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초등학교 교사의 수학불안과 수학교수불안의 상관관계 분석 연구

A Study on the Relationship between Mathematics Anxiety and Mathematics Teaching Anxiety in Elementary School Teachers

  • 투고 : 2021.03.15
  • 심사 : 2021.04.15
  • 발행 : 2021.04.30

초록

본 연구에서는 초등학교 교사의 수학불안과 수학교수불안의 관계를 통합방법으로 조사하였다. 초등학교 교사 256명의 설문 조사의 통계적 분석 결과 두 요인 사이에는 통계적으로 유의미한 양의 상관관계가 있었다(r = .630, p<.05). 두 요인에 영향을 미치는 요인에 대한 분석 결과 수학불안에 영향을 미치는 요인은 교직경력과 학위, 수학 교수불안에 영향을 주는 요인은 교직경력, 학위, 교사 자격증으로 조사되었다. 이어 본 연구에서는 20명의 초등학교 교사와 면담을 중심으로 하는 질적 연구를 시행하였다. 분석 결과 수학불안이 반드시 수학교수불안을 야기하는 유일한 원인이 아닐 수 있다는 점을 확인할 수 있었다. 본 연구의 양적·질적 분석 결과 한국 초등학교 교사의 수학불안과 수학교수불안은 동일한 몇 가지 요인에 의해 통계적으로 유의미한 변화를 나타내기 때문에 두 요인 사이의 유사성이 발견되지만, 별개의 요인에 각각의 정서적 상태의 변화가 확인되는 점을 바탕으로 수학불안과 수학교수 불인이 동일한 정서적 상태가 아니라는 점을 확인할 수 있었다. 또한 수학불안만으로 수학교수불안을 예측할 수 없다는 점을 가정할 수 있었다. 이에 본 연구에서는 초등학교 교사의 수학불안과 수학교수불안을 예방 및 치료하기 위해서는 어느 정서적 상태의 치료가 우선시된다기 보다 각각의 정서 상태에 맞는 방법들이 고안되어 동시에 진행되어야 한다는 시사점을 얻을 수 있었다.

In this study, I investigate the relationship between mathematics anxiety and mathematics teacher anxiety of elementary school teachers with integrated method. As a result of statistical analysis of the survey of 256 elementary school teachers, there was a statistically significant positive correlation between the two factors (r = .630, p <.05). The analysis show that teaching experience and degree may affect mathematics anxiety and teaching experience, degree, and teacher qualification may affect mathematics teaching anxiety. Subsequently I conduct a qualitative study focusing on interviews with 20 elementary school teachers. As a result of the analysis, I confirm that even if the mathematics anxiety is low, mathematics teaching anxiety may occur due to the teaching environment. As a result of the quantitative and qualitative analysis of this study, Korean elementary school teachers' mathematics anxiety and mathematics teaching anxiety might be regarded as separate factors. From the result of the study, I suggest that mathematics anxiety and mathematics teaching anxiety of elementary school teachers, each emotional state might be considered as independent emotional status. The implication of the study indicate that independent methods might be developed in order to prevent and treat mathematics anxiety and mathematics teaching anxiety in elementary school teachers.

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