Hwangtoh concrete beams replacing 20% and 100% of cement was equivalent to that of the ordinary portland cement concrete beam. However, the bond strength of activated Hwangtoh concrete replacing 100% of the cement was less than that of the ordinary portland cement concrete.

Mechanical Properties and Flexural Behavior of Recycled PET Fiber Reinforced Eco-Friendly Hwang-toh Concrete (재생 PET 섬유로 보강된 친환경 황토 콘크리트의 역학적 특성과 휨 거동)

  • Kim, Sung-Bae;Yi, Na-Hyun;Kim, Hyun-Young;Kim, Jang-Ho Jay
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.152-159
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    • 2010
  • Recently, the public interest in eco-friendly material and structure has been increasing and many Hwang-toh researches are being actively performed. Hwang-toh is one of the traditional environment friendly construction materials used as a construction and plastering material. Hwang-toh has many advantages as construction material due to its high heat storage capacity, auto-purification, antibiotic ability, and infrared ray emission characteristics. But, currently it has not been developed into construction material and used in modern construction due to its low strength and dry shrinkage cracking prone characteristics. According to the recent researches and study results, Hwang-toh can be used as a natural pozzolanic material like fly-ash or pozzolan. In this study, mechanical properties and structural flexure behavior experiments of slag, recycled PET fiber, and Hwang-toh added concrete are carried out. The test results showed that drying shrinkage of concrete mixed with Hwang-toh has lower compressive strength and elastic modulus than those of control cement concrete specimen, but it has the similar flexural behavior in reinforced concrete beams.

Dyeing of Cotton Fabrics with Loess Using Soybean Milk - The Compositions of Loess Deposited on the Cotton Fabrics - (콩즙을 이용한 면직물의 황토염색 -면직물에 부착된 황토의 성분분석을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Soo-Jung;Ryu, Hyo-Seon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.25 no.10
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    • pp.1770-1778
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    • 2001
  • 황토는 대표적인 천연 무기염재의 일종으로서 바람에 의해 운반되어 퇴적된 담황색 내지는 황회색을 띠는 실트질의 퇴적물을 일컫는다. 황토의 구성물질은 주로 석영, 장석, 산화철광물, 깁사이트 등의 여러 가지 점토광물을 포함하는데, 주로 적색을 띠는 것은 소량의 산화철 광물에 기인되는 경우가 많으며 황토를 구성하는 점토광물로는 버미큘라이트, 카오린 광물인 캐올리나이트와 할로이사이트, 일라이트 등이 있다. 본 연구에서는 면직물에 천연 무기염재인 황토를 사용한 염색시에 황토 단독염색과 콩즙 전처리 후 황토염색으로 나누어 염색을 실시하고, 원료 황토와 황토염색 후 면직물에 부착된 성분 간에 차이가 있는지를 확인하기 위해 X선 형광분석(X-ray fluorescence analysis, XRF)을 이용하여 염색 전.후 황토의 성분을 분석하였고, X선 회절분석(X-ray diffraction analysis, XRD)을 이용하여 황토 및 염색 전 후 면직물에 부착된 광물질의 주성분을 분석하였으며, energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS)가 장착된 주사전자현미경을 이용하여 면직물에 부착된 광물의 성분을 조사하였다. 그 결과, 황토로 면직물을 염색하는 경우 면직물에 부착되는 황토의 양과 K/S 값은 거 의 비례하여 증가하는 것으로 나타났다. 황토 염색 후 면직물에 부탁되는 주성분은 주로 SiO$_2$, A1$_2$O$_3$, Fe$_2$O$_3$등인 것으로 나타났으며, X선 회절분석과 EDS분석에 의해 캐올리나이트, 일라이트 등의 점토광물의 형태로 존재하는 것이 확인되었다.

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Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Loess on the Performance and Meat Quality of Broiler Chicks (황토 첨가가 육계의 생산성과 육질에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi I.
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2005
  • This study was carried out to estimate the effects of loess ($0\%$, $1.5\%$, $3\%$ and $5\%$) on the growth performance, meat quality, and blood composition of broiler chicks. A total of 320 broiler chicks at 1 day of age were divided into 4 groups to feed basal diet (control) and basal diet plus $1.5\%$ to $5.0\%$ loess respectively for 6 weeks. The body weight gain and feed conversion rate were not significantly different among the groups. The contents of moisture and crude fat of meats were significantly different in treatments when compared to that of the control group (P<0.05), but did not show any differences among the groups. The pH values of meats were not different among the treatments. However, water holding capacity was higher in all treated groups than the control. The L of meat color was also increased in all treated groups, but a and b of meat color were not different among the groups. In addition, the contents of unsaturated fatty acid content of meat were higher in the treated groups than the control. The concentrations of HDL cholesterol and triglyceride were significantly lower in all treated groups than the control (P<0.05). Finally, the contents of moisture of excreta were significantly lower in all treated groups than control (P<0.05). Taken together, it was concluded that loess did not improved the growth performance, but had effects on the improvement of meat quality.

Settling Characteristics of Natural Loess Particles in Seawater (해수 중에서 자연상태 황토입자의 침강특성)

  • KIM Sung-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.706-712
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    • 1999
  • PSD (particle size distribution) for 2,000 mg/$\ell$ natural loess in seawater showed normal distribution cure at 0 minute settling time, accompanying with very large particle distribution range with its mean particle diameter of 31.6 $\mu$m and coencient of variance of $72.6\%$, With elapsed time it showed that the PSD was rapidly changed from normal distribution cure to abnormal distribution curve, steepened the right-hand side of it and its coefficient of variance was getting increased because of rapid settling of large size particles, Cumulative weight distribution showed that 2,000 mg/$\ell$ natural loess in seawater was almost $100\%$ constituted of particles bigger than 20 $\mu$m in diameter. Ratio of $V_s/(D_{bm})^{1/2}$ for loess particles in seawater was increased with increase of particle size in geometrical progression. Almost all loess particles in seawater had Stokes settling velocity not less than 2,255 times of Brownian diffusion coefficient, There was almost to EDL (about 0.4 nm) around natural loess particles in seawater, Thus, there was always LVDW attractive force between loess particles approaching each other in seawater, and almost no EDL repulsive force. Loess particles were not always in the condition of easy floe formation. Concentration of natural loess in seawater increasing from 400 mg/$\ell$ to 10,000 mg/$\ell$, characteristics of the settling was changed from Type I settling (discrete settling) to Type II settling (flocculation settling). PVD (particle volume distribution) showed that natural loess particles in seawater were largely constituted of two types of particles, such as rapidly settling particles and suspended and dispersed particles for a long time. Amount of the latter was much less than that of the former.

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