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A Reflection on the Consumer Culture in the Post-COVID 19 Era from the Lens of Christian Education: Learning from the Drama, Penthouse

포스트 코로나 시대의 소비문화에 대한 기독교교육의 성찰 : 드라마 「펜트하우스」를 중심으로

  • Won, Shin-Ae (Seoul Theological University)
  • 원신애 (서울신학대학교)
  • Received : 2015.05.12
  • Accepted : 2021.06.27
  • Published : 2021.06.30

Abstract

As a contemporary exponent of Bauderillard's Simulation and Simulacra, this paper aims to reflect on the 'consumer culture' criticized by Baudrillard from the lens of Christian Education in reading the Drama, Penthouse related to the notions of the consumption-ideology, the desire and violence of image in the post-Covid 19 era. As Baudrillard begins to realize that the concept of simulation rooted from mass media in the modern society, he explains mass media as the emerging of Simulation or the process of Simulation will lead to the impulsion of reality, which ends up with vanishing the original reality. Baudrillard is explaining in his argument that the process of Simulation proceeds among various areas of the contemporary society being manipulated by mass media. While Simulation is the process of producing the hyperreality characterized by the excess of images that seems more real than the original reality, Simulation brought about Simulacra as excess reality or consequently exploding reality. Christian educators in the post-Covid 19 must know how to deal with critical theory by considering positive ways of avoiding questioning of how to articulate what the norm of universal consensus is in the specific situation. In other words, it should be noted that the nature of the ruling ideology and the ideology of consumption has been influenced or manipulated by mass media. Christian educators especially have to help young people in seeing the messages from the images of the screens, television, soap-opera, and commercial advertising making reality as Simulacre which is more real than the original reality. When the medium becomes the message, the power of medium makes the consumer not reach communication with it. This is the main reason in the controversy about the images on television drama, Penthouse and the impact of images on people's mind. As an exponent of McLuhan's belief that "the medium is the message", Baudrillard argues although the message and a subject of Simulacra(excessive reality) is unexpectedly disappearing, the medium itself is vanished through the silence of image. However, the task of Christian education has to fuel how we teach, learn, share and pass on the Word of God as the Message. Furthermore, it is worth noting that the Message of God cannot be vanished or burst with the impulsion of it, but exists forever. With Baudrillard's ideas of Simulation and Simulacra in mind, the work of Christian education as an observation platform can better engage the reflection on a consumer society of consumerism that makes Church community and a consumer irresistible against the Fake world.

이 연구는 기독교교육의 성찰을 위해 보드리야르(J. Baudrillard)의 중요개념인 시뮬라시옹(Simulation)과 시뮬라크르(Simulacra) 등을 중심으로 포스트 코로나 시대의 한 단면을 분석할 수 있는 드라마 「펜트하우스」의 소비이데올로기, 이미지의 욕망 및 폭력 등에 관해 검토할 것이다. 보드리야르는 시뮬라시옹 개념이 대중매체의 발전에서 생겨났다고 보고, 대중매체는 결국 실재를 사라지게 하는 '시뮬라시옹의 출현' 혹은 '시뮬라시옹의 과정'이라고 설명한다. 보드리야르는 시뮬라시옹 과정이 대중매체가 지배하는 소비사회의 다양한 영역에서 진행되고 있다는 것을 지적한다. 시뮬라시옹은 이미지에 의해 실재보다 더 실재적인 초과실재를 산출하는 과정이며, 시뮬라크르는 시뮬라시옹의 결과이다. 포스트 코로나 시대의 기독교교육은 비판이론을 통한 비판적 성찰의 준거 기준이 합의 되지 않았다는 부정적 측면으로 인해 거부하지 말고 비판이론의 긍정적 입장을 고려해야 한다. 다시 말해서 대중매체가 주도하는 지배이데올로기와 소비이데올로기의 속성을 봐야한다. 특히 광고나 드라마 영화에서 보여주는 메시지는 시뮬라크르만 남아 실제보다 더 실제 같은 허상임을 보는 관점을 지녀야 한다. 미디어는 말을 하되 상대방의 응답이 이루어질 수 없게 만드는 미디어의 권력을 의미한다. 그것의 대표적인 예표가 텔레비전이며, 연구자가 드라마 「펜트하우스」를 분석하는 이유이기도 하다. 보드리야르는 맥루한(M. McLuhan)의 "미디어가 메시지다"(The medium is the message)라는 명제는 예상치 못하게 모든 내용물과 메시지가 미디어 속으로 사라져 버린 뒤에, 미디어 자신도 증발해 버린다고 지적한다. 그러나 기독교교육은 "하나님 말씀이 메시지"(The word of God is message)임을 가르치고, 배우고, 나누고, 전수하는 것이다. 또한 그 메시지는 내파되거나 함열되는 것이 아니라 영원한 진리로 계속 살아있는 메시지이다. 위기와 불안의 포스트 코로나 시대의 기독교교육은 사회 현상과 관련하여 대중/소비자/교인 개체들을 무저항적이고 무비판적으로 만드는 소비지상주의의 소비문화에 관해 끊임없는 성찰의 장(場)을 마련하고, 일련의 '전망대'의 역할을 감당해야 할 것이다.

Keywords

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