• Title/Summary/Keyword: 고등학교 정보 교과서

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Analysis about Learning Objectives of Informatics Textbooks in High School using Anderson's and Fuller's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Anderson과 Fuller의 교육목표 분류법을 이용한 고등학교 정보 교과서의 수업 목표 분석)

  • Choe, Hyun-Jong
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.185-196
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    • 2014
  • This study has analyzed the learning objectives in 6 Informatics textbooks that were published this year in the basis of 2009 revised curriculum using Anderson's taxonomy of Educational Objectives that was a revision of Bloom's taxonomy and Fuller's taxonomy that was presented for programming activities. Some dimensions of Anderson's taxonomy, such as conceptual and procedural knowledge, understand and apply in cognitive process are much more used in learning objectives in 6 Informatics textbooks. Interpreting and producing dimensions of taxonomy are well presented to balance in 6 Informatics textbooks by analysis of Fuller's taxonomy. This results will be a good case study in research about taxonomy of educational objectives and development of Informatics textbooks.

Analysis of the Organization Structure and Learning Objectives of High School Informatics Textbooks (고등학교 정보 교과서의 구성체계 및 학습목표 분석)

  • Kang, Oh-Han
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2020
  • This study analyzed high school informatics textbooks that were developed based on the 2015 Revised National Curriculum. Content analysis was adopted to analyze the organization system of the textbooks. Learning objectives were also analyzed according to Anderson's taxonomy of educational objectives. Through content analysis, it was revealed that the textbooks were composed of activities, differentiated learning, and small group learning to promote core competencies. The analysis of learning objectives of the textbooks showed that 'understanding' (41%), 'developing' (20%), and 'applying' (18%) were the three highest criteria in terms of cognitive processes; in terms of type of knowledge, conceptual knowledge accounts for the highest(45%), followed by procedural (32%), and factual (12%). Further methods to improve the textbook quality is proposed based on the results from this analysis.

The Analysis of Inquisitive Tendency of 'Problem-Solving Method and Process' Section in High School Informatics Textbooks (고등학교 '정보' 교과서에서 '문제 해결 방법과 절차' 영역의 탐구적 경향 분석)

  • Kang, Oh-Han;Kim, Byung-Soon
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, inquisitive tendency was analyzed within the 'problem solving method and process' section in high school informatics textbooks, which were adopted starting from 2011. Romey analysis was applied to each four section - text, data, activity, evaluation - in six textbooks. The results showed that the textbooks displayed a low level of inquisitive tendency since they were written without much of participation from students. Out of the sections that were analyzed, the section 'activity' showed the highest degree of inquisitive tendency. Also, based on the obtained results, we proposed ways to improve high school informatics textbooks.

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A Trend Analysis of Convergence Education in Informatics and Practical Arts(Software Education) Textbooks (정보 및 실과(소프트웨어 교육) 교과서에서의 융합교육 현황 분석)

  • Yi, Soyul;Lee, YoungJun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.223-224
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    • 2020
  • 2015 개정 교육과정에서는 컴퓨팅 사고력을 갖춘 인재를 함양하기 위해 소프트웨어 교육 및 정보 교육을 강조하고 있으며, 다양한 학문에서의 융합이 제시되고 있다. 그러나 소프트웨어 및 정보 교과에서의 융합교육의 현황이나 방법에 따른 결과 도출, 효과성 검증 등에 대한 연구는 미비한 실정이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 초등학교 실과 교과서 1종, 중학교 정보 교과서 1종, 고등학교 정보 교과서 1종을 각기 다른 출판사로 무선 표집하여 융합교육 현황에 대해 분석하였다. 분석 결과, 교과서 내에 융합교육의 시도가 1~2회 정도의 융합교육의 시도가 있었음을 확인할 수 있었다. 이러한 변화는 긍정적이라 볼 수 있지만, 충분하다고 판단할 수는 없다. 그러므로 이를 보완하기 위하여 현행의 교과서를 보완해 줄 수 있는 융합교육 자료가 요구된다는 시사점을 도출하였다.

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Analysis on the Aspect of Learners' Explorations Reflected in High School Informatics Textbooks Based on the 2015 Revised National Curriculum (2015 개정 교육과정에 근거한 고등학교 정보 교과서의 탐구성 분석)

  • Kang, Oh-Han
    • KIPS Transactions on Computer and Communication Systems
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2019
  • In this research, one common chapter, Problem Solving and Programming, in seven different types of high school informatics textbooks was analyzed in terms of the aspect of learners' explorations. These textbooks were newly developed based on the 2015 revised national curriculum. Romey's analysis was used to the textbooks along with four analytic elements: texts, data, activities, and evaluation. The study results showed that the textbooks can highly encourage learners' further explorations according to the four analytic elements reflected in the seven textbooks: one out of the six textbooks well designed for texts, three for data, six for activities, two for evaluation. In terms of Romey's involvement index points, six of the seven textbooks had low indexes of texts, ranging from 0.175 to 0.393. Data indexes were extremely low in four out of the seven textbooks, ranging from 0.058 to 0.226. Five out of the seven textbooks had very high indexes of evaluation in the broad range of 2 to 6.333 points. Furthermore, these newly designed textbooks can more greatly facilitate students' explorations than previously existing textbooks in three elements: texts, data, and activities. Evaluation indexes significantly increased in these new textbooks from 0.916 to 3.914, which had excessive points in terms of promoting students' explorations. Further methods to improve the textbook quality is proposed based on the results from this analysis.

Problem Analysis and Recommendations of Memory Contents in High School Informatics Textbooks (고등학교 정보 교과서에 제시된 기억 장치 영역 내용의 문제점 분석 및 개선 방안)

  • Lee, Sang-Wook;Suh, Tae-Weon
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.37-47
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    • 2012
  • One of the major goals in high school Informatics is for students to develop creative problem-solving abilities based on knowledge on computer science. Thus, the contents of the textbooks should be accurate and appropriate. However, we discovered that the current Informatics textbooks contain the untrue and/or inappropriate descriptions of main memory and virtual memory. The textbooks describe that main memory is composed of RAM and ROM. The virtual memory is described as a technique in which a part of the secondary storage is utilized as main memory to execute an application of which size is larger than that of main memory. In this study, we attempted to uncover the root causes of the fallacies, and suggest the accurate explanations by comparing with renowned books adopted in most schools worldwide including USA. Our study reveals that it is inappropriate to include ROM in main memory from the memory hierarchy perspective. Virtual memory is a technique that provides convenience to programmers, through which an operating system loads the necessary portion of a program from secondary storage to main memory. As for the advantages of virtual memory in the current computer systems, the focus should be on providing the effective multitasking capability, rather than on executing a larger program than the size of main memory. We suggest that it is appropriate to exclude virtual memory in textbooks considering its complexity.

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Comparative Analysis of High School Informatics Textbooks (고등학교 정보 교과서의 비교 분석)

  • Lee, Yun-Hwa;Kang, Oh-Han
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.488-495
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    • 2012
  • From 2011, newly developed Information textbook will be given to high school students. This research investigates contents of the new Information textbook and attempts to offer improvement of the book, which were compiled according to the 2007 Revised Curriculum. This thesis aims to make a comparative analysis of the contents and structure of six Information textbook which passed the screening. The structures of six textbooks were examined under four sections, which are overall structure, relative importance in the textbook, development method, and evaluation type. Moreover, for analyzing the contents, the research investigated the number of the major concepts that are dealt in the textbooks. The results show that there are too many difficult concepts for high school students and reveals that there are big difference in the contents and construction among textbooks. This research suggests how the textbook should be revised in the light of the contents, construction, terminology, and practical training.